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2017年第9期共收录53

1. Grid Runoff Parameters Estimation and Adjustment of GSAC Model Based on HWSD

Accession number: 20175004531222

Authors: Wang, Bin (1, 2); Ding, Xingchen (1); Huang, Jinbai (3); Gong, Xinglong (1); Zhu, Shijiang (4); Wang, Guizuo (5)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China; (2) Key Laboratory of Efficient Utilization of Agricultural Water Resources, Ministry of Agriculture, Harbin; 150030, China; (3) College of Hydraulic, Energy and Power Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou; 225009, China; (4) College of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, Three Gorges University, Yichang; 443002, China; (5) Development Research Center, Ministry of Water Resources, Beijing; 100038, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 250-256 and 249

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The grid-based Sacramento (GSAC) model divides a basin into discrete areas using grids. Conventionally, it is difficult to achieve the grid parameter for runoff module of GSAC model. With an aim to solve this problem, a method for estimating the runoff parameters of GSAC model using the soil property data of harmonized world soil database (HWSD) was proposed, in which the physical and chemical characteristics of each soil layer were given on the basis of the division of topsoil (0~30 cm) and subsoil (30~100 cm). Firstly, the percentages of sand and clay content and texture classification in topsoil (T-layer) and subsoil (S-layer) of HWSD were extracted. And the data was used to estimate the soil water constants such as wilting point, field capacity and saturated water content in each grid. Secondly, the upper layer thickness of GSAC model was adjusted using wilting point, field capacity and tension water capacity of T-layer, and a climatic index defined as ratio of mean annual precipitation to potential evapotranspiration. In each grid, the soil water constants of T-layer and S-layer were converted into those in the upper layer and lower layer of GSAC model by upper layer thickness. Finally, runoff parameters in each grid were estimated using the upper layer thickness and the converted soil water constants of GSAC model. Meanwhile, totally 12 adjustment coefficients were used to adjust the runoff parameters, and all the adjustment coefficients were determined by the GSAC model via the free search (FS) algorithm. The results of model application in the Hulan River Basin indicated that it was feasible to estimate runoff parameters of GSAC model using HWSD soil property data; the better runoff simulation results were obtained by GSAC model using the adjusted runoff parameters; and Nash efficiency coefficients (NSEC) were 0.81 and 0.83 of the calibration phase and verification phase, respectively. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 19

Main heading: Parameter estimation

Controlled terms: Runoff? - ?Soil moisture? - ?Soils

Uncontrolled terms: Adjustment coefficient? - ?Efficiency coefficient? - ?Grid runoff parameters? - ?Grid-based? - ?Mean annual precipitation? - ?Physical and chemical characteristics? - ?Potential evapotranspiration? - ?World soil database

Classification code: 442.1 Flood Control

Flood Control

? - ?483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

Numerical data indexing: Size 0.00e+00m to 3.00e-01m, Size 3.00e-01m to 1.00e+00m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.031

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

2. Clogging Reason Analysis and Pressure Drop Calculation of Screen Filter

Accession number: 20175004531218

Authors: Zong, Quanli (1); Yang, Hongfei (1); Liu, Zhenji (1); Ge, Yuchuan (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Water Conservancy and Architectural Engineering, Shihezi Univercity, Shihezi; 832000, China

Corresponding author: Liu, Zhenji(shz_ljz@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 215-222

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Filtration is essential to the efficient operation of drip irrigation systems and screen filter is the most common types of filter used in drip irrigation systems. The screen of filter could be clogged by sand particles which cannot pass through the filter mesh pore in the process of filtering. The clogging experiment was carried out to analyze the process and reason of screen clogging, and obtain some parameters of calculating the pressure drop of screen filter after being clogged. According to experimental results, the clogging reason was analyzed by the medium clogging and filtration cake clogging, respectively. The sizes of sand particles in inner layer of filtration cake were large and the sizes in the outer layer were small and uniform. With the large size of mesh pore, the time of screen clogging was short and the screen was easy to be clogged. Under the same size of mesh pore, the time of screen clogging would be shortened with large sand concentration. Based on Darcy’s law and actual parameters of screen, the relationship between pressure drop of screen and the mesh pore, mesh thickness, mesh porosity, filtration cake thickness, filtration cake porosity was developed theoretically. According to the actual data of the filtration mesh and cake, the pressure drops between the internal and external surfaces of screen were calculated with the mesh pore sizes of 430 μm, 280 μm and 200 μm, respectively. The results indicated that the pressure drops were increased with the increase of flow rate, mesh thickness and filtration cake thickness. The pressure drops also were increased with the decrease of mesh pore and cake porosity. The calculated results of pressure drop were compared with the measured values, which indicated that the predicted pressure drop for each filtration level showed a good correlation with the measured pressure drop of filter screen, and the results can reflect the clogging law of screen. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 18

Main heading: Pressure drop

Controlled terms: Bandpass filters? - ?Drops? - ?Flow of fluids? - ?Irrigation? - ?Mesh generation? - ?Pore size? - ?Porosity? - ?Porous materials? - ?Screening

Uncontrolled terms: Clogging reason? - ?Drip irrigation systems? - ?External surfaces? - ?Good correlations? - ?Measured values? - ?Pressure drop calculations? - ?Sand concentrations? - ?Screen filters

Classification code: 631.1 Fluid Flow, General

Fluid Flow, General

? - ?703.2 Electric Filters

Electric Filters

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations

Chemical Operations

? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods

Agricultural Methods

? - ?931.2 Physical Properties of Gases, Liquids and Solids

Physical Properties of Gases, Liquids and Solids

? - ?951 Materials Science

Materials Science

Numerical data indexing: Size 2.00e-04m, Size 2.80e-04m, Size 4.30e-04m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.027

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

3. Features Selection and Recognition of Potato Typical Insect Pest Images in Wavelet Domain

Accession number: 20175004531194

Authors: Xiao, Zhiyun (1); Liu, Hong (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Electric Power, Inner Mongolia University of Technology, Huhhot; 010080, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 24-31

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to recognize potato typical insect pests accurately and quickly, a new feature extraction and recognition method based on wavelet and space domain was proposed. The processing object in the method was the segmented image of insect pests separated from complex background by the two-dimensional Otsu method and morphological method. Aiming at the processing object, totally 12 invariant texture features of high frequency covariance matrix eigenvalues and low frequency lower order moments (HELM) were extracted from the high frequency images in the horizontal, vertical and diagonal directions, forming a Gaussian space model, and from low frequency image decomposed by sym8 wavelet function. Meanwhile, 4 Hu moments with invariant shape features were extracted from the binary image of the processing object. As thus, 16 pest features were put into support vector machine (SVM), and the results of insect pest classification could be obtained. For SVM classifier, the One-vs-One voting strategy was adopted, and the parameters, including radial basis kernel function parameter, error cost coefficient and relaxation coefficient were set to 0.012 5, 60 and 0.001, respectively. By the classification of 8 kinds of pests, on the one hand, using the same SVM method, the test results showed the effectiveness of proposed HELM feature extraction. Texture features in wavelet domain were traditionally related to single scale low frequency lower order moments (SLM), including the mean, variance and the third order moment of low frequency image, multiscale low frequency lower order moments (MLM), multiscale high frequency lower order moments and low frequency lower order moments (HMLM), and LBP features for the low frequency image. Texture features in space domain were traditionally related to LBP, PCA and features based on gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM). Compared with SVM recognition rates of the traditional texture features in wavelet domain and space domain, it was found that the proposed HELM feature had a higher recognition rate which were increased by at least 17 percentage points. In addition, the proposed HELM feature had moderate run time of 11.7 s containing from features extraction of 210 pest images to SVM classification of 8 kinds of typical pests. On the other hand, using the same HELM features and Hu moments, the test results showed the effectiveness of the proposed SVM recognition. For artificial neural network (ANN), three layers BP network structure was constructed and the sigmoid transfer function of hidden layer was selected. For Bayes classifier, Gaussian window function was used for estimating probability density. Compared with ANN run time, containing from the train for 105 pest images to the test for 105 pest images, the run time of the proposed SVM was 0.481 s, nearly 2 s less than ANN. Meanwhile, compared with ANN and Bayes recognition rates, the proposed SVM recognition rate was 97.5%, increasing at least 6 percentage points. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 26

Main heading: Feature extraction

Controlled terms: Binary images? - ?Covariance matrix? - ?Eigenvalues and eigenfunctions? - ?Extraction? - ?Gaussian distribution? - ?Image processing? - ?Image recognition? - ?Image texture? - ?Network layers? - ?Neural networks ? - ?Probability density function? - ?Support vector machines? - ?Vector spaces

Uncontrolled terms: Feature extraction and recognition? - ?Gray level co occurrence matrix(GLCM)? - ?Insect pest? - ?Invariant texture features? - ?Kernel function parameters? - ?Sigmoid transfer function? - ?Space models? - ?Wavelet domain

Classification code: 723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

? - ?723.2 Data Processing and Image Processing

Data Processing and Image Processing

? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations

Chemical Operations

? - ?921 Mathematics

Mathematics

? - ?922.1 Probability Theory

Probability Theory

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 9.75e+01%, Time 1.17e+01s, Time 2.00e+00s, Time 4.81e-01s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.003

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

4. Inverse Dynamic Analysis of Novel 5-DOF Hybrid Manipulator

Accession number: 20175004531240

Authors: Zhang, Dongsheng (1); Xu, Yundou (1, 2); Yao, Jiantao (1, 2); Zhao, Yongsheng (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) Parallel Robot and Mechatronic System Laboratory of Hebei Province, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao; 066004, China; (2) Key Laboratory of Advanced Forging & Stamping Technology and Science, Ministry of Education, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao; 066004, China

Corresponding author: Zhao, Yongsheng(yszhao@ysu.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 384-391

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: A novel 5-degree-of-freedom (5-DOF) hybrid serial-parallel manipulator was proposed, the 2RPU/UPR parallel mechanism (PM) was the parallel part of this manipulator; and it was a kind of parallel mechanism with two continuous rotational axes, which had one translational DOF and two rotational DOFs (2R1T). The kinematics of this manipulator with high degree of modularity was quite simple, which made it easy to implement trajectory planning, parameter calibration and motion control. Firstly, to establish the inverse dynamic model of this 5-DOF hybrid manipulator, the 3×3 velocity Jacobian square matrix, between the moving platform and the independence movement parameters, was obtained. Secondly, the centroid velocity mapping matrix from the moving platform to each limb was established. Especially, the kinematics models of the UPR and RPU limbs were gotten. And the dynamic model of the 2RPU/UPR PM was obtained by use of the virtual work principle. Thirdly, the force analysis of the tilting head with single DOF was finished by means of D’ Alembert principle. Then, the inverse dynamic model of the 5-DOF hybrid manipulator was solved by combining the virtual work principle and the D’ Alembert principle. At last, the dynamic numerical simulations were performed through Matlab software and ADAMS software, the results showed that the dynamic model of this 5-DOF hybrid manipulator was correct, which provided a new idea for establishing the dynamic model of this type hybrid manipulator. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 27

Main heading: Dynamics

Controlled terms: Dynamic models? - ?Inverse problems? - ?Jacobian matrices? - ?Kinematics? - ?Manipulators? - ?MATLAB? - ?Matrix algebra? - ?Mechanisms? - ?Robot programming

Uncontrolled terms: D’Alembert principle? - ?Hybrid robots? - ?Inverse dynamic analysis? - ?Inverse dynamic model? - ?Parallel mechanisms? - ?Parameter calibration? - ?Serial-parallel manipulator? - ?Virtual work principle

Classification code: 601.3 Mechanisms

Mechanisms

? - ?723.1 Computer Programming

Computer Programming

? - ?921 Mathematics

Mathematics

? - ?921.1 Algebra

Algebra

? - ?931.1 Mechanics

Mechanics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.049

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

5. Establishment and Analysis of Internal Comprehensive Quality Spectral Evaluation Index for Fresh Jujube

Accession number: 20175004531232

Authors: Sun, Haixia (1); Zhang, Shujuan (1); Xue, Jianxin (1); Liu, Jianglong (1); Zhao, Xuting (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu; 030801, China

Corresponding author: Zhang, Shujuan(zsujuan@263.net)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 324-329

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: A non-destructive method for on-line determining the internal comprehensive quality of Huping jujube fruit was investigated based on visible/near-infrared reflection spectrum. Moisture content, soluble solid content, firmness, soluble protein content and vitamin C content were respectively used as internal indexes to assess the quality of Huping jujube at full ripe stage. Competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS) was applied to select sensitive wavelengths. Models of the least squares-support vector machines (LS-SVM) were built based on the sensitive wavelengths respectively. The model of firmness showed that the correlation coefficient of prediction was 0.945 2 and root mean square error of prediction was 41.684 9. The other four models obtained the better results with the correlation coefficient of each prediction over 0.923 0 and root mean square error of each prediction from 0.267 4 to 3.779 2. Then, the correlation was analyzed between the quality indexes. The results indicated that an extremely significant or a significant correlation was revealed between any two indexes in the P ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Quality control

Controlled terms: Coherent scattering? - ?Errors? - ?Feature extraction? - ?Forecasting? - ?Mean square error? - ?Nondestructive examination? - ?Quality assurance? - ?Support vector machines

Uncontrolled terms: Comprehensive qualities? - ?Correlation coefficient? - ?Fresh jujube? - ?Least squares support vector machines? - ?Nondestructive detection? - ?Root mean square errors? - ?Root-mean-square error of predictions? - ?Visible/near-infrared spectrum

Classification code: 711 Electromagnetic Waves

Electromagnetic Waves

? - ?723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

? - ?913.3 Quality Assurance and Control

Quality Assurance and Control

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.041

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

6. Optimal Design and Experiment of Thinning Hoe for Swing Motion Thinning Robot

Accession number: 20175004531200

Authors: Sun, Zhe (1); Zhang, Chunlong (1); Ma, Yaoyao (1); Zhang, Gan (1); Li, Wei (1); Tan, Yuzhi (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China

Corresponding author: Tan, Yuzhi(Yztan@cau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 70-75

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: As the scale of agricultural production gradually expands, agriculture is developing forward to mechanization and intelligent direction. At present the main ways of domestic thinning are artificial thinning and chemical control thinning. Artificial thinning has the disadvantages of low efficiency and high labor intensity. Chemical control thinning makes seedling emergence come out not evenly, and people have to fill the gaps manually. Mechanical thinning can improve the working efficiency and bring great economic benefits with even seedling. The swing motion thinning robot was designed for the first thinning of seedlings and the kinematics model was established for the optimal to simulate the moving path. Then the virtual orthogonal experiment was done by different optimal edge lengths, different angles between optimal edge and optimal handle, different optimal handle lengths and different distances between optimal handle and center of crop-row. The prediction model of weeding rate and wounded seedling rate were analyzed by taking the coverage rate and the inbreaking rate as evaluation indexes. Based on the calculation, the best parameters in combination were as follows: distance between optimal handle and center of crop-row of 55 mm, optimal edge length of 75 mm, optimal handle length of 130 mm, angle between optimal edge and optimal handle of 65°.The experiment result verified that the simulation and orthogonal experiment were accurate and efficient with good operation effectiveness of the prototype, and the weeding rate reached 89.4%, yet the wounded seedling rate was only 7.2%. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 17

Main heading: Machine design

Controlled terms: Agriculture? - ?Crops? - ?Efficiency? - ?Machinery? - ?Robots

Uncontrolled terms: Agricultural productions? - ?Artificial thinning? - ?Kinematics modeling? - ?Mechanical thinning? - ?Orthogonal experiment? - ?Parameter optimization? - ?Seedling emergence? - ?Working efficiency

Classification code: 601 Mechanical Design

Mechanical Design

? - ?731.5 Robotics

Robotics

? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Agricultural Products

? - ?913.1 Production Engineering

Production Engineering

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 7.20e+00%, Percentage 8.94e+01%, Size 1.30e-01m, Size 5.50e-02m, Size 7.50e-02m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.009

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

7. Influence Factors of Separating Egg Membrane from Eggshell by Mechanical Stirring

Accession number: 20175004531237

Authors: Chi, Yuan (1); Wang, Yong (1); Li, Mengfu (1); Yang, Yuebin (1); Ren, Jie (1); Chi, Yujie (2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China; (2) College of Food Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 359-368

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The method of mechanical stirring to separate egg membrane from eggshell has the advantages of high separating efficiency, bulk processing and no pollution to the environment. Fluent 6.3 was used to explore the effects of different stirring rotational velocities, particle diameter sizes and solid-liquid ratios on the flow field characteristics of the particle suspension state, solid holdup distribution, solid-phase velocity and stirring power consumption. Simulation results showed that the scope of particle accumulation at the bottom would be decreased while the solid-liquid ratio was decreased and the solid-liquid ratio should be reduced properly. Particles accumulation was decreased while stirring rotational velocity was increased, but power consumption would be increased dramatically, in order to ensure most particles suspension and reduce power consumption, the stirring rotational velocity should be set as 300~350 r/min in experiment. Enlarging particles diameter size can reduce particle accumulation at bottom, lower particles suspension height, and increase the moving resistance of particles along the axial direction in the flow field, so the particles size of 1.5~2.5 mm can be chosen for eggshell separation experiment. Therefore, appropriate conditions were obtained for the experiment of separating membrane from eggshell according to the simulation results. Moreover, quadratic orthogonal rotary combination experiments were carried out with factors of stirring rotational velocity, stirring time, solid-liquid ratio and separating medium temperature. The experimental data was optimized and analyzed by Design-Expert 8.0.6. The regression model between the experiment index and the factors was obtained. Meanwhile, the response surfaces were established between membrane recovery and experiment factors in order to obtain the relationship intuitively. The experiment result showed that the importance of stirring rotational velocity to egg membrane recovery was the most, and then the stirring time, separation medium temperature and solid-liquid ratio. The interaction between stirring time and stirring rotational velocity to separation effect was the most significant. Optimization results showed that the membrane recovery rate reached 88.58% while the stirring time was 18.57 min, stirring rotational velocity was 337.68 r/min, solid-liquid ratio was 0.07 g/mL, and the separation medium temperature was 20, and the separation effect of egg membrane from eggshell was perfect. Conclusions of numerical simulation and experiment would improve the membrane recovery and utilization of discarded eggshell, and provide a reference for the solid-liquid two-phase flow and related study. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Suspensions (fluids)

Controlled terms: Computer simulation? - ?Electric power utilization? - ?Flow fields? - ?Liquids? - ?Membranes? - ?Numerical models? - ?Recovery? - ?Regression analysis? - ?Two phase flow? - ?Velocity

Uncontrolled terms: Eggshell membranes? - ?Flow field characteristics? - ?Liquid-solid two phase flow? - ?Particle accumulation? - ?Particles suspension? - ?Recovery and utilizations? - ?Separating efficiency? - ?Solid-liquid two phase flows

Classification code: 631.1 Fluid Flow, General

Fluid Flow, General

? - ?706.1 Electric Power Systems

Electric Power Systems

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally

Chemical Products Generally

? - ?921 Mathematics

Mathematics

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

? - ?951 Materials Science

Materials Science

Numerical data indexing: Mass_Density 7.00e+01kg/m3, Percentage 8.86e+01%, Rotational_Speed 3.00e+02RPM to 3.50e+02RPM, Rotational_Speed 3.38e+02RPM, Size 1.50e-03m to 2.50e-03m, Time 1.11e+03s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.046

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

8. Design and Test on Soybean Seed Thresher with Tangential-axial Flow Double-roller

Accession number: 20175004531204

Authors: Yang, Dexu (1); Jiang, Delong (2); Shen, Yongzhe (3); Gao, Lianxing (1); Wan, Li (1); Wang, Jing (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang; 110866, China; (2) Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Luoding Polytechnic, Luoding; 527200, China; (3) Liaoning Province Farm Machinery Quality Supervision Administration, Shenyang; 110034, China

Corresponding author: Gao, Lianxing(lianxing_gao@126.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 102-110

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Aiming to probe new principle and parts of soybean seed thresher and solve the conflict between high seed damage and no-threshed rate during threshing, a new soybean seed thresher with tangential-axial flow double-roller was designed based on the new threshing principle and structure. From the overall structure, the threshing device was designed, which was composed of a couple of primary and secondary threshing rollers with different diameters, lengths, concave screen and transmission system. The double rollers of the thresher were configured by tangential-axial flow form. Compared with the traditional threshing ways with single threshing, the new soybean thresher was combined several threshing principles and two rollers with two kinds of threshing parts, the secondary threshing roller consisted of spike teeth was used as pre-thresh of soybean plants, and the primary threshing roller consisted of bow-spike teeth, which threshed and separated most of the plants in the axial threshing space. The double-roller operated with different linear velocities which realized the ordered feeding and fast grabbing of soybean plants. In order to check and find the optimal structure and parameters of the soybean seed thresher, performance test of the thresher was conducted under the condition that the moisture content of soybean seed was 17%~19%, the moisture content of soybean straw was 12%~15% and the straw-grain ratio was 1.275. Three parameters, including feeding quantity, rotating speed of double-roller and concave clearance were selected as input variables and the damage rate and un-threshed rate as output parameter. Meanwhile, a drastic orthogonal rotary regressive experimental design was employed to develop the second order polynomial regression models, which explained the relationship between the input and output parameters, and then the main parameters of the thresher was optimized through Design-Expert 8.0 software. Experimental results showed that feeding quantify, rotating speed of double-roller and concave clearance had an effect on the damage rate and un-threshed rate, and the rotating speed of double-roller was the most important influence element among the three. Optimization analysis indicated that the most optimum combination was the feeding quantity of 0.44 kg/s, the rotating speed of double-roller of 489 r/min and the concave clearance of 25.06 mm, and the damage rate was 1.18% and the un-threshed rate was 0.65%. Compared with the traditional soybean threshing machine, it can make the damage rate and un-threshed rate decreased by 0.22 percentage points and 0.38 percentage points, respectively. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 24

Main heading: Agriculture

Controlled terms: Axial flow? - ?Feeding? - ?Moisture? - ?Moisture determination? - ?Regression analysis? - ?Rollers (machine components)? - ?Rotating machinery? - ?Seed? - ?Structural optimization

Uncontrolled terms: Double-roller? - ?Optimal structures? - ?Optimization analysis? - ?Optimum combination? - ?Second-order polynomial? - ?Soybeans? - ?Thresher? - ?Transmission systems

Classification code: 601.1 Mechanical Devices

Mechanical Devices

? - ?601.2 Machine Components

Machine Components

? - ?631.1 Fluid Flow, General

Fluid Flow, General

? - ?691.2 Materials Handling Methods

Materials Handling Methods

? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Agricultural Products

? - ?921.5 Optimization Techniques

Optimization Techniques

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

? - ?944.2 Moisture Measurements

Moisture Measurements

Numerical data indexing: Mass_Flow_Rate 4.40e-01kg/s, Percentage 1.18e+00%, Percentage 6.50e-01%, Rotational_Speed 4.89e+02RPM, Size 2.51e-02m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.013

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

9. Production Technology of Ethyl Levulinate from Corn Stover with Mechanical Grinding

Accession number: 20175004531228

Authors: Xiao, Weihua (1); Lü, Xue (1); Hou, Tao (1); Chen, Xueli (1); Zhao, Guanglu (1); Liu, Huan (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 295-302

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Alcoholysis liquefaction synthesis of levulinate esters from crop residues has attracted extensive attentions in recent years. However, the natural dense structures of biomass have become a key obstacle to the efficient use of straw for levulinate production. Ball milling is a new way of mechanical pretreatment which can effectively damage the recalcitrance of biomass and promote the availability in conversion and utilization. Ball milling can increase the production of ethyl levulinate significantly.Sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, p-toluene sulfonic acid, Al2(SO4)3have been applied for the conversion of biomass to ethyl levulinate. The results showed that the stronger the acidity of the catalyst was, the better the catalytic effect was under the same H+concentration. Sulfuric acid was found to be highly active compared with other three catalysts under identical reaction conditions. And the acidity strength in sequence was sulfuric acid, p-toluene sulfonic acid, Al2(SO4)3and phosphoric acid. The milling time had the most obvious effect on the yield of ethyl levulinate. Elevated miling time can contribute to the enhancement of reaction rate and conversion efficiency. However, the effect of filling rate and volume ratio of the spheroids on the yield of ethyl levulinate was not significant. Furthermore, based on the yield of ethyl levulinate, the optimal ball milling process was as follows: non-catalyst ball milling, 60 min of the milling time, 35% of the filling rate, 2 of the volume ratio of spheroids, under this ball-milled condition, the yield of ethyl levulinate was increased from 20.08%(unmilled sample) to 33.34% (milled sample). The research result can provide some references for the production of ethyl levulinate from mechano-catalysis grinding of biomass. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 31

Main heading: Ball milling

Controlled terms: Agricultural wastes? - ?Aluminum compounds? - ?Biomass? - ?Catalysis? - ?Catalysts? - ?Grinding (machining)? - ?Milling (machining)? - ?Phosphoric acid? - ?Sulfuric acid? - ?Toluene

Uncontrolled terms: Alcoholysis? - ?Ball milling process? - ?Corn stover? - ?Ethyl levulinate? - ?Mechanical pre-treatment? - ?Production technology? - ?Ptoluenesulfonic acid? - ?Reaction conditions

Classification code: 604.2 Machining Operations

Machining Operations

? - ?802.2 Chemical Reactions

Chemical Reactions

? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations

Chemical Operations

? - ?803 Chemical Agents and Basic Industrial Chemicals

Chemical Agents and Basic Industrial Chemicals

? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally

Chemical Products Generally

? - ?821.5 Agricultural Wastes

Agricultural Wastes

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 3.33e+01%, Percentage 3.50e+01%, Time 3.60e+03s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.037

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

10. Design of Automatic Manipulation and Alarming Device of Straw-bundling and Bale-unloading of Minitype Round Baler

Accession number: 20175004531203

Authors: Yin, Jianjun (1); Wu, Qibin (1); Chen, Yonghe (1); Wang, Xinxin (1)

Author affiliation: (1) Key Laboratory of Modern Agricultural Equipment and Technology, Ministry of Education, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang; 212013, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 96-101 and 120

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In view of the problem that the driver frequently turns round to observe and manually operate the baler during the process of straw-bundling and bale-unloading of minitype round baler, an automatic manipulation and alarming device was developed. The device mainly consisted of three travel switches as a singlechip, an operation mechanism driven by electric cylinder and a buzzer. By analyzing the working process of straw-bundling and bale-unloading, three travel switches were used to detect whether straw was filled with bale chamber, straw-bundling motion finished and the bale fell to the ground from bale chamber. The control flow of straw-bundling and bale-unloading was designed, and the control parameters of straw-bundling time and bale-unloading time were determined. Simulation tests of indoor working condition showed that the single chip could process the trigger signal of three travel switches to make electric cylinder stretch out and draw back, and the hydraulic valve handle was driven by the operation mechanism to realize automatic bale-unloading. The buzzer made different rhythm of the alarm sound during the process of straw-bundling and bale-unloading to effectively detect spurious triggering of travel switches and parts fault, which improved the reliability of the system. The pick-up and baling tests of prototype baler showed that the device may improve the working efficiency of minitype round baler by 22.5% to 32.2%, and the success rate of straw-bundling and bale-unloading may reach 100%. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 18

Main heading: Unloading

Controlled terms: Cylinders (shapes)? - ?Electric switches

Uncontrolled terms: Alarming device? - ?Control parameters? - ?Hydraulic valves? - ?Minitype round baler? - ?Operation mechanism? - ?Simulation tests? - ?Working efficiency? - ?Working process

Classification code: 691.2 Materials Handling Methods

Materials Handling Methods

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.00e+02%, Percentage 2.25e+01% to 3.22e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.012

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

11. Design and Experiment of Proportional Type Multi-pump and Multi-speed Motor Driving System

Accession number: 20175004531046

Authors: Wen, Desheng (1); Shang, Xudong (1); Ma, Guanglei (1); Shi, Zizhou (1); Pan, Weiyuan (1); Gu, Pan (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Mechanical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao; 066004, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 421-428

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to solve the problem that the widely used hydraulic driving system only can output one characteristic, a theory of proportional type multi-pump and multi-speed motor driving system was presented based on proportional type of multi-pump and multi-speed motor. Multi-pump can output multi flows, to work in different pressures without a reducing valve, and multi-speed motor can output multi speeds and torques. Two proportional type multi-pump and multi-speed motor driving systems were designed based on describing the structure and working principle of the multi-pump and multi-speed motor, and the features of the two new driving system were introduced, the output characteristics of the two driving system in different working ways were analyzed theoretically, the effects of the displacement coefficient on the driving system were also discussed. The outputting speeds and torques of the new hydraulic driving system in different working ways were obtained through expanding the output characteristic of this system. The experimental platform of proportional type multi-pump and multi-speed motor driving system was built. The result showed that this driving system can output multi speeds and torques through controlling the working ways of the multi-pump and multi-speed motor, and each level of speeds and torques was related to the displacement coefficient. The research on the proportional type multi-pump and multi-speed motor driving system established a basis for its design and application. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 18

Main heading: Speed

Controlled terms: Pumps? - ?Torque

Uncontrolled terms: Displacement ratios? - ?Driving systems? - ?Proportional type? - ?Speed characteristics? - ?Speed motors

Classification code: 618.2 Pumps

Pumps

? - ?931.2 Physical Properties of Gases, Liquids and Solids

Physical Properties of Gases, Liquids and Solids

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.053

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

12. Design and Performance Analysis of Novel Robotic Arm

Accession number: 20175004531044

Authors: Sun, Longfei (1); Fang, Lijin (2)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang; 110819, China; (2) Faculty of Robot Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang; 110819, China

Corresponding author: Fang, Lijin(ljfang@mail.neu.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 402-410

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Industrial robots are widely used in the fields of handling, stacking and machining due to their advantages of large workspace, compact structure and good flexibility, but the stiffness of the robot is relatively weak due to the series structure. In addition, the external load of the robot is fully shared by servo motors which increase the driving power and energy consumption of the robot arm, especially for the big and small arms. In order to increase the robot stiffness and reduce the driving power of the robot arm, a robot structure with a novel robot arm was presented. A parallelogram structure with diagonal driven was adopted for robot big and small arms. The diagonal electric cylinders driven by ball screws using double nuts with preload to eliminate the reverse backlash, and the anti-backlash method was applied to the rotary base and the robot wrist to eliminate the transmission backlash. By using the parallel quadrilateral frame to balance the external bending moment, the driving power and the energy consumption of the mechanical arm were reduced in principle. The energy consumption of the novel robot and the corresponding industrial robot were compared under the same external load, and the simulation results showed that the driving power of the big arm can be reduced from 20% to 80% compared with the industrial robot and the small arm was equal to the industrial robot when only the external gravity load was applied. Moreover, the power consumption of the driving motor was not required when only external bending moment was applied. Finally, based on the strain energy and Castigliano’s theorem, combining with the robot arms stiffness results using finite element analysis (FEA), the integral robot stiffness was calculated and the results showed that the overall stiffness of the robot was better than that of industrial robots, which made it beneficial to improve the load capacity in the operations of handling, stacking and so on. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Robots

Controlled terms: Ball screws? - ?Bending moments? - ?Energy utilization? - ?Finite element method? - ?Industrial robots? - ?Robotic arms? - ?Stiffness? - ?Strain energy? - ?Structural design? - ?Transmissions

Uncontrolled terms: Castigliano’s theorem? - ?Compact structures? - ?External loads? - ?Large workspace? - ?Mechanical arm? - ?Overall stiffness? - ?Performance analysis? - ?Robot structures

Classification code: 408.1 Structural Design, General

Structural Design, General

? - ?408.2 Structural Members and Shapes

Structural Members and Shapes

? - ?525.3 Energy Utilization

Energy Utilization

? - ?602.2 Mechanical Transmissions

Mechanical Transmissions

? - ?731.5 Robotics

Robotics

? - ?731.6 Robot Applications

Robot Applications

? - ?732.1 Control Equipment

Control Equipment

? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods

Numerical Methods

? - ?931.1 Mechanics

Mechanics

? - ?951 Materials Science

Materials Science

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 2.00e+01% to 8.00e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.051

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

13. Design and Experiment on Straw Chopper Cum Spreader with Adjustable Spreading Device

Accession number: 20175004531201

Authors: Zhang, Zhiqiang (1); He, Jin (1); Li, Hongwen (1); Wang, Qingjie (1); Ju, Jiawei (1); Yan, Xionglei (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China

Corresponding author: He, Jin(hejin@cau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 76-87

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: A straw chopper cum spreader was developed to deal with the problems of unadjustable chopped straw spreading uniformity and width. The machine which was mainly composed of a curved shell, transmission system, eight guide vanes, a deflector, a guide vane regulating device, a running gear, a hood and a straw chopping device can realize the function of crop straw chopping and chopped straw spreading. The front casing of the shell was a logarithmic spiral line surface, and the equation of the front casing was built. The comparison between curved type shell and break line type shell was made by using Fluent software, the results of which showed that the curved type shell could improve the flowability of straw in the shell. A row of stationary blades was mounted to support the chopping process of the combined flails, which could help to reduce length of the chopped straw. The distance between the stationary blade and combined flail was determined according to the chopping quality. The fan-shaped blades which were mounted on both side of the roller increased the fluid flow rate, and improved the straw feeding ability. The guide vane can guide the flow of chopped straw at the outlet of the shell, which improved the spreading uniformity of the chopped straw. The guide vane regulating device can control the spreading width, velocity and uniformity of the chopped straw by adjusting the guide vanes position on the deflector. The structural parameters of the guide vane regulating device were determined according to the features of mechanisms. Field experiment results showed that with the forward speed of 1.8 m/s, straw moisture of 78.4%, and PTO rotation speed of 540 r/min in the unharvested cornfield, the machine could achieve a qualification rate of straw chopping of 90.01%, spreading width of 2 223.3 mm, average stubble height of 62.0 mm, and spreading unevenness of 22.95%. The performance indexes of the machine satisfied the agronomic requirements of returning straw onto soil surface. The research can provide some references for the design of new chopper with good straw chopping and spreading ability. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 34

Main heading: Shells (structures)

Controlled terms: Choppers (circuits)? - ?Flow of fluids? - ?Spreaders

Uncontrolled terms: Combined flails? - ?Curved type shell? - ?Logarithmic spiral line? - ?Performance indices? - ?Spreading abilities? - ?Stationary blades? - ?Structural parameter? - ?Transmission systems

Classification code: 408.2 Structural Members and Shapes

Structural Members and Shapes

? - ?631.1 Fluid Flow, General

Fluid Flow, General

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 2.29e+01%, Percentage 7.84e+01%, Percentage 9.00e+01%, Rotational_Speed 5.40e+02RPM, Size 2.23e-01m, Size 6.20e-02m, Velocity 1.80e+00m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.010

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

14. Numerical Simulation and Analysis on Depth of Disposable Tape in Cotton Field under Subsurface Drip Irrigation in Xinjiang, China

Accession number: 20175004531215

Authors: Li, Xianwei (1); Shi, Jianchu (2); Wang, Shu (2); Zuo, Qiang (2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100193, China

Corresponding author: Zuo, Qiang(qiangzuo@cau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 191-198 and 222

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The technology of film mulched drip irrigation (FMDI) is applied widely to cotton cultivation in Xinjiang, China. Resulted from its characteristics of high ratio and small amount of irrigation, a problem of shallow roots and weak adversity resistance is often found in practice and thus would limit further development of FMDI. Since the irrigation water is supplied deeper in the root zone, the subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) is easily to be considered as an alternative to solve the problem. To avoid probable damage from mechanical farming and prolong the application duration, the irrigation tape in a traditional SDI system is usually buried in deeper root zone (e.g. beneath 35 cm from the soil surface), which might be extremely inconvenient for seedling irrigation and management maintenance of the irrigation system. In fact, with the technological progress and cost reduction for manufacturing the irrigation tape, the practical use of disposable drip irrigation tape is becoming more and more popular. The objective was to explore the reasonable depth of disposable drip irrigation tape in SDI by using numerical simulation method. The HYDRUS-2D/3D software was used to simulate the dynamics of soil water and salt, and a field experiment was conducted in Manasi County of Xinjiang autonomous region to validate the numerical model and selected hydraulic parameters. Simulated and observed soil water content distributions were in good agreement with the maximum mean absolute error (Me) and root mean square error (Rm) of 0.034 cm3/cm3and 0.040 cm3/cm3, the minimum correlation coefficient (R) of 0.8 and Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency coefficient (Ns) of 0.34~0.62, respectively, between them. Correspondingly for soil salinity distributions, the values of maximum Meand Rmwere 3.31 g/kg and 4.24 g/kg, the minimum R was 0.6 and Nswere -0.06~0.38, respectively, which was also in acceptable range. Then the transport processes of soil water and salt under SDI with different burying depths H (5 cm, 15 cm and 30 cm, respectively) for irrigation tape were simulated by using the validated numerical model and hydraulic parameters. The results showed that salt was gradually driven away from the tape by irrigation water, with soil salinity decreased around the tape but increased near the wetting front. While the increase of H resulted in decrease of evaporation loss, the shallow soil layers near surface would be more and more difficult to be wetted by irrigation water. Synthesizing the factors such as recycling convenience of disposable tape, water requirement for cotton seedling, desalination demand of root zone and water use efficiency for desalination, local disposable tape of SDI was recommended to set at about 15 cm, a moderate depth from the soil surface. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 30

Main heading: Irrigation

Controlled terms: Computer simulation? - ?Cost reduction? - ?Cotton? - ?Desalination? - ?Efficiency? - ?Mean square error? - ?Numerical methods? - ?Numerical models? - ?Soil moisture? - ?Soils ? - ?Subirrigation? - ?Water? - ?Water recycling? - ?Water supply? - ?Wetting

Uncontrolled terms: Drip irrigation? - ?HYDRUS-2D/3D? - ?Reasonable depth? - ?Subsurface drip irrigation? - ?Water and salts

Classification code: 445.1 Water Treatment Techniques

Water Treatment Techniques

? - ?446.1 Water Supply Systems

Water Supply Systems

? - ?483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods

Agricultural Methods

? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Agricultural Products

? - ?913.1 Production Engineering

Production Engineering

? - ?921 Mathematics

Mathematics

? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods

Numerical Methods

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

Numerical data indexing: Size 1.50e-01m, Size 3.00e-01m, Size 3.50e-01m, Size 5.00e-02m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.024

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

15. Experiment on Free-piston Expander-Linear Generator Driven by Compressed Air

Accession number: 20175004531239

Authors: Zhang, Hongguang (1, 2); Yu, Fei (1, 2); Li, Gaosheng (1, 2); Hou, Xiaochen (1, 2); Liu, Hongda (1, 2); Tian, Yaming (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing; 100124, China; (2) Collaborative Innovation Center of Electric Vehicles in Beijing, Beijing; 100124, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 377-383

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: A preliminary experimental investigation of a free piston expander-linear generator (FPE-LG) prototype was presented. The aim of developing this FPE-LG prototype was to applied it in a small scale organic Rankine cycle (ORC) system for vehicle waste heat recovery, which can convert the thermodynamic energy of working fluid into electric energy. Technical feasibility of prototype using a newly developed valve train was verified. The phase matching of different cam plates, free-piston motion characteristics, as well as the power output of FPE-LG was identified based on the compressed air test bench. Experimental results showed that FPE-LG can run stably under the condition of high inlet pressure. The cycle-to-cycle variations of velocity at the reference position and the cycle-to-cycle variations of displacement at top dead center and bottom dead center can be ignored. The peak velocity of free-piston was close to 1.2 m/s when the intake pressure was 0.2 MPa and working frequency was 2.5 Hz. The valve timing and intake pressure had an important influence on the motion characteristics of free-piston and power output of linear generator. Decreasing the exhaust duration angle or increasing the intake duration angle can improve the stability, symmetry of free piston, reduce cycle-to-cycle variation of free-piston motion and improve the power output obviously when other parameters were constant. The maximum peak power output was about 19.0 W when inlet pressure was 0.19 MPa and working frequency was 2.5 Hz. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 24

Main heading: Pistons

Controlled terms: Compressed air? - ?Electric generators? - ?Phase matching? - ?Pressure vessels? - ?Rankine cycle? - ?Solid wastes? - ?Thermoelectric power? - ?Waste heat? - ?Waste heat utilization

Uncontrolled terms: Expander? - ?Free piston? - ?Linear generators? - ?Motion characteristics? - ?Power out put

Classification code: 525.3 Energy Utilization

Energy Utilization

? - ?525.4 Energy Losses (industrial and residential)

Energy Losses (industrial and residential)

? - ?612.1.1 Internal Combustion Engine Components

Internal Combustion Engine Components

? - ?619.2 Tanks

Tanks

? - ?641.1 Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics

? - ?705.2 Electric Generators

Electric Generators

? - ?713 Electronic Circuits

Electronic Circuits

Numerical data indexing: Frequency 2.50e+00Hz, Power 1.90e+01W, Pressure 1.90e+05Pa, Pressure 2.00e+05Pa, Velocity 1.20e+00m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.048

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

16. Optimal Mode Selection of Mulched Drip Irrigation in Sand Layered Field Based on Water Consumption Characteristics

Accession number: 20175004531214

Authors: Zhou, Lifeng (1); Wu, Shufang (1); Qi, Zhijuan (2); Zhang, Tibin (2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (2) Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China

Corresponding author: Wu, Shufang(wsfjs@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 183-190

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Judgement of crop water requirement just by soil water content is not competent, which is closely related with crop yields and water use efficiency. Corn water consumption and yield in response to mulching method (M1: fully mulched and M2: partially mulched), and irrigation amounts (I1 and I2) under variable drip irrigation lateral spacings (A1: 1 m and A2: 0.5 m) were investigated over two growing seasons in the Hetao Irrigation District under arid growing conditions. Results showed that evapotranspiration (ET) in partially mulched treatments were higher than that in treatments with full mulch cover under low irrigation frequency. However, the yields and water use efficiency (WUE) were lower under partial mulched treatments compared with full mulch. Closer lateral spacing had no effect on ET under low irrigation frequency, but yield was increased with high irrigation amount under low irrigation frequency. The yield response factor (ky) of the crop water production function(CWPF) was sensitive to mulching method and it was lower in partially mulched treatments than in fully mulched treatments under low irrigation frequency. Under high irrigation frequency, kywas sensitive to irrigation amounts, mulching methods and lateral spacing. The CWPF along with WUE and crop yield can aid in the selection of optimal irrigation and mulching management. Considering ky, yield, WUE and costs, partial mulch with 1 m lateral spacing under high irrigation amount and full mulch with 0.5 m lateral spacing with low irrigation amount was optimal under high irrigation frequency while either 1 m or 0.5 m lateral spacing under partial mulch with low irrigation amount was optimal under low irrigation frequency, respectively. This study can guide irrigation application for maize in the Hetao Irrigation District. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 31

Main heading: Irrigation

Controlled terms: Agriculture? - ?Crops? - ?Efficiency? - ?Soil moisture? - ?Water supply

Uncontrolled terms: Crop water production function? - ?Irrigation frequency? - ?Lateral spacing? - ?Mulched drip irrigations? - ?Water consumption? - ?Water use efficiency

Classification code: 446.1 Water Supply Systems

Water Supply Systems

? - ?483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

? - ?913.1 Production Engineering

Production Engineering

Numerical data indexing: Size 1.00e+00m, Size 5.00e-01m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.023

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

17. Non-destructive and Rapid Detection Method on Nitrogen Content of Maize Leaves Based on Android Mobile Phone

Accession number: 20175004531208

Authors: Guo, Wenchuan (1); Xue, Xianfa (1); Yang, Biao (1); Zhou, Chaochao (1); Zhu, Xinhua (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 137-142

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Maize is widely planted in China and even in the world. Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for the growth and development of maize, which has a significant impact on maize yield. In order to provide a non-destructive and rapid detection method for nitrogen content of maize leaves, the relationship between the color characteristics and nitrogen content of maize leaves was analyzed, and a nitrogen content detection software for maize leaves was developed based on Android platform. The image containing the measured maize leaf and the calibration color block group (red, green, blue, white, black and grey) were obtained. In order to reduce the distortion caused by the external illumination and other factors, the image color was corrected by the calibration color block. After the image segmentation, image smoothing, and color feature information extraction, the relationship between the color features and the nitrogen content of the maize leaves was analyzed. The experimental results showed that the linear relationship between the green standard value and the nitrogen content was the best. Besides, Java programming language and OpenCV were applied to realize image acquisition, image processing and results viewing based on Android platform. The validation results indicated that the absolute error of the method for the nitrogen content of maize leaves was between -0.40% and 0.35%, and the root mean square error was 0.20%. The time from image collection to giving results was less than 10 s. The proposed nitrogen detection method had the advantages of rapidity, economy and portability, and can be used for real-time detection on nitrogen content of maize leaves. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 25

Main heading: Color image processing

Controlled terms: Android (operating system)? - ?Calibration? - ?Cellular telephones? - ?Color? - ?Computer programming? - ?Image acquisition? - ?Image processing? - ?Image segmentation? - ?Mean square error? - ?Mobile phones ? - ?Nitrogen? - ?Telephone sets

Uncontrolled terms: Android? - ?Color characteristics? - ?Growth and development? - ?Maize leaf? - ?Nitrogen content? - ?Nitrogen content detection? - ?Nondestructive detection? - ?Root mean square errors

Classification code: 718.1 Telephone Systems and Equipment

Telephone Systems and Equipment

? - ?723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

? - ?723.1 Computer Programming

Computer Programming

? - ?741.1 Light/Optics

Light/Optics

? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally

Chemical Products Generally

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage -4.00e-01% to 3.50e-01%, Percentage 2.00e-01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.017

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

18. Outlier Detection and Correction for Water Resources Monitoring Data Based on EEMD

Accession number: 20175004531223

Authors: Fang, Haiquan (1); Xue, Huifeng (1); Jiang, Yunzhong (2); Zhou, Tiejun (3); Wan, Yi (4); Wang, Haining (1)

Author affiliation: (1) Graduate School, China Aerospace Academy of Systems Science and Engineering, Beijing; 100048, China; (2) Institute of Water Resources, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing; 100038, China; (3) College of Science, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha; 410128, China; (4) Water Resources Management Center, Ministry of Water Resources, Beijing; 100053, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 257-263

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to improve the availability and accuracy of online monitoring data of water resources, it is very important to detect and correct the outliers of monitoring data. The water resources monitoring data are non-linear and non-stationary time series data, the outlier detection method of the conventional time series did not take into account the convexity and concavity of time series. A combining median and ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) method was presented for outlier detection. Firstly, the outliers were preliminarily detected by the median method. And then the remaining data were decomposed by EEMD. The overall trend of most of the data can be fitted by superimposing the low-frequency components, but not affected by outlier, and the outlier can be detected effectively according to the deviation rate. Then, according to change of convexity and concavity of time series data after outlier detection, the method of piecewise curve fitting was used to correct the outliers. Finally, taking the daily water intake data of H1 waterworks as an example, the results showed that the method of combining median and EEMD can detect outliers effectively. The data obtained after correction can truly reflect the actual situation of water intake of waterworks. It can also provide more reliable data for subsequent analysis. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 28

Main heading: Water resources

Controlled terms: Curve fitting? - ?Data handling? - ?Inlet flow? - ?Monitoring? - ?Statistics? - ?Time series? - ?Waterworks

Uncontrolled terms: Ensemble empirical mode decomposition? - ?Ensemble empirical mode decompositions (EEMD)? - ?Low-frequency components? - ?Median? - ?Non-stationary time series? - ?Outliers? - ?Piecewise curve-fitting? - ?Resources monitoring

Classification code: 444 Water Resources

Water Resources

? - ?446 Waterworks

Waterworks

? - ?631.1 Fluid Flow, General

Fluid Flow, General

? - ?723.2 Data Processing and Image Processing

Data Processing and Image Processing

? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods

Numerical Methods

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.032

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

19. Hollow Village Building Detection Method Using High Resolution Remote Sensing Image Based on CNN

Accession number: 20175004531211

Authors: Li, Zheng (1); Li, Yongshu (1); Wu, Xi (2); Liu, Gang (3); Lu, Heng (4); Tang, Min (5)

Author affiliation: (1) Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu; 611756, China; (2) Center of Land Acquisition and Consolidation in Sichuan Province, Chengdu; 610041, China; (3) College of Earth Sciences, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu; 610059, China; (4) College of Hydraulic and Hydroelectric Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu; 610065, China; (5) China Railway Eryuan Engineering Group Co., Ltd., Chengdu; 610031, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 160-165 and 110

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Accurately obtaining the building information in the hollow village areas is important for hollow village renovation and research. With the rapid development of remote sensing technology, remote sensing image resolution has been greatly improved and the ground targets can be obtained from high-resolution remote sensing image. But the traditional methods based on low-level hand-engineered features or mid-level features have great limitation in complex environment, especially in hollow village areas. So it needs to use high-level features to express. Convolution neural network (CNN) has become one of the important methods of ground object recognition and detection. Based on CNN, a novel automatic building detection method was proposed. Firstly, a multi-scale saliency computation was employed to extract building areas and a sliding windows approach was applied to generate candidate regions. And then a CNN was applied to classify the regions. In order to verify the validity of this method, the high resolution remote sensing image of typical hollow village was selected to construct the building sample library. Finally, the model for building interpretation was experimentally studied based on the sample library. The results showed that multi-scale saliency can effectively get the main target, weaken the impact of other unrelated targets, and reduce data redundancy. The CNN can automatically learn the high level feature, and the classification accuracy (ACC) of this method can reach 97.6%. So the proposed method can be used to detect building and it had high practical value to hollow village research and renovation. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 33

Main heading: Remote sensing

Controlled terms: Buildings? - ?Convolution? - ?Image enhancement? - ?Image resolution? - ?Object detection? - ?Object recognition? - ?Rural areas

Uncontrolled terms: Automatic building detection? - ?Building detection? - ?Classification accuracy? - ?Convolution neural network? - ?High resolution remote sensing images? - ?Hollow village? - ?Remote sensing images? - ?Remote sensing technology

Classification code: 402 Buildings and Towers

Buildings and Towers

? - ?716.1 Information Theory and Signal Processing

Information Theory and Signal Processing

? - ?723.2 Data Processing and Image Processing

Data Processing and Image Processing

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 9.76e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.020

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

20. Structure and Deformation Characteristics of 3-DOF Pneumatic Flexible Actuator

Accession number: 20175004531241

Authors: Zhao, Yunwei (1); Geng, Dexu (1); Liu, Xiaomin (1); Liu, Hongbo (1); Zheng, Yongyong (2)

Author affiliation: (1) Engineering Training Center, Beihua University, Jilin; 132021, China; (2) College of Mechanical Engineering, Beihua University, Jilin; 132021, China

Corresponding author: Geng, Dexu(gengdx64@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 392-401

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: A type of 3-DOF flexible pneumatic actuator (FPA) employing elongation pneumatic artificial muscles was developed. It was mainly composed by three pneumatic artificial muscles symmetrically distributed in parallel and three artificial muscles were fixed 120° each other in space. The pneumatic artificial muscle was a closed cavity formed by the rubber tube and the end covers, and the outer side of it was thin sheet restraint rings set compacted. The elastic skeletons were added among the artificial muscles to improve the rigidity and stability of FPA. Specially, the driving device of FPA was just the body of the actuator. The FPA has the advantages of small volume, light weight and multiple degrees of freedom, and it can axially elongate and bend in any direction by controlling the input gas pressure of different artificial muscles. According to the force and torque analysis, the nonlinear theoretical model was developed to simultaneously describe the elongation, bending direction and bending angle of the FPA. Further, the theoretical model was verified by experiments, and then the deforming properties of FPA were obtained under different ventilation modes. The results showed that the FPA was in arc shape approximately when it was bent; it had high flexibility to elongate in axial direction or bend in any direction which had the similarity to the biological muscles in the body flexibility, movement and driving ability. In summary, this type of FPA can be as flexible fingers or flexible joints applied to fruit and vegetable picking manipulator or agricultural robot. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 22

Main heading: Pneumatic actuators

Controlled terms: Actuators? - ?Bending (deformation)? - ?Deformation? - ?Degrees of freedom (mechanics)? - ?Manipulators? - ?Muscle? - ?Pneumatic drives? - ?Pneumatics

Uncontrolled terms: Artificial muscle? - ?Deformation Characteristics? - ?Flexible actuator? - ?Flexible pneumatic actuator? - ?Fruit and vegetables? - ?Multiple degrees of freedom? - ?Pneumatic artificial muscle? - ?Theoretical modeling

Classification code: 461.2 Biological Materials and Tissue Engineering

Biological Materials and Tissue Engineering

? - ?632.3 Pneumatics

Pneumatics

? - ?632.4 Pneumatic Equipment and Machinery

Pneumatic Equipment and Machinery

? - ?732.1 Control Equipment

Control Equipment

? - ?931.1 Mechanics

Mechanics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.050

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

21. Simulation of Land Surface Temperature in Haidian District Based on EnKF-3DVar Model

Accession number: 20175004531212

Authors: Zhang, Yun (1); Yu, Qiang (2); Li, Mengying (3); Huang, Yuan (2); Yue, Pan (2); Wang, Jiping (4)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Applied Science and Technology, Beijing Union University, Beijing; 102200, China; (2) Beijing Key Laboratory of Precision Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing; 100083, China; (3) School of Engineering and Design, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh; 15213, United States; (4) Research Center of Saline and Alkali Land, State Forestry Administration, Beijing; 100091, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 166-172

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Based on the remote sensing image data of 2005, 2010 and 2015, the spatial distribution of urban land surface temperature was studied by using the IB algorithm in the study area of Haidian District, Beijing. The data assimilation algorithm EnKF-3DVar and CA/Markov model integration were used to simulate the urban surface temperature in Haidian District by assimilating the spatial distribution data of the annual mean ozone concentration. The results showed that the urban surface temperature in Haidian District showed a downward trend in the past 10 years, and then showed a rising trend. But its overall showed a downward trend. The average temperature in 2015 was 31.139 3. The prediction model of EnKF-3DVar can significantly improve the simulation precision of the model, and the Kappa coefficient of the predicted data in 2015 was 0.821 6. Under the model of urban park green space, the urban surface temperature showed a decreasing trend. In the absence of urban green space park, urban surface temperature had a clear trend of expansion. The maximum temperature reached 56.142 3, and the urban ecological green space had a great influence on the spatial distribution of urban surface temperature. Rational layout of urban green space was of great significance. The urban green space had a very large effect on the land surface temperature. In the process of urban green space construction, the construction of the green space network should be strengthened, and in the area of high land surface temperature in Haidian District, a large green plate should be built. The research result can provide technical support for the current and future urban green space planning and regional surface temperature mitigation. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 24

Main heading: Atmospheric temperature

Controlled terms: Remote sensing? - ?Space optics? - ?Spatial distribution? - ?Surface measurement? - ?Surface properties

Uncontrolled terms: Data assimilation? - ?Data assimilation algorithms? - ?Haidian District? - ?Land surface temperature? - ?Regional surface temperature? - ?Remote sensing images? - ?Urban land surface temperature? - ?Urban surface temperature

Classification code: 443.1 Atmospheric Properties

Atmospheric Properties

? - ?656.1 Space Flight

Space Flight

? - ?921 Mathematics

Mathematics

? - ?943.2 Mechanical Variables Measurements

Mechanical Variables Measurements

? - ?951 Materials Science

Materials Science

Numerical data indexing: Age 1.00e+01yr

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.021

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

22. CFD Simulation of Indoor Hygrothermal Environment and Particle Matter of Weaned Pig Building

Accession number: 20175004531225

Authors: Wang, Kaiying (1); Li, Kaitai (1); Li, Wanglinjuan (2); Lou, Zhen’gang (3); Zhu, Xiaodan (3)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou; 310058, China; (2) Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh; NC; 27695-7625, United States; (3) Zhejiang Environment Monitoring Center, Hangzhou; 310012, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 270-278

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The quality of the environment could directly affect the production performance of pigs. Especially for weaned pigs, they have just undergone weaned stress and are very sensitive to external environment change. In order to evaluate the environmental conditions in the weaned pigs building in typical East China, and provide useful suggestions for pig barn structure design and the environment improvement, based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method, a three-dimensional steady state simulation was conducted on air speed, temperature, relative humidity and particle concentration distribution of a weaned pig building with negative pressure ventilation system and manure pit system. It was known from the CFD results that CFD could be a useful tool in analyzing the indoor environment in livestock house. When air was input to the pig house during winter days, the wind speeds in the region where pig was fed at z=0.2 m could maintain within 0~0.2 m/s, and most of them were below 0.1 m/s. Also, the relative humidity remained at about 60%~70%. Its temperature was maintained within 26~34. In addition, the PM2.5, PM10and TSP concentrations were kept in 0~0.1 mg/m3, 0~0.7 mg/m3and 0~1.0 mg/m3, respectively, in most area of pig house, which could meet the requirements of weaned pigs in winter according to environmental parameters and environmental management for intensive pig farms. Yet, at entrance of the units and some corners, there was still potential for optimization. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Computational fluid dynamics

Controlled terms: Agriculture? - ?Air? - ?Environmental management? - ?Fertilizers? - ?Houses? - ?Mammals? - ?Particles (particulate matter)? - ?Ventilation

Uncontrolled terms: Computational fluid dynamics methods? - ?Hygrothermal environment? - ?Indoor hygrothermal environment? - ?Particle concentration distribution? - ?Particle matter? - ?Simulation? - ?Steady-state simulations? - ?Weaned pig

Classification code: 402.3 Residences

Residences

? - ?454.1 Environmental Engineering, General

Environmental Engineering, General

? - ?643.5 Ventilation

Ventilation

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally

Chemical Products Generally

? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

? - ?951 Materials Science

Materials Science

Numerical data indexing: Mass_Density 0.00e+00kg/m3 to 1.00e-06kg/m3, Mass_Density 0.00e+00kg/m3 to 1.00e-07kg/m3, Mass_Density 0.00e+00kg/m3 to 7.00e-07kg/m3, Velocity 0.00e+00m/s to 2.00e-01m/s, Velocity 1.00e-01m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.034

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

23. Portable Nondestructive Detection Device for Nutrient Components of Pork

Accession number: 20175004531229

Authors: Wang, Wenxiu (1, 2); Peng, Yankun (1, 2); Zheng, Xiaochun (1, 2); Sun, Hongwei (1, 2); Tian, Fang (1, 2); Bai, Jing (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) National R&D Center for Agro-processing Equipment, Beijing; 100083, China

Corresponding author: Peng, Yankun(ypeng@cau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 303-311

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to realize fast, nondestructive and real-time detection of nutrition components (fat and protein) for pork, a portable nondestructive detection device based on near infrared reflectance spectra was designed and developed. The hardware part included spectrum acquisition unit, light source unit and control unit. The corresponding detection software was developed to realize the effective acquisition and real-time analysis of the sample spectrum information. In order to establish a stable and reliable forecasting model, the research focused on the effects of band selection, different sample grouping methods and variables selection methods on the models. Based on visible/short wavelength near infrared (Vis/SWNIR), long wavelength near-infrared (LWNIR) and Vis/SWNIR-LWNIR, all the samples were divided by random selection (RS) method, Kennard-Stone (KS) algorithm and sample set partitioning based on joint X-Y distances (SPXY) algorithm, and then partial least square prediction models for fat and protein content were built, respectively. The results showed that the best prediction models for fat and protein were built based on Vis/SWNIR-LWNIR by using SPXY algorithm. On the basis of the best model for each parameter, comparative analysis of competitive adaptive weighted algorithm, Random Frog algorithm and uninformative variable elimination-successive projection algorithm were employed to screen variables. The results showed that the simplified model based on competitive adaptive weighting algorithm was the best with correlation coefficients in the prediction set of 0.950 5 and 0.951 0 for fat and protein, respectively. The results indicated that the designed portable detection device based on near infrared reflectance spectroscopy was able to realize fast, nondestructive and real-time detection of fat and protein content for fresh meat and had certain application potential and market prospects. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 19

Main heading: Infrared devices

Controlled terms: Forecasting? - ?Infrared transmission? - ?Least squares approximations? - ?Light sources? - ?Meats? - ?Near infrared spectroscopy? - ?Nutrition? - ?Proteins? - ?Reflection? - ?Signal detection ? - ?Spectroscopy? - ?Spectrum analysis? - ?X-Y model

Uncontrolled terms: Near infra-red reflectances? - ?Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy? - ?Nondestructive detection? - ?Partial least square (PLS)? - ?Pork? - ?Portable device? - ?Successive projection algorithms? - ?Uninformative variable eliminations

Classification code: 461.7 Health Care

Health Care

? - ?716.1 Information Theory and Signal Processing

Information Theory and Signal Processing

? - ?804.1 Organic Compounds

Organic Compounds

? - ?822.3 Food Products

Food Products

? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods

Numerical Methods

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.038

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

24. Wheel Turning Angle Measurement System Based on Double GNSS Antennas and Single Gyro

Accession number: 20175004531193

Authors: Miao, Cunxiao (1); Chu, Huanxin (1); Sun, Zhihui (1); Xu, Jiyang (2); Ma, Fei (2)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) Shanghai AllyNav Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai; 201702, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 17-23

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: For the problem that the traditional angle sensor’s complex mechanical structure and prone to failure and the gyro bias cause the error accumulates over time in automatic driving system, a wheel turning angle measurement system based on double GNSS antennas and single gyro was proposed. The system’s sensors mainly included two GNSS antennas and a MEMS gyro. The double GNSS antennas were mounted on both side of the vehicle and provided the speed, attitude angle, latitude and longitude of the vehicle. The single MEMS gyro was mounted on the wheel and the angular rate was measured. An algorithm used the above data was designed to integrate the angular rate to obtain the steering angle. In order to solve the problem that the error accumulates over time, a Kalman filter based on the vehicle dynamics model was designed to calibrate the error of integration of the gyro data. At the same time, the lever-arm compensation algorithm was used to solve the speed error caused by lever-arm. The straight line experiment was carried out to verify the effectiveness of the system and the curve line experiment was carried out to verify the effectiveness of the lever-arm compensation algorithm. Compared the steering angle of the proposed system with the Hall effect angular sensor, the average error of the straight line experiment was -0.064° and the error variance was 0.309° and the cure line experiment’s mean error was 0.299° and the error variance was 1.009°. The result of the experiments showed that this system could replace the traditional angle sensor and it was easy to install and overhaul. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 15

Main heading: Satellite antennas

Controlled terms: Angle measurement? - ?Antennas? - ?Automobile drivers? - ?Automobile steering equipment? - ?Error compensation? - ?Errors? - ?Gyroscopes? - ?Kalman filters? - ?Steering? - ?Vehicles ? - ?Wheels

Uncontrolled terms: Automatic driving system? - ?Compensation algorithm? - ?GNSS antennas? - ?Measurement system? - ?Mechanical structures? - ?MEMS gyro? - ?Turning angles? - ?Vehicle dynamics models

Classification code: 432 Highway Transportation

Highway Transportation

? - ?601.2 Machine Components

Machine Components

? - ?662.4 Automobile and Smaller Vehicle Components

Automobile and Smaller Vehicle Components

? - ?716 Telecommunication; Radar, Radio and Television

Telecommunication; Radar, Radio and Television

? - ?943.2 Mechanical Variables Measurements

Mechanical Variables Measurements

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.002

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

25. Multi-objective Optimization Design and Test of Axial-flow Pump

Accession number: 20175004531207

Authors: Zheng, Yuan (1); Sun, Aoran (2); Yang, Chunxia (3); Jiang, Wenqing (3); Zhou, Canhua (4); Chen, Yujie (2)

Author affiliation: (1) National Engineering Research Center of Water Resources Efficient Utilization and Engineering Safety, Hohai University, Nanjing; 210098, China; (2) College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower, Hohai University, Nanjing; 210098, China; (3) College of Energy and Electric Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing; 210098, China; (4) Jiangsu Province Jiangdu Water Conservancy Project Management Office, Yangzhou; 225200, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 129-136

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The object is to improve the hydraulic performance of the axial-flow pump and find out the main geometric parameters that affect the performance of axial-flow pump. Based on the L9(34) orthogonal experiment, number of blades, airfoil seating angle, hub ratio, the distance between the blade and guide vane were selected as test factors, and each experimental factor corresponded to three levels. Using orthogonal test method, the head, efficiency, shaft power and pressure pulsation were taken as the evaluation indexes. According to the results of intuitive analysis and range analysis, the best experimental scheme was determined by comprehensive frequency analysis. The results showed that hub ratio had the greatest influence on the four test evaluation indexes and the distance between blade and guide vane had the least effect. Under the optimum test plan, the flow regime was better, the whirlpool on the back of guide vane almost disappeared and the streamline on the blade surface distributed evenly. After optimization, the high pressure area of the blade surface disappeared basically, and the pressure distribution was more uniform, and the optimization effect was better. Compared with the original model, the optimized model of axial-flow pump in the flow and head satisfied requirement for module at the same time, under the new design flow, efficiency was increased from 74.33% to 78.59%, which was increased by 5.7%; shaft power was decreased from 20.54 kW to 20.29 kW, which was fallen by 1.21%; pressure pulsation coefficient absolute value was decreased from 0.344 to 0.310, which was reduced by 11%. Four evaluation indexes were achieved and the optimized model of axial-flow pump had a wide range of efficient area and the feasibility of comprehensive frequency analysis method in multi-objective orthogonal optimization was verified. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 18

Main heading: Multiobjective optimization

Controlled terms: Axial flow? - ?Efficiency? - ?High pressure effects? - ?Pumps? - ?Testing

Uncontrolled terms: Axial flow pump? - ?Experimental factors? - ?Frequency Analysis? - ?Hydraulic performance? - ?Optimization effects? - ?Orthogonal experiment? - ?Orthogonal optimizations? - ?Orthogonal test method

Classification code: 618.2 Pumps

Pumps

? - ?631.1 Fluid Flow, General

Fluid Flow, General

? - ?913.1 Production Engineering

Production Engineering

? - ?921.5 Optimization Techniques

Optimization Techniques

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.10e+01%, Percentage 7.43e+01% to 7.86e+01%, Power 2.05e+04W to 2.03e+04W

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.016

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

26. Quality Evaluation for Appearance of Needle Green Tea Based on Machine Vision and Process Parameters

Accession number: 20175004531196

Authors: Dong, Chunwang (1, 2); Zhu, Hongkai (2, 3); Zhou, Xiaofen (2, 4); Yuan, Haibo (2); Zhao, Jiewen (1); Chen, Quansheng (1)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang; 212013, China; (2) Tea Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou; 310008, China; (3) Department of Food Science, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg; 999017, Denmark; (4) Agricultural Bureau, Wuyi County, Wuyi; 321200, China

Corresponding author: Chen, Quansheng(qschen@ujs.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 38-45

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Green tea has the largest consumption in China, and needle-shaped green tea is a typical type of green tea. The appearance of green tea is the key sensory evaluation index of green tea. However, it is hard to realize an accurate, objective and quantitative evaluation of green tea through manual evaluation on the characteristics as the color, stripe, tenderness and uniformity, etc. Based on internal and external factors such as quality forming process and visual morphology of tea, an intelligent sensory evaluation method of the appearance quality of tea was established. Firstly, collecting the process parameters of tea products and image characteristics of made tea, totally 17 process parameters, nine color features and six texture features were selected, conducting correlation analysis with expert sensory evaluation, and screening out remarkably correlated characteristic variables. In order to obtain an efficient evaluation model, based on process parameters and image characteristic parameters respectively, multiple quantitative evaluation models were established for needle-shaped green tea appearance senses by using three multivariate correction methods such as partial least squares (PLS), extreme learning machine (ELM) and strong predictor integration algorithm (ELM-AdaBoost). The comparison of the results showed that the ELM-AdaBoost model based on image characteristics had the best performance (RPD was more than 2). Its predictive performance was superior to other models, with smaller RMSEP (0.874), Bias (-0.148), SEP (0.226), and CV(0.018) values of the prediction set, respectively. Meanwhile, non-linear model had better predictive performance than linear model, which can better represent the analytic relationship between process parameters, image information and sensory scores, and modeling faster (0.014~0.281 s). AdaBoost method, which was a hybrid integrated algorithm, can further promote the accuracy and generalization capability of the model. The above conclusions indicated that it was feasible to evaluate the quality of appearance of needle green tea based on machine vision and process. This study provided an effective technical method and idea for developing tea sensory quality evaluation methods, and laid theoretical basis and data supports on the development of expert process strategy supporting systems of tea quality, which had a broad industry prospect in tea processing, trading and refined blend technology. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 30

Main heading: Quality control

Controlled terms: Adaptive boosting? - ?Beverages? - ?Computer vision? - ?Image processing? - ?Learning systems? - ?Least squares approximations? - ?Needles? - ?Parameter estimation? - ?Sensory aids? - ?Sensory analysis ? - ?Sensory perception

Uncontrolled terms: Appearance? - ?Green tea? - ?Intelligent Algorithms? - ?Non-linearity? - ?Sensory qualities

Classification code: 461.4 Ergonomics and Human Factors Engineering

Ergonomics and Human Factors Engineering

? - ?461.5 Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology

Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology

? - ?723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?822.3 Food Products

Food Products

? - ?913.3 Quality Assurance and Control

Quality Assurance and Control

? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods

Numerical Methods

Numerical data indexing: Time 1.40e-02s to 2.81e-01s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.005

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

27. Multiscale Forest Gap Segmentation and Object-oriented Classification Based on DOM and LiDAR

Accession number: 20175004531210

Authors: Mao, Xuegang (1); Hou, Jiyu (1); Bai, Xuefeng (2, 3); Fan, Wenyi (1)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Forestry, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin; 150040, China; (2) School of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China; (3) Key Laboratory of Efficient Utilization of Agricultural Water Resources, Ministry of Agriculture, Harbin; 150030, China

Corresponding author: Fan, Wenyi(fanwy@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 152-159

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Aiming to study the effect of segmentation scale on object based segmentation and classification of forest gap through fusion of aerial orthophoto (DOM) and LiDAR data, the typical natural secondary forest in Maoershan Experimental Forest Farm Donglin Industry Zone of northeastern China was selected as the experimental area. The DOM and airborne LiDAR were used for multiscale segmentation and object-oriented forest gap classification. In the process of image segmentation, three segmentation schemes (segmentation of DOM, segmentation of LiDAR data and segmentation of a fusion of DOM and LiDAR data) were adopted. For each segmentation scheme, 10 segmentation scales were set, then based on the segmentation results, spectral and height features extracted from DOM and LiDAR data were used for object-oriented forest gap classification with the support vector machine (SVM) classifier. The results showed that the classification accuracies of three segmentation and classification schemes showed a decline trend with the increase of scale, which was opposite with trend of ED3 (Modified). Based on the LiDAR data at scale parameter of 10, the best segmentation result was got. At all scale (10~100), the classification accuracy based on LiDAR segmentation and classification was higher than that based on two other data segmentation and classification schemes, and had the more obvious advantage than using only DOM. Based on scheme of LiDAR data segmentation and classification at scale parameter of 10, the highest classification accuracy was got with Kappa coefficient of 80%. The classification accuracies of three segmentation and classification schemes at the optimal scale were significantly higher than these at other scales. The segmentation scale had important effect on the object-oriented forest gaps classification. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 33

Main heading: Image segmentation

Controlled terms: Classification (of information)? - ?Forestry? - ?Optical radar? - ?Support vector machines

Uncontrolled terms: Classification accuracy? - ?Classification scheme? - ?Forest gap? - ?Multiscale segmentation? - ?Natural secondary forests? - ?Object oriented classification? - ?Ortho photos? - ?Segmentation results

Classification code: 716.1 Information Theory and Signal Processing

Information Theory and Signal Processing

? - ?716.2 Radar Systems and Equipment

Radar Systems and Equipment

? - ?723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 8.00e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.019

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

28. Effect of Surface-fitted Obstacle in Centrifugal Pump on Cavitation Suppression

Accession number: 20175004531205

Authors: Zhao, Weiguo (1, 2); Zhao, Guoshou (1); Xian, Lixia (1); Han, Xiangdong (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Energy and Power Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou; 730050, China; (2) Key Laboratory of Fluid Machinery and System, Gansu Province, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou; 730050, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 111-120

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Centrifugal pumps are widely used to deliver liquid media in agriculture, pharmacy, industry, petrochemical industry, etc. Compared with the case delivering pure liquid such as water, centrifugal pumps not only have lower efficiency but also are subject to severe vibration, noise and erosion when delivering cavity two-phase flow, leading to the deterioration of flow field and even the shortage of service life. The cavitation flow in centrifugal pump performs strong instabilities, thus a method of a tiny obstacle fitted on the blade surface was proposed to suppress the cavitation development on a ns=32 model pump. The unsteady cavitation flow varied with cavitation number in centrifugal pump was simulated by modified SST k-ω turbulence model combined with Kubota cavitation model. The results showed that the head of centrifugal pump with obstacle was decreased within 5% at various flow rate and within 3% at design point, the efficiency was decreased within 3% at various flow rate and 1.2% at design point, the head with obstacle was great improved when cavitation flow developed. The obstacle can enhance the turbulent kinetic energy near the blade wall and reset the absolute pressure distribution, which can suppress the cavitation at different stages in centrifugal pump. The obstacle can optimize the flow structure and degrade the vortex intensity near the suction side of blade especially the area close to the tongue. The obstacle can decrease the cavity volume at varied cavitation number and the cavity volume keep attenuating when cavitation developed. The obstacle can cause small magnitude of the disturbance on the pressure frequency spectrum. The effects of cavitation suppression were optimal when the bubbles reached close to the obstacle. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 25

Main heading: Two phase flow

Controlled terms: Cavitation? - ?Centrifugal pumps? - ?Computational fluid dynamics? - ?Computer simulation? - ?Kinetic energy? - ?Kinetics? - ?Pumps? - ?Turbulence models? - ?Vortex flow

Uncontrolled terms: Cavitation number? - ?Different stages? - ?K-Omega turbulence model? - ?Obstacle? - ?Petrochemical industry? - ?Pressure frequency? - ?Turbulent kinetic energy? - ?Unsteady cavitation

Classification code: 618.2 Pumps

Pumps

? - ?631.1 Fluid Flow, General

Fluid Flow, General

? - ?631.1.1 Liquid Dynamics

Liquid Dynamics

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.20e+00%, Percentage 3.00e+00%, Percentage 5.00e+00%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.014

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

29. Investigation on Spraying Droplet Diameter for Alleviating Heat Stress of Cows

Accession number: 20175004531224

Authors: Ding, Tao (1); Sun, Baoxi (1, 2); Shi, Zhengxiang (1, 3); Wang, Zonglun (1, 2); Yao, Chunxia (1, 2); Zhang, Chiye (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) Beijing Engineering Research Center of Safety and Energy Saving Technology for Water Supply Network System, Beijing; 100083, China; (3) Key Laboratory of Agricultural Engineering in Structure and Environment, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing; 100083, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 264-269

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The effect of relieving heat stress of cows was verified by three kinds of average spraying droplet diameter (SDD) (0.829 mm, 0.947 mm and 1.127 mm) through field test. In the test, the body surface temperature of dairy cow was collected by thermal imager; the respiratory rate and physiological index of rectal temperature were measured at the same time. Based on this, the theory of enthalpy difference of Merkel was used to calculate the heat transfer of spraying cooling. The results showed that during the process of spraying, for three kinds of SDD (0.829 mm, 0.947 mm and 1.127 mm), the average reductions of temperature were 0.7, 1.1 and 0.9 in the region of neck; in the region of abdominal, the average reductions of temperature were 0.7, 1.4 and 1.5, respectively; and the average respiratory rates were decreased by 0.6, 4.2 and 2.1 times per minute, respectively. After spraying, for three kinds of SDD, the average reductions of temperature were 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 in the region of neck; in the region of abdominal, the average reductions of temperature were 0.1, 0.5 and 0.6, respectively, and the average respiratory rates were decreased by -0.4, 1.4 and 1.2 times per minute, respectively. The rectal temperature was controlled within the stable range before and after spraying. The average rectal temperatures under SDD of 0.947 mm and 1.127 mm were lower than that under SDD of 0.829 mm. Under three kinds of SDD, the heat exchanges of cows in unit time were 417.4 W, 469.9 W and 430.4 W, respectively, which showed that heat exchange reached the maximum under SDD of 0.947 mm. In summary, the SDD of 0.947 mm was more suitable for the cooling of dairy cows in summer. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 18

Main heading: Drops

Controlled terms: Heat exchangers? - ?Heat transfer? - ?Thermal stress

Uncontrolled terms: Dairy cow? - ?Droplet diameters? - ?Enthalpy differences? - ?Heat exchange? - ?Heat stress? - ?Physiological indices? - ?Respiratory rate? - ?Thermal imagers

Classification code: 616.1 Heat Exchange Equipment and Components

Heat Exchange Equipment and Components

? - ?641.2 Heat Transfer

Heat Transfer

? - ?931.2 Physical Properties of Gases, Liquids and Solids

Physical Properties of Gases, Liquids and Solids

Numerical data indexing: Power 4.17e+02W, Power 4.30e+02W, Power 4.70e+02W, Size 1.13e-03m, Size 8.29e-04m, Size 9.47e-04m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.033

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

30. Influence of Magnetic Field Structure on Dynamic Performance of Radial Magnetorheological Valve

Accession number: 20175004531045

Authors: Hu, Guoliang (1); Zhong, Fang (1)

Author affiliation: (1) Key Laboratory of Conveyance and Equipment, Ministry of Education, East China Jiaotong University, Nanchang; 330013, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 411-420 and 401

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Magnetorheological valve is one of the basic ways to apply and accommodate the MR fluid into most of hydraulic applications. A novel magnetic isolation radial MR valve which the magnetic flux was guided into the annular gap was proposed by changing the material properties of the typical single radial type MR valve. Compared with the magnetic field lines distributed only in the radial flow path of the non-magnetic radial MR valve, the magnetic isolation radial MR valve increased the effective annular region of the valve by changing magnetic field structure and without having to increase the valve dimension. The finite element method (FEM) was used to investigate the effects of magnetic field structure on pressure drop change in the non-magnetic and magnetic isolation radial MR valves under the same geometry conditions and the same flow path. The experimental test rig was set up to validate the simulation results, the simulation and experimental results showed that the pressure drop of the magnetic isolation radial MR valve can be increased by changing the material properties to twist and weave the magnetic flux into unexposed region to the magnetic field, which was superior to that of non-magnetic radial MR valve. In addition, due to the annular flow path was affected by the magnetic field, the magnetic isolation radial MR valve had greater rise response time. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Magnetic field effects

Controlled terms: Drops? - ?Finite element method? - ?Magnetic fields? - ?Magnetic flux? - ?Magnetism? - ?Pressure drop? - ?Radial flow? - ?Valves (mechanical)

Uncontrolled terms: Hydraulic application? - ?Influence of magnetic field? - ?Magnetic field line? - ?Magnetic isolation? - ?Magnetorheological valve? - ?Nonmagnetics? - ?Response? - ?Unexposed regions

Classification code: 601.2 Machine Components

Machine Components

? - ?631.1 Fluid Flow, General

Fluid Flow, General

? - ?701.2 Magnetism: Basic Concepts and Phenomena

Magnetism: Basic Concepts and Phenomena

? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods

Numerical Methods

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.052

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

31. Research Progress of Precision Seeding for Rapeseed

Accession number: 20175004531192

Authors: Liao, Qingxi (1, 2); Lei, Xiaolong (1, 3); Liao, Yitao (1, 2); Ding, Youchun (1, 2); Zhang, Qingsong (1, 2); Wang, Lei (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan; 430070, China; (2) Key Laboratory of Agricultural Equipment in Mid-lower Yangtze River, Ministry of Agriculture, Wuhan; 430070, China; (3) College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya’an; 625014, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 1-16

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Rapeseed is an important oil plant in China. Precision seeding technology is an important method to decrease the costs and increase the efficiency of mechanical and scale operation for rapeseed and is also the important and difficult research point for rapeseed full mechanization. The planting status and main seeding equipments of rapeseed at home and abroad were concluded. The research status and development tendency for the key seeding technologies including precision seeding, seedbed preparation and intelligent seeding, were analyzed. Precision seeding technology, as the basic and key aspect for precision seeding, included one-row and centralized seeding technologies, according to different structure and principle of seeding device. The factor to affect the stability of seeding depth and furrow depth for rapeseed planting and the method to ensure the seeding depth, furrow depth and seedbed surface flatness were studied. The intelligent technologies for rapeseed sowing were consisted of technology of loss sowing detection and variable reseeding, automatic navigation and variable sowing. Moreover, the conclusion and prospection for the planting characteristics and development trend were provided from following three aspects: firstly, the precision seeding technology had the performance with high speed, wide work breadth, high efficiency and precision seeding; secondly, the technology to control the seeding depth, the tillage technology to reduce resistance and adherence were the research focus for improving rapeseed seedling rate and protecting seedlings from waterlogging; thirdly, combined agricultural machinery, agronomy and information technology is benefit to population structure and yield. Technologies of loss sowing detection and variable reseeding, automatic navigation and variable sowing promote the intelligent level of rapeseed planter and improve the intelligent development for rapeseed sowing. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 96

Main heading: Seed

Controlled terms: Agricultural machinery? - ?Agriculture? - ?Efficiency? - ?Oilseeds

Uncontrolled terms: Automatic navigation? - ?Development tendency? - ?Intelligent technology? - ?Population structures? - ?Precision seeding? - ?Rapeseed? - ?Seeding technology? - ?Sowing depth’s consistency

Classification code: 821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

? - ?913.1 Production Engineering

Production Engineering

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.001

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

32. Structural Properties of Soybean Protein Isolate-Chitosan Complex Treated by Ultrasonic

Accession number: 20175004531236

Authors: Ding, Jian (1); Qi, Baokun (1); Jiang, Nan (1); Sui, Xiaonan (1); Wang, Zhongjiang (1); Li, Yang (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Food Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China

Corresponding author: Li, Yang(liyanghuangyu@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 352-358

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The objective was to evaluate the interaction between ultrasonic treatment soybean protein isolate and chitosan, and the structural properties of the complexes. The interaction was studied by UV-Vis absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy. The relationships between structure changes and functional properties of soybean protein-chitosan complexes through SDS-PAGE, dynamic light scattering particle size analysis, surface charge and turbidity measurement were investigated. The results showed that with the increase of ultrasonic power, the maximum absorption peak of UV-Vis absorption spectrum was gradually increased and occurred red-shifted; the fluorescence intensity was firstly decreased and then increased. The intensity of the endogenous fluorescence was the highest at 600 W. Ultrasonic treatment affected soybean protein isolate subunit composition and mainly promoted the interaction between 7S subunits and chitosan. The particle size of the complex was firstly decreased and then increased. The charge potential of the complexes was larger under 300~500 W than those under others. The turbidity was also decreased, which was beneficial to homogeneous distribution and stability of the solution. The results showed that the formation of the complex was relatively stable at low power, but the interaction between soy protein isolate and chitosan was affected by the insoluble aggregation and rearrangement of the protein after high power ultrasonic treatment. The interaction of different complexes affected the microenvironment of amino acid residues, the tertiary structure and molecular flexibility of soybean protein isolate, and then impacted the structure and functional properties of the complexes. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 41

Main heading: Structural properties

Controlled terms: Absorption spectroscopy? - ?Chitin? - ?Chitosan? - ?Complexation? - ?Fluorescence? - ?Fluorescence spectroscopy? - ?Light scattering? - ?Particle size? - ?Particle size analysis? - ?Proteins ? - ?Turbidity? - ?Ultrasonic equipment? - ?Ultraviolet spectroscopy

Uncontrolled terms: Complex? - ?Endogenous fluorescence? - ?Fluorescence intensities? - ?Homogeneous distribution? - ?Interaction? - ?Soybean protein isolates? - ?Ultrasonic treatments? - ?UV-VIS absorption spectra

Classification code: 741.1 Light/Optics

Light/Optics

? - ?741.3 Optical Devices and Systems

Optical Devices and Systems

? - ?753.2 Ultrasonic Devices

Ultrasonic Devices

? - ?802.2 Chemical Reactions

Chemical Reactions

? - ?804.1 Organic Compounds

Organic Compounds

? - ?951 Materials Science

Materials Science

Numerical data indexing: Power 3.00e+02W to 5.00e+02W, Power 6.00e+02W

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.045

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

33. Prediction for Nitrogen Content of Apple Leaves Using Spectral Features Parameters from Visible and Near Infrared Lights

Accession number: 20175004531209

Authors: Yang, Fuqin (1); Feng, Haikuan (2); Li, Zhenhai (2); Yang, Guijun (2); Dai, Huayang (3)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Civil Engineering, Henan Institute of Engineering, Zhengzhou; 451191, China; (2) National Engineering Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture, Beijing; 100097, China; (3) College of Geoscience and Surveying Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology, Beijing; 100083, China

Corresponding author: Feng, Haikuan(fenghaikuan123@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 143-151

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Apple nitrogen status is a key indicator for evaluating quality of apple fruits. In order to estimate total nitrogen content of apple leaves (LNC), a way was proposed to monitor LNC which extracted spectral characteristics parameters from hyperspectral reflectance in the visible and near infrared regions. Hyperspectral monitoring of LNC was realized by using empirical regression analysis. Results showed that the correlation between spectral parameters and leaf nitrogen content was good in whole growth period, the best spectral parameters were Kgeand SABC, respectively, the correlation coefficient was 0.85, the correlation between spectral parameters and leaf nitrogen content was bad, and a lot of spectral parameters were highly uncorrelated. Modeling results showed that the best model in the slope of the spectral characteristic curve was Kgeof Fuji apple, the determination coefficient was 0.76, the root mean square error was 0.28, the relative error was zero, the best model in spectral characteristic curve area was SABCand SBCDof gala apple, the determination coefficient was all 0.76, the root mean square error was all 0.30, the relative error was all 0.01%and zero; the best model in area ratio vegetation index was SCDE/SBCDand SCDE/SBCDof Fuji apple and SDEF/SABCof Gala apple, the determination coefficient was 0.74, the root mean square error was all 0.35, the relative error was 0.01% and 0.02%, the best model in area normalized vegetation index was (SCDE-SBCD)/(SCDE+SBCD) in the whole growth period and (SCDE-SABC)/(SCDE+SABC) of Gala apple, the determination coefficient was all 0.73, the root mean square error was 0.36 and 0.31, and the relative error was zero and -0.01%. The best verification results was area ratio vegetation index SCDE/SABC, the determination coefficient, the root mean square error and the relative error was 0.47, 0.34 and -3.78% in the whole growth period, respectively. The determination coefficient, the root mean square error and the relative error was 0.37, 0.34, 3.00% and 0.40, 0.38, 3.70% in Fuji and Gala apple varieties, respectively. The other spectral characteristic parameters were significantly correlated with the LNC except spectral characteristic area variable SEFGand normalized area vegetation index (SCDE-SFGH)/(SCDE+SFGH), in which spectral characteristic curve slope Kgeand Kgprv, spectral characteristic area SABCand SBCD, area ratio vegetation index SCDE/SABC, SCDE/SBCDand SDEF/SABC, normalized area vegetation index (SCDE-SABC)/(SCDE+SABC), (SCDE-SBCD)/(SCDE+SBCD) and (SDEF-SABC)/(SDEF+SABC) can describe preferably dynamic changes of LNC and these characteristic parameters were feasible for prediction of LNC of apples. By the precision evaluation of estimation models, the algorithm model constructed by SCDE/SABC, SCDE/SFGHand (SCDE-SABC)/(SCDE+SABC) was proved to be the best model for estimation of LNC of apples. The results showed that the characteristics of the hyperspectral curve can provide a new reference for monitoring nitrogen nutrition. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 25

Main heading: Mean square error

Controlled terms: Errors? - ?Fruits? - ?Infrared devices? - ?Nitrogen? - ?Regression analysis? - ?Remote sensing? - ?Vegetation

Uncontrolled terms: Apple? - ?Determination coefficients? - ?Hyperspectral reflectance? - ?Hyperspectral remote sensing? - ?Leaf nitrogen? - ?Spectral characteristics? - ?Spectral feature? - ?Visible and near infrared

Classification code: 804 Chemical Products Generally

Chemical Products Generally

? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Agricultural Products

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage -1.00e-02%, Percentage -3.78e+00%, Percentage 1.00e-02%, Percentage 2.00e-02%, Percentage 3.00e+00%, Percentage 3.70e+00%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.018

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

34. Investigation on Three-dimensional Parallel Screening Performance Based on Initial Phase of Different Branches

Accession number: 20175004531202

Authors: Li, Yaoming (1); Liu, Xiaofei (1); Ma, Zheng (1); Tang, Zhong (1); Xu, Lizhang (1); Si, Zengyong (1)

Author affiliation: (1) Key Laboratory of Modern Agricultural Equipment and Technology, Ministry of Education, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang; 212013, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 88-95

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Parallel vibrating screen could be widely used due to multi-dimensional vibration, which was conducive to efficient screening of particle materials. In order to improve the parallel screening performance, firstly, the three-dimensional parallel vibrating screen with different initial phases model was proposed and the kinematics analysis was carried out. The single factor simulation experiment of initial phase was carried out by EDEM software, then, the simulation results were verified by bench test and the multi-factor orthogonal test was carried out to analyze the influence of each factor on the performance index and get a better combination of factors. The results showed that the experimental results were in good agreement with the simulation results under the same conditions. When the other conditions were constant, as the initial phase angle in X direction was increased, the sieving grain was increased first and then decreased, and the impurity content was higher when the initial phase in X direction was 45°. When the initial phase of in Z direction was 90°, the sieving grain was the lowest, the impurity content was increased first and then decreased with the increase of initial phase in Z direction. The sieving grain was higher when the initial phase were 30° and 60°, the impurity content in the whole sieving time was lower than other levels at 60° and the difference was obvious. The orthogonal test showed that the primary and secondary order of the factors affecting the screening efficiency was X amplitude, Y amplitude, Z initial phase, X initial phase, Y initial phase and Z amplitude. The primary and secondary order of the factors affecting the dirt percentage was Z amplitude, Y amplitude, X amplitude, X initial phase, Z initial phase and Y initial phase. The efficiency of three-dimensional vibration was improved by 62.02% and the inclusion rate was reduced by 53.85% when using the best combination of parameters. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Computer software

Controlled terms: Efficiency? - ?Experiments? - ?Software testing? - ?Vibrating screens

Uncontrolled terms: Kinematics analysis? - ?Parallel vibration? - ?Particle materials? - ?Performance indices? - ?Phase angles? - ?Screening efficiency? - ?Screening performance? - ?Three-dimensional vibrations

Classification code: 605.1 Small Tools, Powered

Small Tools, Powered

? - ?723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?901.3 Engineering Research

Engineering Research

? - ?913.1 Production Engineering

Production Engineering

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 5.39e+01%, Percentage 6.20e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.011

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

35. Numerical Simulation on Gas-liquid Phase Flow of Large-scale Plant Protection Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Spraying

Accession number: 20175004531199

Authors: Wang, Junfeng (1); Xu, Wenbin (1); Wen, Jianlong (1); Wang, Xiaoying (1); Luo, Botao (1)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Energy and Power Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang; 212013, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 62-69

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to study the spray flow filed characteristic of large-scale plant protection unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), based on the spray system of FR-200 large-scale plant protection UAV, the simulation platform of depositing spray droplets without plant canopy was established. The SST k-ω turbulence model and the DPM discrete phase model were adopted to simulate the deposition process of UAV spray droplets. By means of numerical Fluent simulation software, the flight speed, spray boom relative position and spraying angle impact on the spray flow field were studied, field test was done to verify the results of simulation. The vertical velocity distribution of FR-200 UAV downwash flow field was unsymmetrical. The UAV speed had linear relationships with both the droplet swarm anti-drift coefficient and deposition, the total amount of the target droplets deposition density were 4.208 μL/cm2when flying speed was 3 m/s, the total amount of the target droplets deposition density were 1.766 μL/cm2when flying speed was 5 m/s. The anti-drift coefficient was 87.5%, 93.0% and 96.4% at sampling plane height of 0 m, 0.5 m and 1.0 m when flying speed was 4 m/s, respectively. With the increase of sample surface height, the anti-drift performance of droplets was promoted. The drift phenomenon of nozzles was serious which was installed on both sides of the spray boom. The nozzles were affected by the trailing vortex which caused the droplets drift. The rotor downwash flow increased spray droplets initial kinetic energy, the spray droplets acceleration was caused by gravity and downwash flow. The dispersion of number 5 nozzle spray droplets was increased due to the blocking effect, and it was hard to reach the sample surface due to the vertical kinetic energy attenuation of droplets. The smaller the spraying angle was, the stronger the droplets total anti-drift performance became. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 18

Main heading: Spray nozzles

Controlled terms: Computational fluid dynamics? - ?Computer simulation? - ?Computer software? - ?Deposition? - ?Drops? - ?Flight simulators? - ?Flow fields? - ?Kinetic energy? - ?Kinetics? - ?Nozzles ? - ?Numerical models? - ?Software testing? - ?Speed? - ?Turbulence models? - ?Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)? - ?Vehicles? - ?Wakes

Uncontrolled terms: Discrete phase model? - ?K-Omega turbulence model? - ?Large-scale? - ?Linear relationships? - ?Plant protection? - ?Rotor down-wash flow? - ?Simulation platform? - ?Vertical velocity distribution

Classification code: 631.1 Fluid Flow, General

Fluid Flow, General

? - ?652.1 Aircraft, General

Aircraft, General

? - ?723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations

Chemical Operations

? - ?921 Mathematics

Mathematics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 8.75e+01%, Percentage 9.30e+01%, Percentage 9.64e+01%, Size 0.00e+00m, Size 1.00e+00m, Size 5.00e-01m, Velocity 3.00e+00m/s, Velocity 4.00e+00m/s, Velocity 5.00e+00m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.008

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

36. Segmentation of Tomato Leaves from Canopy Images by Combination of Wavelet Transform and Watershed Algorithm

Accession number: 20175004531195

Authors: Ding, Yongjun (1); Zhang, Jingjing (1); Lee, Won Suk (2); Li, Minzan (3)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Electronics and Information Engineering, Lanzhou City University, Lanzhou; 730030, China; (2) Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville; FL; 32611-0570, United States; (3) Key Laboratory of Modern Precision Agriculture System Integration Research, Ministry of Education, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China

Corresponding author: Li, Minzan(limz@cau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 32-37

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In the study of crop nutrition diagnosis based on machine vision, it is usually necessary to collect leaf samples and quantitatively determine their nutrient content under laboratory conditions. However, due to the overlapping of leaves, the leaf samples cannot be clearly reflected in the canopy image. In order to solve this problem, it is needed to use image analysis technology to effectively extract the leaves in the crop canopy image and according to the processing results to collect laboratory test samples. Based on the complex background extraction, gradient graph calculation, wavelet transform, marker selection and watershed segmentation, the leaf segmentation of tomato canopy multispectral image was realized. Firstly, four kinds of complex background elimination algorithms were compared. It was found that the threshold segmentation based on normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) was accurate when the enhancement factor was 1.3, which was suitable under various lighting conditions, and the space-time complexity was low. Secondly, in the aspect of gradient graph calculation, the morphological gradient of near-infrared (NIR) band image can eliminate the texture of the leaves caused by veins, light and so on while keeping the target edge. Then, markers of leaves were selected according to wavelet transform that used the low-frequency coefficient of 4-level db4 wavelet decomposition and H-maxima transform with threshold of 18. Finally, the results of wavelet transform watershed segmentation and mathematical morphology watershed segmentation were superimposed, and it was found that the average segmentation error rate of tomato canopy leaves was 21% for complex background and different light intensities, which provided some technical support for the analysis of tomato leaf nutrient content detection. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Image segmentation

Controlled terms: Crops? - ?Forestry? - ?Fruits? - ?Image compression? - ?Image processing? - ?Infrared devices? - ?Mathematical morphology? - ?Mathematical transformations? - ?Nutrients? - ?Wavelet decomposition ? - ?Wavelet transforms

Uncontrolled terms: Laboratory conditions? - ?Morphological gradient? - ?Normalized difference vegetation index? - ?Segmentation error rate? - ?Space-time complexity? - ?Threshold segmentation? - ?Tomato leaves? - ?Watershed segmentation

Classification code: 821.4 Agricultural Products

Agricultural Products

? - ?921.3 Mathematical Transformations

Mathematical Transformations

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 2.10e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.004

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

37. Numerical Simulation and Experiment of Flow Field in Centrifugal Pump with Vane Diffuser

Accession number: 20175004531206

Authors: Jiang, Wei (1); Li, Ting (1); Wang, Yuchuan (1); Chen, Diyi (1); Li, Guojun (2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (2) Key Laboratory of Thermal Fluid Science and Engineering, Ministry of Education, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an; 710049, China

Corresponding author: Chen, Diyi(nwsuafdychen@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 121-128

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: With the wide use of vane centrifugal pump, it is urgent to discuss and study its stable operation and internal unsteady flow mechanism and other related issues in depth. The vaned diffuser is an important flow passage component in rotating machines and is widely used in turbines, compressors and pumps. The vaned diffuser applied to the multistage centrifugal pump can convert kinetic energy of liquid to pressure energy, and reduce radial force imposed on impeller in a single centrifugal pump. However, the internal flow in the centrifugal pump with vaned diffuser can be extremely complexity, which will impact the performance and stable operation of the centrifugal pump. From the SST k-ω turbulence model, numerical analysis of the unsteady flow field inside the centrifugal pump was carried out by using numerical software ANSYS-CFX and experimental method. The pressure pulsation characteristics and unsteady flow field distribution of the centrifugal pump were studied by experimental method. The results showed that the pressure pulsation at the inlet of the guide vane was higher than that at the outlet of the guide vane, and the pulsation strength of the volute was smaller than that at the exit. Impeller pressure distribution was mainly affected by the rotor-stator interaction. The pressure distribution in the guide vane was affected by both rotor-stator interaction and asymmetric geometry of the spiral case; the static pressure of the suction surface near the outlet of the impeller was larger than that of the pressure surface due to the impeller exit wake flow. Because of the influence of the vane leading edge and the trailing edge of the impeller, the pressure distribution at the vane inlet of the guide vane was very complicated and the regularity was poor. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 23

Main heading: Pumps

Controlled terms: Axial flow? - ?Centrifugal pumps? - ?Computational fluid dynamics? - ?Computer simulation? - ?Diffusers (fluid)? - ?Flow fields? - ?Impellers? - ?Kinetic energy? - ?Kinetics? - ?Numerical methods ? - ?Numerical models? - ?Pressure distribution? - ?Stators? - ?Turbulence models? - ?Unsteady flow

Uncontrolled terms: Experimental methods? - ?Internal unsteady flow? - ?K-Omega turbulence model? - ?Multi-stage centrifugal pumps? - ?Pressure fluctuation? - ?Rotor-stator interactions? - ?Unsteady flowfields? - ?Vaned diffuser

Classification code: 601.2 Machine Components

Machine Components

? - ?618.2 Pumps

Pumps

? - ?631.1 Fluid Flow, General

Fluid Flow, General

? - ?705.1 Electric Machinery, General

Electric Machinery, General

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?921 Mathematics

Mathematics

? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods

Numerical Methods

? - ?931.1 Mechanics

Mechanics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.015

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

38. Effects of Processing Conditions and Simulated Gastrointestinal Digestion on Antioxidative Stability of Wheat Peptide

Accession number: 20175004531233

Authors: Zheng, Zhiqiang (1, 2); Liu, Jin (2); Wei, Xiaojuan (3); Hao, Limin (2); Guo, Shuntang (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) The Quartermaster Equipment Institute of Logistic Support Department, CMC, Beijing; 100010, China; (3) Capital Airport Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Beijing; 101300, China

Corresponding author: Guo, Shuntang(shuntang@cau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 330-336

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to study the antioxidative stability of wheat peptide in the processing of manufacturing and gastrointestinal digestion, effects of temperature, pH value, food raw materials and adjuncts, metal ions and simulated gastrointestinal digestion on 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, superoxide radical anion (O2-·) scavenging activity and hydroxyl radical (·OH) scavenging activity of wheat peptide were determined. The results showed that antioxidant activity of wheat peptide exhibited better thermal stability, while its antioxidant activity was significantly declined under the alkaline condition; NaCl, glucose and citric acid were beneficial to improve the antioxidant activity of wheat peptide and the synergistic effects were increased obviously with higher concentrations, while sucrose, potassium sorbate and sodium benzoate had little effect on antioxidant activity of wheat peptide; K+, Ca2+and Mg2+had no obvious effect on antioxidant activity of wheat peptide, while Zn2+and Cu2+could play certain enhancement role in the antioxidant activity of wheat peptide; artificial gastric juice digesting solely was helpful to improve antioxidant activity of wheat peptide, while artificial intestinal juice digesting solely resulted in the obvious decline of antioxidant activity of wheat peptide, moreover, artificial gastric juice and artificial intestinal juice digesting step by step caused certain decline of antioxidant activity of wheat peptide. However, wheat peptide could still maintain high antioxidant activity. It indicated that antioxidant activity of wheat peptide was affected by the manufacturing and gastrointestinal digestion of wheat peptide. Therefore, reasonable optimized processing conditions were critical for maintenance of the antioxidative stability of wheat peptide. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 31

Main heading: Antioxidants

Controlled terms: Alkalinity? - ?Benzoic acid? - ?Body fluids? - ?Free radicals? - ?Manufacture? - ?Metal ions? - ?Metals? - ?Oxygen? - ?Peptides? - ?Potassium sorbate ? - ?Stability? - ?Thermal processing (foods)

Uncontrolled terms: 1 ,1Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals? - ?Anti-oxidant activities? - ?Antioxidative? - ?Effects of temperature? - ?Gastrointestinal digestion? - ?Processing condition? - ?Scavenging activities? - ?Superoxide radical anions

Classification code: 461.2 Biological Materials and Tissue Engineering

Biological Materials and Tissue Engineering

? - ?461.9 Biology

Biology

? - ?531.1 Metallurgy

Metallurgy

? - ?537.1 Heat Treatment Processes

Heat Treatment Processes

? - ?801.1 Chemistry, General

Chemistry, General

? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally

Chemical Products Generally

? - ?804.1 Organic Compounds

Organic Compounds

? - ?822.2 Food Processing Operations

Food Processing Operations

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.042

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

39. Composite Load-deformation Relationship of Soil under Vertical and Lateral Loads

Accession number: 20175004531220

Authors: He, Jian (1); Ma, Jisheng (1); Wu, Dalin (1); Zhao, Jianxin (1)

Author affiliation: (1) Artillery Engineering Department, Ordnance Engineering College, Shijiazhuang; 050003, China

Corresponding author: Ma, Jisheng(mjs_jxxy@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 231-236

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The research of composite load-deformation relationship of soil under vertical and lateral loads is the difficulty in vehicle terramechanics field now. The lateral load causing slide sinkage was put forward by some scholars in the past but the numerical relationship between lateral load and slide sinkage was not clear yet. The deformation law of soil under vertical and lateral loads was analyzed on the base of finite element theory. Firstly, the soil stress-strain characteristics was analyzed and the modified drucker-prager cap model was chosen as the constitutive model of soil considering the soil elastic behavior, yield criterion, hardening law, flow rule and failure criterion. Then the load-deformation relationship of soil under vertical load was analyzed in the way of relationship between plate sinkage and pressure by the plate-sinkage test. Finally, the composite load-deformation relationship of soil under vertical and lateral load was analyzed considering the lateral load influence by the shear test on the base of load-deformation relationship of soil under vertical load. The lateral load could cause the increase of sinkage in the vertical direction, divided the total sinkage into static load sinkage and slide sinkage, it can be found that the lateral load can cause the slide sinkage and there was a linear relationship between shear displacement and the slide sinkage. The influence factors to the value of slide sinkage were analyzed and the major factors that affected the value of sinkage were vertical load and soil plastic parameters such as soil cohesion and frication angel, the soil elastic parameters such as elastic modulus and passion ratio had little effect on the value of sinkage. The linear relationship between shear displacement and slide sinkage of soil was clearly put forward and it can be used to calculate the soil bearing characteristics more accurately in vehicle terramechanics and other research fields involved soil deformation. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 16

Main heading: Soils

Controlled terms: Deformation? - ?Finite element method

Uncontrolled terms: Bearing characteristic? - ?Constitutive model of soils? - ?Drucker-Prager Cap models? - ?Finite element theories? - ?Lateral loads? - ?Linear relationships? - ?Slide sinkage? - ?Vertical load

Classification code: 483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods

Numerical Methods

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.029

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

40. Effect of Whey Protein Isolate as Complementary Drying Aid of Maltodextrin on Spray Drying Behavior of Mulberry Juice

Accession number: 20175004531234

Authors: Shi, Qilong (1); Wang, Ruiying (1); Zhao, Ya (1); Liu, Yan’ai (1)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Agricultural Engineering and Food Science, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo; 255000, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 337-343 and 311

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Mulberry is rich in polyphenols with characteristics of nutritional qualities and bioactive phytonutrients. However, the capacity and health benefit potential are limited due to their weak stability during processing and preservation. Spray drying encapsulation was well-established and widely utilized for protecting bioactive substances such as polyphenols. However, undesirable phenomena such as stickiness on the drier chamber wall arose during spray drying of sugar-rich solution such as fruit juice. Furthermore, powder recovery was decreased owing to stickiness issue during spray drying. Therefore, effect of different total solid ratios of whey protein isolate (WPI) and maltodextrin (MD) in the feed solution on physical and chemical properties of spray dried mulberry juice powders was investigated. The results showed that the powder recovery of spray dried mulberry juice powders was significantly increased when MD in the feed solution was replaced by small amount of WPI. The reason can be attributed to the high surface activity and excellent film-forming properties of WPI. The moisture content of spray dried mulberry juice powders was increased with the increase of WPI mass fraction in the feed solution. However, water activity, bulk density, particle size, water solubility index and glass transition temperature were decreased with the increase of WPI mass fraction in the feed solution. The hygroscopicity of mulberry juice powders was not significantly influenced by WPI/MD ratio in the feed solution. The color parameters of spray dried mulberry juice powders such as L, b and ΔE were increased with the increase of WPI mass fraction in the feed solution. Whereas, opposite behavior was observed for parameter a. The total phenol content and DPPH scavenging capacity of spray dried mulberry juice powders were decreased with the increase of WPI mass fraction in the feed solution. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 27

Main heading: Drying

Controlled terms: Chemical properties? - ?Flavors? - ?Fruit juices? - ?Glass? - ?Glass transition? - ?Particle size? - ?Plants (botany)? - ?Polysaccharides? - ?Powders? - ?Proteins ? - ?Spray drying? - ?Temperature

Uncontrolled terms: Film-forming properties? - ?Maltodextrins? - ?Mulberry juice? - ?Nutritional qualities? - ?Physical and chemical properties? - ?Total phenol contents? - ?Water solubility index? - ?Whey protein isolate

Classification code: 641.1 Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics

? - ?801 Chemistry

Chemistry

? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations

Chemical Operations

? - ?804.1 Organic Compounds

Organic Compounds

? - ?812.3 Glass

Glass

? - ?822.3 Food Products

Food Products

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.043

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

41. Impacts of Climate Change and Human Activities on Changes of Groundwater Level

Accession number: 20175004531216

Authors: Zhu, Yonghua (1); Zhang, Sheng (1); Zhao, Shengnan (1); Sun, Biao (1); Liu, Yu (1); Zhang, Ying (2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Water Conservation and Civil Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Huhhot; 010018, China; (2) Institute of Environmental Science in Huhhot, Huhhot; 010018, China

Corresponding author: Zhang, Sheng(shengzhang@imau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 199-205

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In recent years, there has been a substantial change for groundwater dynamic change in northern of China, and the level of groundwater in many cities overall decline. The West Liao river plain area in Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia, is a typical ecotone between agriculture and animal husbandry, and the major water source of it is groundwater. Therefore, it is significant to study the groundwater dynamic state and its causes for reasonable exploitation and utilization of water resources and ecological environment management. The Horqin District of Tongliao City was selected as the research area. Based on the relationship between dynamic variation of groundwater, precipitation and groundwater exploitation, by using the comparison method of regression analysis, M-K mutation testing, accumulative anomaly method and accumulation slope change rate, the rate of different impact contribution for the vary of groundwater dynamic was quantitatively separated, and the driving factors also were quantitatively analyzed. The results showed that there was a significant upward trend for the groundwater depth over the years. Besides, precipitation showed clear hysteresis phenomenon for groundwater dynamic changes, and the delay period was three years. The abrupt change year of groundwater and precipitation in the study area is 1998. The contribution of climate change to the dynamic variation of groundwater in the study area was 24.5%, and the contribution of human activities to the dynamic variation of groundwater was 75.5%. The change of groundwater dynamic state was mainly caused by the human activity. The results of this research would have important practical significance for rational exploitation and utilization of water resources and ecological environment management. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 24

Main heading: Groundwater resources

Controlled terms: Agriculture? - ?Climate change? - ?Ecology? - ?Environmental management? - ?Groundwater? - ?Regression analysis? - ?Water resources

Uncontrolled terms: Ecological environments? - ?Ground water depths? - ?Groundwater dynamic changes? - ?Groundwater dynamics? - ?Groundwater exploitation? - ?Human activities? - ?Hysteresis phenomenon? - ?Liao rivers

Classification code: 443.1 Atmospheric Properties

Atmospheric Properties

? - ?444 Water Resources

Water Resources

? - ?444.2 Groundwater

Groundwater

? - ?454 Environmental Engineering

Environmental Engineering

? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 2.45e+01%, Percentage 7.55e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.025

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

42. Impacts of Soil Water and Temperature Effects on CO2Emissions in Winter Wheat Field under Gravel Mulching Condition

Accession number: 20175004531219

Authors: Wang, Donglin (1); Feng, Hao (1, 2); Li, Yi (1, 3); Zhang, Afeng (3, 4)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (2) Institute of Water and Soil Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (3) Institute of Water Saving Agriculture in Arid Areas of China, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (4) College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China

Corresponding author: Feng, Hao(nercwsi@vip.sina.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 223-230

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Gravel mulching technology, as one of the most important field management techniques, has been long applied by farmers in dry areas to decrease water evaporation and maintain soil temperature, which can also improve crop production in the arid and semi-arid regions. Studying on the influences of gravel mulching on soil water and temperature as well as ecosystem CO2emissions will play an important role in assessing farmland ecological effects of gravel mulching. A winter wheat field experiment over two-year periods was carried out and annual CO2emission was monitored with a static opaque chamber and chromatography method, and the net ecosystem exchange and harvest index were calculated. In the experiment, four field treatments were applied, including CK (control with no mulching), WCK (supplementary irrigation with no mulching), GM (gravel mulching with no irrigation), and WGM (gravel mulching with supplementary irrigation). Compared with the control treatments, the gravel mulching treatments can significantly increase the soil temperature and moisture, for specific performance, WGM was the largest, and followed by GM. Consequently, gravel mulching exerted greater effect on soil water and temperature. Seasonal dynamics of CO2emissions generally followed the change of soil temperature with high peaks of CO2fluxes from April to June in both years, whereas CO2fluxes went conversely with soil water content change over the two years. Statistical analysis also showed that soil temperature and soil moisture had significant interactions on CO2emissions at P2emissions was the closest with the two control treatments (CK and WCK), and the farthest with the two gravel mulch treatments (GM and WGM). The gravel mulching practice, particularly the WGM treatment, can significantly influence the distribution of winter wheat growth parameters such as yield, harvest index, net ecosystem exchange and so on. The above mentioned results indicated that the gravel mulching technology had the potential to increase winter wheat yield, promote net ecosystem exchange and reduce CO2emissions from ecosystem. All in all, gravel mulching combined with supplemental irrigation in the key growth stages could effectively improve soil hydro-thermal conditions, and reduce CO2emissions from farmland ecosystems. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 33

Main heading: Principal component analysis

Controlled terms: Carbon dioxide? - ?Crops? - ?Cultivation? - ?Ecology? - ?Ecosystems? - ?Environmental engineering? - ?Farms? - ?Gravel? - ?Irrigation? - ?Moisture ? - ?Soil moisture? - ?Soils? - ?Temperature

Uncontrolled terms: Arid and semi-arid regions? - ?CO2 emissions? - ?Correlation matrix? - ?Farmland ecosystem? - ?Net ecosystem exchange? - ?Principal components analysis? - ?Supplemental irrigation? - ?Winter wheat yields

Classification code: 454.3 Ecology and Ecosystems

Ecology and Ecosystems

? - ?483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

? - ?641.1 Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics

? - ?804.2 Inorganic Compounds

Inorganic Compounds

? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.028

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

43. Effects of Electron Beam Irradiation Pre-treatment on Volatile Flavor Components of Collichthys lucidus Surimi Gel

Accession number: 20175004531235

Authors: Yang, Wen’ge (1, 2); Deng, Siyao (1, 2); Lü, Liangyu (1, 2); Xu, Dalun (1, 2); Lou, Qiaoming (1, 2); Fu, Jia (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Marine Science, Ningbo University, Ningbo; 315211, China; (2) Key Laboratory of Animal Protein Food Deep Processing Technology of Zhejiang Province, Ningbo University, Ningbo; 315211, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 344-351

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Collichthys lucidus is an important raw material for surimi production. Well known as one of the effective cold sterilization methods, electron irradiation has been widely used in industrial food preservation, as well as in food quality improvement, food safety, and other allied fields in many countries. Some studies indicated that electron irradiation can change the conformation of surimi proteins, leading to protein denaturation, aggregation and gelation. Thus the quality of surimi gel will be improved by using electron beam irradiation pre-treatment. The purpose was to investigate the influence of electron beam irradiation on the smell of surimi gel. Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and relatively odor activity value (ROAV), the effect of different electron beam dose on the volatile flavor components of Collichthys lucidus surimi gel was studied. The sensory evaluation in association with electronic nose was applied to confirm the optimal dose, which can effectively maintain the original flavor of surimi gel. The results showed that the fish smell of gel derived from surimi irradiated was slightly reduced, and a little bit of irradiation odor was presented in high-dose group (≥7 kGy). Compared with the control and irradiation groups, the difference of linear discriminant analysis (LDA) by electronic nose was obvious. The overlap of LDA between groups of 3 kGy and 5 kGy showed these two groups had similar odor characteristics, so did groups of 7 kGy and 9 kGy. After dealing with different irradiation doses, the species of volatile flavor compound and the relative contents of hydrocarbons, aldehydes and ketones from surimi gel were increased. Decanal, 1-octen-3-ol, 3-methyl-butanal and 2, 3-octanedione were the key odor compounds of surimi gel. There was little influence of electron beam irradiation with low-dose (less than or equal to 5 kGy) on the key and modify odor compounds of surimi gel. When the irradiation dose was more than 7 kGy, (Z)-2-nonenal, (Z)-2-decene aldehyde, 2-hexenal in the surimi gel became important flavor components, the contribution to the flavor of ethyl acetate and 2-ethyl-furan was significantly reduced, it was likely to be the leading cause of the irradiation odor. In conclusion, 3~5 kGy of electron beam irradiation dose, the original flavor of Collichthys lucidus surimi gel can be effectively maintained, but high dose (more than or equal to 7 kGy) of irradiation would cause the generation of special off-odor. The results can provide some theoretical basis for using electron beam irradiation pre-treatment to improve the quality of surimi gel. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 24

Main heading: Electron irradiation

Controlled terms: Accident prevention? - ?Aldehydes? - ?Chromatography? - ?Discriminant analysis? - ?Electron beams? - ?Electronic nose? - ?Electrons? - ?Flavor compounds? - ?Food preservation? - ?Food safety ? - ?Gas chromatography? - ?Gelation? - ?Irradiation? - ?Ketones? - ?Mass spectrometry? - ?Proteins? - ?Radiation? - ?Spectrometry

Uncontrolled terms: Collichthys lucidus? - ?Electron beam irradiation? - ?Gas chromatography-mass spectrometries (GC-MS)? - ?Odor activity values? - ?Surimi gels? - ?Volatile components

Classification code: 801 Chemistry

Chemistry

? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations

Chemical Operations

? - ?804.1 Organic Compounds

Organic Compounds

? - ?822.2 Food Processing Operations

Food Processing Operations

? - ?822.3 Food Products

Food Products

? - ?914.1 Accidents and Accident Prevention

Accidents and Accident Prevention

? - ?922 Statistical Methods

Statistical Methods

? - ?941.4 Optical Variables Measurements

Optical Variables Measurements

Numerical data indexing: Absorbed_Dose 3.00e+03Gy, Absorbed_Dose 3.00e+03Gy to 5.00e+03Gy, Absorbed_Dose 5.00e+03Gy, Absorbed_Dose 7.00e+03Gy, Absorbed_Dose 9.00e+03Gy

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.044

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

44. Structural Parameter Optimization of Hydraulic Vertox Separator in Recirculating Biofloc Technology System Based on Computational Fluid Dynamics

Accession number: 20175004531227

Authors: Shi, Mingming (1); Zhu, Songming (1); Ye, Zhangying (1); Han, Zhiying (1); Li, Jianping (1); Ruan, Yunjie (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou; 310058, China; (2) Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca; NY; 14853, United States

Corresponding author: Ruan, Yunjie(ruanyj@zju.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 287-294 and 278

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: With the aim to improve the separation efficiency of hydraulic vortex separator (HDVS) in recirculating biofloc technology (RBFT) system, three HDVSs with different structural parameters were studied by using numerical method of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The simulations of the solid-liquid phase flow in HDVSs were conducted based on an Eulerian-Eulerian multi-phase turbulence 3-D model combined with the kinetic theory of granular flow, which specifically analyzed the velocity contours, vector contours, streamlines of liquid phase, inner and outlet distribution characters of solid phase. The simulation results showed that with the increase of α, the velocity field below the inlet part and surrounding area of the sleeve had small difference at the inlet velocity of 0.36 m/s. But the difference of results of inner region of sleeve was stark and the turbulence was enhanced in this regions. In addition, some swirls occurred in the inner zone of the sleeve, which added energy waste and had negative effect on the flocs separation. The separation efficiency of HDVS had a negative correlation with the increase of α. When α was 1.5, the removal efficiency was 27%, which was more effective than 17% (α was 2.0). But when α was increased from 2.0 to 2.5, the HDVSs almost had the same solid phase volume fraction at the outlet and the separation efficiencies only had a small change. To validate the accuracy of simulation results, the simulation values and experimental data were compared. The good agreement of the flow velocity and change law of the separation efficiency proves that the mentioned two fluid model (TFM) can be used to optimize the structure of HDVS. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 23

Main heading: Computational fluid dynamics

Controlled terms: Computation theory? - ?Computer simulation? - ?Dynamics? - ?Flow velocity? - ?Fluid dynamics? - ?Multiphase flow? - ?Numerical methods? - ?Separators? - ?Structural optimization? - ?Turbulence ? - ?Two phase flow? - ?Velocity? - ?Vortex flow

Uncontrolled terms: Distribution character? - ?Hydraulic vortex? - ?Kinetic theory of granular flow? - ?Negative correlation? - ?Removal efficiencies? - ?Separation efficiency? - ?Structural parameter? - ?Technology system

Classification code: 631 Fluid Flow

Fluid Flow

? - ?631.1 Fluid Flow, General

Fluid Flow, General

? - ?721.1 Computer Theory, Includes Formal Logic, Automata Theory, Switching Theory, Programming Theory

Computer Theory, Includes Formal Logic, Automata Theory, Switching Theory, Programming Theory

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?921.5 Optimization Techniques

Optimization Techniques

? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods

Numerical Methods

? - ?931.1 Mechanics

Mechanics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.70e+01%, Percentage 2.70e+01%, Velocity 3.60e-01m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.036

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

45. Design and Experiment on Passive Drum-type No-till Planter Cavitation Mechanism

Accession number: 20175004531198

Authors: Liu, Hongxin (1); Wen, Haonan (1); Gai, Guangwei (1); Tang, Shifa (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 53-61

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: For the traditional no-tillage planter, the straw and stubble could be cut or removed in the operation, so there was still high quality of performance requirements for cutting components, large power consumption, dust pollution and twining of straw and other issues. A kind of hill-mechanisms of no-tillage seeding was studied, which could penetrate the obstacles and then the hole was formed without any special treatment to the covering of surface. The key mechanism consisted of a duckbill type of roller seeding device and a passive roller driven by its own duckbill, both of which were in internal tangential relationship. The straw was rolled into a thin layer by the rotating drum, and then the duckbill reached and passed through the thin layer of straw to form a hole and accomplish seeding. Based on the kinematics analysis, the mathematical model among the drive angle (φ) of the duckbill, the power angle (α) of the duckbill, the angular velocity (ω0) of duckbill type of roller seeding device and the angular velocity (ω1) of the drum was established. According to the seeding condition that the spacing must be integral multiple of 100 mm, the Matlab (matrix laboratory) image processing module was used to analyze the equation of the models, and the structure and work requirements were chosen as the constraints, the speed fluctuation of rotating drum was selected as the main measure index and the compact condition of structure as the auxiliary measure index, thus optimized to obtain the optimal combination of the parameters: the radius of the duckbill wheel seeding device was 200 mm, the radius of the rotating roller was 400 mm, the power angle of the duckbill (α) was 23°, and the initial driving angle (φ) was 31°, then the number of driving holes of the rotating drum was calculated as 23, the size of which was 84 mm×32 mm by the method of further geometric analysis. Using CATIA to do digital prototype motion simulation, the practical situation and the change rule of angular velocity when the rotating drum under the action of the duckbill were analyzed, therefore the theoretical analysis was verified. The prototype test showed that the passive roller type of no-till planter hill-mechanism could meet the design requirements, it was simple and reliable in working process and it was also an effective technical choice for no-tillage seeding. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 19

Main heading: Structural design

Controlled terms: Agricultural machinery? - ?Agriculture? - ?Angular velocity? - ?Cavitation? - ?Digital devices? - ?Image processing? - ?Kinematics? - ?MATLAB? - ?Rollers (machine components)

Uncontrolled terms: Cavitation mechanisms? - ?Kinematics analysis? - ?No-till? - ?Passive roller? - ?Simulation

Classification code: 408.1 Structural Design, General

Structural Design, General

? - ?601.2 Machine Components

Machine Components

? - ?631.1.1 Liquid Dynamics

Liquid Dynamics

? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

? - ?821.1 Agricultural Machinery and Equipment

Agricultural Machinery and Equipment

? - ?921 Mathematics

Mathematics

? - ?931.1 Mechanics

Mechanics

Numerical data indexing: Size 1.00e-01m, Size 2.00e-01m, Size 4.00e-01m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.007

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

46. Calibration Model Transfer between Visible/NIR Spectrometers in Sugar Content On-line Detection of Crown Pears

Accession number: 20175004531230

Authors: Xu, Huirong (1, 2); Li, Qingqing (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou; 310058, China; (2) Key Laboratory of On Site Processing Equipment for Agricultural Products, Ministry of Agriculture, Hangzhou; 310058, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 312-317

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: With the development of social economy and growth of people’s living standand, the demond of fruit quality is ever increasing. Quality detection and grading of postharvest fruit is an integral part of commoditization processing, which is also an effective way to achieve high price with good quality. Visible/NIR spectroscopy with the advantages of rapid, nondestructive and being on-line analyzing, has been widely used in agriculture. In the actual application of visible/NIR spectroscopy for on-line detection of fruit internal quality, multi-channels measurement often exists, in which the prediction model is not universal among multi channels due to different spectrometers or their different manufacture precisions. Calibration model transfer is a key problem in visible/NIR spectral quantitative analysis. Comparative analysis of some calibration model transfer methods, such as direct standardization (DS), piecewise direct standardization (PDS), slope/bias (S/B) between two different visible/NIR spectrometers (master and slave spectrometers, model QE65000 and QE65Pro, Ocean Optics, Inc., USA) in the sugar content on-line detection of crown pears was carried out at conveyor speed of 0.5 m/s. The results showed that the prediction values by DS algorithm and DS algorithm based on the mean spectra subtraction correction (MSSC-DS) were relatively good with low root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) of less than 0.5°Brix, which can satisfy the industry application. And pre-processing method of MSSC can improve the prediction accuracy of calibration model transfer by eliminating and mitigating the differences between the spectra acquired on master and slave spectrometers. However, the best prediction result on salve instrument after calibration model transfer (RMSEP was 0.453°Brix) was still inferior to that predicted by the model developed directly using slave data (RMSEP was 0.381°Brix). Thus, in the actual application, appropriate modeling selection should be considered from the cost and the accuracy of classification. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 35

Main heading: Spectrometers

Controlled terms: Calibration? - ?Forecasting? - ?Fruits? - ?Grading? - ?Mean square error? - ?Processing? - ?Spectrum analysis? - ?Standardization

Uncontrolled terms: Calibration transfer? - ?Crown pears? - ?On-line detection? - ?Sugar content? - ?Visible/NIR spectroscopy

Classification code: 741.3 Optical Devices and Systems

Optical Devices and Systems

? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Agricultural Products

? - ?902.2 Codes and Standards

Codes and Standards

? - ?913.4 Manufacturing

Manufacturing

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

Numerical data indexing: Velocity 5.00e-01m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.039

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

47. Coupling Effects of Different Water and Fertilizer Conditions and Optimization of Water and Fertilizer Schemes on Maize

Accession number: 20175004531217

Authors: Zhang, Zhongxue (1, 2); Zhang, Shiwei (1); Guo, Dandan (1); Tan, Zhixiang (1); Chen, Xuan (1); Liang, Qianping (1)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China; (2) Key Laboratory of High Efficiency Utilization of Agricultural Water Resources, Ministry of Agriculture, Harbin; 150030, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 206-214

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The reasonable ratio of water and fertilizer for maize planting has been an important subject in agricultural research. However, previous studies only pay more attention to the one of the factors of yield, water use efficiency and photosynthetic rate, etc. to make the scheme of water and fertilizer coupling. The purpose was to reveal the coupling effects of fertilizer and water on photosynthetic rate, yield and WUE. A scheme of water and fertilizer combination was made based on the multi-objective genetic algorithm (MOGA), aiming to achieve an overall optimization of the above three factors. The D-416 saturation optimum design with 16 treatments and three replicates was used in the experiment. There were four levels of irrigation amount (400.0 m3/hm2, 473.7 m3/hm2, 604.1 m3/hm2and 700.0 m3/hm2), five levels of N supply (180.0 kg/hm2, 198.3 kg/hm2, 225.0 kg/hm2, 251.7 kg/hm2and 270.0 kg/hm2), and five levels for both of P2O5and K2O (60.0 kg/hm2, 72.2 kg/hm2, 90.0 kg/hm2, 107.8 kg/hm2and 120.0 kg/hm2). The design of each block was 10.4 m×10 m with 702 plants and 23 cm in spacing. Maize variety of Longdan 9 was selected to seed on April 25, 2016. P2O5and K2O were supplied as base fertilizer before seeding. Half of N was used as base fertilizer and the remaining half was applied at elongation stage. Each treatment was irrigated respectively at elongation stage and tasseling stage with the same amount of water. The photosynthetic rate of the fourth leaf from the top to the bottom of maize was measured by the LI-6400 (LI-COR Biosciences Company, USA) during 09:00-11:00 on August 9, 2016. The yields for each block were recorded on September 21, 2016. The regression model of N, P2O5, K2O and irrigation water amount on maize photosynthesis rate was established by four-factor quadric regression analysis, and the coefficient of determination was 0.99. Sorting from large to small, the effect of various factors on the photosynthesis rate of maize was irrigation water amount, N, K2O and P2O5. The photosynthetic rate appeared the trend of increasing first and then declining with the increase of each factor. Coupling effects between irrigation water amount and N, P2O5and K2O, irrigation water amount and K2O were significant while the coupling effects between the rest factors were not significant. The medium irrigation and medium fertilizer were favorable for maize photosynthesis. Increasing yield was beneficial to improve WUE. A multi-objective optimization model of photosynthetic rate, yield and WUE of maize was established. The genetic algorithm was used to optimize this model. The most suitable combination of irrigation water amount and fertilizer was as follows: irrigation amount was 700 m3/hm2, and the fertilizer was 270 kg/hm2of N, 60.26 kg/hm2of P2O5, 60.02 kg/hm2of K2O and the corresponding optimum maize photosynthetic rate, yield and WUE were 13.54 μmol/(m2·s), 24 520.10 kg/hm2and 5.14 kg/m3, respectively. The results had a guiding role in maize production. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 23

Main heading: Irrigation

Controlled terms: Efficiency? - ?Fertilizers? - ?Genetic algorithms? - ?Multiobjective optimization? - ?Optimization? - ?Photosynthesis? - ?Regression analysis? - ?Water? - ?Water supply

Uncontrolled terms: Agricultural research? - ?Coefficient of determination? - ?Maize? - ?Multi-objective genetic algorithm? - ?Multi-objective optimization models? - ?Photosynthetic rate? - ?Water use efficiency? - ?Yield

Classification code: 446.1 Water Supply Systems

Water Supply Systems

? - ?741.1 Light/Optics

Light/Optics

? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally

Chemical Products Generally

? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods

Agricultural Methods

? - ?913.1 Production Engineering

Production Engineering

? - ?921.5 Optimization Techniques

Optimization Techniques

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

Numerical data indexing: Mass_Density 5.14e+00kg/m3, Size 2.30e-01m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.026

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

48. Effects of Long-term No-tillage on Soil Structure and Organic Carbon Distribution in Different Soil Layers

Accession number: 20175004531213

Authors: Yang, Yonghui (1, 2); Wu, Jicheng (1, 2); Ding, Jinli (3); Zhang, Jiemei (1, 2); Pan, Xiaoying (1, 2); He, Fang (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) Institute of Plant Nutrition and Resource Environment, Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhengzhou; 450002, China; (2) Yuanyang Experimental Station of Crop Water Use, Ministry of Agriculture, Yuanyang; 453514, China; (3) College of Geography and Tourism, Zhengzhou Normal University, Zhengzhou; 450044, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 173-182

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to investigate the stability of soil structure and the distribution characteristics of organic carbon in different soil depths (0~10 cm, 10~20 cm, …, 90~100 cm) under long-term conventional tillage and no-tillage conditions, mixed soil samples and undisturbed soil samples collected from no-tillage and conventional tillage treatments were designed to measure soil structure and soil organic carbon content. The results indicated that with the increase of soil depth, the contents of aggregates with diameter of 0.5~2.0 mm and greater than 2.0 mm were gradually decreased, while other particle agglomerates were increased. No-tillage treatment could improve the large aggregates (greater than 0.5 mm) content, and significantly improve the stability of soil structure, the effect of depth was more than 60 cm. With the increase of soil depth, soil organic carbon and active organic carbon content were increased firstly and then decreased, and then trended to be stable. Soil carbon and active organic carbon of no-tillage treatment in 0~80 cm soil layer were higher than that of conventional tillage. With the increase of soil depth, soil aggregates organic carbon content was decreased, while organic carbon content of large aggregates was higher than other size aggregates. No-tillage was more conducive to increase soil organic carbon content of different size aggregates under 0~40 cm soil depth. With the decrease of soil aggregates, soil active organic carbon content was decreased. Compared with conventional tillage, except 0.053~0.250 mm size aggregate, no-tillage increased active organic carbon content in 0~20 cm soil layer of various aggregates. With the increase of soil depth, the contribution rate of organic carbon to soil total organic carbon in different size fractions showed the trend of decreasing first, then increasing and then decreasing. In different aggregates, contribution rate of organic carbon of aggregates with diameter greater than 2.0 mm and less than 0.053 mm in the 0~100 cm soil layer was lower than those of other size aggregates. In 0~20 cm, 30~40 cm and 90~100 cm soil layers, accumulation contribution rate of different aggregates organic carbon of no-tillage treatment was higher than that of conventional tillage. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 48

Main heading: Organic carbon

Controlled terms: Aggregates? - ?Agricultural machinery? - ?Agriculture? - ?Carbon? - ?Soil surveys? - ?Soils

Uncontrolled terms: Contribution rate? - ?Conventional tillage? - ?No tillage? - ?Soil organic carbon? - ?Soil structure

Classification code: 406 Highway Engineering

Highway Engineering

? - ?483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally

Chemical Products Generally

? - ?804.1 Organic Compounds

Organic Compounds

? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

? - ?821.1 Agricultural Machinery and Equipment

Agricultural Machinery and Equipment

Numerical data indexing: Size 0.00e+00m to 1.00e+00m, Size 0.00e+00m to 1.00e-01m, Size 0.00e+00m to 2.00e-01m, Size 0.00e+00m to 4.00e-01m, Size 0.00e+00m to 8.00e-01m, Size 1.00e-01m to 2.00e-01m, Size 2.00e-03m, Size 3.00e-01m to 4.00e-01m, Size 5.00e-04m to 2.00e-03m, Size 5.00e-04m, Size 5.30e-05m to 2.50e-04m, Size 5.30e-05m, Size 6.00e-01m, Size 9.00e-01m to 1.00e+00m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.022

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

49. Cavitation Characteristic Inside Nozzle and Near-nozzle Initial Spray Structure

Accession number: 20175004531238

Authors: Gao, Yongqiang (1, 2); Wei, Mingrui (1, 2); Li, Fan (3); Yan, Fuwu (1, 2); Guo, Guanlun (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan; 430070, China; (2) Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Automotive Components Technology, Wuhan; 430070, China; (3) School of Materials and Engineering, Queen Mary University of London, London; E1 4NS, United Kingdom

Corresponding author: Wei, Mingrui(weimingrui@whut.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 369-376

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: A transparent nozzle was designed to replace the sac and orifice of the original injector. Visualization experimental apparatus with a long distance microscope together with an ultrahigh speed CCD camera was employed to study the cavitation characteristic in the nozzle and the initial spray structure in the near nozzle region by photography technique with the help of backlighting. High spatial and temporal resolutions allowed a detailed observation of the very emergence of fuel from the nozzle orifice to the outside of nozzle. The experimental results showed that the residual fuel and initial bubbles were trapped in the injector hole after the end of injection, which had an important effect on the initial spray structure of the next injection. The cavitation was related to the needle lift and the injection pressure, and it was found that higher injection pressure led to earlier cavitation inception. Moreover, the types of free cavitation, cloud cavitation and string cavitation were also observed. In addition, based on the large eddy simulation (LES) and volume of fluid (VOF) multiphase flow model, the evolution of the initial bubble in the injection hole and the formation of the initial spray structure were simulated. The computational domain and settings mimicked the experimental injector internal geometry and experimental operating conditions. The initial bubbles inside the injector influenced the spray structure and could be a source of the observed deviation between experimental and numerical results. But the experimental results were basically consistent with the simulation results. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Spray nozzles

Controlled terms: Cavitation? - ?CCD cameras? - ?Computational geometry? - ?Large eddy simulation? - ?Nozzles? - ?Orifices

Uncontrolled terms: Cavitation characteristics? - ?Cavitation inception? - ?Computational domains? - ?Experimental apparatus? - ?Injection pressures? - ?Injector? - ?Multi-phase flow models? - ?Spatial and temporal resolutions

Classification code: 631 Fluid Flow

Fluid Flow

? - ?714.2 Semiconductor Devices and Integrated Circuits

Semiconductor Devices and Integrated Circuits

? - ?921 Mathematics

Mathematics

? - ?921.4 Combinatorial Mathematics, Includes Graph Theory, Set Theory

Combinatorial Mathematics, Includes Graph Theory, Set Theory

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.047

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

50. Contamination and Health Risk Assessment of PAHs in Irrigation District in Southeastern Suburb of Beijing

Accession number: 20175004531221

Authors: Li, Yan (1, 2); Gu, Hua (1, 2); Huang, Guanhua (3); Huang, Quanzhong (3); Liu, Honglu (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) Beijing Water Science and Technology Institute, Beijing; 100048, China; (2) Beijing Engineering Technique Research Center for Exploration and Utilization of Non-conventional Water Resources and Water Use Efficiency, Beijing; 100048, China; (3) College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China

Corresponding author: Liu, Honglu(liuhonglu@yeah.net)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 237-249

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Wastewater irrigation was adopted in irrigation district in southeastern suburb of Beijing from 1950s to 2003, the main source of wastewater was industrial and domestic wastewater from Beijing. Reclaimed water was used for irrigation since 2003 in the irrigation district. To investigate the residual levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in topsoil and crops in the irrigation district, totally 31 samples of soil and 38 samples of crops were collected, and the concentrations of 16 US EPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency) priority PAHs were determined by gas chromatography equipped with a mass spectrometry detector (GC-MS) in 2015. Results showed that the PAHs in topsoil in the district were ranged from 113.5 μg/kg to 449.8 μg/kg, with a mean value of 258.5 μg/kg. And 80% of the collected soil samples were slightly polluted by PAHs. The sums of 10 PAHs were 83~307 μg/kg, which were lower than the standard of Netherlands (the intervention value was 40mg/kg). The average value of bap toxic equivalence quantity (TEQBap) for 10 PAHs in topsoil was 19.0 μg/kg, which was lower than the standard of Netherland (33.0 μg/kg), indicating that there was no remarkable potential ecological risk. The concentrations of winter wheat grain, summer maize grain and vegetables were 368.7~389.9 μg/kg, 87.7~113.5 μg/kg and 51.8~291.8 μg/kg, respectively. Benzo(g, h, i)perylene was the dominant component in winter wheat grain and summer maize grain, which accounted for 36.6%~41.6% of the 16 PAHs concentrations. For vegetables, the highest individual PAH was phenanthrene, which represented 24.0% of the 16 PAHs. The concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene in cereal grains were lower than the Chinese standard limits of 5 μg/kg in food. The high temperature combustion was the major pollution source for PAHs in topsoil and cereal grains, while the mixed sources of fossil fuel combustion and oil source were the pollution source for PAHs in vegetables. The carcinogenic risk of adult and child caused by PAHs were 4.02×10-5and 1.76×10-5, respectively; the non-carcinogenic hazard index of PAHs for adult and child were 2.72×10-2and 4.78×10-2, respectively; all of them were lower than the threshold values. Dietary intake was the major route of human exposure, which accounted for 98.39%~99.64% of carcinogenic risk and 99.8%~99.9% of non-carcinogenic hazard index, respectively. The carcinogenic risk caused by benzo(a)pyrene and dibenzo(a, h)anthracene were relatively higher, which accounted for 42.89%~46.72% and 22.15%~26.36% of the total carcinogenic risk, respectively. The non-carcinogenic hazard index of benzo(g, h, i)perylene and phenanthrene were relatively higher, which accounted for 44.28%~46.28% and 29.14%~29.60% of the total non-carcinogenic hazard index, respectively. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 47

Main heading: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Controlled terms: Anthracene? - ?Aromatic compounds? - ?Aromatic hydrocarbons? - ?Combustion? - ?Crops? - ?Environmental Protection Agency? - ?Fossil fuels? - ?Fuels? - ?Gas chromatography? - ?Grain (agricultural product) ? - ?Hazards? - ?Health risks? - ?Hydrocarbons? - ?Irrigation? - ?Mass spectrometry? - ?Oils and fats? - ?Pollution? - ?Pyrene? - ?Risk assessment? - ?Soil pollution ? - ?Soils? - ?Vegetables

Uncontrolled terms: Fossil fuel combustion? - ?High-temperature combustion? - ?Irrigation districts? - ?Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHS)? - ?Potential ecological risk? - ?Summer maize? - ?United States environmental protection agency? - ?Winter wheat

Classification code: 454.2 Environmental Impact and Protection

Environmental Impact and Protection

? - ?461.7 Health Care

Health Care

? - ?483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

? - ?801 Chemistry

Chemistry

? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations

Chemical Operations

? - ?804.1 Organic Compounds

Organic Compounds

? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods

Agricultural Methods

? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Agricultural Products

? - ?914.1 Accidents and Accident Prevention

Accidents and Accident Prevention

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 2.40e+01%, Percentage 8.00e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.030

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

51. Relationship between Indoor Temperature and Rolling Shutter Opening of Solar Greenhouse Based on CFD

Accession number: 20175004531226

Authors: Zhang, Guoxiang (1, 2); Liu, Xingxing (1); Zhang, Lingxian (3); Fu, Zetian (2, 4); Zhang, Chenchi (2, 3); Li, Xinxing (2, 3)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) Beijing Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety, Beijing; 100083, China; (3) College of Information and Electrical Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China; (4) Key Laboratory of Agricultural Information Acquisition Technology, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing; 100083, China

Corresponding author: Li, Xinxing(lxxcau@cau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 279-286

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The solar greenhouse can effectively reduce the heat loss under the outdoor condition at low temperature by covering insulation materials. Based on the previous study of design and experiment of the rear fixed type rolling shutter device in solar greenhouse, in order to study the influence of rolling shutter opening on the temperature change in solar greenhouse, aimed at the insulation pads, the typical “Liaoshen IV” solar greenhouse structure was simplified. The result suggested that the indoor temperature of solar greenhouse can be affected by the rolling shutter opening, which changed the covering area of insulation materials and heat dissipation rate of solar greenhouse. There was a linear proportional relationship between indoor temperature of solar greenhouse and rolling shutter opening. And then this theory was verified by CFD-Fluent. The following conclusion was drawn: covering the shutter can effectively reduce the heat loss and maintain appropriate indoor temperature and its uniformity for solar greenhouse. Under ideal conditions, the rolling shutter opening would change the covering area of insulation materials and lead to the differences of heat dissipation rate for solar greenhouse, at last, lead to the regional difference of inner temperature. And the relationship between changes of inner temperature and the value of rolling shutter opening was almost linear. The study intuitively reflected the relationship between indoor temperature and roller shutter opening of solar greenhouse, and provided a theoretical basis for further strengthening the precision control of rolling shutter machines, besides it would provide effective reference for greenhouse production practice in China, and it had an important theoretical and practical significance. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 18

Main heading: Greenhouses

Controlled terms: Experiments? - ?Heat losses? - ?Insulating materials? - ?Insulation? - ?Solar heating? - ?Space heating? - ?Temperature

Uncontrolled terms: CFD Fluent? - ?Greenhouse production? - ?Heat dissipation rates? - ?Insulation materials? - ?Proportional relationships? - ?Regional differences? - ?Rolling shutters? - ?Solar greenhouse

Classification code: 413 Insulating Materials

Insulating Materials

? - ?641.1 Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics

? - ?641.2 Heat Transfer

Heat Transfer

? - ?643.1 Space Heating

Space Heating

? - ?657.1 Solar Energy and Phenomena

Solar Energy and Phenomena

? - ?821.6 Farm Buildings and Other Structures

Farm Buildings and Other Structures

? - ?901.3 Engineering Research

Engineering Research

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.035

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

52. Detection Methods of Greengage Acidity Based on Hyperspectral Imaging

Accession number: 20175004531231

Authors: Zhao, Maocheng (1, 2); Yang, Junrong (1); Lu, Dandan (1); Cao, Jin (1); Chen, Yiming (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing; 210037, China; (2) National-Provincial Joint Engineering Research Center of Electromechanical Product Packaging with Biomaterials, Nanjing; 210037, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 318-323

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Greengage acidity detection is very important in refining and deeply processing greengage. However, traditional greengage acidity detection methods based on physicochemical analysis are destructive, time-consuming and not detective online. The fast and non-destructive method based on hyperspectral imaging system was proposed to predict greengage acidity. Hyperspectral images of 487 greengage specimens between wavelengths of 550 nm and 1 000 nm were captured. Three spectral dimensional reduction methods such as successive projection algorithm (SPA), genetic algorithm (GA) and SPA combined with GA (SPA+GA) were explored after spectrum relative reflectivity was calibrated and the images were filtered in six different ways. The featured wavelengths of the spectrum were extracted which reflected the internal acidity information of greengage. Partial least squares (PLS) prediction model was built between wavelength, and pH value and prediction precision were compared among different methods of filters and dimensionality reductions. The results showed that the model smoothly filtered by Savitzky-Golay (S-G) had the highest prediction accuracy. The model smoothly filtered by five points and then dimensionally reduced by both SPA and GA can reduce its complexity and improve its prediction accuracy compared with the ones only using SPA or GA. The root mean square error of prediction set was 0.070 6, and the correlation coefficient of prediction set was 0.792 5. This model based on the selected wavelength was practical to predict the greengage acidity, which would lay the foundation for further developing actual greengage multispectral image system. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 19

Main heading: Hyperspectral imaging

Controlled terms: Acidity? - ?Forecasting? - ?Genetic algorithms? - ?Least squares approximations? - ?Mean square error? - ?Nondestructive examination? - ?Refining? - ?Spectroscopy

Uncontrolled terms: Dimension reduction? - ?Dimensionality reduction? - ?Greengage? - ?Highspectral image? - ?Partial least square (PLS)? - ?Physico-chemical analysis? - ?Root-mean-square error of predictions? - ?Successive projection algorithms

Classification code: 801.1 Chemistry, General

Chemistry, General

? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods

Numerical Methods

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

Numerical data indexing: Size 1.00e-06m, Size 5.50e-07m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.040

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

53. Recognition Method of Cucumber Leaf Diseases with Dynamic Ensemble Learning

Accession number: 20175004531197

Authors: Wang, Zhibin (1, 2); Wang, Kaiyi (1, 2); Wang, Shufeng (1, 2); Wang, Xiaofeng (1, 3); Pan, Shouhui (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) Beijing Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture, Beijing; 100097, China; (2) Key Laboratory of Agri-informatics, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing; 100097, China; (3) Faculty of Information Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing; 100124, China

Corresponding author: Wang, Kaiyi(wangky@nercita.org.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 9

Issue date: September 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 46-52

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Crop disease is one of the most important influencing factors for agricultural high yield and high quality. Accurate classification of diseases is a key and basic step for early disease monitoring, diagnostics and prevention. The optimal individual classifier design is currently the common limitation in most crop disease recognition methods based images. To improve the accuracy and stability of disease identification, a disease recognition method of cucumber leaf images via dynamic ensemble learning was proposed. The approach consisted of three major stages. Firstly, totally 75-dimension color features of leaf image were extracted with image block processing. Secondly, a disagreement approach was used to measure the diversity among 10 classifiers of neural networks with an ensemble technique, where the classifiers were ordered according to the diversity. Finally, with the confidence of classifiers, a classifier subset was dynamically selected and integrated to identify the images of crop leaf diseases. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, classification experiments were performed on images of four kinds of cucumber leaf tissues, including 512 samples composed of powdery milder, downy mildew, gray mold and normal leaf. The experimental results showed that the recognition error rate of the proposed method was 3.32%, compared with those of BP neural network, SVM, Bagging and AdaBoost methods, it was reduced by 1.37 percentage point, 1.56 percentage point, 1.76 percentage point and 0.78 percentage point, respectively. The proposed method identified the diseases accurately from cucumber leaf images. Moreover, the method was feasible and effective, and it can also be utilized and modified for the classification of other crop diseases. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 31

Main heading: Image enhancement

Controlled terms: Adaptive boosting? - ?Crops? - ?Diagnosis? - ?Image processing? - ?Image recognition? - ?Neural networks

Uncontrolled terms: Cucumber? - ?Diversity measure? - ?Dynamic selection? - ?Ensemble learning? - ?Leaf disease

Classification code: 461.6 Medicine and Pharmacology

Medicine and Pharmacology

? - ?723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Agricultural Products

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 3.32e+00%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.09.006

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village