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2020年第1期共收录46

1. Spatial and Temporal Differentiation of Landscape Ecological Quality in Chaohu River Basin

Accession number: 20201408375851

Title of translation:

Authors: Li, Sucui (1); Zhao, Yanling (1); Xiao, Wu (2); Zhang, Heyu (3, 4)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Geoscience and Surveying Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing; 100083, China; (2) School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou; 310058, China; (3) Land Academy for National Development, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou; 310058, China; (4) Hunan Hengye Tengfei Real Estate Land Assets Appraisal Co., Ltd., Changsha; 410015, China

Corresponding author: Xiao, Wu(xiaowuwx@126.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 203-213

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Regional landscape ecological quality assessment and research of its spatial and temporal differentiation would help to locate regional ecological function, optimize resource allocation and maintain regional sustainable development. The evaluation index system of landscape ecological quality was constructed on the basis of landscape quality and ecological quality, which covered eight comprehensive indexes. Based on GIS and GeoDa platform, the weight of indexes were determined by using the mixed model of AHP and mean variance decision method, the spatio-temporal evolution characteristics of the landscape ecological quality were studied in the village of Chaohu Basin during 2005-2010 in the context of rapid urbanization from the aspects of gradation and index difference, the spatial autocorrelation method was used to analyze the spatial differentiation and aggregation characteristics and the corresponding ecological planning suggestions were put forward. The results showed that the landscape ecological quality in the Chaohu Basin was mainly stable in 2005-2010, but its local degradation was 28.61% and 29.90% respectively higher than that of improvement in ratio of villages’ number and area, in which the western part of the study area was improved and the north, east and south parts were degraded. From the index difference of landscape ecological quality, the degraded area of landscape ecological quality in 2010 accounted for 78. 65% of the study area compared with 2005, and distributed densely in the north, northeast, east and south of the study area and sporadically in the west. The spatial agglomeration of landscape ecological quality, which was stronger in 2005, was decreased with time from 2005 to 2010. According to the characteristic zoning of high-high, low-low, high-low and low-high zones in the two phases, some related planning suggestions were put forward in the aspects of ecological land protection, industrial layout optimization, land use and low efficiency industrial land control, green infrastructure and ecological corridor. The research results can provide a scientific reference for the regional ecological landscape planning, ecological management and protection, and the sustainable development of landscape ecosystem. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 32

Main heading: Ecology

Controlled terms: Economics? - ?Environmental protection? - ?Land use? - ?Planning? - ?Quality control? - ?Research and development management? - ?Rural areas? - ?Sustainable development

Uncontrolled terms: Ecological managements? - ?Evaluation index system? - ?Green infrastructure? - ?Regional sustainable development? - ?Scientific references? - ?Spatial autocorrelation methods? - ?Spatial differentiation? - ?Spatiotemporal evolution

Classification code: 403 Urban and Regional Planning and Development? - ?454.2 Environmental Impact and Protection? - ?454.3 Ecology and Ecosystems? - ?912.2 Management? - ?913.3 Quality Assurance and Control? - ?971 Social Sciences

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 2.86e+01%, Percentage 2.99e+01%, Percentage 6.50e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.022

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

2. Optimal Design and Experiment of Potted Vegetable Seedling Transplanting Mechanism with Punching Hole

Accession number: 20201408375828

Title of translation:

Authors: Zhou, Maile (1, 2); Xue, Xianglei (1, 2); Qian, Mengbo (3); Yin, Daqing (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China; (2) Key Laboratory of Modern Agricultural Equipment and Technology in North Cold Region, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China; (3) College of Engineering, Zhejiang Agricultural and Forestry University, Hangzhou; 311300, China

Corresponding author: Yin, Daqing(63900962@qq.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 77-83

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to solve the problems that the integrity of the pot destroyed by the transplanting mechanism, the poor perpendicularity of planting caused by the asymmetry of the hole, and the poor quality of planting caused by the process of punching and planting, a kind of potted vegetable seedling transplanting mechanism with punching hole was put forward. The process of punching and planting could be alternately implemented by the mechanism. The punching process at the planting position of the previous potted seedling was completed by the puncher when a seedling was planted by the transplanting arm, which ensured the planting sequence. The holes formed by the puncher were symmetrical, the soil reflux was even and conducive to ensure the perpendicularity of planting. The protruding seedling picking device was used in the seedling picking process to protect the integrity of the potted seedling matrix. Based on the kinematic mechanism analysis of potted vegetable seedling transplanting mechanism with punching hole, the optimization design software was developed and the parameter optimization design was completed. The virtual simulation experiment and a series of bench tests of transplanting mechanism were carried out. The attitude of key positions such as seedling picking, punching and planting was analyzed. Trajectory and attitude verification experiments showed that the specific trajectory and attitude formed by the mechanism could complete the process of seedling picking, transporting, punching and planting in turn. The seedling picking experiment showed that the process seedling picking was realized and the integrity of potted vegetable seedlings matrix was effectively ensured. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 24

Main heading: Vegetables

Uncontrolled terms: Bench tests? - ?Kinematic mechanism? - ?Optimal design? - ?Optimization design? - ?Parameter optimization? - ?Transplanting mechanisms? - ?Vegetable seedlings? - ?Virtual simulations

Classification code: 821.4 Agricultural Products

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.008

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

3. Analysis and Experiment of Potato Damage in Process of Lifting and Separating Potato Excavator

Accession number: 20201408375953

Title of translation:

Authors: Lü, Jinqing (1); Yang, Xiaohan (1); Lü, Yining (1); Li, Zihui (1); Li, Jicheng (1); Du, Changlin (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 103-113

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Aiming at the serious mechanical damage of potato tuber during the lifting process of potato excavator, through the kinematic analysis of potato lifting process and the energy analysis method of potato and bar collision process, through the establishment of the mathematical model of damage energy in the process of lifting and separating, the main factors influencing the mechanical damage of potato during the lifting process are the drop height, lifting chain speed and the angle of the lifting chain. At the same time, the range of test values of main factors is determined. Taking the damage comprehensive index and the injury rate of potato as the evaluation index, taking the drop height, the inclination angle of the secondary lifting chain and the linear speed of the secondary lifting chain as the experimental factors, the quadratic orthogonal rotation regression test was carried out. The regression mathematical model between each index and factor was established, and the influence rule of each factor on the evaluation index was analyzed. AccorIng to the regression model, the parameters were optimized. When the linear speed of the lifting chain is 1.42 m/s, the Ip angle is 27° and the drop height is 220 mm, the damage comprehensive index is 0.43, and the injury rate is 3.6%, which is significantly lower than the mechanical damage of potato block of potato excavator without parameter optimization, and meets the requirements of potato harvesting. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 36

Main heading: Excavators

Controlled terms: Construction equipment? - ?Drops? - ?Excavation? - ?Regression analysis? - ?Rope

Uncontrolled terms: Comprehensive indices? - ?Energy analysis method? - ?Experimental factors? - ?Inclination angles? - ?Kinematic Analysis? - ?Mechanical damages? - ?Parameter optimization? - ?Quadratic orthogonal rotation

Classification code: 405.1 Construction Equipment? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 3.60e+00%, Size 2.20e-01m, Velocity 1.42e+00m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.011

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

4. Influence of Soil Hydraulic Parameters on Soil Wetting Pattern Shape of Point Source Infiltration

Accession number: 20201408375797

Title of translation:

Authors: Su, Lijun (1, 2); Lin, Shudong (1); Wang, Quanjiu (1, 3); Wang, Kang (1)

Author affiliation: (1) State Key Laboratory of Eco-hydraulics in Northwest Arid Regions, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an; 710048, China; (2) School of Science, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an; 710054, China; (3) State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China

Corresponding author: Wang, Quanjiu(wquanjiu@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 264-274

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to research the migration mechanism of the surface ponding infiltration, the HYDRUS software was used to simulate and verify the process of surface ponding infiltration based on Darcy law and mass conservation principle. The relationship between the ratio of horizontal wetting front to vertical wetting front and soil hydraulic parameters (air-entry suction, shape coefficient and saturated water conductivity) was analyzed, and a horizontal wetting front migration model was established by using soil saturated diffusion rate. The results showed that the shape of wetting pattern of fine soil was approximately an ellipsoid with the center at ponding center, and the vertical and horizontal wetting fronts were the long and short semi-axes, respectively. However, the center of the coarse soil wetting pattern was located below the ponding center, thus the short semi-axis was larger than the horizontal wetting front, and the long semi-axis was smaller than the vertical wetting front. Wetting front ratios of fine soil was changed little with time and can be assumed as a constant. There was no significant functional relationship between wetting front ratio and shape coefficient or saturated water conductivity, but it was linearly increased with the increase of air-entry suction with R2=0.999. The power function of infiltration time can be used to describe the wetting front migration and the coefficient and index in power function can be estimated by the first and second polynomials of soil saturated diffusivity. It was verified that wetting front model had a good effect within the allowable error range. The research result can provide a more rational tool for the analyzing of surface ponding water migration. Meanwhile, it also provided a scientific theory for design of drip irrigation system in arid and semi-arid regions in northern China and improving the agricultural irrigation water use efficiency. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 29

Main heading: Wetting

Controlled terms: Agricultural robots? - ?Flow of fluids? - ?Infiltration? - ?Ponding? - ?Soils? - ?Subirrigation? - ?Water supply

Uncontrolled terms: Agricultural irrigation water? - ?Arid and semi-arid regions? - ?Drip irrigation systems? - ?Functional relationship? - ?Migration mechanisms? - ?Scientific theories? - ?Soil hydraulic parameters? - ?Soil wetting pattern

Classification code: 446.1 Water Supply Systems? - ?483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics? - ?631.1 Fluid Flow, General? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.029

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

5. Non-destructive Testing of Early Fertilization Information in Duck Egg Laying Based on Deep Learning

Accession number: 20201408375783

Title of translation:

Authors: Li, Qingxu (1, 2); Wang, Qiaohua (1, 2); Gu, Wei (1, 2); Shi, Hang (1, 2); Ma, Meihu (3)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan; 430070, China; (2) Key Laboratory of Agricultural Equipment in Mid-Lower Yangtze River, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Agriculture, Wuhan; 430070, China; (3) National Egg Research and Development Center, Wuhan; 430070, China

Corresponding author: Wang, Qiaohua(wqh@mail.hzau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 188-194

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: China is a big country in the production of duck eggs and ducks. The duck egg hatching industry has a huge output. It needs to incubate billions of ducklings every year to meet the production needs. At present, the method of removing the infertile eggs in the duck egg hatching industry in China is to visually recognize the eggs by artificially photographing the eggs about 7 days after hatching. This method is inefficient and has no edible value after 7 days of incubation, which will cause huge waste of resources. Machine vision technology was used to hatch the third day of the duck eggs. The end-to-end characteristics of the deep convolutional neural network was used to the image of the duck egg on the third day of incubation, and it was directly input into the neural network, and the Alexnet neural network. The convolutional layer was used to replace the fully connected layer, and the size of the convolution kernel was changed. An egg net fertilization information recognition network (Eggnet) model was established to realize the non-destructive discrimination of the fertilization information in the early hatching of the duck eggs. The test results showed that the accuracy rate of the method for the classification of the duck eggs in the third day of hatching was as high as 98.87%, the accuracy of the verification set was 97.97%, and the average single egg detection time was only 0.24 s. This technology can be used in the actual production of duck egg hatching industry in the later stage. It would replace the artificial egg method to select the infertile egg. It can solve the problem of automatic device installation in the egg hatching industry. It had broad application space. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 27

Main heading: Deep learning

Controlled terms: Convolution? - ?Convolutional neural networks? - ?Deep neural networks? - ?Nondestructive examination

Uncontrolled terms: Automatic device? - ?Broad application? - ?Convolution kernel? - ?Information recognition? - ?Machine vision technologies? - ?Non destructive? - ?Non destructive testing? - ?Waste of resources

Classification code: 716.1 Information Theory and Signal Processing

Numerical data indexing: Age 1.92e-02yr, Percentage 9.80e+01%, Percentage 9.89e+01%, Time 2.40e-01s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.020

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

6. Method on Compensation and Correction of CC Path Nonlinear Error for Five-axis Machining

Accession number: 20201408375899

Title of translation:

Authors: Chen, Liangji (1); Wang, Zhongzhou (1); Sui, Yingzhao (1); Wei, Guangxi (1)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin; 300387, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 410-416

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: While five-axis machining for the freeform surface, deviation is easily produced between the cutter contacting (CC) points and the given linear CC path because of the two rotation coordinates participating in the linear interpolation process, and the nonlinear error of the CC path is simultaneously formed. In order to effectively reduce the error, a nonlinear error compensation and correction method based on the ideal CC path was proposed. By analyzing the mechanism of the nonlinear error of CC path caused by the cutter’s attitude being changed, the machine tool kinematics transformation model and the model of the CC path nonlinear error were established respectively. The CC point was obtained firstly according to the current interpolation cutter center point. Secondly, the foot point coordinate and the spatial distance between the CC point and the CC path were calculated. The third step was to determine the compensation distance and direction of the nonlinear error respectively. After the position of the tool center point being real-time corrected, the servo control of the five feed axes would be carried out. The simulation results showed that the method can effectively reduce the nonlinear error of the CC path and had practical value for improving the control accuracy of the CC point trajectory during five-axis linear interpolation. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 23

Main heading: Error compensation

Controlled terms: Interpolation? - ?Machine tools

Uncontrolled terms: Correction method? - ?Five-axis machining? - ?Free-form surface? - ?Linear Interpolation? - ?Machine tool kinematics? - ?Point coordinates? - ?Tool center points? - ?Transformation model

Classification code: 603.1 Machine Tools, General? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.045

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

7. Analysis of Correlation Characteristics of Pump-turbine under Different Cavitation Numbers

Accession number: 20201408375848

Title of translation:

Authors: Li, Qifei (1, 2); Chen, Xiangyu (1); Meng, Qing (1); Cai, Ting (1); Zhou, Feng (1); Wei, Xianzhu (3)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Energy and Power Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou; 730050, China; (2) Key Laboratory of Fluid Machinery and Systems, Lanzhou; Gansu Province; 730050, China; (3) Harbin Institute of Large Electric Machinery, Harbin; 150040, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 130-138

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Aiming to study the cavitation characteristics under different cavitation numbers based on the pump-turbine of a pumped-storage power station, the SST k-ω turbulence model and the Zwart cavitation model were used to calculate the full flow path under different cavitation numbers. The unsteady numerical calculations were carried out and compared with the experimental results. The turbulent kinetic energy distribution of the intermediate flow surface and the distribution of cavitation on the blades under different cavitation numbers were analyzed. The correlation between cavitation distribution area and the runner inner channel vortices were discussed. The results showed that when the pump-turbine was operated under pump conditions, its vaneless had obvious turbulent kinetic energy, and the turbulent energy distribution was obvious, showing an irregular ring shape distributed. The bubble distribution of the blade was mainly on the suction surface of the blade, and the turbulent energy of the suction surface of the blade was higher than that of the pressure surface. The vortex inside the runner was mainly generated near the exit of the runner, and close to the suction surface of the blade. The size and number of vortices had a certain relationship with the distribution of bubble on the blades. The generation of bubble led to the poor flow path and exacerbated the generation of vortices. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 27

Main heading: Cavitation

Controlled terms: Hydraulic turbines? - ?Kinetic energy? - ?Kinetics? - ?Pumped storage power plants? - ?Pumps? - ?Turbulence models? - ?Vortex flow

Uncontrolled terms: Bubble distributions? - ?Cavitation characteristics? - ?Correlation characteristics? - ?K-Omega turbulence model? - ?Numerical calculation? - ?Pumped storage power station? - ?Turbulent kinetic energy? - ?Turbulent kinetic energy distribution

Classification code: 611.1 Hydroelectric Power Plants? - ?617.1 Hydraulic Turbines? - ?618.2 Pumps? - ?631.1 Fluid Flow, General? - ?631.1.1 Liquid Dynamics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.014

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

8. Estimation of Desert Soil Organic Matter through Hyperspectra Based on Fractional-Order Derivatives and SVMDA-RF

Accession number: 20201408375799

Title of translation: FODSVMDA-RF

Authors: Zhang, Zhitao (1, 2); Lao, Congcong (1, 2); Wang, Haifeng (1, 2); Arnon, Karnieli (3); Chen, Junying (1, 2); Li, Yu (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (2) Key Laboratory of Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering, Ministry of Education, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (3) Jocob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Seder Boker; 84990, Israel

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 156-167

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Aiming to explore the effect of fractional-order derivatives (FOD) combined with support vector machine discriminant analysis-random forest model (SVMDA-RF) on hyperspectral monitoring of desert soil organic matter content (SOM). The desert soil samples collected in the Sde Boker area of Israel were analyzed. These soil samples were through pretreatment, physical and chemical analysis, soil classification (divided into sandy soil (SS) and clay loam soil (CLS)), indoor spectral acquisition and spectral resampling (interval 10 nm). In order to avoid the influence of soil quality on the inversion model, the support vector machines discriminant analysis (SVMAD) was established based on the average reflectance of the spectrum. The spectral reflectance was processed by 0~2 order (interval 0.2) FOD. Then NDI was constructed by using the spectral data that through fractional order derivatives processing and the two-dimensional correlation between SOM and NDI was analyzed. In order to obtain all different FOD enhanced-NDI, the highest coefficient of determination (R2) of 0-order NDI was used as the threshold (sand soil R2>0.901, clay loam soil R2>0. 763). By using the different FOD enhanced-NDI to establish random forest (RF) models. All models based on different soils were compared and analyzed, the best models of different soils were combined to establish the SVMDA-RF model. The results showed that SVMDA based on spectral average reflectance, the classification rate of soil texture could reach 100%. Fractional order derivatives coupling normalized spectral index, which had ability to amplify SOM-related implicit information between bands, but it had different effects on different soils. For the paper, clay loam soil was superior to sandy soil, and two soils of the FOD-enhanced sensitive index peaked at 0.6-order, but the number of sensitive index of clay loam soil was much larger than that of sandy soil. In the sandy soil RF models, the model based on 1.2-order NDI was the best(RC2=0.962, RP2=0.920, RMSEP was 0.435 g/kg, and RPD was 3. 658). In the loam RF models, the model based on 0.6-order NDI was the best (RC2=0.942, RP2=0.944, RMSEP was 0.554 g/kg, and RPD was 4.316). Combining the optimal models of the two soils to get the high-precision SVMDA-RF model, RP2=0.979, RMSEP was 0.481 g/kg, and RPD was 7.004. The model could provide effective support for quickly assessing the desert soil types and fertility. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 31

Main heading: Soil quality

Controlled terms: Biogeochemistry? - ?Chemical analysis? - ?Decision trees? - ?Discriminant analysis? - ?Landforms? - ?Organic compounds? - ?Quality control? - ?Random forests? - ?Reflection? - ?Sand ? - ?Soil surveys? - ?Support vector machines? - ?Textures

Uncontrolled terms: Coefficient of determination? - ?Fractional order derivatives? - ?Implicit informations? - ?Physical and chemical analysis? - ?Random forest modeling? - ?Spectral acquisition? - ?Spectral reflectances? - ?Two-dimensional correlation

Classification code: 481.1 Geology? - ?481.2 Geochemistry? - ?483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics? - ?723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications? - ?804.1 Organic Compounds? - ?913.3 Quality Assurance and Control? - ?922 Statistical Methods? - ?961 Systems Science

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.00e+02%, Size 1.00e-08m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.017

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

9. Spatial-temporal Dynamic Changes of Agricultural Greenhouses in Shandong Province in Recent 30 Years Based on Google Earth Engine

Accession number: 20201408375977

Title of translation: GEE30

Authors: Zhu, Dehai (1, 2); Liu, Yiming (1); Feng, Quanlong (1, 3); Ou, Cong (1); Guo, Hao (1); Liu, Jiantao (4)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Land Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) Key Laboratory for Agricultural Land Quality Monitoring and Control, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing; 100193, China; (3) College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100193, China; (4) School of Surveying and Geo-Informatics, Shandong Jianzhu University, Ji’nan; 250101, China

Corresponding author: Feng, Quanlong(fengql@cau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 168-175

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Shandong Province is a large agricultural province in China. In recent years, agricultural greenhouses have developed rapidly. The promotion of greenhouse technology played an important role in increasing agricultural production and efficiency in Shandong Province. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor the dynamic changes of agricultural greenhouses in Shandong Province. However, accurately obtaining the distribution of agricultural greenhouses in a large-scale space and performing dynamic monitoring of long-term sequences are difficult, such as large data volume, low computational efficiency, and low precision. In response to the above problems, the Google Earth Engine (GEE) cloud platform was used to access and process massive satellite data. Based on multi-temporal Landsat images, time series spectral features and texture features were extracted. Random forests were used to complete the classification of agricultural greenhouses in Shandong Province. Finally, the thematic map of spatial distribution and spatial-temporal dynamic changes of agricultural greenhouses in Shandong Province in recent 30 years were generated. The experimental results showed that the classification process proposed had better classification accuracy with the average classification accuracy of 91.63% and the Kappa coefficient of 0.864 2. After analysis, the area of agricultural greenhouse in Shandong Province was increased from 6.67 km2 in 1990 to 9 919.40 km2 in 2018, with a growth rate of 354.03 km2 per year. By studying the dynamic changes of agricultural greenhouses in Shandong Province in recent 30 years, it can not only provide better planning suggestions for further development, but also provide reference for the development of agricultural greenhouses in other provinces in China. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 29

Main heading: Agriculture

Controlled terms: Agricultural robots? - ?Computational efficiency? - ?Decision trees? - ?Efficiency? - ?Engines? - ?Greenhouses? - ?Maps? - ?Textures

Uncontrolled terms: Agricultural greenhouse? - ?Agricultural productions? - ?Classification accuracy? - ?Classification process? - ?Dynamic monitoring? - ?Large data volumes? - ?Shandong province? - ?Spatial temporals

Classification code: 405.3 Surveying? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control? - ?821.6 Farm Buildings and Other Structures? - ?913.1 Production Engineering? - ?961 Systems Science

Numerical data indexing: Age 3.00e+01yr, Area 3.54e+08m2, Area 6.67e+06m2, Area 9.19e+08m2, Percentage 9.16e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.018

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

10. Design and Test of Replenishment System for Sugarcane Horizontal Planter

Accession number: 20201408375892

Title of translation:

Authors: He, Yongling (1); Wu, Fei (2); Li, Shangping (3); Liu, Tianxiang (2); Yu, Yunfa (2); Deng, Zhanglin (2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Mechanical and Marine Engineering, Beibuwan University, Qinzhou; 535011, China; (2) College of Mechanical Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning; 530004, China; (3) College of Information Science and Engineering, Guangxi University for Nationalities, Nanning; 530006, China

Corresponding author: Li, Shangping(spli501@vip.sina.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 94-102 and 138

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Aiming at the problem of seeding omission of sugarcane transverse planter in the process of planting, a kind of replanting device with hierarchical transmission was designed. Through the kinematics and dynamics simulation analysis of filling, storing, supplying, protecting and throwing process, the main factors affecting the effect of replanting were determined, and the key components of replanting system were designed. A sugarcane real-time replenishment system based on 51 single chip computer was developed. The AT89C52 chip and three pairs of laser sensors were used to collect signals of sugarcane seed leakage, replenishment box and sugarcane storage tank for insufficient sugarcane seed reserve. The signal was counted and displayed. The alarm circuit realized the alarm of insufficient sugarcane seed reserve, and the stepper motor was used for the alarm. For power source, the driving roll rake rotated to complete the seed replenishment process. The bench test showed that by choosing two factors, i. e. the traveling speed and the number of grooves, and taking the success rate and the replacement rate as the performance index, the orthogonal rotation test of two factors and five levels was carried out. It was concluded that the traveling speed had a very significant influence on the success rate of replanting, followed by the number of grooves. The quadratic regression equation analysis with Excel showed that the success rate of replanting was 93.97% and the replacement rate was 1.69% when the traveling speed was 3 km/h and the number of grooves was 10. The performance of the real-time seeding replenishment system was stable and reliable, which solved the problem of seeding leakage in the process of seeder operation. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Seed

Controlled terms: Alarm systems? - ?Stepping motors

Uncontrolled terms: Design and tests? - ?Hierarchical transmissions? - ?Kinematics and dynamics? - ?Orthogonal rotations? - ?Performance indices? - ?Quadratic regression? - ?Replacement rates? - ?Single chip computers

Classification code: 705.3 Electric Motors? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.69e+00%, Percentage 9.40e+01%, Velocity 8.33e-01m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.010

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

11. Investigation of Strawberry Irrigation Strategy Based on K-means Clustering Algorithm

Accession number: 20201408375941

Title of translation: K-means

Authors: Li, Li (1); Wang, Hongkang (1); Wu, Yong (1); Chen, Shiwang (2); Wang, Haihua (1); Sigrimis, N.A. (3)

Author affiliation: (1) Modern Precision Agriculture System Integration Research Key Laboratory, Ministry of Education, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) Key Laboratory of Agricultural Information Acquisition Technology, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China; (3) Department of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural University of Athens, Athens; 11855, Greece

Corresponding author: Wang, Haihua(whaihua@cau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 295-302

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Substrate cultivation is the development direction of greenhouse cultivation mode, and it is of great significance to study the modern precision irrigation method for substrate cultivation. On-demand irrigation is one of the main methods of modern precision irrigation. It is inseparable from real-time monitoring and feedback of water content. The water content is an important parameter in modern precision irrigation methods. Moisture sensor based on the principle of frequency domain reflection (FDR) was used in a substrate environment for monitoring water content. The moisture detection module of JZH-0 sensor adopted the principle of FDR, which had good performance on the soil moisture testing. However, it needed to be calibrated before using in different kinds of substrate. In order to further optimize the closed cultivation irrigation method in solar greenhouse and improve the water and fertilizer utilization rate, based on the theoretical research of on-demand irrigation, the existing integrated irrigation system of water and fertilizer, air temperature sensor and soil moisture sensor were mainly used for irrigation and real-time data monitoring and collection. The study on the irrigation strategy of closed greenhouse cultivation of strawberry in greenhouse was carried out by collecting the moisture content of the substrate under the experience of irrigation and the temperature in the greenhouse. The variation of moisture content of substrate in different time scales was firstly summarized. The result showed that the substrate water content of each irrigation rose rapidly, reaching a peak at the end of each irrigation time, with an average increase of about 21.5 percentage points; the second stage decreased rapidly, with an average decrease of 3.5 percentage points in 20 min; the third stage of the trendwas stabilized, with an average decrease of 1.2 percentage points in 30 min. During each irrigation cycle, the water content of the substrate showed a linear downward trend, and the slope of the substrate could better reflect the daily variation of the matrix moisture. During the whole fruiting period of strawberry, the slope was increased with the increase of daily average temperature, which was increased from 0.011 4 to 0.036 5, reflecting the positive significance of temperature increase on crop water demand. Then, the daily variation of the moisture content of substrate was approximated to the daily water requirement of the crop to study the water requirement of the crop. Among the many factors affecting the water demand of crop, temperature with convenient measurement and high accuracy was chosen as the independent variables, because its influence effect was obvious and had strong coupling relationship with light intensity and relative humidity of air. The data was classified by K-means clustering algorithm. According to the classification results, an interval quantitative automatic irrigation strategy based on daily average temperature was proposed in closed greenhouse cultivation: three temperature intervals were set (13, 18], (18, 22.5], (22.5, 27) and in turn corresponded to the daily variation of water content of three substrates as 0.88 percentage points, 1.76 percentage points and 2.63 percentage points, respectively; calculating the daily average temperature of the day, and selecting the appropriate daily variation of moisture content of substrate according to the temperature range to which it belonged and irrigated the next day; it was revised on Monday in a weekly cycle. Theoretically only 4.51 L water was needed per strawberry plant in fruit stage, which can save 15.4% water. Under this strategy theoretically based on K-means clustering algorithm, the water and fertilizer utilization were effectively improved, and the closed greenhouse irrigation methods in solar greenhouses were further enhanced. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 25

Main heading: K-means clustering

Controlled terms: Crops? - ?Fertilizers? - ?Frequency domain analysis? - ?Fruits? - ?Greenhouses? - ?Humidity control? - ?Irrigation? - ?Moisture determination? - ?Moisture meters? - ?Soil moisture ? - ?Soil testing? - ?Solar heating? - ?Substrates? - ?Water content

Uncontrolled terms: Automatic irrigation? - ?Classification results? - ?Development directions? - ?Different time scale? - ?Independent variables? - ?Precision irrigation? - ?Real-time data monitoring? - ?Soil moisture sensors

Classification code: 483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics? - ?657.1 Solar Energy and Phenomena? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control? - ?921.3 Mathematical Transformations? - ?944.1 Moisture Measuring Instruments? - ?944.2 Moisture Measurements

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.54e+01%, Time 1.80e+03s, Volume 4.51e-03m3

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.032

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

12. Hot-air Drying Technology of Changing Temperature for Paddy Rice Based on Glass Transition Theory

Accession number: 20201408375805

Title of translation:

Authors: Zheng, Xianzhe (1); Liu, Hui (1); Shen, Liuyang (1); Wang, Jinwu (1); Wang, Lei (1); Zhu, Yong (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 331-340

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In drying of paddy, the mechanical stress inside paddy kernels is caused by moisture content gradient and glass transition temperature (GTT). The stress results inside kernel crack during the milling process. The hot-air drying method was employed to investigate the effects of stepwise changes of air temperature determining GTT on stress cracking index, head rice yield and drying duration of paddy. To achieve the objectives, the concepts of glass transition for paddy and temperature and moisture distribution of material layer were determined by using numerical modeling method. The center combination tests of three-factor with five-level were employed to analyze and optimize the parameters of drying process for paddy under constant temperature. The surface temperature, initial moisture content of paddy and the hot-air speed were selected as the influencing factors. In terms of the stepwise changes of air temperature, the drying experiments were conducted at temperatures above the GTT based on the optimal parameters determined by constant-temperature drying process. The rising amplitudes of temperature were 5, 10 and 15, respectively. The results showed that the GTT of paddy was negatively correlated with its moisture content. The optimum parameters of constant-temperature drying were developed as temperature was 47 and the initial moisture content was 22. 0% for paddy, and hot-air speed was 0.50 m/s, respectively, and the evaluation indexes were as follows: the stress cracking index was 70, head rice yield was 57.67%, and process duration was 195 min, respectively. Compared with the constant-temperature drying, under the stepwise changes of air temperature of 5 and 10, the quality of paddy dried was improved as the stress cracking index was decreased by 20 and 10, the head rice yield was increased by 12.6 pencentage points and 7.7 percentage points, respectively, and drying duration was shortened by 30 min and 60 min, respectively. Therefore, the stepwise changes temperature of hot-air drying can improve the drying efficiency and quality of paddy based on glass transition theory. The results may provide references for the hot-air drying process and quality control of paddy. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 29

Main heading: Glass transition

Controlled terms: Atmospheric temperature? - ?Cracks? - ?Drying? - ?Glass? - ?Milling (machining)? - ?Moisture? - ?Moisture determination? - ?Numerical methods? - ?Quality control? - ?Solar dryers

Uncontrolled terms: Changing temperature? - ?Constant temperature? - ?Constant temperature drying? - ?Initial Moisture Content? - ?Moisture content gradient? - ?Moisture distribution? - ?Numerical modeling method? - ?Surface temperatures

Classification code: 443.1 Atmospheric Properties? - ?604.2 Machining Operations? - ?802.1 Chemical Plants and Equipment? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations? - ?812.3 Glass? - ?913.3 Quality Assurance and Control? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods? - ?944.2 Moisture Measurements

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 0.00e+00%, Percentage 5.77e+01%, Time 1.17e+04s, Time 1.80e+03s, Time 3.60e+03s, Velocity 5.00e-01m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.036

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

13. Canopy Gap Characteristics and Spatial Patterns in Subtropical Broad-leaved Forest

Accession number: 20201408375914

Title of translation:

Authors: Liu, Feng (1, 2); Li, Jianjun (2); Tan, Chang (3); Yang, Zhigao (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Science, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha; 410004, China; (2) Key Laboratory for Digital Dongting Lake Basin of Hunan Province, Changsha; 410004, China; (3) College of Economics, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha; 410004, China

Corresponding author: Yang, Zhigao(zgyang@126.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 230-236

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Canopy gap characteristics and spatial distribution play an important role in forest structure optimization and function restoration. Based on airborne laser scanning data and field evidence across sites, descriptive statistics were used to identify and examine gap characteristics. Ripley’s K-function analysis was applied to test gap spatial patterns at a range of scales, and spatial point pattern analysis was used to quantify the relative importance of specific influences on patterns of gap occurrence. The results revealed that the average gap size was 78.9 m2 and that 12.8 gaps occurred per hectare. In addition to more gaps, the mean gap size was smaller and the shape was more complex in the secondary forest site than in two managed sites. Large differences in gap characteristics were observed among natural disturbances and artificial gap. Gaps generally showed a clustered distribution at large scales, whereas spatial patterns varied with gap damage types at different sites. The occurrence of gaps was strongly related to slope and topographic position at the secondary forest site, whereas slope, stem density, and human accessibility (proximity to pathways) were the most important factors affecting gap occurrence at the managed sites. The purpose was to clarify the mechanism of forest gap disturbance and provide methodological reference and technical support for forest management to adapt to climate change. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 22

Main heading: Forestry

Controlled terms: Climate change? - ?Conservation? - ?Spatial distribution? - ?Structural optimization? - ?Tropics

Uncontrolled terms: Airborne Laser scanning? - ?Broad-leaved forests? - ?Descriptive statistics? - ?Natural disturbance? - ?Ripley’s K function? - ?Secondary forests? - ?Spatial point pattern analysis? - ?Topographic positions

Classification code: 443 Meteorology? - ?443.1 Atmospheric Properties? - ?921 Mathematics? - ?921.5 Optimization Techniques

Numerical data indexing: Area 7.89e+01m2

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.025

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

14. Novel Robust Speed Control Method of Agricultural Electric Vehicle Preshift Process

Accession number: 20201408375894

Title of translation:

Authors: Zhang, Yan (1); Zhao, Han (1); Zhu, Yinfei (1, 2); Huang, Kang (1); Qiu, Mingming (1); Qin, Feifei (1)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Mechanical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei; 230009, China; (2) School of Software and Electrical Engineering, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne; 3122, Australia

Corresponding author: Qiu, Mingming(hfutqmm@hfut.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 364-371

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: A novel robust approach of speed control was adopted for PMSM during the agricultural electric vehicle’s preshift process. Considering the two-gear electric vehicle electric driveline, the gearshift process was studied and the preshift process was introduced, electromagnetic speed synchronization of the driving motor was considered specifically. Based on the structure of the driveline and the agricultural working condition, dynamic modeling was completed. And a nonlinear robust control approach was introduced to complete the robust control task of electromagnetic speed synchronization. The adopted control algorithm was characterized by error-based and model-based algorithm inheriting from traditional PID control and robust control. The control algorithm consisted of a model-based algorithm component, a PD component as a feedback control and a piecewise function component as a robust feedback control, in which the system uncertainties and external disturbance were lumped. These system uncertainties and external disturbance were assumed to have upper bound. Based on the Lyapunov method, it theoretically proved the proposed control algorithm had render uniform boundedness and uniform ultimate boundedness. The effectiveness and robustness of the proposed control method for speed synchronization control of permanent magnet synchronous motor were verified by numerical simulation and bench test. By comparing with the traditional PD control, the proposed robust controller had obvious advantages under the same PD control parameters considering the load fluctuation conditions of agricultural electric vehicles. Average speed synchronization error and standard deviation were obviously better than those of traditional PD control in simulation result, which was 30% better in test result. The precise robust control paved the way for synchronization of synchronizer in the later stage and played an important role in improving shift quality. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 25

Main heading: Quality control

Controlled terms: Agricultural robots? - ?Agriculture? - ?Electric vehicles? - ?Feedback control? - ?Lyapunov methods? - ?Numerical methods? - ?Permanent magnets? - ?Robust control? - ?Speed? - ?Speed control ? - ?Speed regulators? - ?Synchronization? - ?Three term control systems? - ?Traction motors

Uncontrolled terms: External disturbances? - ?Model-based algorithms? - ?Nonlinear robust control? - ?Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor? - ?Robust feedback control? - ?Speed synchronizations? - ?System uncertainties? - ?Uniform ultimate boundedness

Classification code: 704.1 Electric Components? - ?731 Automatic Control Principles and Applications? - ?732.1 Control Equipment? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control? - ?913.3 Quality Assurance and Control? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods? - ?961 Systems Science

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 3.00e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.040

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

15. Effects of Water and Biochar Management on Nitrogen Fertilizer Residue in Paddy Fields of Cold and Black Soil Region

Accession number: 20201408375912

Title of translation:

Authors: Zhang, Zuohe (1, 2); Zhang, Zhongxue (1, 3)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China; (2) College of Agriculture and Hydraulic Engineering, Suihua University, Suihua; 152061, China; (3) Key Laboratory of Effective Utilization of Agricultural Water Resources, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China

Corresponding author: Zhang, Zhongxue(zhangzhongxue@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 284-294

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to reveal the residual situation of fertilizer nitrogen in paddy soil under water and biochar management, the method of combining field plot experiment with micro-plot was used to label basal fertilizer, tillering fertilizer and panicle fertilizer respectively. Compared with traditional flooding irrigation, the residual situation of basal fertilizer, tillering fertilizer, panicle fertilizer and whole fertilizer in paddy soil after rice harvest and the distribution law of nitrogen residue in different depths soil layer of fertilizer applied at different stages under different water and biochar management modes were studied. The results showed that the total nitrogen residues in paddy soils under different biochar application levels was 28.16%~34.42% under dry-wet-shallow irrigation mode, and the nitrogen residues of basal fertilizer, tillering fertilizer and panicle fertilizer were 27.53%~41.35%, 34.32%~43.50% and 11.58%~25.67%, respectively. When the application amount of biochar was below 12.5 t/hm2, the residual amount of basal fertilizer and tillering nitrogen in paddy soil was increased with the increase of biochar application amount under the two irrigation modes after harvest, while the residual amount of panicle fertilizer nitrogen in paddy soil was decreased with the increase of biochar application amount. Under the same application level of biochar, the residual rate of fertilizer nitrogen in soil was significantly higher than that in conventional flooding irrigation (P2 had a negative effect on the residual nitrogen of basal fertilizer, tillering fertilizer and panicle fertilizer in paddy soil under dry-shallow-wet irrigation mode. Reasonable water and biochar management model can increase the residual amount of fertilizer nitrogen in plough soil (0~20 cm), reduce the loss of fertilizer nitrogen, inhibit the movement of fertilizer nitrogen to deep soil, and reduce the risk of pollution of fertilizer nitrogen residue in soil to paddy ecological environment. The results can provide theoretical basis and technical support for the application of water and carbon management model in paddy field in cold and black soil region. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 31

Main heading: Nitrogen fertilizers

Controlled terms: Floods? - ?Irrigation? - ?Soils? - ?Water pollution

Uncontrolled terms: Application level? - ?Black soil regions? - ?Carbon management? - ?Distribution law? - ?Ecological environments? - ?Management modes? - ?Nitrogen residue? - ?Technical support

Classification code: 453 Water Pollution? - ?483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods

Numerical data indexing: Size 0.00e+00m to 2.00e-01m, Size 4.00e-01m to 6.00e-01m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.031

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

16. Leaf Area Index Estimation of Winter Wheat Based on UAV Imaging Hyperspectral Imagery

Accession number: 20201408375790

Title of translation: LAI

Authors: Tao, Huilin (1); Feng, Haikuan (1, 2); Yang, Guijun (1, 3); Yang, Xiaodong (1); Liu, Mingxing (1); Liu, Shuaibing (4)

Author affiliation: (1) Key Laboratory of Quantitative Remote Sensing in Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture, Beijing; 100097, China; (2) National Engineering Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture, Beijing; 100097, China; (3) Beijing Engineering Research Center for Agriculture Internet of Things, Beijing; 100097, China; (4) School of Surveying and Land Information Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo; 454000, China

Corresponding author: Feng, Haikuan(fenghaikuan123@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 176-187

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The UHD185 imaging spectrometer and ASD spectroradiometer were used to acquire imaging and non-imaging hyperspectral data during three wheat growth stages, including flagging stage, flowering stage and filling stage. The corresponding ground leaf area index (LAI) data were also collected. Firstly, the ASD and the UHD185 spectrometer data were compared and their precision was evaluated. Then, the correlation analyses were conducted between LAI and seven LAI related spectral parameters, linear regression and exponential regression were used to select the optimal estimation parameters. Finally, for each growth stage, multivariate linear regression, partial least squares, random forest, artificial neural network and support vector machine were used to construct LAI estimation models for winter wheat. The experimental results showed that UHD185 hyperspectral spectrometer reflectance was highly consistent with ASD ground hyperspectral spectrometer reflectance in the red-edge region. The coefficients of determination between them were 0.995 9, 0.999 0 and 0.996 8 for flagging stage, flowering stage and filling stages, respectively. The parameters with the highest correlation with LAI were NDVI (r=0.738) for flagging stage, SR (r=0.819) for flowering stage, and NDVI×SR (r=0.835) for filling stage. LAI-MLR was the best estimation model for winter wheat. The highest accuracy for flowering stage with R2 of 0.678 8, RMSE of 0.69 and NRMSE of 19.79% for calibration, and with R2 of 0.846 2, RMSE of 0.47 and NRMSE of 16.04% for validation. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 40

Main heading: Hyperspectral imaging

Controlled terms: Crops? - ?Decision trees? - ?Filling? - ?Least squares approximations? - ?Neural networks? - ?Reflection? - ?Spectrometers? - ?Spectroscopy? - ?Support vector machines? - ?Support vector regression ? - ?Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)

Uncontrolled terms: Correlation analysis? - ?Exponential regression? - ?Hyper-spectral imageries? - ?Hyperspectral spectrometer? - ?Imaging spectrometers? - ?Multivariate linear regressions? - ?Optimal estimations? - ?Partial least square (PLS)

Classification code: 652.1 Aircraft, General? - ?691.2 Materials Handling Methods? - ?723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications? - ?741.3 Optical Devices and Systems? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods? - ?961 Systems Science

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.60e+01%, Percentage 1.98e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.019

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

17. Design and Test of Unloading Mechanism of Air-suction Seed Metering Device

Accession number: 20201408375964

Title of translation:

Authors: Ding, Li (1, 2); Yang, Li (1, 2); Zhang, Dongxing (1, 2); Cui, Tao (1, 2); Li, Yuhuan (1, 2); Gao, Xiaojun (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) Key Laboratory of Soil-Machine-Plant System Technology, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing; 100083, China

Corresponding author: Yang, Li(yangli@cau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 37-46

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to solve the problem of missing seeding caused by small impurities or damaged seeds blocking suction holes under the action of adsorption force in the process of filling, clearing and carrying seeds, the unloading mechanism was optimized. The installation position of seed unloading mechanism was improved to ensure that the seed metering device could adsorb seeds well in the seed-carrying area, prevent flying seeds, and reduce collision and bounce. The probability of seed falling off at the end of the air chamber in the seed-carrying area was reduced by 1.67% compared with that before the improvement. A gear tooth surface curve suitable for the coordination between the unloading wheel and the seed plate was deduced. By means of ADAMS simulation, three indexes of meshing force, radial force and axial force were extracted, and the rationality of the unloading gear tooth design was verified by simulation. The curve equation can be used to design unloading wheels with different kinds of plate and suction holes, which made the meshing stable and reliable and had good versatility. A comprehensive test was carried out with the unloading mechanism, forward speed and wind pressure as factors. By analyzing the significant difference between unloading mechanism and wind pressure at different speeds and the overall variance of the experiment, the key factors affecting the qualified index, multiple index and missing index were determined. The optimized new unloading mechanism was selected for regression analysis, through regression equation, the optimum operating parameters of the designed metering device at operating speeds of 10 km/h, 12 km/h and 14 km/h were obtained, and the experimental verification was carried out. The results showed that the new unloading mechanism can effectively improve the qualified index and reduce the missing index of high-speed operation. When the operating speed was 10~14 km/h and the wind pressure was -3.81~-3.43 kPa, the qualified index can reach more than 96.8%, the missing index was not more than 2.0%, and the multiple index was not more than 1.2%. All the indexes were better than the requirements of national standards and can achieve effective seeding. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 25

Main heading: Unloading

Controlled terms: Gear teeth? - ?Pneumatic materials handling equipment? - ?Regression analysis? - ?Speed? - ?Structural dynamics? - ?Wheels? - ?Wind effects

Uncontrolled terms: Experimental verification? - ?Gear tooth surface? - ?High-speed operation? - ?Installation position? - ?Operating parameters? - ?Regression equation? - ?Seed metering devices? - ?Unloading mechanism

Classification code: 408 Structural Design? - ?443.1 Atmospheric Properties? - ?601.2 Machine Components? - ?691.1 Materials Handling Equipment? - ?691.2 Materials Handling Methods? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.20e+00%, Percentage 1.67e+00%, Percentage 2.00e+00%, Percentage 9.68e+01%, Velocity 2.78e+00m/s, Velocity 2.78e+00m/s to 3.89e+00m/s, Velocity 3.33e+00m/s, Velocity 3.89e+00m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.004

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

18. Type Synthesis and Analysis of Class of Actuated Metamorphic Mechanisms with Suitable Constrained Branch

Accession number: 20201408375841

Title of translation:

Authors: Hu, Xuyu (1); Liu, Hongzhao (1)

Author affiliation: (1) Faculty of Mechanical and Precision Instrument Engineering, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an; 710048, China

Corresponding author: Liu, Hongzhao(liu_hongzhao@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 383-390

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Different from the existing methods by using constraint singularity or the chain singularity to synthesis metamorphic parallel mechanisms, based on the 3-RRR spherical parallel mechanism (Sm), according to the method of screw theory, a class of multi-mode actuated metamorphic parallel mechanisms with active hybrid suitable constrained branched chain by way of opening and locking actuated kinematic pair was presented. Using the screw theory, the degree freedom of the whole configurations of 3-SPS/SmPU multi-mode actuated metamorphic parallel mechanism of the proposed actuated metamorphic parallel mechanism with active hybrid suitable constrained branched chain was analyzed, the mechanism kinematics was studied according to the structure characteristics and geometric constraints of 3-SPS/SmPU actuated metamorphic parallel mechanism. The method of type synthesis multi-mode actuated metamorphic parallel mechanism with active hybrid suitable constrained branched chain can be also applied to type synthesis other actuated metamorphic parallel mechanisms, the metamorphic method was simple and effective, the inverse kinematics of the whole configurations was easy to solve, and constraint singularity and the chain singularity could be avoided effectively in the metamorphic process. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 25

Main heading: Mechanisms

Controlled terms: Inverse kinematics? - ?Screws

Uncontrolled terms: Constraint singularity? - ?Geometric constraint? - ?Kinematic pairs? - ?Metamorphic mechanisms? - ?Metamorphic process? - ?Parallel mechanisms? - ?Spherical parallel mechanism? - ?Structure characteristic

Classification code: 601.3 Mechanisms? - ?605 Small Tools and Hardware? - ?931.1 Mechanics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.042

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

19. Summer Maize Yield Estimation Based on Vegetation Index Derived from Multi-temporal UAV Remote Sensing

Accession number: 20201408375879

Title of translation:

Authors: Han, Wenting (1, 2); Peng, Xingshuo (1); Zhang, Liyuan (1, 3); Niu, Yaxiao (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (2) Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (3) Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins; CO; 80523, United States

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 148-155

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The remote sensing of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is accurate, flexible and fast. It is of great significance for large-scale agricultural management and water efficiency evaluation to establish yield estimation model of summer maize based on drone remote sensing. It was reported such an effort for summer maize in Inner Mongolia by using UAV multi-spectral platform. Six kinds of linear models for the measured summer maize yield maize as function of various vegetation indices derived at various growth stages were constructed by using Newton-trapezoidal integral and least squares method. And the threshold filtering method was used to reduce the influence of soil noise on the accuracy of the model. The results showed that there were significant differences in the accuracy of the models at different growth stages. In single growth period, the model precision from high to low was ordered as tasseling silking, wax maturity, and jointing, and the optimal vegetation index was EVI2 (R2=0.72, RMSE was 485.46 kg/hm2). For most growth periods the superior vegetation index was GNDVI (R2=0.89, RMSE was 299.35 kg/hm2). After soil filtration, the increase of R2 in jointing stage and multiple growth stages was significant. The correlation coefficient R2 was increased to above 0.87 for the multi-fertility estimation model based on vegetation indices GNDVI, MASVI2 and EVI2. In summary, the UAV yield estimation model can quickly and effectively diagnose and assess crop growth and yield. The estimation accuracy of the model in multiple growth periods was better than that in a single one, and GNDVI was the optimal model parameter. The threshold filtering method can effectively improve the estimation accuracy. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 38

Main heading: Remote sensing

Controlled terms: Agricultural robots? - ?Antennas? - ?Forestry? - ?Least squares approximations? - ?Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)? - ?Vegetation

Uncontrolled terms: Agricultural management? - ?Correlation coefficient? - ?Crop growth and yields? - ?Different growth stages? - ?Least squares methods? - ?Modeling precision? - ?Threshold filtering? - ?UAV remote sensing

Classification code: 652.1 Aircraft, General? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.016

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

20. Visual Based Robotic Hoisting Motion Following Control

Accession number: 20201408375842

Title of translation:

Authors: Xu, Chunbo (1); Zhao, Dingxuan (1, 2); Kong, Weitian (1); Zou, Shaoyuan (1); Ni, Tao (1); Shu, Lizhi (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun; 130022, China; (2) School of Mechanical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao; 066004, China

Corresponding author: Ni, Tao(nitao@jlu.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 417-426

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The marine economy plays a very important and positive role in the national economy and social development. Because the ocean surges have a great impact on the safety and efficiency of marine logistics hoisting machine. At present, the wave motion compensation is mostly based on ship-specific sensors such as IMU or MRU, and the cost is high. A combination of logos was used, and a vision-based robotic hoisting motion following control method was proposed. Firstly, the kinematics analysis and hand-eye calibration of the manipulator were carried out. By using visual marker, the target objects in complex environments can be detected and identified. The man direction and direct linear transfer algorithm was used to calculate the orientation and position of the marker. A combination marker resisting image noise and occlusion issues with pose confusion scheme was designed. A quaternion based Kalman filter was used for pose estimation of combined marker. Then by establishing the hoist system model, the pseudo-differential feedback compound control algorithm was used on the speed loop. Trajectory tracking performance was improved. Based on the double S-shaped curve motion planning algorithm, the target motion tracking and path re-planning were performed, and the acceleration/deceleration method was used to generate motion trajectory. Based on the comprehensive experimental platform of marine automatic and intelligent lifting equipment which can simulate the offshore working environment, the visual-based hoisting robot arm winch lifting and following control method was studied. And static targets and dynamic target following experiments were performed, the feasibility of the hoisting lift control and the effectiveness of the follow-up control strategy were verified. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 22

Main heading: Visual servoing

Controlled terms: Cranes? - ?Intelligent robots? - ?Manipulators? - ?Motion compensation? - ?Motion control? - ?Motion planning? - ?Motion tracking? - ?Offshore oil well production? - ?Robotics

Uncontrolled terms: Acceleration/deceleration? - ?Complex environments? - ?Experimental platform? - ?Hand-eye calibration? - ?Kinematics analysis? - ?Motion planning algorithms? - ?Pseudo differential feedbacks? - ?Safety and efficiencies

Classification code: 511.1 Oil Field Production Operations? - ?693.1 Cranes? - ?731 Automatic Control Principles and Applications

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.046

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

21. Design and Experiment on Machine for Rice Straw Full Quantity Deep Buried into Field

Accession number: 20201408375814

Title of translation:

Authors: Wang, Jinfeng (1); Chen, Bowen (1); Jiang, Yan (2); Zhu, Min (3); Xia, Junfang (4); Wang, Jinwu (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China; (2) Jiamusi Agricultural Mechanization Institute of Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Machinery Sciences, Jiamusi; 154004, China; (3) Changzhou Hansen Machinery Co., Ltd., Changzhou; 213033, China; (4) College of Engineering, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan; 430070, China

Corresponding author: Wang, Jinwu(jinwuw@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 84-93

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Aiming to prevent the backfilling of soil in front of the machine due to the reverse-rotary during straw deep buried into field. The rice straw full quantity deep buried and returned machine was designed, combined with the operation process of rice straw deep buried into the field. By analyzing the process of reverse-rotary operation, the reason of soil backfilling in front of the machine was explored and the mathematical model of relative position between soil and cutting tool in each stage of machine work were established and the mathematical model was established by Matlab, the angle of bending line was defined as 55°, the rotation speed of the cutter roller was defined as 190 r/min, the bending angle was defined as 77° and the width of the cutting tool was defined as 80 mm. At the same time, the arrangement of the cutting tool was designed. The completed machine configuration field tests showed that the machine could complete the operation under different operating environments with stubble height less than 260 mm and operating speed less than 3 km/h, the problem of soil backfilling in front of the machine was solved and the returning rate could be reached more than 85%, soil fragmentation rate and ground flatness could be reached more than 95%. All the indexes could meet the technical requirements and the adaptability test was carried out under the relatively wet and sticky working environment. All the indexes were higher than the agricultural requirements, which proved the applicability of the machine and tools. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 24

Main heading: Cutting tools

Controlled terms: Agricultural robots? - ?Soils

Uncontrolled terms: Bending angle? - ?Operating environment? - ?Operating speed? - ?Operation process? - ?Relative positions? - ?Rotation speed? - ?Technical requirement? - ?Working environment

Classification code: 483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics? - ?603.2 Machine Tool Accessories

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 8.50e+01%, Percentage 9.50e+01%, Rotational_Speed 1.90e+02RPM, Size 2.60e-01m, Size 8.00e-02m, Velocity 8.33e-01m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.009

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

22. Drought Forecasting during Maize Growing Season Based on Vegetation Temperature Condition Index

Accession number: 20201408375906

Title of translation:

Authors: Li, Li (1, 2); Xu, Lianxiang (2, 3); Wang, Pengxin (2, 3); Qi, Xuan (2, 3); Wang, Lei (2, 3)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Land Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing for Agri-Hazards, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing; 100083, China; (3) College of Information and Electrical Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China

Corresponding author: Wang, Pengxin(wangpx@cau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 139-147

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Drought was an important factor restricting agricultural production and economic development. It was of great significance for promoting economic development and ensuring food security to study the law of occurrence and development of drought and effectively predict the local future drought situation. The purpose was to verify the applicability of vegetation temperature condition index (VTCI) in the drought prediction during summer maize growing season. Taking the central plain of Hebei as the research area and the time series of drought monitoring results of vegetation temperature condition index as the data source, and autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model and seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) model were used to forecast agricultural drought. First of all, based on the time series of vegetation temperature condition index of 49 meteorological stations, the VTCI data of different lengths were used to build ARIMA prediction models, and the variation characteristics of ARIMA model prediction accuracy with the increase of VTCI time series length were analyzed. The results showed that there existed no clear dependence between the performance of the model and the training lengths corresponding to the historical datasets of VTCI, but the prediction accuracy of the model tended to be stable with the increase of time series length. Then, the VTCI time series data from early July 2010 to late August 2017 was used as modeling data, the ARIMA model and SARIMA model were applied to predict VTCI in September 2017, and the prediction accuracy of the two models was evaluated. The results showed that the prediction accuracy of the ARIMA model was higher than that of the SARIMA model. The root mean square error of the 1-step VTCI prediction of the ARIMA model was 0.06 lower than that of the SARIMA model, and the 2-step prediction was 0.07 lower, and the 3-step prediction was 0.09 lower. Therefore, the ARIMA model was more suitable for the drought prediction during the summer maize growing season in the study area. Finally, the ARIMA model with better performance was modeled pixel by pixel to obtain the VTCI prediction results from early September to late September, 2016-2018. The results showed that the ARIMA model had a good prediction accuracy for 1-step, 2-step and 3-step of VTCI during summer maize growth season in different years. The average percentage of pixels with absolute error larger than 0.20 in 1-step, 2-step and 3-step in 2016-2018 was only 5.84%, 6.38% and 8.72%, respectively. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 30

Main heading: Autoregressive moving average model

Controlled terms: Agricultural robots? - ?Agriculture? - ?Drought? - ?Economic and social effects? - ?Food supply? - ?Mean square error? - ?Pixels? - ?Time series? - ?Vegetation? - ?Weather forecasting

Uncontrolled terms: Agricultural productions? - ?Autoregressive integrated moving average models? - ?Maize growing season? - ?Meteorological station? - ?Root mean square errors? - ?Seasonal autoregressive integrated moving averages? - ?Variation characteristics? - ?Vegetation temperature condition index

Classification code: 443 Meteorology? - ?444 Water Resources? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control? - ?822.3 Food Products? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics? - ?971 Social Sciences

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 5.84e+00%, Percentage 6.38e+00%, Percentage 8.72e+00%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.015

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

23. Fast Segmentation Algorithm of Tree Trunks Based on Multi-feature Fusion

Accession number: 20201408375870

Title of translation:

Authors: Liu, Hui (1); Zhu, Shenghui (1); Shen, Yue (1); Tang, Jinhua (1)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Electrical and Information Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang; 212013, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 221-229

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Accurate identification of orchard trunks can provide effective information for orchard robot localisation and navigation. The traditional tree trunk segmentation algorithm has low segmentation accuracy and poor real time performance. To solve this problem, a fast segmentation of tree trunks based on depth and texture features was proposed to improve segmentation accuracy and real time performance. Firstly, a Realsense depth camera was used to capture color and depth images of tree trunks. Then, a superpixel segmentation algorithm was proposed to segment color images, and fuse adjacent superpixel blocks with similar depth and texture values. Finally, plant trunks were distinguished from no-trunk targets in candidate superpixel blocks based on trunk width threshold setting in depth images and hue value matching in color images. Both indoor and outdoor experiments were conducted to compare the proposed tree trunk segmentation algorithm with traditional GrabCut algorithm and K-means algorithm. The average recall rate and average accuracy of the new algorithm were 87.6% and 95.0%, respectively, while that of the GrabCut algorithm was only 78.0% and 92.8%, respectively, and the K-means algorithm was 80.2% and 89.1%, respectively. Meanwhile, the average time of the proposed algorithm was 0.20 s, while the GrabCut algorithm was 0.66 s, and the K-means algorithm was 4.42 s. The experimental results showed that the proposed algorithm was effective in fast segmentation, and can be applied to tree trunk segmentation. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Image segmentation

Controlled terms: Color? - ?Color matching? - ?Forestry? - ?K-means clustering? - ?Orchards? - ?Robots? - ?Superpixels? - ?Textures? - ?Trees (mathematics)

Uncontrolled terms: Color and depth images? - ?Multi-feature fusion? - ?Outdoor experiment? - ?Real time performance? - ?Robot localisation? - ?Segmentation accuracy? - ?Segmentation algorithms? - ?Superpixel segmentations

Classification code: 731.5 Robotics? - ?741.1 Light/Optics? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods? - ?921.4 Combinatorial Mathematics, Includes Graph Theory, Set Theory

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 7.80e+01%, Percentage 8.02e+01%, Percentage 8.76e+01%, Percentage 8.91e+01%, Percentage 9.28e+01%, Percentage 9.50e+01%, Time 2.00e-01s, Time 4.42e+00s, Time 6.60e-01s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.024

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

24. Spectroscopy Analysis of Interaction between Vitamin B12 and Soybean Protein Isolate

Accession number: 20201408375974

Title of translation: B12

Authors: Li, Yang (1); Li, Mingda (1); Wang, Zhongjiang (1); Zheng, Li (1); Teng, Fei (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Food Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China

Corresponding author: Teng, Fei(tengfei@neau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 341-348

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The vitamin B12 is an essential vitamin and participates in the biochemical reaction of the human body, including folic acid conversion and methionine synthesis. However, it is easy to lose its nutrition and function in the food processing process and storage such as light, heating and pH value. In order to improve the stability of the vitamin B12 and the vitamin B12 nutrition fortified food, the interaction between vitamin B12 and soybean protein isolate and the effect of vitamin B12 on protein structure were studied by using spectroscopic techniques (fluorescence spectrum, ultraviolet spectrum, infrared spectrum and circular dichroism spectrum). The result of fluorescence spectrum showed that the fluorescence intensity of soybean protein isolate was decreased with the increase of vitamin B12 concentration. The quenching mode of vitamin B12 on soybean protein isolate was static quenching by calculating the Stern-Volmer equation. Soybean protein isolate and vitamin B12 were bound by Van der Waals force and hydrogen bonding and binding site was one. Synchronous fluorescence spectrum indicated that the binding site of vitamin B12 and soybean protein isolate was located near tryptophan. Ultraviolet absorption spectrum presented that vitamin B12 enhanced hydrophobicity of the microenvironment near the tryptophan residue and changed the structure of protein molecules. The results of infrared spectrum and circular dichroism spectrum showed that the secondary structure of soybean protein isolate was changed with the addition of vitamin B12, which represented that the contents of α-helix and β-rotation were increased, and the contents of β-fold and irregular curl were decreased. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 35

Main heading: Biosynthesis

Controlled terms: Absorption spectroscopy? - ?Amino acids? - ?Binding sites? - ?Dichroism? - ?Fluorescence? - ?Food storage? - ?Hydrogen bonds? - ?Nutrition? - ?Proteins? - ?Quenching ? - ?Thermal processing (foods)? - ?Ultraviolet spectroscopy? - ?Van der Waals forces

Uncontrolled terms: Circular dichroism spectra? - ?Fluorescence intensities? - ?Soybean protein isolates? - ?Spectroscopic technique? - ?Stern-Volmer equation? - ?Synchronous fluorescence? - ?Ultra-violet spectrums? - ?Ultraviolet absorption spectrum

Classification code: 461.7 Health Care? - ?537.1 Heat Treatment Processes? - ?741.1 Light/Optics? - ?801.2 Biochemistry? - ?801.4 Physical Chemistry? - ?804.1 Organic Compounds? - ?822.1 Food Products Plants and Equipment? - ?822.2 Food Processing Operations

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.037

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

25. Design and Optimization of Working Parameters of Fry Sorting Machine Based on EDEM

Accession number: 20201408375945

Title of translation: EDEM

Authors: Liu, Hu (1); Gong, Yu (1); Zhang, Biao (1); Chen, Yuan (1); Zhou, Minggang (1)

Author affiliation: (1) Hubei Agricultural Machinery Engineering Research and Design Institute, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan; 430068, China

Corresponding author: Zhou, Minggang(zhoumg@aliyun.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 114-121

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In view of the industrial aquaculture, it is necessary to classify the fry in different growth stages according to their sizes with high efficiency and accuracy, so as to meet the requirement of separate cultivation, a roller-type fry sorting test prototype was designed. The coupling model of fry-mechanical components was established by using discrete element software. As the working parameters of the sorting machine were used for the experimental factors, and the sorting efficiency and accuracy of fish-dividing were used for evaluation indexes, the simulation results were obtained and verified by experiments. Finally, the single factor and orthogonal influence simulation analysis was carried out based on the established coupled simulation model, and the primary and secondary order for each working parameter and the optimal parameter combination were determined. The results showed that the primary and secondary order of the influence factor for the sorting accuracy was: roller lifting angle, fish intake and roller speed, and the primary and secondary order of the sorting efficiency was: roller lifting angle, fish intake and roller speed. Based on the principle of improving the sorting accuracy and efficiency, the parameters were optimized by Design-Expert 8.0.5 software, and the optimal combination was determined as follows: the roller speed was 138.40 r/min, the roller lifting angle was 10.47°, and the fish intake was 3.00 tails/s. The research results would provide an important reference for the optimization design of the following fry grading equipment. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 22

Main heading: Rollers (machine components)

Controlled terms: Efficiency? - ?Fish? - ?Grading

Uncontrolled terms: Design and optimization? - ?Different growth stages? - ?Experimental factors? - ?Mechanical components? - ?Optimal combination? - ?Optimal parameter combinations? - ?Optimization design? - ?Simulation analysis

Classification code: 601.2 Machine Components? - ?913.1 Production Engineering

Numerical data indexing: Rotational_Speed 1.38e+02RPM

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.012

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

26. Robot 3D Path Planning Method Based on Ant Colony Algorithm and Parameter Transfer

Accession number: 20201408375837

Title of translation:

Authors: Liu, Ke (1, 2); Li, Ke (1, 2); Su, Lei (1, 2); Wang, Kun (1, 2); Zhang, Qiuju (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Food Manufacturing Equipment and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi; 214122, China; (2) School of Mechanical Engineering, Jiangnan University, Wuxi; 214122, China

Corresponding author: Li, Ke(like@jiangnan.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 29-36

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In the process of three-dimensional (3D) path planning for robots, the efficiency of path planning is greatly affected by the algorithm itself. For the purpose of the shortest distance, a robot 3D path planning method was proposed based on ant colony parameter transfer algorithm. Ant colony algorithm was used to find the shortest path in the robot environment model which was established by grid method. For the parameter selection problem of the ant colony algorithm, the parameter transfer algorithm was used to obtain the optimal parameters. The known environment model and its corresponding ant colony optimal parameters were used as source tasks, and the source tasks were mapped to high-dimensional spaces. Connecting different source tasks through transfer parameters, the parameter transfer graph was established based on the knowledge of graph theory. The parameter transfer map was extended to include the target task, and a set of ant colony optimal parameters was assigned to the random unknown environment model. Simulation results showed that the ant colony algorithm based on parameter transfer can complete the robot 3D path planning quickly and effectively. Compared with the traditional parameter selection method and other intelligent optimization methods, the ant colony parameter transfer algorithm can greatly reduce the time required for path planning and improve the path planning performance. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Motion planning

Controlled terms: Ant colony optimization? - ?Graph theory? - ?Parameter estimation? - ?Robot programming? - ?Robots

Uncontrolled terms: Ant colony algorithms? - ?High dimensional spaces? - ?Intelligent optimization method? - ?Parameter selection? - ?Path planning for robots? - ?Threedimensional (3-d)? - ?Transfer parameters? - ?Unknown environments

Classification code: 731.5 Robotics? - ?921.4 Combinatorial Mathematics, Includes Graph Theory, Set Theory? - ?921.5 Optimization Techniques

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.003

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

27. Characterization of Microbial Community Structure of Vermicomposting in Peanut Shells

Accession number: 20201408375825

Title of translation:

Authors: Chen, Yuxiang (1); Yao, Yue (1); Zhao, Tingting (1); Du, Zhaozhen (2); Xu, Lixin (2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun; 130022, China; (2) College of Life Science, Jilin University, Changchun; 130012, China

Corresponding author: Xu, Lixin(xlx626@jlu.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 303-312

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The ever-increasing worldwide production of peanuts has led to a large accumulation of shells. The usage of these residues has been limited due to their high lignin content. Vermicomposting was used to stabilize the peanut shells (PS). Chopped PS was mixed with cow dung at a ratio of 60:40 (on a dry weight basis). Eisenia fetida was selected. The experiment was classified into two treatments: the control, which contained 1 000 g of the mixed substrates without earthworms, and the treatment with earthworms, which contained the mixed substrates and 120 individuals of Eisenia fetida. The duration of the experiment was 48 days. The C/N ratio of the initial substrate was approximately 37.00. The C/N ratio in the treatment with earthworms was less than 15.00 on day 48, whereas it was 23.17 in the control. This suggested that earthworms stimulated the decomposition of shells. The mortality rate of Eisenia fetida was 19% by the end of the experiment. Cocoons and juvenile earthworms were observed during vermicomposting, indicating that the earthworms adapted to the high lignin content of the shells. The Shannon-Wiener index of fungi in the initial mixed material was 1.33. By the end of the vermicomposting, the values were 2.59 and 1.66 in the treatment with earthworms and in the control, respectively. This indicated that the diversity of fungi was promoted by the presence of earthworms. A significant increase in the abundance of Rhodococcus, Arthrobacter, unclassified_f_Peptostreptococcaceae, Sporosarcina, Cercophora, unclassified_c_Dothideomycetes, Preussia and unclassified_f_Lasiosphaeriaceae in the treatment with earthworms was observed. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 51

Main heading: Shells (structures)

Controlled terms: Fungi? - ?Lignin? - ?Oilseeds? - ?Substrates

Uncontrolled terms: Eisenia fetida? - ?Lignin contents? - ?Microbial community structures? - ?Mixed materials? - ?Mixed substrates? - ?Mortality rate? - ?Vermi-composting? - ?Worldwide production

Classification code: 408.2 Structural Members and Shapes? - ?811.3 Cellulose, Lignin and Derivatives? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Numerical data indexing: Age 1.32e-01yr, Mass 1.00e+00kg, Percentage 1.90e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.033

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

28. Response Mechanism of Wheat/Maize Intercropping System under Different Water Stresses

Accession number: 20201408375893

Title of translation: /

Authors: Zhang, Zuowei (1); Li, Hongyu (2); Fu, Qiang (1); Shi, Haibin (3); Liu, Deping (1)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China; (2) College of Agriculture, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China; (3) College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Huhhot; 010018, China

Corresponding author: Fu, Qiang(fuqiang@neau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 245-255

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to find out the response mechanism of wheat/maize intercropping population under different water stresses, three intercropping treatments with sufficient water stress levels and two sufficient irrigation singles were used for the control treatment. The results showed that the water capture equivalent ratio of wheat strips was higher than that of corn strips in the intercropping period. With the increase of water stress, the trend became more and more obvious. With the growth of the growth period, the trend became weaker and even appeared reverse, while the relative competitiveness of water between the belts showed a gradual decline. In terms of root distribution characteristics, the average root distribution depth of the intercropped population under full irrigation was 17.15~17.24 cm, and the root mass density was 90.42%~90.77% distributed in the plough layer, of which 87.49%~88.70% was wheat and 92.63%~92.81% was corn, and water stress can significantly affect the spatial distribution of intercropping population roots. In terms of intercropping advantages, it was necessary to have the intercropping advantage to satisfy the field water holding rate of at least 80% per water. With the increase of water stress degree, the land equivalent ratio of the intercropping group showed a slight increase and then declined, and the intercropping of corn was partial land. The rate of decline in equivalence ratio was faster than that of intercropped wheat. In terms of relative competition ability between species, it showed that with the increase of water stress, the wheat was decreased rapidly and gradually disappeared after it was slightly increased. In short, the particularity of the intercropping group caused the difference in soil moisture between the two crops in time and space, which in turn caused the difference in irrigation water infiltration rate and total infiltration, and water stress increased this trend, which was certain to the extent that the optimal location of irrigation water was satisfied, the water use efficiency of the intercropping group was improved, and the mechanism of water saving and yield increase of the intercropping group was revealed. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 37

Main heading: Infiltration

Controlled terms: Irrigation? - ?Plants (botany)? - ?Soil moisture? - ?Water conservation? - ?Water resources? - ?Water supply

Uncontrolled terms: Competition ability? - ?Control treatments? - ?Equivalence ratios? - ?Intercropping systems? - ?Land equivalent ratios? - ?Response mechanisms? - ?Water use efficiency? - ?Water-holding rates

Classification code: 444 Water Resources? - ?446.1 Water Supply Systems? - ?483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 8.00e+01%, Size 1.71e-01m to 1.72e-01m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.027

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

29. Global Sensitivity Analysis of CROPGRO-Tomato Model Parameters Based on EFAST Method

Accession number: 20201408375950

Title of translation: EFASTCROPGRO-Tomato

Authors: Cui, Jintao (1); Shao, Guangcheng (1); Lin, Jie (2); Ding, Mingming (3)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Agricultural Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing; 210098, China; (2) Jiangning Water Affairs Bureau, Nanjing; 211100, China; (3) Nanjing Water Affairs Bureau, Nanjing; 210036, China

Corresponding author: Shao, Guangcheng(sgcln@126.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 237-244

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Sensitivity analysis plays an essential role in the processes of crop model localization. It is important to quantify the sensitivity of input parameters of model for crop model calibration and application. In order to quantify the effects of input parameters variation on the sensitivity of CROPGRO-Tomato output variables, the extended Fourier amplitude sensitivity test method was applied to perform global sensitivity analysis. The most sensitive parameters for anthesis, fruit set and maturity date were the photothermal days in the early flowering period (EMFL) among the cultivar parameters, and the average minimum air temperature among climate parameters, while the phenology of tomato was not affected by soil parameters in the model. Among the cultivar parameters, the most sensitive parameters for leaf area index and canopy height was EMFL, while the most sensitive parameters for growth of root and stem was the maximum fraction of daily growth. The growth of root, stem and leaf was affected sensitively by the average maximum air temperature (TMXD) and the soil field capacity (SDUL) among climate and soil parameters, respectively. The most sensitivity parameters for the tops weight at maturity and fresh fruit weight was EMFL, while the most sensitivity parameter for number of fruits at maturity and single fruit weight was maximum weight per seed among cultivar parameters. TMXD and SDUL were also the most sensitivity parameters for tomato production among climate and soil parameters. The research result indicated that EFAST method was a feasible way for CROPGRO-Tomato model calibration and application. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 23

Main heading: Sensitivity analysis

Controlled terms: Atmospheric temperature? - ?Climate models? - ?Crops? - ?Fruits? - ?Plants (botany)? - ?Soils? - ?Testing

Uncontrolled terms: Climate parameters? - ?Fourier amplitude sensitivity tests? - ?Global sensitivity analysis? - ?Model calibration? - ?Output variables? - ?Sensitive parameter? - ?Sensitivity parameters? - ?Tomato production

Classification code: 443.1 Atmospheric Properties? - ?483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products? - ?921 Mathematics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.026

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

30. Flexible Dynamics Modeling and Perturbation Decoupling of Elastic Beam in Large Overall Rotation

Accession number: 20201408375872

Title of translation:

Authors: Zhao, Lei (1, 2); Zhao, Xinhua (1, 3); Li, Bin (1, 3); Zhou, Haibo (1, 3); Yang, Yuwei (2, 3); Liu, Liang (2, 3)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Mechanic Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin; 300384, China; (2) Tianjin Key Laboratory of the Design and Intelligent Control of the Advanced Mechatronical System, Tianjin; 300384, China; (3) National Demonstration Center for Experimental Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Education, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin; 300384, China

Corresponding author: Zhao, Xinhua(xinhuazhao@tjut.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 391-397

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to realize the stable and precision control of elastic beams in large overall rotation at high speed, its nonlinear dynamic model must be built and the decoupling work should be completed. Flexible rod was assumed by Euler-Bernoulli beam. The approach of assumed modes was applied to discrete the coordinates, and the Galerkin method and Hamilton principle were adopted to establish the flexible dynamic model. The regular perturbation formula was deduced with perturbation theory. Multiscale method was used to improve the perturbation formula by separating two-time parameters. The decoupling accuracy was deeply analyzed for the regular perturbation method and the improved perturbation method. The validity and feasibility of the proposed method were verified by Runge-Kutta method. The simulation data indicated that the improved perturbation solution owned high decoupling accuracy, little computation and good rapidity. The problem of low decoupling accuracy was solved compared with the common regular perturbation method which was limited by effective time series. The proposed decoupling method also avoided much calculation caused by high-order perturbation to improve the computation’s accuracy. It provided an important theoretical basis and data support for dynamic decoupling about complex multi-body flexible systems. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Perturbation techniques

Controlled terms: Computation theory? - ?Dynamic models? - ?Galerkin methods? - ?Rotation? - ?Runge Kutta methods

Uncontrolled terms: Dynamic decoupling? - ?Euler Bernoulli beams? - ?Hamilton principle? - ?Perturbation formulae? - ?Perturbation method? - ?Perturbation solutions? - ?Perturbation theory? - ?Regular perturbations

Classification code: 721.1 Computer Theory, Includes Formal Logic, Automata Theory, Switching Theory, Programming Theory? - ?921 Mathematics? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods? - ?931.1 Mechanics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.043

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

31. Inactivation Kinetics of Escherichia coli in Egg White Liquid by Ultrasonic-assisted Heats Treatment

Accession number: 20201408375858

Title of translation:

Authors: Chi, Yujie (1); Yan, Lulu (1); Zhao, Ying (2); Ma, Yanqiu (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Food Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China; (2) College of Agriculture, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 313-321

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The effect of ultrasonic-assisted heats treatment on Escherichia coli and functional properties in egg white liquid was investigated. The inactivation kinetic of Escherichia coli was analyzed by fitting with Weibull model. The result showed that the reduction in Escherichia coli was enhanced with an increase in ultrasonic power, temperature or time. The reduction in Escherichia coli was enhanced from 0.67 lg CFU/mL to 1.24 lg CFU/mL with the increase of ultrasonic power from 100 W to 600 W (50.0, 3 min). The reduction in Escherichia coli was enhanced from 1.01 lg CFU/mL to 1.80 lg CFU/mL with the increase of temperature from 45.0 to 57.5 (600 W, 3 min). The Weibull model provided a good fit to the inactivation curves of Escherichia coli at different ultrasonic-assisted heats treatment. The simplified Weibull model could be used to predict the process of ultrasonic-assisted heats treatment inactivation kinetic of Escherichia coli and provide a theoretical basis of microbial safety control in the ultrasonic-assisted heats treatment processing of egg white liquid. At the same time, when the ultrasonic power was 300 W (55.0, 3 min), the gel hardness was increased by 101.04%, while the foam capacity was increased by 50%. In conclusion, ultrasonic-assisted heats treatment could control the microbial content of egg white liquid effectively and improve the functional properties. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 37

Main heading: Escherichia coli

Controlled terms: Kinetics? - ?Liquids

Uncontrolled terms: Egg white? - ?Functional properties? - ?Inactivation kinetics? - ?Microbial contents? - ?Microbial safety? - ?Ultrasonic power? - ?Weibull models

Classification code: 931 Classical Physics; Quantum Theory; Relativity

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.01e+02%, Percentage 5.00e+01%, Power 6.00e+02W, Time 1.80e+02s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.034

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

32. Development of Real-time Combustion Analysis System for IC Engine Based on Real-time Optimization

Accession number: 20201408375917

Title of translation:

Authors: Wang, Zhaowen (1); Guo, Kai (1); Wu, Wenjie (1); Qin, Guoyu (1); Yang, Can (1); Cheng, Xiaobei (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Energy and Power Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan; 430074, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 372-382

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) and reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) engines are very sensitive to the in-cylinder compression temperature, the spatial distribution of fuel and air, and the component of fuels. Variation of these facts will result in the cyclic variation in IC engine. Based on the needs of cyclic variation research in HCCI engine and RCCI engine, an online cylinder pressure acquisition and real-time combustion analysis system adopting in-cylinder pressure sensor, data acquisition card, photoelectric encoder and LabVIEW software was built. In order to improve the real-time performance of combustion analysis system, only single cycle cylinder pressure was collected and calculated. There were much pressure fluctuation in single cycle cylinder pressure resulting from channel effect and other effect, and a real-time filtering of in-cylinder pressure was adopted to reduce the interference error of single cycle in-cylinder pressure data. The filtering methods based on spectrum analysis, like fast Fourier transformation (FFT), linear interpolation and inverse fast Fourier transform (IFFT), can realize the online adaptive identification and auto pressure smooth for the single cycle in-cylinder pressure, which made the real-time combustion analysis system for HCCI and RCCI mode possible. Then, based on the smoothed cylinder pressure, some important combustion parameters such as the maximum pressure increase rate, combustion heat release rate and in-cylinder peak pressure were calculated. In order to further improve the real-time performance of the combustion analysis system, the producer/consumer operation mode which can achieve the synchronized process of real-time data calculation and fast data storage was used. The improved data sharing ability can improve the real-time ability of the combustion calculation. Different accuracy levels of calculation methods were adopted for different working stages in engine, which can reduce the calculation time for intake, exhaust, compression and expansion stages. In combustion stage, which had the largest calculating workload, the appropriate simplified calculation formulas and formula node operation modules were adopted to improve the real-time performance. Finally, the real-time performance of the combustion analysis system was analyzed and an experimental verification of the combustion analysis system was carried out. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Combustion

Controlled terms: Computer programming languages? - ?Data acquisition? - ?Data Sharing? - ?Digital storage? - ?Engine cylinders? - ?Fast Fourier transforms? - ?Fourier series? - ?Integrated circuits? - ?Inverse problems? - ?Linear transformations ? - ?Spectrum analysis? - ?Timing circuits

Uncontrolled terms: Adaptive identification? - ?Compression temperature? - ?Experimental verification? - ?Fast fourier transformation (FFT)? - ?Homogeneous charge compression ignition? - ?Inverse fast Fourier transforms? - ?Maximum pressure increase rates? - ?Simplified calculation formula

Classification code: 612.1.1 Internal Combustion Engine Components? - ?713.4 Pulse Circuits? - ?714.2 Semiconductor Devices and Integrated Circuits? - ?722.1 Data Storage, Equipment and Techniques? - ?723.1.1 Computer Programming Languages? - ?723.2 Data Processing and Image Processing? - ?921.3 Mathematical Transformations

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.041

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

33. 2T1R Parallel Mechanism with Analytic Positive Position Solutions and Its Kinematic Performance Based Optimization

Accession number: 20201408375920

Title of translation: 2T1R

Authors: Shen, Huiping (1); Zhou, Jinbo (1); You, Jingjing (2); Yang, Tingli (1)

Author affiliation: (1) Research Center of Modern Mechanism, Changzhou University, Changzhou; 213016, China; (2) College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing; 210037, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 398-409

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The parallel mechanisms with analytic positive position solution and partial motion decoupling are of great benefit to subsequent research such as error analysis, workspace solution, singularity analysis and stiffness analysis, dynamic performance analysis, motion trajectory planning and control. Firstly, a class of two 2T1R parallel mechanisms with analytic positive position solutions and partial motion decoupling were proposed according to the design theory and method of parallel mechanism (PM) based on position and orientation characteristics equation (POC). The main topological performance, including position and orientation characteristics, degree of freedom and coupling degree calculation, was performed. Secondly, according to the method for kinematics modeling based on topological characteristics by the author, the analytic positive solution of one of the PMs was solved in detail. Then, based on the derived position inverse solution, the workspace, singular configuration, velocity and acceleration variation of the PM were analyzed. Finally, the difference between the two PMs in the above various performance indexes was compared and analyzed. Based on this, the preferred PM was selected. Because of its simple structure, good kinematics and dynamic performance, it had potential applications in the manufacturing, which was especially suitable for handling, grabbing, loading and unloading of workpieces with large length in the longitudinal direction. The research result laid a theoretical foundation for the dynamic analysis and prototype development of the preferred PM. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Dynamics

Controlled terms: Degrees of freedom (mechanics)? - ?Kinematics? - ?Mechanisms? - ?Topology? - ?Unloading

Uncontrolled terms: Dynamic performance analysis? - ?Kinematics and dynamics? - ?Motion trajectory planning? - ?Position and orientations? - ?Position inverse solution? - ?Singular configurations? - ?Theoretical foundations? - ?Topological characteristics

Classification code: 601.3 Mechanisms? - ?691.2 Materials Handling Methods? - ?921.4 Combinatorial Mathematics, Includes Graph Theory, Set Theory? - ?931.1 Mechanics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.044

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

34. Double-frequency Ultrasonic Vacuum Drying and Moisture Migration of Whole Egg Liquid

Accession number: 20201408375886

Title of translation:

Authors: Bai, Xiting (1, 2); Hou, Yaling (1); Zhu, Wenxue (1, 2); Sun, Guofeng (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Food and Bioengineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang; 471023, China; (2) Agricultural Product Drying Technology and Equipment of Henan Engineering Technology Research Center, Luoyang; 471023, China

Corresponding author: Zhu, Wenxue(zwx@haust.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 322-330

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to solve the standing wave problem generated by single-frequency ultrasound, the whole egg liquid was dried by double-frequency ultrasonic vacuum. The mechanism of dual-frequency ultrasound was studied. The digital simulation results showed that under other conditions, dual-frequency ultrasound had better cavitation effect than single-frequency ultrasound. Compared with single-frequency ultrasound, when using double-frequency ultrasonic drying of whole egg liquid, the drying time was shortened by 30%, the average drying rate was increased by 41.6%, and the effective diffusion coefficient of water was increased by one times, which showed that dual-frequency ultrasound was beneficial to shorten the drying time of materials, increase the drying rate, and thus improving energy efficiency. Low field nuclear magnetic resonance and magnetic resonance imaging techniques were used to analyze the effects of single-frequency and dual-frequency ultrasound on internal water state and migration during whole egg liquid drying. The results showed that with dual-frequency ultrasound, the change of the overall peak area on the inversion spectrum was more significant than that of single-frequency ultrasound, indicating that dual-frequency ultrasound was beneficial to improve the fluidity of the water in the material and was more conducive to drying. In the initial stage of drying, the amplitude of the signal corresponding to free water in the inversion spectrum was gradually reduced, and the transverse relaxation time was gradually shortened. In the middle and late stages of drying, with the large amount of free water removed, the drying was mainly to remove the combined water and semi-bound water. The results of magnetic resonance imaging showed that the dual-frequency ultrasonic drying had lower brightness than the single-frequency ultrasonic drying H+ proton density image during the same time period, indicating that dual-frequency ultrasound was more likely to promote the internal moisture removal of whole egg liquid. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 35

Main heading: Drying

Controlled terms: Energy efficiency? - ?Liquids? - ?Magnetic field effects? - ?Magnetic resonance imaging? - ?Moisture? - ?Resonance? - ?Ultrasonics

Uncontrolled terms: Average drying rates? - ?Cavitation effect? - ?Digital simulation? - ?Dual-frequency ultrasound? - ?Effective diffusion coefficients? - ?Low field nuclear magnetic resonance? - ?Moisture migration? - ?Transverse relaxation time

Classification code: 525.2 Energy Conservation? - ?701.2 Magnetism: Basic Concepts and Phenomena? - ?753.1 Ultrasonic Waves? - ?931.1 Mechanics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 3.00e+01%, Percentage 4.16e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.035

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

35. Visual Navigation Path Extraction Method in Rice Harvesting

Accession number: 20201408375867

Title of translation:

Authors: Guan, Zhuohuai (1, 2); Chen, Keyin (2); Ding, Youchun (1); Wu, Chongyou (2); Liao, Qingxi (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan; 430070, China; (2) Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Nanjing; 210014, China

Corresponding author: Liao, Qingxi(liaoqx@mail.hzau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 19-28

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Aiming at the path planning in rice harvesting visual navigation, a method for extracting the boundary line of rice harvesting area was presented. Camera distortions were eliminated by camera calibration. According to the ultra-red characteristics model 2R-G-B, binary images were carried out based on integrated threshold method. Noise was eliminated by using the opening operation and closing operation in morphology. The ROI area was dynamically set according to the image grayscale vertical projection value. Crop line fitting key points were obtained by horizontal scanning. The boundary line of rice to be harvested was extracted by multi-segment cubic B-spline curve fitting method. Laboratory tests showed that the average error of distance information extracted based on the proposed image processing method was 9.9 mm, the deviation rate was 2.0%, the average error of angle information was 0.77°, and the error rate was 2.7%. The field experiment of harvesting path extraction was carried out for two crops, Zhongjing 798 and Lindao 20 under four different light environments, direct sunlight, backlight, strong light and weak light, respectively. For the harvest image of Zhongjing 798, the average pixel error of crop line key point recognition was 28.7 pixel, the average distance error was 39.7 mm, and the average relative error was 2.7%. The minimum average pixel error was 26.2 pixel in strong light, the minimum average distance error was 23.9 mm in weak light, the minimum average relative error was 2.0% in strong light, in direct sunlight the algorithm was most stable with a standard deviation of 6.8 pixel. For the harvested image of Lindao 20, the average pixel error of crop line key point recognition was 36.5 pixel, the average distance error was 45.0 mm, and the average relative error was 2.8%. All minimum value of each indicator was in backlight, the minimum average pixel error was 29.5 pixel, the minimum average distance error was 36.9 mm, the minimum average relative error was 2.3% and the minimum standard deviation was 10.8 pixel. The average processing time of single frame image was 38 ms, which can provide reference for crop line detection and automated navigation in harvesting. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Errors

Controlled terms: Binary images? - ?Cameras? - ?Crops? - ?Curve fitting? - ?Extraction? - ?Harvesting? - ?Image registration? - ?Motion planning? - ?Navigation? - ?Pixels ? - ?Processing? - ?Statistics

Uncontrolled terms: Automated navigation? - ?Average relative error? - ?Cubic b-spline curves? - ?Distance information? - ?Horizontal scanning? - ?Image processing - methods? - ?Minimum average distance? - ?Vertical projection

Classification code: 723.2 Data Processing and Image Processing? - ?742.2 Photographic Equipment? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products? - ?913.4 Manufacturing? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 2.00e+00%, Percentage 2.30e+00%, Percentage 2.70e+00%, Percentage 2.80e+00%, Size 2.39e-02m, Size 3.69e-02m, Size 3.97e-02m, Size 4.50e-02m, Size 9.90e-03m, Time 3.80e-02s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.002

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

36. Soft Measurement Model for Ammonia Nitrogen Concentration in Marine Aquaculture Based on Stochastic Configuration Networks

Accession number: 20201408375900

Title of translation:

Authors: Wang, Wei (1, 2); Guo, Ge (1, 3)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Marine Electrical Engineering, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian; 116026, China; (2) College of Information Engineering, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian; 116023, China; (3) School of Control Engineering, Northeastern University at Qinhuangdao, Qinhuangdao; 066004, China

Corresponding author: Guo, Ge(geguo@yeah.net)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 214-220

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The concentration of ammonia nitrogen is one of the key indexes in the process of marine aquaculture. Excessive levels of ammonia nitrogen in the water produce strong neurotoxins, leading to large-scale death of aquatic organisms. Therefore, it is very important to monitor the concentration of ammonia nitrogen in water in real time and accurately. Due to many factors affecting seawater quality, and the complex factors often affect each other, there is no instrument to realize the real-time detection of seawater ammonia nitrogen concentration at present. Firstly, the current research status of ammonia nitrogen monitoring in water of aquaculture was reviewed. Then, the formation and nitrification process of ammonia nitrogen in marine aquaculture water was analyzed, and the parameters (temperature, conductivity, pH value and dissolved oxygen concentration) related to ammonia nitrogen concentration were selected as auxiliary variables. A soft measurement model of ammonia nitrogen concentration was established by using a stochastic configuration networks with high convergence speed and strong generalization ability. In order to verify the effectiveness, the proposed method was compared with other neural network modeling methods by using the measured data of the turbot intensive marine aquaculture system independently established by the laboratory. The results showed that the proposed method had higher generalization ability, higher prediction accuracy and faster running speed. Finally, the aquaculture water quality monitoring system was developed, and this method was embedded in the upper computer WinCC software to realize online monitoring of ammonia nitrogen concentration. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Ammonia

Controlled terms: Aquaculture? - ?Aquatic organisms? - ?Biochemical oxygen demand? - ?Dissolved oxygen? - ?Nitrification? - ?Nitrogen? - ?Seawater? - ?Software quality? - ?Stochastic models? - ?Stochastic systems ? - ?Water quality

Uncontrolled terms: Current research status? - ?Dissolved oxygen concentrations? - ?Generalization ability? - ?Marine aquaculture systems? - ?Neural network model? - ?Nitrification process? - ?Soft-measurement model? - ?Water quality monitoring systems

Classification code: 445.2 Water Analysis? - ?471 Marine Science and Oceanography? - ?471.4 Seawater, Tides and Waves? - ?802.2 Chemical Reactions? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally? - ?804.2 Inorganic Compounds? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods? - ?922.1 Probability Theory? - ?961 Systems Science

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.023

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

37. Investigation on Pressure Fluctuation Affected by Cavitation in Ultra-low Specific Speed Centrifugal Pump

Accession number: 20201408375884

Title of translation:

Authors: Wang, Cong (1, 2); Zhang, Yongxue (1, 2); Ji, Kaizhuo (1); Xu, Chang (3); Liu, Ming (4)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Mechanical and Transportation Engineering, China University of Petroleum, Beijing; 102249, China; (2) Beijing Key Laboratory of Process Fluid Filtration and Separation, Beijing; 102249, China; (3) Sinopec Engineering Incorporation, Beijing; 100101, China; (4) CNOOC Petrochemical Engineering Incorporation, Qingdao; 266101, China

Corresponding author: Zhang, Yongxue(zhyx@cup.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 122-129

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to investigate the influence of cavitation on pressure pulsation in ultra-low specific speed centrifugal pump, combining experimental and numerical simulation methods, the frequency domain and amplitude characteristics of pressure fluctuation were analyzed at different positions in an IB 50-32-250 ultra-low specific speed centrifugal pump with different net position suction head available (NPSHa). The results showed that cavitation can induce low frequency and broadband frequency fluctuation. When there was no cavitation, the pressure pulsation in impeller flow passage was mainly related to the impeller rotation frequency and its harmonic frequency; while in the volute, because of the interference between impeller and volute tongue, the main dominant frequency of pressure pulsation was the blade pass frequency and its harmonic frequency, and the pressure pulsation near tongue was the strongest. With the decrease of NPSHa, pressure fluctuation of most monitors in the impeller passage was weakened, but that in the edge of cavitation zone was enhanced. The main frequency of pressure pulsation near the impeller inlet was changed from rotation frequency to 1/6 rotation frequency at the critical cavitation. Besides, the developing un-uniformity of flow field in volute caused the amplitude of pressure fluctuation strengthened. The main frequency of the volute and pump outlet was still blade pass frequency, but 1/6 rotation frequency became the secondary frequency with larger amplitude. The research can provide necessary basis for the reduction of vibration and noise intensified by cavitation in the ultra-low specific speed centrifugal pump. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Frequency domain analysis

Controlled terms: Cavitation? - ?Centrifugal pumps? - ?Impellers? - ?Numerical methods? - ?Rotation

Uncontrolled terms: Amplitude characteristics? - ?Blade pass frequencies? - ?Broadband frequency? - ?Low specific speed centrifugal pump? - ?Numerical simulation method? - ?Pressure fluctuation? - ?Reduction of vibrations? - ?Rotation frequencies

Classification code: 601.2 Machine Components? - ?618.2 Pumps? - ?631.1.1 Liquid Dynamics? - ?921.3 Mathematical Transformations? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods? - ?931.1 Mechanics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.013

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

38. Design and Experiment of Minituber Precision Single-row Air-suction Planter

Accession number: 20201408375902

Title of translation:

Authors: Wang, Fenghua (1); Sun, Kai (1); Lai, Qinghui (1); Dong, Jiayu (1); Su, Wei (1); Yu, Qingxu (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Agriculture and Food, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming; 650500, China

Corresponding author: Lai, Qinghui(laiqinghui007@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 66-76

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In the hilly and mountainous areas, it is unable to use large-scale foreign sowing machines, and the traditional mechanical miniature potato seeder has the problems of serious seed-injury and poor filling effect. In order to meet the conditions of small plot operation in hilly and mountainous areas and enhance the mechanization level of minituber, a precision single-row air-suction planter of minituber was designed. The planter consisted of seeding device, fan, ditching device, and soil and ridging device, which can complete ditching, sowing and soil covering work at one time. The working principle of the precision air-suction type planter of minituber was expounded, and the main structural parameters were determined. The “Lishu No. 6” minituber was used as the research object, the single factor test and the quadratic regression rotation orthogonal test method were used to test the seeding performance of the planter, the vibration frequency, vibration amplitude, suction negative pressure and working speed were selected as experimental factors. The mathematical models of the qualified-seeding index, the miss-seeding index and the multiple-seeding index were established, the influence of the interaction of each test factor on the qualification rate was analyzed. The best combination of working parameters was obtained by four factors and five levels quadratic regression rotary orthogonal test. After optimizing the test parameters, when the suction negative pressure was 10 kPa, the working speed was 2.5 km/h, the qualified-seeding index was greater than 90%, the miss-seeding index was less than 5%, and the multiple-seeding index was less than 5%. After field test, the qualified-seeding index of the planter was 93.28%, the miss-seeding index was 3.25% and the multiple-seeding index was 3.47%. The air-suction planter had stable operation quality and met the requirements of national standards. The results showed that the air-suction planter could fully meet the agronomic requirements of minituber planting. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 23

Main heading: Seed

Controlled terms: Machinery? - ?Testing

Uncontrolled terms: Experimental factors? - ?Hilly and mountainous areas? - ?Orthogonal test method? - ?Quadratic regression? - ?Seeding performance? - ?Structural parameter? - ?Vibration amplitude? - ?Vibration frequency

Classification code: 821.4 Agricultural Products

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 3.25e+00%, Percentage 3.47e+00%, Percentage 5.00e+00%, Percentage 9.00e+01%, Percentage 9.33e+01%, Pressure 1.00e+04Pa, Velocity 6.95e-01m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.007

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

39. Design and Test of Multifunctional Test System for Electric Tractor

Accession number: 20201408375829

Title of translation:

Authors: Xu, Liyou (1, 2); Zhao, Yirong (2, 3); Zhao, Xueping (3); Liu, Mengnan (1, 2); Ni, Qian (4)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Vehicle and Traffic Engineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang; 471003, China; (2) National Key Laboratory of Tractor Power Systems, Luoyang; 471039, China; (3) YTO Group Corporation R&D Center, Luoyang; 471039, China; (4) Faculty of Mechanical and Precision Instrument Engineering, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an; 710048, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 355-363

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to cope with the energy crisis and environmental pollution, the research and development process of electric tractors was accelerated at home and abroad, but there was no electric tractor products to meet the needs of tractor operation. The tractor test technology can be applied to the performance test of the whole tractor and its components. The indoor bench test played an important role in the development, test and performance improvement of new tractor products. In order to speed up the development of domestic electric tractors, a multi-performance test system was developed for electric tractors, which can realize the performance test of electric tractors’ power system and energy system, as well as vehicle performance analysis. Through the force analysis and power system modeling of electric tractor plough operation, the discharge characteristics of battery packs in energy system and the efficiency characteristics of motor in power system had great influence on the operation performance of electric tractor, such as operation time and traction power. The functional requirements of electric tractor test bench were put forward, and the related characteristics of energy system and power system can be tested. According to the results of the scheme design, the design method of main equipment parameters of electric tractor test bench was put forward, including power system test module loading motor, energy system test module battery test system and DC battery simulator, and the components of the test bench were selected. The multi-functional test system of electric tractor was developed, which can complete the power system test and energy system test of electric tractor, realize the multi-function of the test bench developed, and meet the functional requirements of electric tractor development. By testing the battery pack and the motor of the power system of the electric tractor under development, the discharge performance and motor efficiency map of the battery pack can be tested, and the operation performance of the electric tractor can be further obtained. The test results showed that the developed multi-performance test-bed of the electric tractor can effectively test the related performance of the motor and the battery pack, as well as the related performance of the electric tractor. The test results have good consistency with the simulation executed early, the maximum deviation is less than 10%, which means the accuracy of designed multifunction test system can meet the requirements of the development of new products of electric tractor. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 32

Main heading: Automobile testing

Controlled terms: Battery Pack? - ?Design? - ?Electric discharges? - ?Electric traction? - ?Energy policy? - ?Tractors (agricultural)? - ?Tractors (truck)? - ?Vehicle performance

Uncontrolled terms: Discharge characteristics? - ?Discharge performance? - ?Efficiency characteristic? - ?Environmental pollutions? - ?Functional requirement? - ?Operation performance? - ?Performance analysis? - ?Research and development

Classification code: 525.6 Energy Policy? - ?662 Automobiles and Smaller Vehicles? - ?663.1 Heavy Duty Motor Vehicles? - ?701.1 Electricity: Basic Concepts and Phenomena

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.00e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.039

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

40. Nitrogen Uptake and Nitrogen Deficit Model of Drip Irrigation Maize in Ningxia Based on Critical Nitrogen Concentration

Accession number: 20201408375878

Title of translation:

Authors: Jia, Biao (1); Fu, Jiangpeng (1)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Agriculture, Ningxia University, Yinchuan; 750021, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 256-263

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to explore the model of critical nitrogen dilution curve of maize under the integrated mode of drip irrigation and water fertilization, local maize main variety “Tianci 19” of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was used as the experimental material, and six nitrogen levels (0 kg/hm2, 90 kg/hm2, 180 kg/hm2, 270 kg/hm2, 360 kg/hm2 and 450 kg/hm2) were set, the dynamic changes of aboveground biomass and nitrogen accumulation in drip irrigation maize were studied, a critical nitrogen dilution curve model of maize was constructed, and a nitrogen absorption model and nitrogen accumulation deficit model were built on this basis to achieve rapid diagnosis of nitrogen nutrition status of drip irrigation maize. The results showed that the dry matter quality and nitrogen uptake of the aboveground drip irrigation were affected by the nitrogen application level, and it was increased with the progress of the growth process. The excessive or too low nitrogen accumulation was not conducive to the formation of yield, and the nitrogen of maize plants, the luxury consumption phenomenon existed. The critical nitrogen concentration, the highest and the lowest nitrogen concentrations of the drip irrigation maize can be expressed by the power function equation, and the average coefficient of determination R2 was 0.976, 0.903 and 0.941, respectively, which reached extremely significant level. The nitrogen uptake model and the nitrogen accumulation deficit model based on the critical nitrogen concentration were consistent with the results of nitrogen nutrition diagnosis during the growth period of drip irrigation maize, and the fitting curve of comprehensive nitrogen application rate and yield, recommending the nitrogen application rate of drip irrigation maize in Ningxia Yellow River Irrigation District as 270~311 kg/hm2. The research result provided a theoretical reference for the precise fertilization and optimized nitrogen management of drip irrigation maize in Ningxia Yellow River Irrigation District. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 29

Main heading: Nitrogen

Controlled terms: Curve fitting? - ?Grain (agricultural product)? - ?Irrigation? - ?Nutrition? - ?Water absorption

Uncontrolled terms: Above ground biomass? - ?Coefficient of determination? - ?Experimental materials? - ?Irrigation districts? - ?Nitrogen accumulation? - ?Nitrogen application rates? - ?Nitrogen concentrations? - ?Nitrogen dilution curves

Classification code: 461.7 Health Care? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.028

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

41. Investigation on Motor-driving Maize Precision Seed Meter System Supporting On-site Calibration of Rotate Speed of Seed Plate

Accession number: 20201408375973

Title of translation:

Authors: Yang, Shuo (1, 2); Wang, Xiu (2, 3); Gao, Yuanyuan (1, 2); Zhai, Changyuan (2, 3); Zhao, Xueguan (2); Zhao, Chunjiang (1, 3)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Information and Electrical Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) Beijing Research Center of Intelligent Equipment for Agriculture, Beijing; 100097, China; (3) National Engineering Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture, Beijing; 100097, China

Corresponding author: Zhao, Chunjiang(zhaocj@nercita.org.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 47-55

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Facing the problem of existing maize precision planting control system cannot quickly drive the seed sowing of multiple types corn precision seed meters, an on-site seeding rate calibration system was designed based on the controller area network (CAN) bus motor-driving corn planting technology. From the corresponding relationship between the motor control signal and the rotate speed of seed plate, the system got the seed meter driving curve in the filed using piecewise linear interpolation to realize the seeding rate control. Taking a domestic corn air-suction seed meter and a corn finger pick-up seed meter as the test objects, the speed control performance of seed plate in simulative travel speed was respectively evaluated. In the experiment of rotate speed control performance of corn air-suction seed meter, the seed spacing was set to be 25 cm and the travel speed was set to be 3~12 km/h with increment of 3 km/h, the greatest response time was 0. 80 s, the biggest steady-state error was 0.81 r/min and the lowest accuracy of seed plate rotate speed control was 97.42%. In the experiment of rotate speed control performance of corn finer pick-up seed meter, the seed spacing was set to be 20 cm, 25 cm and 32 cm and the travel speed was set to be 4~9 km/h with increment of 1 km/h, the results showed that the average response time of the whole rotate speed of seed meter was 1.09 s with standard deviation of 0.26 s; the average steady-state error of the whole experiments was 0.38 r/min with standard deviation of 0.23 r/min; the average accuracy of rotate speed control of the whole experiments was 98. 30% with standard deviation of 1.01%. Compared the seed plate rotate speed control system with the sectional proportion integration differentiation (PID) method, the system supported seed plate rotate speed on-line calibration had a better adaptability, the average response time was decreased by 0.51 s, the average steady-state error was increased by 0.16 r/min and the average accuracy of rotate speed control was decreased by 0.63 percentage points. The planting uniformity experiment in field was performed, taking the finger pick-up seed meter as the material. In the experiment of planting uniformity in field, the seed spacing was set to be 20 cm and the travel speed was 4~7 km/h with increment of 1 km/h, the results showed that the quality of feed index was greater or equal to 84.26%, and the coefficient of variation was less than or equal to 18.29%. The above results indicated that the system can precisely control the rotate speed of motor driving planting through the way of calibrating the planting rotate speed control curve of corn precision seed meter on site with high accuracy. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 24

Main heading: Seed

Controlled terms: Calibration? - ?Control system synthesis? - ?Controllers? - ?Errors? - ?Pickups? - ?Piecewise linear techniques? - ?Response time (computer systems)? - ?Speed? - ?Speed control? - ?Speed regulators ? - ?Statistics

Uncontrolled terms: Coefficient of variation? - ?Control performance? - ?Controller area networkbus? - ?On-line calibration? - ?On-site calibration? - ?Piecewise linear interpolations? - ?Proportion integration differentiations? - ?Steady state errors

Classification code: 731.1 Control Systems? - ?731.3 Specific Variables Control? - ?732.1 Control Equipment? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products? - ?921.4 Combinatorial Mathematics, Includes Graph Theory, Set Theory? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.01e+00%, Percentage 1.83e+01%, Percentage 3.00e+01%, Percentage 8.43e+01%, Percentage 9.74e+01%, Rotational_Speed 1.60e-01RPM, Rotational_Speed 3.80e-01RPM, Rotational_Speed 8.10e-01RPM, Size 2.00e-01m, Size 2.50e-01m, Size 3.20e-01m, Time 1.09e+00s, Time 5.10e-01s, Velocity 1.11e+00m/s to 1.94e+00m/s, Velocity 1.11e+00m/s to 2.50e+00m/s, Velocity 2.78e-01m/s, Velocity 8.33e-01m/s to 3.33e+00m/s, Velocity 8.33e-01m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.005

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

42. Simulation and Evaluation of Rainwater Harvesting Potential in Typical Areas of Loess Plateau

Accession number: 20201408375975

Title of translation:

Authors: Gao, Xuerui (1, 2); Yan, Chengsheng (2, 3); Wang, Yubao (2, 3); Zhao, Xining (1, 2); Zhao, Qi (2); Wu, Pute (2)

Author affiliation: (1) Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (2) Institute of Water-saving Agriculture in Arid Areas of China, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (3) Key Laboratory of Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering in Arid Areas, Ministry of Education, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China

Corresponding author: Wang, Yubao(wyb0406@sina.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 275-283

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The rational use of rainwater resources can not only reduce the source of soil erosion, but also provide effective water supply to the local area. The Loess Plateau has less precipitation, large evaporation, and very scarce surface water resources. Therefore, the use of rainwater resources has become an important means for the Loess Plateau to deal with soil erosion, drought and water shortage. The core issue of rainwater resource utilization is to scientifically evaluate the local rainwater resource potential and its spatial and temporal distribution. For this reason, the distributed hydrological simulation technology was introduced to construct a distributed rainwater harvesting potential assessment model. It was dedicated to solving the core problems of rainwater resource utilization and evaluate the potential of local rainwater resources. The following conclusions were drawn by studying the typical Helong Region of the Loess Plateau. Under the dual influences of climate change and human activities, the surface runoff, soil water increment and the rainwater harvesting potential in Helong Region showed an upward trend after 1980s. The rainwater resources of most sub-basins in the Helong Region had a growing trend, and the rainwater resources could basically meet the water consumption under the current vegetation coverage. Climate change had a positive impact on rainwater resources with the contribution rate of 63.4% and the land use/cover change had a negative impact with the contribution rate of -36.6%. Therefore, the human activities imposed great effect on rainwater utilization pattern, and to fully develop the rainfall-runoff regulation technologies and improve the rainwater using efficiency were the key countermeasures to realize the ecology-economy synergetic development in the Loess Plateau. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 29

Main heading: Climate change

Controlled terms: Economics? - ?Erosion? - ?Harvesting? - ?Land use? - ?Landforms? - ?Rain? - ?Runoff? - ?Sediments? - ?Soil moisture? - ?Surface water resources ? - ?Water supply

Uncontrolled terms: Hydrological simulations? - ?Land use/cover change? - ?Rain water harvesting? - ?Rainwater resources? - ?Rainwater utilizations? - ?Spatial and temporal distribution? - ?Synergetic development? - ?Vegetation coverage

Classification code: 403 Urban and Regional Planning and Development? - ?443.1 Atmospheric Properties? - ?443.3 Precipitation? - ?444.1 Surface Water? - ?446.1 Water Supply Systems? - ?481.1 Geology? - ?483 Soil Mechanics and Foundations? - ?483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods? - ?971 Social Sciences

Numerical data indexing: Percentage -3.66e+01%, Percentage 6.34e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.030

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

43. Analysis on Status and Development Trend of Intelligent Control Technology for Agricultural Equipment

Accession number: 20201408375923

Title of translation:

Authors: Liu, Chengliang (1, 2); Lin, Hongzhen (1); Li, Yanming (1); Gong, Liang (1); Miao, Zhonghua (3)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai; 200240, China; (2) State Key Laboratory of Mechanical System and Vibration, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai; 200240, China; (3) School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Shanghai University, Shanghai; 200444, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 1-18

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Intelligent control is the key technology for the intelligentization of agricultural equipment. From the aspects of intelligent perception, intelligent control, intelligent decision-making, autonomous operation, and intelligent control of agricultural equipment, this paper analyzes the development status and trends of intelligent agricultural machinery at home and abroad. The latest technological advances in agricultural machinery intelligent control by agricultural machinery enterprises, as well as the gap between China’s intelligent agricultural machinery and foreign countries, the key issues restricting the development of agricultural machinery intelligent control in China. In order to realize China’s transformation from a big country in agricultural machinery manufacturing to a strong country in agricultural machinery manufacturing, integrating cutting-edge technologies in information fields such as big data, cloud computing, the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, etc. New ideas for the development of intelligent agricultural machinery systems, namely, intelligent field control, intelligent cloud decision-making, and mobile terminal monitoring and dispatching. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 139

Main heading: Intelligent control

Controlled terms: Agricultural machinery? - ?Agricultural robots? - ?Agriculture? - ?Decision making? - ?Manufacture? - ?Metadata

Uncontrolled terms: Agricultural equipment? - ?Autonomous operations? - ?Cutting edge technology? - ?Intelligent decision making? - ?Intelligent fields? - ?Intelligent perception? - ?Machinery manufacturing? - ?Technological advances

Classification code: 537.1 Heat Treatment Processes? - ?723.4.1 Expert Systems? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control? - ?821.1 Agricultural Machinery and Equipment? - ?912.2 Management

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.001

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

44. Design and Experiment of Double-side Deep Fertilizing Device for Potato Micro-seed Planter

Accession number: 20201408375946

Title of translation:

Authors: Liu, Wenzheng (1, 2); He, Jin (1, 2); Li, Hongwen (1, 2); Wei, Zhongcai (1, 2); Zhang, Zhenguo (1, 2); Li, Xueqiang (2, 3)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) Shandong Provincial Intelligent Engineering and Technology Research Center for Potato Production Equipment, Dezhou; 253600, China; (3) Shandong Xicheng Agricultural Machinery Science and Technology Co., Ltd., Dezhou; 253600, China

Corresponding author: He, Jin(hejin@cau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 56-65

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Aiming at promoting the research of mechanical fertilization in potato micro-seed planting, and enhancing the development level of potato industry in China, a kind of fertilizing device corresponding to the former designed potato micro-seed planter was developed. The fertilizing device mainly consisted of a fertilizer box, four fertilizer feeders, eight fertilizer guiding tubes and eight fertilizing openers. Combining with kinematic analysis and discrete element simulation, the whole structure of fertilizer feeder was designed and key parameters were confirmed. The length of spiral blade at single-rotation was 120 mm, the outer diameter and pitch of spiral blade was 56 mm and 45 mm, respectively. The whole structure of fertilizing opener was designed, and parameters of the key parts such as ditching discs and tension spring were determined by theoretic analysis. For ditching discs, the diameter was 350 mm, the angle between ditching discs at the place of cluster point was 60°, and the angle between ditching discs was 10°. As indicated in the static experiment of machine, the CV of uniformity of fertilizer discharge was 2.29%. Results showed that fertilizer feeders had good stability for fertilizer discharge. Furthermore, in order to test the performance of the whole fertilizing device, field experiment was conducted. Results showed that the mean horizontal and vertical spacing between fertilizer and potato seeds were 51.2 mm and 63.5 mm, respectively, which can be confirmed that the overall fertilization performance of the fertilizing device met the agronomic requirements. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 34

Main heading: Seed

Controlled terms: Disks (machine components)? - ?Feeding? - ?Fertilizers

Uncontrolled terms: Discrete element simulation? - ?Field experiment? - ?Kinematic Analysis? - ?Outer diameters? - ?Single rotations? - ?Static experiments? - ?Theoretic analysis? - ?Vertical spacing

Classification code: 601.2 Machine Components? - ?691.2 Materials Handling Methods? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 2.29e+00%, Size 1.20e-01m, Size 3.50e-01m, Size 4.50e-02m, Size 5.12e-02m, Size 5.60e-02m, Size 6.35e-02m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.006

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

45. Leaf Deficiency Symptoms Detection Method of Soybean Based on Deep Learning

Accession number: 20201408375791

Title of translation:

Authors: Xiong, Juntao (1); Dai, Senxin (1); Ou, Jionghong (1); Lin, Xiaoyun (1); Huang, Qionghai (2); Yang, Zhen’gang (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Mathematics and Informatics, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou; 510642, China; (2) College of Electronic Engineering, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou; 510642, China

Corresponding author: Yang, Zhen’gang(yzg@scau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 195-202

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to detect plant leaf element deficiency, a visual detection method of soybean leaf element deficiency based on neural network was proposed. After analyzing the characteristics of soybean deficient leaves, deep learning technology was used. The Mask R-CNN model was used to segment the leaf images collected by a fixed camera, and the VGG16 model was adopted to classify the deficient leaves. Firstly, after collecting hydroponic soybean images, the outline of soybean leaves was marked manually in the images, establishing training set and test set of segmentation task. Through pre-training, the initial parameters of the Mask R-CNN model were determined, and then using lower learning rate to train the model. For segmentation task on single leaf images and on multiple leaves on a complex background in the test set, the Matthews correlation coefficient (MCC) of the final trained model reached 0.847 and 0.788 respectively. The training set and test set of the soybean leaf image classification task were established by segmenting the leaves through the trained Mask R-CNN network and manually marking them. The initial parameters of the VGG16 model were determined through pre-training, and then the whole connection layers of the VGG16 model were replaced before training to adapt to the leaf classification task. The classification accuracy of the final trained model on the test set was 89. 42%. When analyzing the result, the leaves with obvious deficiency features were classified into two types of nitrogen deficiency and four types of phosphorus deficiency to discuss the inadequacy of the method. The average running time of the algorithm to detect a picture of 1 million pixels was 0.8 s. The algorithm had a good detection result on the classification of soybean leaf deficiency under complex background, which can provide technical support for the estimation of plant deficiency in agricultural automation production. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 24

Main heading: Deep learning

Controlled terms: Agricultural robots? - ?Classification (of information)? - ?Complex networks? - ?Image segmentation? - ?Learning systems? - ?Plants (botany)

Uncontrolled terms: Average running time? - ?Classification accuracy? - ?Complex background? - ?Correlation coefficient? - ?Leaf classification? - ?Learning technology? - ?Nitrogen deficiency? - ?Phosphorus deficiency

Classification code: 716.1 Information Theory and Signal Processing? - ?722 Computer Systems and Equipment

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 4.20e+01%, Time 8.00e-01s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.021

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

46. Operation Characteristics of Liquid Nitrogen Injection Heat Exchanger in Fresh-keeping Transportation Container with Controlled Atmosphere

Accession number: 20201408375883

Title of translation:

Authors: Guo, Jiaming (1, 2); Ren, Junjie (1, 2); Zeng, Zhixiong (1, 2); Li, Bin (1, 2); Shen, Hao (1, 2); Lü, Enli (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) Key Laboratory of Key Technology on Agricultural Machine and Equipment, Ministry of Education, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou; 510642, China; (2) College of Engineering, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou; 510642, China

Corresponding author: Lü, Enli(enlilv@scau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 51

Issue: 1

Issue date: January 25, 2020

Publication year: 2020

Pages: 349-354 and 348

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The fresh-keeping transportation container with controlled atmosphere by liquid nitrogen injection is an advanced and efficient equipment for transporting fruits and vegetables. The temperature of liquid nitrogen is -196. When liquid nitrogen was injected directly into the container, fruits and vegetables would be damaged. A heat exchanger with low control precision of the outlet temperature was used in the container. In order to improve the control precision of the outlet temperature of heat exchanger and utilization rate of cold quantity, a liquid nitrogen injection heat exchanger capable of storing energy was designed. A test platform was set up to study the effects of copper tube length, the type of phase change materials and liquid nitrogen flow rate on the operation characteristics of the heat exchanger. Based on heat transfer theory, a calculation model for heat exchanger outlet temperature was established. Calculated value was basically consistent with the experimental value, and the relative error values were 2.01% and 8.06%. The test results showed that the copper tube length, the type of phase change materials and liquid nitrogen flow rate had a significant effect on the operation characteristics of the heat exchanger, the copper tube length and liquid nitrogen flow rate had linear relationship with the injection time. When the copper tube length increased or the liquid nitrogen flow rate decreased, the linear relationship correlation coefficient was higher. When the coil length was 3 m, the liquid nitrogen flow rate was 0.007 5 kg/s and the phase change materials was water, the heat exchange efficiency of heat exchanger was better. When the coil length was 3 m, the liquid nitrogen flow rate was 0.01 kg/s and phase change materials was water, the thermal storage efficiency of heat exchanger was better. The results provided references for control outlet temperature of heat exchanger accurately and recycle of cooling capacity. ? 2020, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 28

Main heading: Heat exchangers

Controlled terms: Containers? - ?Copper? - ?Flow rate? - ?Fruits? - ?Heat storage? - ?Liquefied gases? - ?Liquid nitrogen? - ?Phase change materials? - ?Tubes (components)? - ?Vegetables

Uncontrolled terms: Correlation coefficient? - ?Experimental values? - ?Fruits and vegetables? - ?Heat exchange efficiency? - ?Heat transfer theory? - ?Linear relationships? - ?Nitrogen flow rates? - ?Operation characteristic

Classification code: 544.1 Copper? - ?616.1 Heat Exchange Equipment and Components? - ?619.1 Pipe, Piping and Pipelines? - ?631 Fluid Flow? - ?804.2 Inorganic Compounds? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Numerical data indexing: Mass_Flow_Rate 1.00e-02kg/s, Percentage 2.01e+00%, Percentage 8.06e+00%, Size 3.00e+00m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2020.01.038

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village