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2017年第4期共收录54

1. Evaluation of Intercropping Pattern Based on Niche-fitness Model and TOPSIS Model

Accession number: 20173003971130

Authors: Wang, Linlin (1, 2); Yu, Haiye (1, 2); Zhang, Lei (1, 2); Tian, Dongxu (1, 2); Zhang, Yuqing (1, 2); Zhao, Guogang (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun; 130022, China; (2) Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering, Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun; 130022, China

Corresponding author: Zhang, Lei(z_lei@jlu.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 291-297

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Based on niche-fitness model, the suitability to habitat conditions of crops under four patterns was evaluated in order to reveal the optimal intercropping pattern of lettuce. And the four patterns were intercropping of lettuce with Chinese cabbage, radish, pea seedling and coriander, respectively. The niche-fitness values of intercropping patterns of lettuce with Chinese cabbage, radish and pea seedling were higher and closer, which showed that the habitat conditions of the three patterns can meet the needs of crops and the habitat conditions were more suitable for their growth. Then TOPSIS model was used to optimize the evaluation results. The relative approaching degrees of the three intercropping patterns with the ideal scheme were 0.557, 0.800 and 0.265, respectively. It was showed that the intercropping pattern of lettuce with radish was relatively close to the ideal scheme, which meant that the intercropping pattern of lettuce with radish was the best pattern among the four intercropping patterns. Considering the actual physiological indexes, it can be drawn that the intercropping pattern of lettuce with radish not only had better effect on the growth of aerosol cultured lettuce, but also had better effect on reducing the nitrate content in lettuce leaves. The combination of niche-fitness model and TOPSIS model had a certain practical significance and it can be used for the optimal selection of different intercropping patterns of lettuce. Limiting factor model was used to analyze, and the results showed that the limiting factor of the intercropping pattern of lettuce with radish was the content of potassium in nutrient solution. The results provided reference for the quantitative analysis of optimization of intercropping patterns. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 32

Main heading: Health

Controlled terms: Crops? - ?Ecosystems? - ?Nitrates

Uncontrolled terms: Aeroponics? - ?Factor model? - ?Fitness modeling? - ?Intercropping pattern? - ?TOPSIS models

Classification code: 454.3 Ecology and Ecosystems

Ecology and Ecosystems

? - ?461.6 Medicine and Pharmacology

Medicine and Pharmacology

? - ?804.2 Inorganic Compounds

Inorganic Compounds

? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Agricultural Products

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.038

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

2. Rapid Identification of Apple Varieties Based on Hyperspectral Imaging

Accession number: 20173003971132

Authors: Ma, Huiling (1); Wang, Ruolin (1); Cai, Cheng (2); Wang, Dong (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Life Science, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (2) College of Information Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 305-312

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to achieve rapid non-destructive identification of apple varieties, the methodology of near-infrared hyperspectral imaging on identification of apple varieties was investigated. Near infrared hyperspectral images with wavelength from 865~1 711 nm of total 90 sample fruits were collected from three different varieties (“Jonagold”, “Fuji” and “Qinguan” apples), and hyperspectral image area of the apple was selected as a region of interest (ROI). Reflection intensity data of the average reflex spectrum were extracted with resolution rate of 2.8 nm, then they were calculated with K-nearest neighbor (KNN) and the support vector machine (SVM) methods, respectively, which were checked with 5-fold cross-validation method. The results showed that the hyperspectral images of three varieties of apples all became clear within wavelength of 941~1 602 nm. Among ten distance-types’ judgment of KNN with average reflection intensity at 200 wavelength-points, the identification accuracy of Chebychev, Euclidean and Minkowski reached the highest of 100% when the parameter K was set at 3 or 5. While using the support vector machine-radial basis function (SVM-RBF) model, the accuracy rate reached above 92% when the value of γ fell within 2-8~1. The highest recognition rate of this model reached 96.67% when γ was set at 2-5and C took the value of 16 amd 32 at the same time. The results demonstrated that near-infrared hyperspectral imaging in combination with KNN was excellent and reliable for the rapid identification of apple varieties. This method could provide reference for identifying apple varieties in production. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Hyperspectral imaging

Controlled terms: Fruits? - ?Image processing? - ?Image segmentation? - ?Independent component analysis? - ?Infrared devices? - ?Nearest neighbor search? - ?Radial basis function networks? - ?Spectroscopy? - ?Support vector machines

Uncontrolled terms: 5-fold cross validation method? - ?Apple? - ?Identification accuracy? - ?K nearest neighbor (KNN)? - ?K-nearest neighbor method? - ?Near-infrared hyperspectral imaging? - ?Radial basis functions? - ?Variety identification

Classification code: 723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Agricultural Products

? - ?921.5 Optimization Techniques

Optimization Techniques

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.00e+02%, Percentage 9.20e+01%, Percentage 9.67e+01%, Size 2.80e-09m, Size 8.65e-07m to 1.71e-06m, Size 9.41e-07m to 1.60e-06m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.040

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

3. Reservior Ecological Operation Model under Condition of Non-sufficient Ecological Constraints

Accession number: 20173003971117

Authors: Xu, Shuqin (1); Su, Xin (1); Xing, Zhenxiang (1); Wang, Lili (2); Lu, Haojie (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China; (2) Songhua River Project Construction Management Office of Heilongjiang Province, Harbin; 150030, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 190-197

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Under the premise that targets of the reservoir’s original flood control and water supply were unaffected, in order to reduce the influence of reservoirs on river ecosystems, in allusion to the situation that the scheduling results satisfied the constraint of minimum ecological flux rather than the appropriate ecological flux, a model to solve ecological scheduling of Nierji reservoir under the condition of incomplete ecological constraints was proposed. The model was based on the scheduling results of constraints of the minimum ecological flux, the solving method of non-sufficient ecologically constrained flux approached the constraint of appropriate ecological flux step by step, and by introducing relaxation variables, the firefly algorithm (FA) was used to optimize the scheduling process which led to the establishment of the relation curve between the degree of the ecological assurance and the generated energy and the confirmation of the optimal equilibrium point under the restriction of the non-sufficient ecological flux by the Tennant evaluation through comparing the Kminwith Kmax-1methods. The results showed that according to the non-sufficient ecological constraint flux inquired by the used model, the ecological water consumption and the minimum ecological constraints could be increased by 4.415 billion m3, 3.655 billion m3, 5.596 billion m3, 4.626 billion m3, 3.790 billion m3and 5.481 billion m3, respectively, in the six cases when compared with low flow years and normal years. It was indicated that there was still much room for ecological flow restriction, therefore, when the scheduling results satisfied the constraint of the minimum ecological flux rather than the appropriate ecological flux, it was inappropriate to select result of the constraint of the minimum ecological flux as the scheduling scheme; according to the established relation curve and Kmax-1method, the degree of ecological guarantee of optimal scheduling scheme under six constraints were 60%, 80%, 40%, 60%, 70% and 70%, respectively and their generated energy were corresponded to 0.606 57 billion kW·h, 0.603 12 billion kW·h, 0.685 13 billion kW·h, 0.667 96 billion kW·h, 0.596 82 billion kW·h and 0.678 59 billion kW·h. In conclusion, the new scheduling model could effectively solve the problem of ecological scheduling under this kind of circumstance, improve the degree of ecological assurance, ensure certain economic benefits and provide a more reasonable scheduling approach for decision-makers and new ideas for these issues. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Ecology

Controlled terms: Constrained optimization? - ?Curve fitting? - ?Ecosystems? - ?Flood control? - ?Hydraulics? - ?Optimization? - ?Reservoirs (water)? - ?Scheduling? - ?Stream flow? - ?Water management ? - ?Water supply

Uncontrolled terms: Ecological flows? - ?Ecological level of assurance? - ?Environmental hydraulics? - ?Firefly algorithms? - ?Optimal scheduling? - ?Power-losses? - ?Scheduling process? - ?Scheduling schemes

Classification code: 407.2 Waterways

Waterways

? - ?441.2 Reservoirs

Reservoirs

? - ?442.1 Flood Control

Flood Control

? - ?446.1 Water Supply Systems

Water Supply Systems

? - ?454.3 Ecology and Ecosystems

Ecology and Ecosystems

? - ?632.1 Hydraulics

Hydraulics

? - ?912.2 Management

Management

? - ?921.5 Optimization Techniques

Optimization Techniques

? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods

Numerical Methods

? - ?961 Systems Science

Systems Science

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 4.00e+01%, Percentage 6.00e+01%, Percentage 7.00e+01%, Percentage 8.00e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.025

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

4. Effect of Temperature on Physicochemical Properties of Biochar Prepared by Pyrolysis of Three Components of Biomass

Accession number: 20173003971129

Authors: Yang, Xuanmin (1); Wang, Yajun (1); Qiu, Ling (1, 2); Zhao, Lixin (3); Meng, Chenglin (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (2) The West Scientific Observing and Experimental Station of Rural Renewable Energy Exploitation and Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (3) Key Laboratory of Energy Resource Utilization from Agriculture Residue, Ministry of Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Engineering, Beijing; 100125, China

Corresponding author: Qiu, Ling(ql2871@126.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 284-290

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: With the aim to study the performance regulation and mechanism of different biochar-based biomasses, cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin were used as the raw materials to prepare biochar by pyrolysis in vacuum atmosphere furnace. The results manifested that the pyrolysis temperature of cellulose and hemicellulose ranged from 300 to 500, and the yields of biochar decreased from 35.38% (cellulose), 46.28% (hemicellulose) to 20.93%, 29.40%, respectively. Meanwhile, the pyrolysis temperature range of lignin was 300~600, and the yields of biochar decreased from 81.22% to 51.53%. Moreover, the effect of pyrolysis temperature on C, H, O and N contents of prepared biochar were similar in the three feedstocks. The content of C raised up gradually according to the temperature increase, while the contents of H, O, N decreased gradually. Detailly, the content of C increased from 69.42%, 72.92%, 54.75% to 96.39%, 77.26%, 67.97% for cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, respectively. The effect of pyrolysis temperature on the content of ash, volatile, fixed carbon and the calorific value was basically the same in the three feedstocks. The volatile relatively decreased, and the ash, fixed carbon and calorific value increased gradually. Specifically, the volatile from the cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin fell to 7.63%, 5.52%, 14.41% from 50.67%, 44.89%, 39.99%, respectively. The fixed carbon increased from 47.95%, 55.03%, 35.41% to 90.18%, 94.11%, 53.70%, respectively. The calorific value rose to 34 602.52 kJ/kg, 33 965.15 kJ/kg, 24 142.62 kJ/kg from 25 652.58 kJ/kg, 26 681.81 kJ/kg, 21 173.29 kJ/kg, respectively. The significant effect of pyrolysis temperature on the specific surface area and pore size distribution of the prepared biochar was observed for lignin, however, insignificant effect was shown for cellulose and hemicellulose. The optimal surface area and pore volume of the biochar produced from cellulose and hemicellulose was obtained at 500, and the lignin was at 600. Besides, when the pyrolysis temperature was at 500, the iodine adsorption value of the biochar from cellulose and hemicellulose reached their respective maximum values at 422.46 mg/g and 115.06 mg/g. Meanwhile, at the pyrolysis temperature of 600, the iodine adsorption value of the biochar from lignin reached the maximum point of 460.35 mg/g. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Cellulose

Controlled terms: Calorific value? - ?Feedstocks? - ?Iodine? - ?Lignin? - ?Pore size? - ?Pyrolysis? - ?Temperature? - ?Vacuum applications? - ?Vacuum furnaces

Uncontrolled terms: Bio chars? - ?Cellulose and hemicellulose? - ?Effect of temperature? - ?Iodine adsorption? - ?Physicochemical property? - ?Pyrolysis temperature? - ?Temperature increase? - ?Three component

Classification code: 633.1 Vacuum Applications

Vacuum Applications

? - ?641.1 Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics

? - ?802.2 Chemical Reactions

Chemical Reactions

? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally

Chemical Products Generally

? - ?811.3 Cellulose, Lignin and Derivatives

Cellulose, Lignin and Derivatives

? - ?951 Materials Science

Materials Science

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.44e+01%, Percentage 2.09e+01%, Percentage 2.94e+01%, Percentage 3.54e+01%, Percentage 4.00e+01%, Percentage 4.49e+01%, Percentage 4.63e+01%, Percentage 4.80e+01%, Percentage 5.07e+01%, Percentage 5.37e+01%, Percentage 5.50e+01% to 9.02e+01%, Percentage 5.52e+00%, Percentage 6.80e+01%, Percentage 6.94e+01%, Percentage 7.29e+01% to 9.64e+01%, Percentage 7.63e+00%, Percentage 7.73e+01%, Percentage 8.12e+01% to 5.15e+01%, Percentage 9.41e+01%, Specific_Energy 1.43e+05J/kg, Specific_Energy 1.73e+05J/kg, Specific_Energy 6.03e+05J/kg, Specific_Energy 6.53e+05J/kg, Specific_Energy 6.82e+05J/kg, Specific_Energy 9.65e+05J/kg

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.037

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

5. Design and Experiment of Rectangular Bale Multipack

Accession number: 20173003971106

Authors: Gao, Xuhong (1, 2); Xu, Xiangyang (1); Wang, Shuhan (1); Liu, Liqiang (2); Zhao, Wei (2); Li, Yang (2)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing; 100191, China; (2) Aerospace New Long March Electric Vehicle Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing; 100176, China

Corresponding author: Wang, Shuhan(wangshuhan@buaa.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 111-117

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: A new rectangular bale multipack was designed to solve the difficulty of low efficiency, high costs and transportation inconvenience in the process of collecting rectangular bale. The rectangular bale multipack was composed of chassis, pickup, pushing bale device, raising bale device, pressuring line device and unloading bale device, etc. Based on EPEC2024 controller, the pump, motors and cylinders were drived to make some rectangular bales into one big rectangular bale. In operation, the rectangular bale multipack had the ability of collecting 12 rectangular bales at one time. The maximum driving speed of the rectangular bale multipack exceeded 20.5 km/h and the maximum hydraulic flow was 101.6 L/min. The field experiments for picking up rectangular bale and straw rectangular bale were carried out in Inner Mongolia and Liaoning Province, respectively. The test results showed that collecting bale rate and collecting bale productivity of the rectangular bale multipack was 89.5% and 12 bdl/h, respectively. Compared with artificial operation, the collecting bale efficiency was improved by 34.5%, meanwhile, the artificial costs and composite expenses were declined by 62.5% and 18.2%, respectively. The preparation cycle for long-distance transportation was also cut down. All of the works, including picking up and packing some rectangular bales were done by one operator driving the tractor simultaneously, and the rectangular bale multipack can meet reality needs. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 18

Main heading: Collector efficiency

Controlled terms: Design? - ?Efficiency? - ?Experiments? - ?Unloading

Uncontrolled terms: Driving speed? - ?Field experiment? - ?Hydraulic flow? - ?Inner Mongolia? - ?Liaoning Province? - ?Multipack? - ?Picking up? - ?Rectangular bale

Classification code: 691.2 Materials Handling Methods

Materials Handling Methods

? - ?702.3 Solar Cells

Solar Cells

? - ?901.3 Engineering Research

Engineering Research

? - ?913.1 Production Engineering

Production Engineering

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.82e+01%, Percentage 3.45e+01%, Percentage 6.25e+01%, Percentage 8.95e+01%, Velocity 5.69e+00m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.014

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

6. Condensation Characteristics of Volatile Matter from Sawdust Pyrolysis

Accession number: 20173003971127

Authors: Wang, Mingfeng (1); Chen, Zhiwen (1); Jiang, Enchen (1); Ren, Yongzhi (1); Han, Ping (2); Sun, Yan (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Material and Energy, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou; 510642, China; (2) College of Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China

Corresponding author: Jiang, Enchen(ecjiang@scau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 271-275 and 223

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Pyrolysis is a relatively simple, inexpensive, and robust thermochemical technology for transforming biomass into bio-oil, biochar and syngas. While the intention of slow pyrolysis is to produce mainly charcoal, fast pyrolysis is meant to convert biomass to a maximum quantity of liquids (bio-oil). Biochar can be used with existing infrastructure as a replacement for pulverized coal, bio-oil can be used as a fuel in existing industrial boilers. The pyrolysis of sawdust contains volatile bio-oil and non-condensing gas, so the condensation characteristics are different from those of other simple mixture. Based on the test system of biomass pyrolysis volatile matter condensation characteristic parameter, the experiment of condensation characteristics of pyrolysis volatile was carried out at 450, 550 and 650. The condensation characteristics of volatile matter produced at different pyrolysis temperatures were tested, and the heat transfer coefficient, the thermal resistance and thickness of condensation liquid film were calculated. Based on the one-dimensional heat transfer characteristics of liquid condensation, the condensate film formation process had three stages: formation, accumulation and flow of liquid film. The results showed that the first stage condensation heat transfer coefficient was decreased with the increase of temperature, biomass volatile surface heat transfer coefficient at 450 was the highest, which was 671.02 W/(m2·K); with the increase of temperature, the heat transfer coefficient of the second stage was increased first and then decreased, biomass volatile surface heat transfer coefficient at 550 was the highest, which was 1.484×105W/(m2·K). According to the experimental value and the hypothesis of condensate film, in the film formation and accumulation stage, the film thickness was gradually increased and the thermal resistance was decreased; early in the liquid film flow stage, with the decrease of the film thickness, the thermal resistance was decreased; in the steady flow stage, resistance was remained stable. The research result can provide reference for the on-line collection of bio-oil and the design of bio-oil condenser in continuous pyrolysis equipment. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 27

Main heading: Pyrolysis

Controlled terms: Biofuels? - ?Biomass? - ?Charcoal? - ?Coal? - ?Condensation? - ?Film thickness? - ?Heat resistance? - ?Heat transfer? - ?Heat transfer coefficients? - ?Liquid films ? - ?Liquids? - ?Pulverized fuel? - ?Sawdust

Uncontrolled terms: Condensation characteristics? - ?Condensation heat transfer coefficients? - ?Continuous pyrolysis? - ?Liquid film models? - ?One-dimensional heat? - ?Pyrolysis temperature? - ?Surface heat transfer coefficient? - ?Thermochemical technologies

Classification code: 524 Solid Fuels

Solid Fuels

? - ?641.2 Heat Transfer

Heat Transfer

? - ?802.2 Chemical Reactions

Chemical Reactions

? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations

Chemical Operations

? - ?811.2 Wood and Wood Products

Wood and Wood Products

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.035

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

7. Influence Factors Analysis of Rice Leaf Water Use Efficiency under Controlled Irrigation

Accession number: 20173003971122

Authors: Pang, Guibin (1, 2); Xu, Zhenghe (1, 3); Yang, Shihong (4); Xu, Junzeng (4)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Resources and Environment, University of Ji’nan, Ji’nan; 250022, China; (2) Shandong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center for Groundwater Numerical Simulation and Contamination Control, Ji’nan; 250022, China; (3) Shandong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center for Ecological Carbon Sink and Capture Utilization, Ji’nan; 250022, China; (4) College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing; 210098, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 233-241

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to investigate the impact factors and mechanism of high water use efficiency under water-saving irrigation technology, experiment with two irrigation treatments was carried out in rice field, including flooding irrigation (FI) and non-flooding controlled irrigation (NFI). In the FI rice fields, a depth of 3~5 cm standing water was always maintained after transplantation, except during the drainage period in later tillering and yellow maturity stages. In the NFI rice fields, the pond water was kept between 5 mm and 25 mm during the first 7~8 d after transplantation at the regreening stage. At other stages, irrigation was applied only to keep the soil moist and flooding was avoided; standing water up to 5 cm depth in NFI fields was maintained for less than 5 d just to meet the requirements for the pesticide or fertilizer application. The relationships between stomatal regulation, environmental factors and leaf water use efficiency were studied, meanwhile, the regression equations of leaf water use efficiency were established, and the path analysis method was applied to analyze the impact factors. The results showed that there was a quadratic regression equation between stomatal conductance (Gs) and transpiration rate (Tr), photosynthetic rate (Pn), leaf water use efficiency (LWUE) under NFI treatment, to maintain high LWUE, optimal stomatal conductance was 0.54 mol/(m2·s), and the peak value was appeared earlier than that of FI treatment. There was also a quadratic regression equation between LWUE and environmental factors, including air temperature (Ta), leaf temperature (Tl), leaf-air temperature difference (ΔT), air CO2concentration (Ca) and photosynthesis available radiation (Par). While LWUE was negatively related to intercellular CO2concentration (Ci) and positively correlated with soil moisture (θ), the relationship between LWUE and relative humidity (Rh) was exponential. The temperature factors composed of Ta, Tland ΔT contributed 39.19% to LWUE, while the CO2concentration factors composed of Caand Cicontributed 17.81%, the vapor factor composed of Rhand θ contributed 17.81%, and the light factor composed of Parcontributed 9.01%. Furthermore, the regression equation of LWUE was established, and the path analysis method was applied to analyze the impact factors, as for the NFI treatment, it was found that Par, Gsand θ may not be the main influence factors, the sensitive indicators affecting the LWUE were Ci, Tland Rh. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 18

Main heading: Factor analysis

Controlled terms: Atmospheric temperature? - ?Calcium? - ?Carbon dioxide? - ?Efficiency? - ?Environmental regulations? - ?Floods? - ?Irrigation? - ?Regression analysis? - ?Rhodium? - ?Soil moisture ? - ?Water conservation

Uncontrolled terms: Controlled irrigations? - ?Influence factors? - ?Leaf water? - ?Path analysis? - ?Rice

Classification code: 443.1 Atmospheric Properties

Atmospheric Properties

? - ?444 Water Resources

Water Resources

? - ?454.2 Environmental Impact and Protection

Environmental Impact and Protection

? - ?483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

? - ?547.1 Precious Metals

Precious Metals

? - ?549.2 Alkaline Earth Metals

Alkaline Earth Metals

? - ?804.2 Inorganic Compounds

Inorganic Compounds

? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods

Agricultural Methods

? - ?913.1 Production Engineering

Production Engineering

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.78e+01%, Percentage 9.01e+00%, Size 3.00e-02m to 5.00e-02m, Size 5.00e-02m, Size 5.00e-03m to 2.50e-02m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.030

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

8. Non-fermentation Process Preparation of Black Garlic and Its Antioxidant Activity

Accession number: 20173003971134

Authors: Wang, Xibo (1); Yu, Jie (1); Zhang, Zeyu (1); Xu, Yeye (1); Liu, Jingnan (1); Jiang, Lianzhou (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Food Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China

Corresponding author: Jiang, Lianzhou(jlzname@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 321-326

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Garlic is one of the species in onion genus, which has been used as both a flavoring agent and a complementary medicine. Although garlic has many active components that contribute to its health benefits, including allicin and its derivatives, consumption of unprocessed raw garlic is limited due to its characteristic odor, taste and tendency to cause stomach upset. Aged black garlic was prepared through natural fermentation of whole garlic at controlled high temperature and humidity, a process that resulted in black cloves. Aiming to obtain a non-fermented black garlic with low cost of ownership, which combined the steaming process with roasting process. The influences of steaming temperature, steaming time, roasting temperature and roasting time on preparation process for black garlic were investigated. The optimum processing parameters for the preparation of black garlic were determined by combined use of single factor and orthogonal experiments. The results showed that the optimal combination was steaming temperature of 127, steaming time of 70 min, roasting temperature of 95 and roasting time of 6.5 h. Under the optimum conditions, the black garlic had total phenols of 11.15 mg/g, moisture of 27.41%, reducing sugar of 7.87 g/(100 g) and total acid of 36.09 g/kg, reducing capacity of black garlic was more than 1.4 times of that of vitamin C in the 0.06~0.18 mg/mL concentration range. This showed black garlic possessed strong antioxidant capacity. Compared with the fermentation process, the research significantly shortened the preparation time of black garlic, improved production efficiency, reduced energy consumption, provided technical basis for the development and utilization of functional garlic products. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 25

Main heading: Fermentation

Controlled terms: Agents? - ?Antioxidants? - ?Calcination? - ?Energy efficiency? - ?Energy utilization? - ?Humidity control? - ?Optimization? - ?Process control

Uncontrolled terms: Anti-oxidant activities? - ?Anti-oxidation? - ?Antioxidant capacity? - ?Black garlics? - ?Development and utilizations? - ?Orthogonal experiment? - ?Production efficiency? - ?Steaming temperature

Classification code: 525.2 Energy Conservation

Energy Conservation

? - ?525.3 Energy Utilization

Energy Utilization

? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations

Chemical Operations

? - ?803 Chemical Agents and Basic Industrial Chemicals

Chemical Agents and Basic Industrial Chemicals

? - ?921.5 Optimization Techniques

Optimization Techniques

Numerical data indexing: Mass 1.00e-01kg, Mass_Density 6.00e-02kg/m3 to 1.80e-01kg/m3, Percentage 2.74e+01%, Time 2.34e+04s, Time 4.20e+03s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.042

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

9. Design of Pricking Hole Mechanism with Deformation Elliptical Gears and Experiment Optimization of Working Parameters

Accession number: 20173003971103

Authors: Feng, Jinlong (1, 2); Wang, Jinwu (1); Zhou, Wenqi (1); Tang, Han (1); Liu, Chunxiang (3)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China; (2) College of Engineering, Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, Daqing; 163319, China; (3) College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Heilongjiang Institute of Technology, Harbin; 150050, China

Corresponding author: Wang, Jinwu(jinwuw@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 90-96

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Aiming to the bad performance of pricking hole with liquid fertilizer applicator for deep-into type, and explore the changing rule of dynamics of pricking hole mechanism with deformation elliptical gears in the working parameters, equation of gear pitch curves of pricking hole mechanism with deformation gears was built, the simulation software of kinematics analysis was compiled, which was written for pricking hole mechanism with deformation elliptical gears based on Visual Basic 6.0 development platform, some parameters like the semi-major axis, eccentricity ratio and deformation coefficient of deformation elliptical gears were adjusted, and the optimal parameters were obtained. Bench of dynamics test of pricking hole mechanism with deformation elliptical gears was also set up. Scheme of test design of rotation center composite was used, with speed of planet frame and forward speed of bench car as test factors, and torque of sun shaft and tension and pressure of spray fertilizer needle into the soil as the test optimizing index. The torque of sun shaft and tension and pressure of spray fertilizer needle into the soil were measured by using torque sensor, signal acquisition instrument and DASP-10 processing software on the test bench, the regression equation and diagram of response surface were obtained, experimental data was analyzed by using Design-Expert 8.0.10. Test results showed that when the speed of planet frame was 64.4 r/min, the forward speed was 0.61 m/s, the torque of sun shaft was 5.05 N·m, tension and pressure of spray fertilizer needle was 20.03 N, the dynamics performance of mechanism was optimal under above conditions. The test was verified by applying these parameters to validate its rationality. The research results can guarantee pricking hole mechanism to have a good pricking hole performance under many working parameters and provide theoretical reference for structure optimization design. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 17

Main heading: Gears

Controlled terms: Applicators? - ?Computer software? - ?Deformation? - ?Dynamics? - ?Fertilizers? - ?Gear manufacture? - ?Needles? - ?Signal processing? - ?Software testing? - ?Structural optimization ? - ?Torque? - ?Visual BASIC

Uncontrolled terms: Deformation coefficients? - ?Development platform? - ?Dynamics performance? - ?Elliptical gears? - ?Kinematical simulation? - ?Kinematics analysis? - ?Liquid fertilizer applicators? - ?Structure optimization

Classification code: 601 Mechanical Design

Mechanical Design

? - ?601.2 Machine Components

Machine Components

? - ?716.1 Information Theory and Signal Processing

Information Theory and Signal Processing

? - ?723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally

Chemical Products Generally

? - ?921.5 Optimization Techniques

Optimization Techniques

? - ?931.2 Physical Properties of Gases, Liquids and Solids

Physical Properties of Gases, Liquids and Solids

Numerical data indexing: Force 2.00e+01N, Rotational_Speed 6.44e+01RPM, Torque 5.05e+00N*m, Velocity 6.10e-01m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.011

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

10. Optimal Preview Position Control for Automotive Electronic Throttle

Accession number: 20173003971138

Authors: Zhang, Bangji (1); Chen, Zhiqiang (1); Tian, Yang (2); Zhang, Nong (3); Wang, Ming (1)

Author affiliation: (1) State Key Laboratory of Advanced Design and Manufacturing for Vehicle Body, Hunan University, Changsha; 410082, China; (2) Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney; NSW; 2007, Australia; (3) School of Automotive and Traffic Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei; 230009, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 349-354

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Based on the theories of linear quadratic regulator (LQR) control and linear matrix inequality (LMI), a scheme of discrete-time optimal preview position control algorithm for automotive electronic throttle control (ETC) system was proposed. The presented throttle valve position tracking control algorithm consisted of the state-feedback control, discrete integrator, and preview feed-forward control. The closed-loop controller was realized by only utilizing a low-cost sliding potentiometer which was used to measure the angle position of the throttle valve. To track the position of automotive electronic throttle valve, the discrete-time state space model was firstly established for the automotive ETC system. Then, the augmented error system which contained future position reference information was built by using the state transformation method instead of the traditional difference method, which helped to simplify the structure of the augmented error system. In simulations, the physical parameters uncertainty and external disturbance torque of the real automotive electronic throttle control system were also considered, and the simulation results were verified by bench tests for throttle through utilization of the rapid control prototyping (RCP) technology. Both simulation and test results demonstrated that the proposed discrete-time optimal preview position control algorithm was able to effectively improve the transient performance and robustness of the ETC system while guaranteeing the tracking accuracy. Hence, the application of the presented control scheme on the ETC system can further improve the fuel economy, dynamic and exhaust performance of gasoline engine. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Discrete time control systems

Controlled terms: Fuel economy? - ?Linear matrix inequalities? - ?Position control? - ?Robustness (control systems)? - ?State space methods? - ?Tracking (position)? - ?Voltage dividers

Uncontrolled terms: Discrete-time state space models? - ?Electronic throttle? - ?Electronic throttle control? - ?Electronic throttle control system? - ?Electronic throttle valve? - ?Linear quadratic regulator control? - ?Optimal preview controls? - ?Rapid control prototyping

Classification code: 525.2 Energy Conservation

Energy Conservation

? - ?704.2 Electric Equipment

Electric Equipment

? - ?731.1 Control Systems

Control Systems

? - ?731.3 Specific Variables Control

Specific Variables Control

? - ?921 Mathematics

Mathematics

? - ?921.1 Algebra

Algebra

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.046

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

11. ED-T-DSGA Spectral Analysis Model on Monitoring Heavy Metal Copper Pollution of Corn Leaves

Accession number: 20173003971112

Authors: Yang, Keming (1); Zhang, Wenwen (1); Cheng, Long (1); Wang, Xiaofeng (1); Zhao, Junwu (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Geoscience and Surveying Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology (Beijing), Beijing; 100083, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 154-159

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Monitoring on heavy metal pollution and pollution degree of crops is a hot spot in hyperspectral remote sensing research. By conducting the potted-corn experiment stressed by copper, on the basis of the measured spectra and Cu2+contents of corn leaves under Cu2+stress with different concentrations, the research was carried out on the effective differentiating method of similar spectra according to the thinking that the corn leaves’ spectra with different Cu2+stress concentrations still have very high similarity and it is difficult to distinguish the different pollution degrees by using the traditional spectral measurement methods. The ED-T-DSGA spectral analysis model was proposed for spectral similarity measurement with the Euclidean distance (ED) and the tangent of spectral differential gradient angle (DSAG), which was proved to be feasible and effective in distinguishing the very small difference of extreme similarity spectra by comparing the traditional spectral measurement method, harmonic analysis (HA) technique and the results of spectral reconstruction of five HA decomposition times. Meanwhile, the ED-T-DSGA spectral analysis model can be used to measure spectral difference and monitor pollution degree of corn leaves stressed by different Cu2+concentrations. The experiment results showed that the greater the value of ED-T-DSGA spectral analysis model was, the greater the Cu2+stress concentration was, which meant that corn was more seriously polluted by heavy metal copper. And some effective sub-band intervals such as the “yellow edge”, “red valley”, “red edge” and “near-peak B” were extracted by further study based on the ED-T-DSGA analysis model, these interval positions were the spectral responses of Cu2+stress, the sensitive positions could be used as some favorable basis to monitor Cu2+pollution degrees. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Copper

Controlled terms: Heavy metals? - ?Metal analysis? - ?Pollution? - ?Pollution detection? - ?Spectrum analysis? - ?Stress concentration

Uncontrolled terms: Copper stress? - ?Heavy metal pollution? - ?Hyperspectral remote sensing? - ?Leaf spectrum? - ?Potted corn? - ?Spectral differences? - ?Spectral measurement? - ?Spectral reconstruction

Classification code: 531 Metallurgy and Metallography

Metallurgy and Metallography

? - ?544.1 Copper

Copper

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.020

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

12. Optimization on Integrated Performance of Solenoid Valve in Fuel Evaporation System Based on Orthogonal Design

Accession number: 20173003971135

Authors: Wang, Zhaowen (1); Bai, Guojun (1); Huang, Sheng (1); Chi, Hao (1); Zhang, Xinhua (1); Zhang, Peng (2)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Energy and Power Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan; 430074, China; (2) Technology Centre, Chongqing Hongjiang Machinery Co., Ltd., Chongqing; 402162, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 327-334

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The rapid prosperity of automotive market in China poses serious environmental problems. Therefore, combustion emissions such as NOxand soot draw much attention in recent years. However, in addition to them, fuel evaporation emissions account for large proportion of pollution from automobiles. The fuel evaporation control system in the gasoline-engine vehicle effectively inhibits the fuel vapor emission, which is beneficial to both pollution reduction and improvement of heat efficiency. Solenoid valve is one of the key parts in the fuel evaporation control system. It can accurately control the mass of gasoline vapor which strip out from the carbon canister by opening or closing the solenoid valve and ensure the smooth operation of the gasoline engine. Dynamic response characteristics of the solenoid valve have an important influence on the capacity of inhaling gasoline vapor into the intake manifold, thereby it attracts much attention. Actually, due to advantages such as structural simplicity, rapid action, low manufacturing cost and low energy consumption, solenoid valves are widely used in machinery, vehicle, aerospace and other industries. The effects of coil number of turns, wire diameter, core materials and armature mass on the response behavior, impact noise and energy consumption were explored by means of the software Ansoft Maxwell and orthogonal design method. Finally, optimization on the integrated performance of the solenoid valve was achieved to get the best comprehensive performance. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 19

Main heading: Solenoid valves

Controlled terms: Carbon? - ?Control systems? - ?Coremaking? - ?Design? - ?Energy utilization? - ?Engines? - ?Evaporation? - ?Fuels? - ?Gasoline? - ?Machinery ? - ?Pollution? - ?Pollution control? - ?Solenoids

Uncontrolled terms: Comprehensive performance? - ?Dynamic response characteristics? - ?Fuel evaporation? - ?Gasoline engine vehicles? - ?Integrated optimization? - ?Orthogonal design? - ?Orthogonal design method? - ?Response characteristic

Classification code: 523 Liquid Fuels

Liquid Fuels

? - ?525.3 Energy Utilization

Energy Utilization

? - ?534.2 Foundry Practice

Foundry Practice

? - ?619 Pipes, Tanks and Accessories; Plant Engineering Generally

Pipes, Tanks and Accessories; Plant Engineering Generally

? - ?704.1 Electric Components

Electric Components

? - ?731.1 Control Systems

Control Systems

? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations

Chemical Operations

? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally

Chemical Products Generally

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.043

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

13. Interpolation of Groundwater Depth Based on Data Assimilation

Accession number: 20173003971119

Authors: Ma, Huan (1); Yue, Depeng (1); Yang, Di (2); Yu, Qiang (1); Zhang, Qibin (1); Huang, Yuan (1)

Author affiliation: (1) Beijing Key Laboratory of Precision Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville; FL; 32611, United States

Corresponding author: Yue, Depeng(yuedepeng@126.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 206-214

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Groundwater monitoring is limited by practical conditions, and only limited monitoring results can be obtained when it is observed. As a kind of geostatistical interpolation method, cooperative Kriging (co-Kriging) method can effectively represent the transformation of discrete point-like information to planar continuous information. Dengkou County, a typical county in the arid region of Northwest China, was selected as the study area. The sampled data from 40 groundwater sampling sites in 2015 was selected as the main variable. And this data optimized by EnKF was used as the basic data of co-Kriging interpolation. The evapotranspiration results and NDVI data were selected as the covariates. Co-Kriging interpolation was carried out by using the sampled data from 40 groundwater sampling sites in August, 2015, as the main variable, which were optimized by EnKF, and the evapotranspiration results and NDVI data were used as the covariates. Meanwhile, the results of co-Kriging interpolation without using EnKF model and Kriging interpolation optimized by EnKF model were used to verify the accuracy. The results showed that the spatial distribution trend of groundwater depth was basically the same at large scale, the value in the southern desert region was higher, and the spatial distribution showed obvious geography regularity. The most significant improvement was achieved with EnKF model. Based on this improvement, the mean error, root mean square error and mean standard error were all better than those without assimilation, with the mean error of 0.270 5 m. Compared with the ordinary Kriging interpolation method, co-Kriging model took the synergistic effect of evapotranspiration and NDVI into consideration, and the precision was obviously improved. The mean error was decreased by 0.409 7 m, the root mean square error was decreased by 0.078 4 m and the mean standard error was decreased by 1.016 7 m. This study can provide a scientific basis for spatial visualization simulation and reasonable management of water resources in arid areas. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 25

Main heading: Interpolation

Controlled terms: Arid regions? - ?Errors? - ?Evapotranspiration? - ?Groundwater? - ?Groundwater resources? - ?Mean square error? - ?Spatial distribution? - ?Water management? - ?Water resources

Uncontrolled terms: Co-Kriging? - ?Data assimilation? - ?Geostatistical interpolation? - ?Ground water depths? - ?Groundwater monitoring? - ?Kriging interpolation? - ?Root mean square errors? - ?Spatial visualization

Classification code: 444 Water Resources

Water Resources

? - ?444.2 Groundwater

Groundwater

? - ?921 Mathematics

Mathematics

? - ?921.6 Numerical Methods

Numerical Methods

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.027

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

14. 3D Reconstruction of Strawberry Based on Depth Information

Accession number: 20173003971113

Authors: Liu, Gang (1); Zhang, Xue (1); Zong, Ze (1); Guo, Cailing (1)

Author affiliation: (1) Key Laboratory of Modern Precision Agriculture System Integration Research, Ministry of Education, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 160-165 and 172

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: With the development of 3D acquisition devices, 3D modeling method emerges in endlessly. In recent years, 3D reconstruction based on real data is focused on scanning and TOF imaging method. The main drawback of the former is that needs extensive man-machine interaction. The latter can transform a wide range of scene depth information into plant 3D point cloud data in a short time. Most plant reconstruction method based on TOF technology is center on brance structure, but for herbaceous plant, leaves are not easy to operate. So a 3D model reconstruction algorithm was presented based on depth information segmentation and clustering for potted and elevated strawberry. Firstly, the algorithm took discrete depth information as a significant reference standard for object segmentation while taking the depth-dimensional image as a global reference standard to extract discrete point cloud through depth stepping. Then, the algorithm used clustering algorithm based on density to filter out random noise, jump-edge noise as well as background noise. By applying Harris algorithm between color image and the intensity image, a robust registration result was got and an index relationship between point cloud and pixel points was found. Ultimately, 3D strawberry canopy morphology with full color information was reconstructed after following all those steps. Experimental results showed that the algorithm had achieved good effects on segmentation clustering and coloring for potted and elevated strawberry leaves. The accuracy of single-leaf length was around 93% while A-B line accuracy was close to 97%, which indicated that the reconstructed model accuracy met the requirements of phenotypic parameters extraction. The 3D model can provide a new strategy for picking robot in spatial structure research domain. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Three dimensional computer graphics

Controlled terms: Clustering algorithms? - ?Fruits? - ?Image processing? - ?Image reconstruction? - ?Image segmentation? - ?Plants (botany)

Uncontrolled terms: 3D model reconstruction? - ?3D reconstruction? - ?Depth information? - ?Parameters extraction? - ?Plant reconstruction? - ?Point cloud? - ?Segmentation and clustering? - ?Strawberry canopy

Classification code: 723.2 Data Processing and Image Processing

Data Processing and Image Processing

? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Agricultural Products

? - ?903.1 Information Sources and Analysis

Information Sources and Analysis

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 9.30e+01%, Percentage 9.70e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.021

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

15. Visual Localization of Disturbed Grape Picking Point in Non-structural Environment

Accession number: 20173003971095

Authors: Xiong, Juntao (1); He, Zhiliang (1); Tang, Linyue (1); Lin, Rui (1); Liu, Zhen (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Mathematics and Informatics, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou; 510642, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 29-33 and 81

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The picking robot in unstructured environment has practical value in visual localization of disturbed grape. Firstly, the shape of grape was analyzed based on model of “flexible rod-hinge-rigid rod-mass ball” and its disturbed state was decomposed into pendulum of XOY plane and YOZ plane, and then fruit and stalk of grape were obtained by Otsu function from multi frame image in video of which captured disturbed grape. Then centroid of grape in each frame image was calculated, and curve fitting of grape centroid of each frame image was made. The period of grape pendulum movement and swing angle were calculated to judge whether current disturbed of the grape was suitable for visual positioning. For disturbed grape that can achieve visual positioning, choosing grape images corresponding to location in the middle of centroid point of pendulum motion, Canny edge detection was carried out on the upper rectangular region. The method of Hough line fitting and angle constraint were used to localize picking point of disturbed grape. Experiment results of visual localization showed that the accuracy of visual localization for disturbed grape picking points under different illuminations were more than 80% in natural environment, which provided theoretical basis for the application of picking robot in practical production. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 14

Main heading: Curve fitting

Controlled terms: Edge detection? - ?Pendulums

Uncontrolled terms: Canny edge detection? - ?Disturbance? - ?Grape? - ?Natural environments? - ?Picking point? - ?Practical production? - ?Unstructured environments? - ?Vision localization

Classification code: 921.6 Numerical Methods

Numerical Methods

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 8.00e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.003

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

16. Numerical Analysis and Test on Characteristics of Temperature Decreasing of Mashed Potatoes

Accession number: 20173003971131

Authors: Wan, Jinqing (1); Yue, Zhankai (1); Li, Jianguo (1); Wang, Youjun (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Food Science and Technology, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai; 201306, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 298-304

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to investigate the characteristics of temperature decreasing of mashed potatoes without packages during freezing in an air blast freezer, a three-dimensional unsteady numerical model was established to simulate the freezing process of mashed potatoes. According to the thermo-physical properties of mashed potato, the process of the temperature decreasing during freezing was simulated by Fluent, after which the airflow information in the container was obtained.A test was done to verify the accuracy of the model, and it was found that the simulation values and test values were in good agreement, the maximum temperature difference between the test data and simulation result was 7.1 K and the relative error of freezing time was 3.9%. After that, two design parameters (air velocity and air temperature) which would affect the freezing process were analyzed.Improving the air velocity can shorten the time of freezing but would improve the maximum temperature difference between the mashed potato’s core and edge. The variation coefficient of temperature among mashed potatoes was firstly increased and then decreased with the increase of air velocity, and it was minimum when the air velocity was 6 m/s. When the air velocity was bigger than 6 m/s, the freezing rate trended to be steady along with the growing of air velocity. Reducing the air temperature can effectively improve the temperature decreasing of mashed potatoes during freezing but also would improve the variation coefficient of temperature among mashed potatoes. The results reviewed some characteristics of the freezing of mashed potatoes without packages in an air blast freezer, which can provide a reference value for the optimization of the equipments and technologies for the freezing of foodstuffs. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 19

Main heading: Air

Controlled terms: Atmospheric temperature? - ?Computer simulation? - ?Freezing? - ?Numerical models? - ?Refrigerators? - ?Temperature? - ?Velocity

Uncontrolled terms: Air blast? - ?Characteristics of temperature decreasing? - ?Design parameters? - ?Freezing time? - ?Mashed potatoes? - ?Maximum temperature differences? - ?Thermo-physical property? - ?Variation coefficient

Classification code: 443.1 Atmospheric Properties

Atmospheric Properties

? - ?641.1 Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics

? - ?644.3 Refrigeration Equipment and Components

Refrigeration Equipment and Components

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally

Chemical Products Generally

? - ?921 Mathematics

Mathematics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 3.90e+00%, Temperature 7.10e+00K, Velocity 6.00e+00m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.039

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

17. Nonlinear Fuzzy SMC Algorithm for Hydraulic-driven Exoskeleton Robot System

Accession number: 20173003971139

Authors: Chen, Qingcheng (1); Zhu, Shiqiang (2); Jiang, Yu (1); Liu, Songguo (3)

Author affiliation: (1) Shanghai Institute of Special Equipment Inspection and Technical Research, Shanghai; 200062, China; (2) State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power and Control, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou; 310027, China; (3) Hangzhou National Centre for E-commerce Product Quality Monitoring and Disposal, Hangzhou; 310051, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 355-361 and 405

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In case of the difficulty in modeling for exoskeleton robot, an adaptive fuzzy logic control was presented to directly approximate the equivalent control without estimating the unknown parameters in advance. And an adaptive law in controller was designed to adjust its parameters according to parameter changes of the control system. In order to decrease the steady-state error and prevent from the integrator windup, a new nonlinear saturation function derived from quasi-natural potential function was designed to improve the performance of traditional integral sliding mode control. When the error beyond a boundary layer, the integral action was restricted by adjusting factor to avoid the large overshoot and long adjustment time. When the error was small, the integral action was completed so as to reduce the steady-state error and improve the robustness. The stability of the proposed controller was proved by using Lyapunov method. Furthermore, the chattering of sliding mode control was alleviated by simplifying the fuzzy control instead of switching function without deteriorating the system reliability and robustness. Finally, without acknowledging the model parameters of hydraulic-driven exoskeleton robot system, experiments were implemented to demonstrate the robustness and effectiveness of the method. And the results showed that the control output can follow the reference position signal quickly and smoothly with anti-interference ability. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 19

Main heading: Adaptive control systems

Controlled terms: Computer circuits? - ?Controllers? - ?Errors? - ?Exoskeleton (Robotics)? - ?Fuzzy control? - ?Fuzzy logic? - ?Lyapunov methods? - ?Robots? - ?Robust control? - ?Robustness (control systems) ? - ?Sliding mode control

Uncontrolled terms: Adaptive fuzzy logic control? - ?Chattering? - ?Exoskeleton robots? - ?Integral sliding mode control? - ?Mode control? - ?Nonlinear saturation? - ?Steady state errors? - ?System reliability

Classification code: 721.1 Computer Theory, Includes Formal Logic, Automata Theory, Switching Theory, Programming Theory

Computer Theory, Includes Formal Logic, Automata Theory, Switching Theory, Programming Theory

? - ?721.3 Computer Circuits

Computer Circuits

? - ?731 Automatic Control Principles and Applications

Automatic Control Principles and Applications

? - ?732.1 Control Equipment

Control Equipment

? - ?961 Systems Science

Systems Science

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.047

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

18. Effects of Diluent Gases on Ignition Delays Characteristics of Dimethyl Ether

Accession number: 20173003971136

Authors: Zhang, Hongguang (1, 2); Li, Jiazheng (1, 2); Shi, Zhicheng (1, 2); Gao, Xiang (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing; 100124, China; (2) Collaborative Innovation Center of Electric Vehicles in Beijing, Beijing; 100124, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 335-341

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Effects of diluent gases composition on ignition delays of dimethyl ether (DME) were investigated at compressed pressure of 1.5 MPa, compressed temperature from 670 K to 795 K and equivalence ratio of 1 by using a rapid compression machine (RCM). The diluent gases considered were nitrogen (N2), mixture of N2and argon (Ar) at mole ratio of 50% to 50% and mixture of Ar and carbon dioxide (CO2) at mole ratio of 61.2% to 38.8%. The simulation study was performed over a wider temperature range based on CHMKIN-PRO software. The results showed that diluent gases composition had little impact on the first-stage ignition delay. However, significant differences in the total ignition delay were observed, especially in the negative temperature coefficient (NTC) region. Compared with N2, mixture of N2and Ar decreased the total ignition delay by 30%. The chemical effect of diluent gases composition on the first-stage and total ignition delays was negligible. The thermal effect was dominant factor in the low temperature and NTC regions, however, the chemical effect of CO2enhanced and exceeded the thermal effect in the temperature region beyond the NTC region. With the increase of N2dilution ratio, the first-stage ignition delay was slightly increased, while a significant increase in the total ignition delay was observed. Moreover, the NTC behavior of total ignition delay was noted to become more pronounced at high N2dilution ratio. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Ignition

Controlled terms: Carbon? - ?Carbon dioxide? - ?Computer software? - ?Ethers? - ?Fuels? - ?Gases? - ?Mixtures? - ?Nitrogen? - ?Temperature

Uncontrolled terms: Dimethyl ethers? - ?Equivalence ratios? - ?Ignition delays? - ?Low temperatures? - ?Rapid compression machine? - ?Simulation studies? - ?Temperature range? - ?Temperature regions

Classification code: 521.1 Fuel Combustion

Fuel Combustion

? - ?641.1 Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics

? - ?723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally

Chemical Products Generally

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 3.00e+01%, Percentage 5.00e+01%, Percentage 6.12e+01% to 3.88e+01%, Pressure 1.50e+06Pa, Temperature 6.70e+02K to 7.95e+02K

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.044

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

19. Fine Segment Method of Cows’ Body Parts in Depth Images Based on Machine Learning

Accession number: 20173003971115

Authors: Zhao, Kaixuan (1); Li, Guoqiang (1); He, Dongjian (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China

Corresponding author: He, Dongjian(hdj168@nwsuaf.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 173-179

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The recognition of cows’ body parts is essential for providing accurate details of the cows’ shape, which is the fundamental prerequisite for locomotion scoring, posture detection and behavioral quantifications. The objective was to develop a robust depth feature in order to reduce the difficulty in building the classifier and detect cows’ body parts with higher accuracy. Therefore, a method for segmenting cows’ body parts was proposed, including the head, neck, body, forelimbs, hind limbs and tail, with high accuracy on the basis of depth image processing and machine learning. The local binary patterns of each pixel under several sampling radii were used as the features with which the filtering rules were designed, and a decision forest was trained and tested to classify the pixels into six groups. Furthermore, totally 288 depth images were captured from 30 cows; 150 images were randomly selected to build three decision trees, and the rest images were used for testing. The results showed that when the number of sampling radii and training layers were 30 and 20, respectively, the recognition rate reached 95.15%. Among the cows’ body parts, the recognition rate of tail was 54.97%, and the minimum recognition rate of other parts was 89.22%. In some cases that tail was too close to trunk to segment tail from trunk by human marker, the decision trees recognized the tail successfully. The average recognition time for pixel were 0.38 ms and 0.25 ms, and the recognition time for cow target were 20.30 s and 15.25 s for the conventional method and new method, respectively. This LBP-based depth image feature was translation-invariant and rotation-invariant and had fewer parameters. The results showed that the new method proposed was more effective in recognizing small and complex structures of the cow target with higher accuracy. Compared with the typical depth image features, the new feature employed was capable of extracting the details of cows’ body and recognizing complex parts more accurately with fewer parameters and simple model. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Image processing

Controlled terms: Artificial intelligence? - ?Decision trees? - ?Education? - ?Forestry? - ?Image segmentation? - ?Learning algorithms? - ?Learning systems? - ?Pixels? - ?Target tracking

Uncontrolled terms: Body segment? - ?Conventional methods? - ?Cows? - ?Depth image? - ?Depth image processing? - ?Local binary patterns? - ?Rotation invariant? - ?Translation invariants

Classification code: 723.4 Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence

? - ?961 Systems Science

Systems Science

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 5.50e+01%, Percentage 8.92e+01%, Percentage 9.52e+01%, Time 1.52e+01s, Time 2.03e+01s, Time 2.50e-04s, Time 3.80e-04s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.023

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

20. Soil Compactness Measuring Method Based on Acceleration Compensation and Sensor Design

Accession number: 20173003971124

Authors: Yu, Wenhua (1); Tian, Hao (1, 2); Liang, Chao (1, 2); Li, Chenghao (1, 2); Zhao, Yandong (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) Beijing Laboratory of Urban and Rural Ecological Environment, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing; 100083, China

Corresponding author: Zhao, Yandong(yandongzh@bjfu.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 250-256

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In view of the present measurement of soil compactness based on the cone index, eliminating the influence of soil friction on compactness measuring is impossible.It needs to ensure sensor is inserted into the soil at constant speed, thus it is difficult to use and the accuracy is not high. In order to improve the real-time measurement precision and maneuverability of soil compactness, a real-time soil compactness detection sensor was designed based on the cone index, and the synchronous measurement of acceleration was realized, which eliminated the error caused by different speed in the process of the metal rod inserting into soil, as well as improved soil compactness measuring precision. Homemade sensor had good static characteristics and dynamic characteristics through a large number of test. Measuring range was 0~7 800 kPa, sensibility was 0.041 896, the stability of the standard deviation was 5 kPa, measuring accuracy was ±0.02%FS, overshoot was 7.81%, and transient time was 0.632 s. Compared with SC-900 soil compactness meter of the United States, its accuracy of the linear fitting coefficient of decision reached more than 0.96. The results showed that the homemade soil compactness sensor and SC-900 soil compactness meter had consistency of performance in the actual measurement, and homemade soil compactness sensor was more convenient and cheaper. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 19

Main heading: Soil surveys

Controlled terms: Acceleration? - ?Sensors? - ?Soils

Uncontrolled terms: Actual measurements? - ?Cone index? - ?Dynamic characteristics? - ?Measuring precision? - ?Real time measurements? - ?Soil compactness? - ?Static characteristic? - ?Synchronous measurements

Classification code: 483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 7.81e+00%, Pressure 0.00e+00Pa to 7.80e+06Pa, Pressure 5.00e+03Pa, Time 6.32e-01s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.032

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

21. Forest Structure Parameters Inversion Based on Image Texture and Spectral and Topographic Features

Accession number: 20173003971108

Authors: Xie, Shiqin (1); Zhao, Tianzhong (1); Wang, Wei (2); Meng, Jinghui (3); Shi, Jingjing (2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Information, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) State Forestry Administration Survey Planning and Design Institute, Beijing; 100714, China; (3) College of Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing; 100083, China

Corresponding author: Zhao, Tianzhong(ztz@bjfu.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 125-134

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Taking the SPOT5 satellite images of Heilongjiang Province and national forest inventory data as data source, the image texture, spectral features and topographic information of the sample plots were obtained, forest information of sample plots survey data was extracted as the true value. Through multiple linear regression analysis, forest structural parameters (forest stand quadratic mean diameter, basal area, stand volume and species diversity index) estimation models were established by combination of texture, spectral features and topographic information as independent variables, so as to select the optimal texture feature generation window and the optimal forest structure parameter inversion model. The results indicated that the texture, spectral features of SPOT5 images and forest structure parameters had a strong correlation, and the 9×9 window was the optimal texture generation window; the accuracy of the model was greatly improved after introducing the topographic factor. The estimation model of tree species diversity index Radj2was more than 0.72, and stand volume estimation model was the optimal model with Radj2of 0.864 and root mean square error of 21.260 m3/hm2. The study suggested that using high resolution satellite image texture, spectral and topographic features to estimate the forest structural parameters had good application prospect. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 35

Main heading: Image texture

Controlled terms: Biodiversity? - ?Forestry? - ?Linear regression? - ?Mean square error? - ?Parameter estimation? - ?Regression analysis? - ?Structural optimization

Uncontrolled terms: Forest structure? - ?Model estimation? - ?Spectral feature? - ?Texture features? - ?Topographic factors

Classification code: 454 Environmental Engineering

Environmental Engineering

? - ?723.2 Data Processing and Image Processing

Data Processing and Image Processing

? - ?921.5 Optimization Techniques

Optimization Techniques

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.016

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

22. Design of Rice Nursery Tray Images Wireless Transmission System Based on Embedded Machine Vision

Accession number: 20173003971094

Authors: Tan, Suiyan (1); Ma, Xu (2); Dong, Wenhao (2); Lu, Fangyuan (2); Li, Beixu (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Electronics Engineering, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou; 510642, China; (2) College of Engineering, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou; 510642, China

Corresponding author: Ma, Xu(maxu1959@scau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 22-28

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Because the sowing performance of precision rice seeders is influenced not only by the operational parameters but also by the physical properties of seeds, during the rice seedling nursery process, sowing quantity in plug tray varies from time to time. Therefore, monitoring of sowing quantity by workers is needed. In order to solve the problem that human labor spends much time on working in outdoor environment and its low efficiency, a rice nursery tray images wireless transmission system based on embedded machine vision was designed. The embedded machine vision system was composed of embedded development platform Tiny4412, WiFi gateway, network camera, infrared sensor module and remote computer. The embedded Linux operating system, camera driver, GPIO port driver and network file system configuration were installed in embedded development platform. Applications for the device were programmed with Qt development tool. The applications included image acquisition, real-time images displaying on screen and friendly interactive interface. Jpeglib static library was used to compress the images. Through the WiFi network, embedded system and remote server achieved socket communication in accordance with the provision of protocol data transmission. The remote server achieved collecting, validating, displaying and saving the images based on the Netty framework. The test results showed that the transmission of BMP and the compressed JPEG images could meet the operational requirements of automated rice sowing test line. The transmission rate of JPEG images was greatly improved. The embedded data acquisition terminal could collect stable seeding tray images, and successfully upload to the server. The network average packet loss rate was 0.23% and the error rate was 0.23%. The design of the system laid the experimental platform for the achievement of remote control to the rice sowing quantity of rice sowing test line and the development of embedded-machine-vision-based system for rice nursery trays sowing quantity detection. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 23

Main heading: Computer vision

Controlled terms: Cameras? - ?Computer operating systems? - ?Embedded systems? - ?Gateways (computer networks)? - ?Infrared detectors? - ?Optical systems? - ?Remote control? - ?Societies and institutions? - ?Systems analysis? - ?Wi-Fi ? - ?Wireless local area networks (WLAN)

Uncontrolled terms: Data acquisition terminal? - ?Embedded linux operating systems? - ?Embedded machines? - ?Image? - ?Operational requirements? - ?Rice tray nursery? - ?Wireless transmission systems? - ?Wireless transmissions

Classification code: 723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?731.1 Control Systems

Control Systems

? - ?741.2 Vision

Vision

? - ?741.3 Optical Devices and Systems

Optical Devices and Systems

? - ?742.2 Photographic Equipment

Photographic Equipment

? - ?901.1.1 Societies and Institutions

Societies and Institutions

? - ?944.7 Radiation Measuring Instruments

Radiation Measuring Instruments

? - ?961 Systems Science

Systems Science

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 2.30e-01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.002

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

23. Pig Ear Abnormal Color Detection on Image Processing Techniques

Accession number: 20173003971114

Authors: Zhou, Liping (1); Chen, Da (2); Chen, Zhi (2); Yuan, Yanwei (1); Wang, Lili (1); Sun, Xiaowen (1)

Author affiliation: (1) Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) China National Machinery Industry Corporation, Beijing; 100080, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 166-172

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to study blue ear epidemic early warning and monitoring method in large-scale pig farms, the non-contact ear automatic color detection method was proposed. Pig’s thermal infrared images and visual images were collected at the same time and the same viewing angle. Two pictures were used together to find the optimal scale factor of matching. By the optimal scale factor, pig ear root section can be found in visible image, and then the ear root central point can be confirmed. According to active shape model method, pig ear root central point was selected as the first feature point, the ear tip as 18th feature points, and both middle point of outlines as 9th and 26th feature points, and 34 pig ears outline feature points in all were selected by human-computer interaction. ASM search scope was defined in pig head region, thus pig ear outline could be extracted correctly. Then the extracted pig ear color was compared with the color of normal pig ears, the ear color detection accuracy could be above 77%, and it could be easily found whether there was the risk of blueear pig disease. The results showed that due to the limited search scope method, the pig ear contour could be extracted accurately, and it could be applied to auto ear color detection in swine house. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Mammals

Controlled terms: Color? - ?Color image processing? - ?Human computer interaction? - ?Image processing? - ?Infrared imaging

Uncontrolled terms: Active Shape Models? - ?Blue ear epidemic? - ?Ear contour? - ?Image processing technique? - ?Monitoring methods? - ?Scaling factors? - ?Searching scope? - ?Thermal infrared images

Classification code: 741.1 Light/Optics

Light/Optics

? - ?746 Imaging Techniques

Imaging Techniques

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 7.70e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.022

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

24. Design and Experiment of Tillage Resistance Testing Device for Sliding Cultivate Component

Accession number: 20173003971099

Authors: Jia, Honglei (1, 2); Luo, Xiaofeng (1, 2); Wang, Wenjun (1, 2); Zhao, Jiale (1, 2); Guo, Mingzhuo (1, 2); Zhuang, Jian (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering, Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun; 130025, China; (2) College of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun; 130025, China

Corresponding author: Zhuang, Jian(zhuangjian_2001@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 56-64

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Accurate measurement of tillage resistance for cultivate component is critical. The related resistance testing device has complex structure, high maintenance cost, lack of overload protection and difficulty in collection in farmland. Aiming at the problems of the related resistance testing device, the tillage resistance testing device (TRTD) for sliding cultivate component was designed. TRTD consisted of component library, torsional spring, rotation axis, positioning plate and encoder. The force analysis of double-wings subsoiler was carried out. A measurement method of tillage resistance was established which contained the relationship of correction factor k as a function of spring corner θ, tilling depth H, tilling speed v, soil bulk density ρ and subsoiler structure parameters. In order to evaluate the TRTD, a soil bin contrast test with traditional testing device (TTD) was conducted under six tillage condition treatments. The test results showed that the mean and variance of the measured sample from both testing devices had no significant difference. The results of precision analysis showed that the maximum relative error of TRTD was 1.34% compared with TTD. The results of fluctuation analysis showed that the fluctuation amplitude of TRTD was similar with that of TTD and both relative deviations were not more than 5%. TRTD met the requirement of accuracy and stability and possessed the function of overload protection as well as providing condition for acquisition of tillage resistance. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 17

Main heading: Soil testing

Controlled terms: Agricultural machinery? - ?Agriculture? - ?Design? - ?Experiments

Uncontrolled terms: Accurate measurement? - ?Fluctuation amplitudes? - ?Fluctuation analysis? - ?Maximum relative errors? - ?Measurement methods? - ?Structure parameter? - ?Subsoiler? - ?Testing device

Classification code: 483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

? - ?821.1 Agricultural Machinery and Equipment

Agricultural Machinery and Equipment

? - ?901.3 Engineering Research

Engineering Research

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.34e+00%, Percentage 5.00e+00%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.007

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

25. Linear Scale Measurement Method for Soil Profile Moisture

Accession number: 20173003971125

Authors: Gao, Zhitao (1, 2); Tian, Hao (1, 2); Zhao, Yandong (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) Beijing Laboratory of Urban and Rural Ecological Environment, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing; 100083, China

Corresponding author: Zhao, Yandong(yandongzh@bjfu.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 257-264

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Pointing at the main problems existing in the utilization of point scale in soil moisture measurement, a linear scale measurement method was put forward and a sensor system of soil profile moisture information measurement was designed based on standing wave ratio method. With the help of a high frequency electromagnetic field simulation software HFSS and vector network analyzer, electric field distribution and impedance characteristics of sensor ring probe were analyzed and studied to determine the adaptation and sensitive areas of the ring probe. Two kinds of soil in different textures were taken as experimental samples, the output and the corresponding measured value of soil moisture sensors were executed polynomial fitting, and the results showed that the determination coefficient was above 0.99 and the steady and dynamic performances of sensors could satisfy the requirement of soil profile moisture measurement. The experiments of multi-layer moisture through the soil column showed the system could meet the soil profile moisture real-time measurements demand in linear scale and it had high measurement precision and stability. Meanwhile, the system was satisfied with needs of practical application and it had high application promotion value. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 23

Main heading: Soil surveys

Controlled terms: Computer software? - ?Electric fields? - ?Electric network analyzers? - ?Electromagnetic fields? - ?Moisture? - ?Moisture control? - ?Moisture determination? - ?Moisture meters? - ?Probes? - ?Soil moisture ? - ?Soils? - ?Time measurement

Uncontrolled terms: Determination coefficients? - ?Electric field distributions? - ?High-frequency electromagnetic fields? - ?Impedance characteristics? - ?Linear scale? - ?Real time measurements? - ?Soil moisture measurement? - ?Vector network analyzers

Classification code: 483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

? - ?701 Electricity and Magnetism

Electricity and Magnetism

? - ?701.1 Electricity: Basic Concepts and Phenomena

Electricity: Basic Concepts and Phenomena

? - ?723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

? - ?943.3 Special Purpose Instruments

Special Purpose Instruments

? - ?944.1 Moisture Measuring Instruments

Moisture Measuring Instruments

? - ?944.2 Moisture Measurements

Moisture Measurements

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.033

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

26. Effect of Film Mulching Patterns on Carbon Sequestration in Wheat-Maize Rotation System

Accession number: 20173003971116

Authors: Feng, Hao (1, 2); Liu, Jingjing (1, 3); Zhang, Afeng (3, 4); Zou, Xiaoyang (2); Chen, Haixin (3, 5)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (2) Institute of Water and Soil Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (3) Chinese National Academy of Water-saving Agriculture in Arid Region, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (4) College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (5) Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 180-189

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The greenhouse gases such as methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and carbon dioxide (CO2) were increased in atmospheric concentration since 1750, which attracted more and more attention regarding climate change. Agriculture activities contributed to the increase of greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere, resulting in high global warming potential, which was estimated to contribute about 47%~58% of the total anthropogenic emissions of CH4and N2O. Film mulching is reported to be a significant agricultural factor which greatly affected greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the carbon footprint. The annual GHG emissions (CO2, CH4and N2O) from a wheat-maize rotation system during 2014-2015 were monitored by using the static opaque chamber and gas chromatography technique in Guanzhong Plain of China. Four mulching treatments were no mulching (CK), semi-film mulching (BM), ridge-furrow planting with film mulching over ridge (LM) and whole film mulching (QM). Net global warming potential (NGWP) and carbon footprint were used to evaluate the effect of film mulching on GHG emissions and composition of carbon footprint production. The results showed that compared with CK, the BM, LM and QM treatments increased annual crop yield by 9.0%, 16.5% and 26.6%, respectively. Similarly, the BM, LM and QM treatments increased annual CO2emission by 33.9%, 9.3% and 31.6% and annual N2O emission by 22.9%, 14.3% and 47.1%, respectively. However, annual CH4emissions showed no significant difference compared with CK. In addition, NGWP was increased by 9.0%, 16.7% and 26.0%, respectively. The carbon footprint of LM and QM treatments was 33.2% and 21.9% lower than that of CK, while BM treatment showed no significant difference compared with CK. Compared with carbon footprint per unit crop yield of CK, that of BM treatment was increased by 16.3%, while that of LM treatment was decreased by 13.1%. Meanwhile, QM treatment showed no significant difference. Considering both the economic and environmental effects of different mulching treatments, ridge-furrow planting with film mulching over ridge in the wheat-maize rotation system was recommended for carbon sequestration and greenhouse gas reduction in Guanzhong Plain of China with the purposes of water saving and carbon sequestration. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 43

Main heading: Carbon footprint

Controlled terms: Agriculture? - ?Carbon dioxide? - ?Climate change? - ?Crops? - ?Gas chromatography? - ?Gas emissions? - ?Gases? - ?Global warming? - ?Greenhouse gases? - ?Nitrogen oxides ? - ?Water conservation

Uncontrolled terms: Agricultural factors? - ?Anthropogenic emissions? - ?Atmospheric concentration? - ?Carbon sequestration? - ?Film mulching? - ?Global warming potential? - ?Greenhouse gas reductions? - ?Wheat-maize

Classification code: 443.1 Atmospheric Properties

Atmospheric Properties

? - ?444 Water Resources

Water Resources

? - ?451.1 Air Pollution Sources

Air Pollution Sources

? - ?454 Environmental Engineering

Environmental Engineering

? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations

Chemical Operations

? - ?804.2 Inorganic Compounds

Inorganic Compounds

? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Agricultural Products

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.31e+01%, Percentage 1.43e+01%, Percentage 1.63e+01%, Percentage 1.65e+01%, Percentage 1.67e+01%, Percentage 2.19e+01%, Percentage 2.29e+01%, Percentage 2.60e+01%, Percentage 2.66e+01%, Percentage 3.16e+01%, Percentage 3.32e+01%, Percentage 3.39e+01%, Percentage 4.71e+01%, Percentage 9.00e+00%, Percentage 9.30e+00%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.024

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

27. Estimation and Analysis of Ecosystem Service Value Based on Grid Scale

Accession number: 20173003971111

Authors: Tang, Xiumei (1, 2); Liu, Yu (1, 2); Liu, Xinwei (3); Pan, Yuchun (1, 2); Wu, Yanpeng (4); Li, Hong (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) Beijing Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture, Beijing; 100097, China; (2) National Engineering Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture, Beijing; 100097, China; (3) Center of Land Consolidation, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing; 100035, China; (4) Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing; 100097, China

Corresponding author: Liu, Xinwei(Liuxinwei@lcrc.org.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 149-153 and 205

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The regional ecosystem service value of Haidian District in Beijing was estimated in the 500 m×500 m grid scale by using present regional land use data. The research area was divided into different types of sub-regions according to the distribution of ecosystem service values. The land use structure and landscape pattern of different sub-regions were analyzed through the software of GIS and FRAGSTAS. The results showed that the ecosystem service value of Haidian District was ranged from -2.35 million yuan to 2.08 million yuan, which was increased from the south to northwest. The land use structure and ecosystem service value were different in different sub-regions. The main land use types were urban green space in high value regions, cultivated land and forest land in mid value regions and construction land in low value regions. There were also large differences of landscape pattern index among different sub-regions of ecosystem service value. The fragmentation of the landscape pattern was gradually increased from low value regions to high value regions, indicating that the influence of human activities on the ecological environment was increased, and the disturbing of human activities on the landscape structure was also increased. The results of this research can provide a reference for the intensive evaluation of regional ecosystem service, and serve as a scientific basis for the structure adjustment, sustainable utilization of regional land and ecological landscape construction. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 31

Main heading: Ecosystems

Controlled terms: Ecology? - ?Geographic information systems? - ?Land use

Uncontrolled terms: Ecological environments? - ?Ecosystem service values? - ?Evaluation? - ?Grid? - ?Landscape pattern indices? - ?Landscape structures? - ?Structure adjustments? - ?Sustainable utilization

Classification code: 403 Urban and Regional Planning and Development

Urban and Regional Planning and Development

? - ?454.3 Ecology and Ecosystems

Ecology and Ecosystems

? - ?903.3 Information Retrieval and Use

Information Retrieval and Use

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.019

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

28. Smooth Path Planning Method Based on Dynamic Feedback A*Ant Colony Algorithm

Accession number: 20173003971096

Authors: Huang, Chen (1); Fei, Jiyou (1, 2); Liu, Yang (3); Li, Hua (2); Liu, Xiaodong (2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Mechanical Engineering, Dalian Jiaotong University, Dalian; 116028, China; (2) College of Bullet Train Application and Maintenance Engineering, Dalian Jiaotong University, Dalian; 116028, China; (3) College of Engineering, Pukyong National University, Busan; 608737, Korea, Republic of

Corresponding author: Fei, Jiyou(fjy@djtu.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 34-40 and 102

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: A smooth path planning method for mobile robot with A*ant colony optimization was proposed based on dynamic feedback for mobile robot. First of all, in order to overcome the disadvantage about slow convergence speed of ant colony algorithm, simplified A*algorithm was presented to optimize the initial pheromone settings, which was able to solve the blindness of the first search. In this step, the planning path with the minimum value of the valuation function was obtained by the evaluation function of A*algorithm. And the presented multi-evolutionary strategy mechanism which could increase search space was used to strengthen the global search ability of the algorithm. Secondly, in order to further improve the adaptability of algorithm about the problem of local minimum and stagnation in the path planning, the key parameters of the algorithm were systematically analyzed and the closed-loop feedback idea was adopted to adjust the parameters of ant colony optimization algorithm dynamically. Finally, combining with the cubic B spline curve method, the planning path was smoothed to meet the practical movement route of mobile robot. The simulation experiment results showed that compared with traditional ant colony (AC), A*ant colony optimization based on dynamic feedback could reduce 10.4% of the average path cost and shorten 65.8% of the computing time in average. In addition, compared with ant colony system (ACS), the average path cost could be reduced by 5.9%, the calculation time could be shortened by 52.6%. The improved ant colony optimization algorithm could plan a smooth and high quality path in both the dynamic and static environments. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Optimization

Controlled terms: Ant colony optimization? - ?Artificial intelligence? - ?Cost reduction? - ?Evolutionary algorithms? - ?Mobile robots? - ?Motion planning? - ?Robot programming? - ?Robots

Uncontrolled terms: Ant colony algorithms? - ?Ant Colony Optimization algorithms? - ?B spline curve? - ?Cubic b-spline curves? - ?Dynamic feedback? - ?Evolutionary strategies? - ?Global search ability? - ?Improved ant colony optimization

Classification code: 723.4 Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence

? - ?731.5 Robotics

Robotics

? - ?921.5 Optimization Techniques

Optimization Techniques

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.04e+01%, Percentage 5.26e+01%, Percentage 5.90e+00%, Percentage 6.58e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.004

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

29. Effect of Biochar on Fungal Abundance of Rhizosphere Soil and Cucumber Root Growth in Greenhouse

Accession number: 20173003971126

Authors: Li, Fahu (1); Li, Ming (1); Liu, Jinquan (1); Hu, Yun (1); Zhang, Qingmei (1); Zhao, Hengdong (1)

Author affiliation: (1) Vocational and Technical College, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Baotou; 014109, China

Corresponding author: Li, Ming(liming19750811@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 265-270 and 341

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The cucumber of solar greenhouse was selected to study the effect of biochar of corn straw on fungal abundance of rhizosphere soil and root growth of cucumber in fruiting period. The influence mechanism was found by the test. In the test, treatments were amounts of 20 t/hm2, 40 t/hm2and 60 t/hm2of biochar which were respectively applied to the soil of solar greenhouse. The results showed that root number, root volume and root activity were improved in various degrees, the fungal abundances of Ascomycota, Zygomycota were increased significantly, and the fungal abundances of Basidiomycota, Chytridiomycota and Glomeromycota were promoted but the proportion of hybrid bacterium was reduced greatly, when the amount of biochar was 20~60 t/hm2in fruiting period of cucumber. The results also showed that the fungal abundances of Incertae sedis 27, Chaetomiaceae, Microascaceae, Lasiosphaeriaceae, Pseudeurotiaceae, Onygenaceae, Gymnoascaceae, Nectriaceae, Incertae sedis 3, Cephalothecaceae, Coniochaetaceae, Mortierellaceae, Glomeraceae, Bolbitiaceae and Spizellomycetaceae were improved by the application of biochar. Results showed that the effect of biochar on promoting root growth was more obvious for the fungi of Incertae sedis 27, Chaetomiaceae, Pseudeurotiaceae, Cephalothecaceae and Mortierellaceae, and these fungi promoted the root growth of cucumber by means of organizing in the root, promoting root to absorb nutrient, increasing organic matter and nutrient content, and promoting the decomposition of organic material. By comprehensive comparison, the effect of application rate of 20 t/hm2of biochar was better than those of other treatments, and the treatment of 20 t/hm2significantly improved the root number, root volume and root activity by 20.52%, 50.73% and 16.11%, respectively, compared with the test control in fruiting period of cucumber. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 19

Main heading: Greenhouse effect

Controlled terms: Decay (organic)? - ?Fungi? - ?Greenhouses? - ?Nutrients? - ?Plants (botany)? - ?Soils? - ?Solar heating

Uncontrolled terms: Bio chars? - ?Cucumber? - ?Fungal abundance? - ?Rhizosphere soils? - ?Root growth

Classification code: 451 Air Pollution

Air Pollution

? - ?483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

? - ?657.1 Solar Energy and Phenomena

Solar Energy and Phenomena

? - ?801.2 Biochemistry

Biochemistry

? - ?821.6 Farm Buildings and Other Structures

Farm Buildings and Other Structures

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.61e+01%, Percentage 2.05e+01%, Percentage 5.07e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.034

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

30. Comparison of Characteristics of Soil Moisture Transfer for Porous Ceramic Infiltration Irrigation and Subsurface Drip Irrigation

Accession number: 20173003971123

Authors: Cai, Yaohui (1); Wu, Pute (1, 2); Zhang, Lin (2); Zhu, Delan (1, 2); Ren, Gaiping (1, 3); Chen, Junying (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Water Resources and Architecture Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (2) Institute of Water Saving Agriculture in Arid Areas of China, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (3) Luonan Water Affairs Bureau, Shangluo; 726100, China

Corresponding author: Wu, Pute(gjzwpt@vip.sina.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 242-249

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Aiming to have insights into characteristics of soil moisture transfer of porous ceramic infiltration irrigation, soil moisture transfer experiment was conducted by using porous ceramic emitter, of which the working head was 0 m, meanwhile, subsurface drip irrigation tape with working head of 10 m was used to carry out a control test. The comparisons of cumulative infiltration, emitter discharge, wetting soil characteristic and change of soil water content of two different irrigation methods were made. The results indicated that when the irrigation time was the same, the cumulative infiltration, wetting front and wetting zone sectional area of porous ceramic infiltration irrigation were less than those of subsurface drip irrigation. The discharge of porous ceramic infiltration irrigation was decreased gradually with the increase of time, which was closed to 0 L/h at last, in contrast, the discharge of subsurface drip irrigation was relatively stable. In the late experimental period, soil water contents in the wetting zone of porous ceramic infiltration irrigation were changed slightly. While water contents of subsurface irrigation were increased continuously, and then they got decreased after stopping irrigation because of soil water redistribution. Because porous ceramic infiltration irrigation was a continuous irrigation method, thus it could provide a constant soil moisture environment for crops. But subsurface drip irrigation was a passive and intermittent irrigation method, and soil moisture environment for crops was alternate drying-wetting. The present study provided valuable information for the popularization and application of porous ceramic infiltration irrigation. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 34

Main heading: Infiltration

Controlled terms: Ceramic materials? - ?Crops? - ?Irrigation? - ?Moisture? - ?Moisture control? - ?Soil moisture? - ?Soils? - ?Subirrigation? - ?Water content? - ?Wetting

Uncontrolled terms: Cumulative infiltrations? - ?Intermittent irrigations? - ?Moisture environment? - ?Moisture transfer? - ?Porous ceramics? - ?Soil characteristics? - ?Soil water content? - ?Subsurface drip irrigation

Classification code: 483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

? - ?731.3 Specific Variables Control

Specific Variables Control

? - ?812.1 Ceramics

Ceramics

? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods

Agricultural Methods

? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Agricultural Products

Numerical data indexing: Size 0.00e+00m, Size 1.00e+01m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.031

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

31. Effects of Noncondensable Gases and Turbulent Fluctuations on Cavitation Phenomenon in Injector Nozzle

Accession number: 20173003971137

Authors: Ma, Bin (1); Gao, Ying (1); Liu, Yu (1); Liu, Hongqi (1); Chen, Wei (1); Xu, Yingjian (1)

Author affiliation: (1) State Key Laboratory of Automobile Simulation and Control, Jilin University, Changchun; 130025, China

Corresponding author: Gao, Ying(ying-gao@vip.sina.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 342-348

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Fuel spray atomization strongly affected engine economic performance and emissions, which in turn was significantly influenced by nozzle cavitation phenomenon with the high injection pressure in diesel and GDI engine. Aiming to study the influence of noncondensable gases and turbulent pressure fluctuations on modeling of nozzle cavitation, Schnerr and Sauer cavitation model and Singhal cavitation model were used to model nozzle cavitation, which were both coupled with homogeneous equilibrium multiphase model and realizable k-Ε turbulence model. Then, the Singhal cavitation model was used to model nozzle cavitation with homogeneous equilibrium model and different turbulence models. The comparison of simulation results and experimental results showed that noncondensable gases and turbulent pressure fluctuations had significant impact on modeling nozzle cavitation. The simulation result ignoring noncondensable gases and turbulent pressure fluctuations seriously underestimated the volume fraction of gas phase in nozzle, which was just 42% of the experimental results, while the volume fraction of gas phase calculated by the one considering turbulent pressure fluctuations and noncondensable gases agreed well with experimental results, which was 96% of the experimental results. The results indicated that considering noncondensable gases and turbulent pressure fluctuations would improve accuracy of nozzle cavitation simulation. The calculated gas phase considering noncondensable gases and turbulent pressure fluctuations was diffused to some extent at the end of gas phase region, which was caused by the expansion of noncondensable gases in fluid. Turbulence viscosity slightly affected the distribution of gas phase by affecting the velocity and pressure of fluid. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 22

Main heading: Gases

Controlled terms: Cavitation? - ?Computer simulation? - ?Engines? - ?Nozzles? - ?Spray nozzles? - ?Turbulence models? - ?Two phase flow? - ?Volume fraction

Uncontrolled terms: Fuel spray atomization? - ?High injection pressures? - ?Homogeneous equilibrium models? - ?Injector? - ?K-epsilon turbulence model? - ?Non-condensable gas? - ?Turbulent disturbance? - ?Turbulent pressure fluctuations

Classification code: 631.1 Fluid Flow, General

Fluid Flow, General

? - ?631.1.1 Liquid Dynamics

Liquid Dynamics

? - ?641.1 Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 4.20e+01%, Percentage 9.60e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.045

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

32. Type Synthesis and Position Analysis of 4-DOF Parallel Mechanisms with Two Operation Modes

Accession number: 20173003970889

Authors: Shi, Zhixin (1); Ye, Meiyan (2); Luo, Yufeng (1); Yang, Tingli (3)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Nanchang University, Nanchang; 330031, China; (2) School of Science, Nanchang University, Nanchang; 330031, China; (3) Jinling Petrochemical Corporation, Nanjing; 210037, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 383-389

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: To develop reconfigurable manufacturing systems with a short changeover time, parallel mechanisms with multiple operation modes had received much attention from researchers. However, the current researches on multiple modes were mostly concentrated on the 3-DOF parallel mechanisms. A simple method of type synthesis and operation mode analysis for 4-DOF parallel mechanisms with both two-dimension translation and two-dimension rotational operation mode and three-dimension translation and one-dimension rotational operation mode was put forward. Type synthesis of 4-DOF parallel mechanisms was introduced based on the theory of position and orientation characteristics. And one family of 4-DOF parallel mechanisms with two operation modes was presented. Then, one topology was selected from the different possibilities of parallel manipulators after imposing some practical requirements. The selected parallel manipulator had instantaneously five degrees of freedom at the constraint singular configuration. The parallel manipulator must pass through singular configuration when it was switched from one operation mode to another. Redundant actuators were used to ensure that the parallel manipulator can pass through the singular configuration. Finally, the forward and inverse kinematic equations of the parallel manipulator with bifurcated motion in different operation modes were derived. The parallel manipulator presented was intended to be used in manufacturing application. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 22

Main heading: Manipulators

Controlled terms: Computer aided manufacturing? - ?Inverse kinematics? - ?Manufacture? - ?Mechanisms

Uncontrolled terms: Bifurcated motion? - ?Forward and inverse kinematics? - ?Manufacturing applications? - ?Operation mode? - ?Parallel mechanisms? - ?Position analysis? - ?Position and orientations? - ?Reconfigurable manufacturing system

Classification code: 537.1 Heat Treatment Processes

Heat Treatment Processes

? - ?601.3 Mechanisms

Mechanisms

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?931.1 Mechanics

Mechanics

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.051

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

33. Design and Experiment on Small-scale Adjustable Clearance Pellet Feed Mill

Accession number: 20173003971105

Authors: Peng, Fei (1); Wang, Hongying (1); Kang, Hongbin (1); Kong, Dandan (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China

Corresponding author: Wang, Hongying(hongyingw@cau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 103-110

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Small-scale pellet mill has many advantages, such as small mass production, less energy and raw materials consumption and low costs. Recently many researches were focused on the pelleting experiments, but the lack of small-scale pellet feed machine had become a problem of the influence of different formulas and processing conditions on pellet feed quality. To solve the problem, a structure of small-scale pellet mill was designed, which consisted of ring die and its matching components, roller and its matching components, transmission mechanism, etc. The prototype was manufactured and the production experiment was conducted. The adjusting mechanism for the roller was located outside the chamber, so the gap between roller and ring die could be real-timely adjusted when the production was in process. The structure could ensure that the production of pellet feed would be non-stop. Based on elastic-plastic theory and continuum mechanics, the software Abaqus and its built-in Drucker-Prager Cap material model were used for the numerical simulation and analysis of the pelleting process. The simulation results showed that the gap between roller and ring die should be adjusted with the friction coefficient of raw materials; proper increase of raw materials’ friction coefficient could avoid internal sliding and energy consumption, which could help to improve the yield and quality of pellet feed. Some suckling pig feed formula was taken as raw material to be produced, and the performance indicators of the pelleting mill were determined. The experiment results showed that the moisture content was 13.53%, diameter of the pellet feed was 3 mm, pellet durability index was 94.34%, hardness of pellet feed was 176.03 N, and productivity of the pelleting mill was about 42 kg/h. All the indexes met the design requirements, which could meet the production need of small-scale pellet mill. The design of the pelleting mill and experiment research provided reference for the pelleting technology and development of the similar equipments. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 23

Main heading: Pelletizing

Controlled terms: ABAQUS? - ?Computer simulation? - ?Computer software? - ?Continuum mechanics? - ?Elastoplasticity? - ?Energy utilization? - ?Experiments? - ?Friction? - ?Numerical models? - ?Rollers (machine components) ? - ?Waste disposal

Uncontrolled terms: Adjustable clearance? - ?Elastic plastic theory? - ?Friction coefficients? - ?Pellet mills? - ?Performance indicators? - ?Processing condition? - ?Simulation and analysis? - ?Transmission mechanisms

Classification code: 452.4 Industrial Wastes Treatment and Disposal

Industrial Wastes Treatment and Disposal

? - ?525.3 Energy Utilization

Energy Utilization

? - ?601.2 Machine Components

Machine Components

? - ?723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?901.3 Engineering Research

Engineering Research

? - ?921 Mathematics

Mathematics

? - ?931.1 Mechanics

Mechanics

Numerical data indexing: Force 1.76e+02N, Mass_Flow_Rate 1.17e-02kg/s, Percentage 1.35e+01%, Percentage 9.43e+01%, Size 3.00e-03m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.013

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

34. Stiffness Analysis for Exe-Variant Parallel Kinematic Machine

Accession number: 20173003971142

Authors: Tao, Zhaosheng (1); Peng, Peng (1); Zhao, Yanqin (1)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Mechanical Engineering, Anhui University of Technology, Ma’anshan; 243032, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 377-382 and 389

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Exechon parallel kinematic machine (PKM) has been applied to machining, assembling and aerospace industries due to its high rigidity and high dynamics. However, its rotational ability is comparatively weak. In order to improve the rotational ability of the Exechon PKM, an Exe-Variant PKM was proposed whose topology was a 2RPU&1RPS parallel mechanism. And the mechanical structure of the proposed Exe-Variant PKM was designed. In order to achieve a thorough understanding of stiffness characteristics of the Exe-Variant PKM, the stiffness model of the parallel module was designed by substructure synthesis technique. According to its structure feature, the Exe-Variant PKM was divided into several subsystems, including a moving platform subsystem, three limb subsystems and a fixed base subsystem. Meanwhile, the elasticity of joints and limbs was considered. Based on the proposed stiffness model, the stiffness distributions throughout the workspace were discussed and the parameters analysis on the stiffness of an Exe-Variant PKM was conducted. Results showed that the stiffness distributions of the Exe-Variant PKM were symmetric about a certain plane throughout the workspace, and the key design parameters had a great influence on the rigidity of the Exe-Variant PKM. Furthermore, the elastic deformation of joints seemed to have a greater influence on stiffness in z direction than those in x and y directions of the Exe-Variant PKM. It was worthy to point out that the analysis conducted can provide theoretical foundation for structure optimization. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Stiffness

Controlled terms: Aerospace industry? - ?Fixed platforms? - ?Flexible manufacturing systems? - ?Joints (anatomy)? - ?Kinematics? - ?Mechanisms? - ?Rigidity? - ?Structural optimization

Uncontrolled terms: Exe-Variant? - ?Mechanical structures? - ?Parallel kinematic machines? - ?Stiffness characteristics? - ?Stiffness distributions? - ?Structure optimization? - ?Substructure synthesis? - ?Theoretical foundations

Classification code: 461.3 Biomechanics, Bionics and Biomimetics

Biomechanics, Bionics and Biomimetics

? - ?511.2 Oil Field Equipment

Oil Field Equipment

? - ?601.3 Mechanisms

Mechanisms

? - ?913.4.1 Flexible Manufacturing Systems

Flexible Manufacturing Systems

? - ?921.5 Optimization Techniques

Optimization Techniques

? - ?931.1 Mechanics

Mechanics

? - ?951 Materials Science

Materials Science

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.050

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

35. Application Analysis of Liquid-level Monitoring Technology to Plant Protection UAV

Accession number: 20173003971098

Authors: Zhou, Zhiyan (1, 2); Jiang, Rui (1, 2); Luo, Xiwen (1, 2); Lan, Yubin (1, 2); Song, Cancan (1, 2); Li, Keliang (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) Engineering Research Center for Agricultural Aviation Application (ERCAAA), South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou; 510642, China; (2) National Center for International Collaboration Research on Precision Agricultural Aviation Pesticides Spraying Technology, Guangzhou; 510642, China

Corresponding author: Luo, Xiwen(xwluo@scau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 47-55

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The liquid-level data is one of the most important informations for flying operators of spaying UAV. During the operation, the liquid content in the pesticide tank is dynamic, the flying operators have always to pay attention to the liquid content so that they can make suitable decisions for the flight control according to the liquid content adjustment in the pesticide tank. Therefore, the liquid-level monitoring method for pesticide tank is important in the design of key components of spraying UAV. In order to explore the feasible method for liquid-level monitoring of pesticide tank in spraying UAV, several major methods about contact and non-contact liquid-level monitorings were reviewed, including differential pressure, floating electrode, capacitance, ultrasonic, laser, photoelectric, flowmeter, machine vision and radar. Spraying UAV has special requirements, such as liquid surface violent fluctuation, different physical and chemical properties of different pesticides, different shapes in different tanks and high anti-corrosion requirements and small size of tank. Lots of limitations of the above mentioned methods when they were used in spraying UAV were pointed out. And then solutions called air-pressure wireless liquid-level monitoring (APWLLM), a kind of non-contact liquid-level monitoring method, which was suitable for use in spraying UAV, were proposed. It would provide a reference for the further development of liquid-level monitoring device for pesticide tank in spraying UAV. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 65

Main heading: Liquids

Controlled terms: Level measurement? - ?Monitoring? - ?Pesticides? - ?Tanks (containers)? - ?Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)

Uncontrolled terms: Application analysis? - ?Aviation plant? - ?Differential pressures? - ?Floating electrodes? - ?Liquid level monitoring? - ?Physical and chemical properties? - ?Plant protection? - ?Wireless monitoring

Classification code: 619.2 Tanks

Tanks

? - ?652.1 Aircraft, General

Aircraft, General

? - ?803 Chemical Agents and Basic Industrial Chemicals

Chemical Agents and Basic Industrial Chemicals

? - ?943.2 Mechanical Variables Measurements

Mechanical Variables Measurements

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.006

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

36. Zoning of High Standard Prime Farmland Construction Based on Arable Lands Connectivity

Accession number: 20173003971110

Authors: Yang, Jianyu (1, 2); Zhao, Long (1, 2); Xu, Fan (1); Yue, Yanli (1); Du, Zhenrong (1); Zhu, Dehai (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Information and Electrical Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) Key Laboratory for Agricultural Land Quality, Monitoring and Control, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing; 100035, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 142-148

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: To improve the connectivity of high standard prime farmland regions, on the basis of arable land comprehensive quality evaluation and the arable land connected network, a local farmland connectivity calculation formula was proposed to evaluate arable lands connectivity, and four-quadrant method was adopted to space couple farmland quality and connectivity. Firstly, arable land comprehensive quality evaluation system was built from natural quality, site environment and ecological quality by using the analytic hierarchy process. Secondly, on the basis of contiguous thresholds and contiguous rules, the arable land connected network and arable lands connectivity evaluation system was built. Finally, four-quadrant method was adopted to zone high standard prime farmland, which included prioritized construction area, important construction area and conditional construction area, and it can provide reference for the construction of high standard prime farmland. The results showed that the area for prioritized construction was 24 803.45 hm2, where the arable lands had better quality and higher connectivity; the area for important construction was 19 688.77 hm2and 19 538.64 hm2for conditional construction area, each region included three types of construction and each construction had different sequences. A global farmland connectivity calculation formula was also proposed. Compared with the method of accumulation area, the connectivity of prioritized construction area was improved by 15.55%, while the connectivity of conditional construction area was decreased by 37.82%, indicating that the method significantly improved the connectivity of high standard prime farmland construction area. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 19

Main heading: Farms

Controlled terms: Agriculture? - ?Land use? - ?Networks (circuits)? - ?Quality control? - ?Zoning

Uncontrolled terms: Calculation formula? - ?Comprehensive qualities? - ?Connected networks? - ?Connectivity? - ?Ecological quality? - ?Farmland qualities? - ?Prime farmlands? - ?Site environments

Classification code: 403 Urban and Regional Planning and Development

Urban and Regional Planning and Development

? - ?703.1 Electric Networks

Electric Networks

? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

? - ?913.3 Quality Assurance and Control

Quality Assurance and Control

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.56e+01%, Percentage 3.78e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.018

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

37. Analysis on Technology Status and Development of Peanut Harvest Mechanization of China and the United States

Accession number: 20173003971093

Authors: Chen, Zhongyu (1, 2); Gao, Lianxing (1); Chen, Charles (3); Butts, C.L. (4)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang; 110866, China; (2) College of Automotive Engineering, Yancheng Institute of Industry Technology, Yancheng; 224005, China; (3) College of Agriculture, Auburn University, Auburn; AL; 36849, United States; (4) National Peanut Research Laboratory, USDA, ARS, Dawson; GA; 31742, United States

Corresponding author: Gao, Lianxing(lianxing_gao@126.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 1-21

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Peanut is a very important crop for production and trade of edible oil in the world and in China. China is the largest peanut producer in total annual production which accounted for about 40% and the second-largest in peanut area planted accounted for about 20% in the world just followed India. However, although to be not as the large peanut producers as China, India and Nigeria, the United States, Argentina and Brazil all are the quite important peanut exporters in the world and respectively accounted for 16.03%, 23.58% and 4.72% of the world export peanut in 2016. Especially in the United States, the peanut area planted only accounted for about 2.46%, but total annual peanut production accounted for about 6.11% and export peanut accounted for 16.03% in 2016, which made the United States become the strongest peanut nation in the world. Based on comprehensively analysis, the mian reason why the United States has been the strongest peanut nation is that high level harvest mechanization played an important role in peanut production. Harvesting is a key part in peanut production, it accounted for more than 60% labor employment of the whole process. China and the United States are both the important peanut production and export superpowers in the world, but the Chinese peanut production level especially harvest mechanization level is far below that of the United States, which causes peanut export international competition difference. The American two-stage mechanization harvesting pattern and peanut harvet mechanization technology lead to its peanut production with high yield, quality, efficiency and great international market competitive advantages. However, there are several peanut mechanization harvest pattern coexisted in China and of which the low harvest mechanization level restricted its peanut production benefit and export competitiveness. Based on systematic analysis about large relevant literature and practices on peanut production, the development and technology status, history and main reasons of peanut harevest mechanization of China and the United States were deeply analyzed. The structure principles and characteristicses of the newest peanut harvest machine, including peanut digger, peanut combine and peanut harvester in two stages in both China and the United States were respectively introduced and contrasted. Through comprehensive studies on the natural condition, history and social surroundings of peanut production development, the mian promoting factors which enhanced American peanut harvest mechanization and the main restricting factors of China were discovered, which had important significance to accurately comprehend the improvement of peanut production and harvest mechanization of the two countries. In the end, the development trend and key point for studying on Chinese peanut harvest mechanization were put forward, which had certain reference value for enhancing Chinese peanut harvest mechanization development, and taking some suitable measures to accelerate Chinese peanut harvest mechanization development. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 91

Main heading: Oilseeds

Controlled terms: Commerce? - ?Competition? - ?Harvesters? - ?Harvesting? - ?International trade? - ?Machinery? - ?Mechanization

Uncontrolled terms: China? - ?Development and technology? - ?Diggers? - ?International competitions? - ?International markets? - ?Peanut? - ?Production development? - ?The Unisted States

Classification code: 601 Mechanical Design

Mechanical Design

? - ?821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

? - ?911.2 Industrial Economics

Industrial Economics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.60e+01%, Percentage 2.00e+01%, Percentage 2.36e+01%, Percentage 2.46e+00%, Percentage 4.00e+01%, Percentage 4.72e+00%, Percentage 6.00e+01%, Percentage 6.11e+00%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.001

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

38. Spatial Downscaling of Evapotranspiration in Large Irrigation Area Based on Data Fusion Algorithm

Accession number: 20173003971120

Authors: Bai, Liangliang (1); Cai, Jiabing (1, 2); Liu, Yu (1, 2); Chen, He (1, 2); Zhang, Baozhong (1, 2); Huang, Lingxu (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing; 100038, China; (2) National Center for Efficient Irrigation Engineering and Technology Research-Beijing, Beijing; 100048, China

Corresponding author: Cai, Jiabing(caijb@iwhr.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 215-223

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to construct the high spatial-temporal dataset of evapotranspiration (ET), the Landsat and MODIS data were used to achieve spatial downscaling of ET by using the enhanced spatial and temporal adaptive reflectance fusion model (ESTARFM). The result of data fusion was evaluated by field ET output from root zone water balance model. According to crop planting structure information from 2000 to 2015 in the study area, the water consumption of different crops was exacted during their growth and non-growth periods. Based on the fusion ET, the interannual variation of total agricultural water consumption was analyzed since the implement of water-saving project in large irrigation district. The result showed that the process of fusion ET was more consistent with ET output from water balance. In the correlation analysis of water balance and fusion ET, the determination coefficients (R2) of maize, wheat and sunflower reached 0.85, 0.79 and 0.82, respectively. During the growth period, the root mean square errors (RMSE) of maize (May to October), wheat (April to October) and sunflower (June to October) were lower than 0.70 mm/d, the mean absolute error (MAD) was all lower than 0.75 mm/d, and the relative error (RE) was all less than 16%. On the spatial scale, the spatial characteristics of fusion results were consistent with the Landsat ET. The correlation coefficients of July 23, August 24 and September 1 reached 0.85, 0.81 and 0.77, the mean values of the differences were 0.24 mm, 0.19 mm and 0.22 mm, and the standard deviations were 0.81 mm, 0.72 mm and 0.61 mm, respectively. The high resolution ET based on ESTARFM fusion algorithm was reliable and had good fusion precision. The water consumption of different crops varied greatly both in the growth period and non-growth period. During the growth period, the maximum water consumption was 637 mm for interplanting (April to October), followed by maize and sunflower, which were 598 mm (May to October) and 502 mm (June to October), respectively, the minimum water consumption of wheat was 412 mm (April to July). During the non-growth period, wheat (August to October) had the highest water consumption with an annual average of 214 mm, and those of maize (April) and sunflower (April to May) were 42 mm and 128 mm, respectively. Due to the difference of average annual water consumption of different crops was not significant during April to October, the variation of total water consumption for different crops was varied with the changes of crop acreage. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 22

Main heading: Water supply

Controlled terms: Crops? - ?Data fusion? - ?Errors? - ?Evapotranspiration? - ?Irrigation? - ?Mean square error? - ?Reflection? - ?Remote sensing? - ?Water conservation? - ?Water management

Uncontrolled terms: Annual water consumption? - ?Correlation coefficient? - ?Determination coefficients? - ?Fusion model? - ?Hetao irrigation districts? - ?Root mean square errors? - ?Spatial characteristics? - ?Surface energy balance modeling

Classification code: 444 Water Resources

Water Resources

? - ?446.1 Water Supply Systems

Water Supply Systems

? - ?723.2 Data Processing and Image Processing

Data Processing and Image Processing

? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods

Agricultural Methods

? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Agricultural Products

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.60e+01%, Size 1.28e-01m, Size 1.90e-04m, Size 2.14e-01m, Size 2.20e-04m, Size 2.40e-04m, Size 4.12e-01m, Size 4.20e-02m, Size 5.02e-01m, Size 5.98e-01m, Size 6.10e-04m, Size 6.37e-01m, Size 7.20e-04m, Size 8.10e-04m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.028

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

39. Design and Analysis of Deform-X Flexure Hinge

Accession number: 20173003971141

Authors: Qiu, Lifang (1); Wang, Dong (1); Yin, Siqi (1); Yang, Debin (1)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing; 100083, China

Corresponding author: Yang, Debin(ydb@ustb.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 370-376

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Deform-X flexure hinge was designed, and its equivalent stiffness was analyzed by using differential methods, and the theoretical calculation formula of the equivalent stiffness of Deform-X flexure hinge was derived. Through theoretical analysis and ABAQUS simulation analysis of Deform-X flexure hinge in a size, the correctness of calculation formula of the equivalent stiffness of Deform-X flexure hinge was verified. By comparing the performance of X-shaped flexure hinge with the same shape and size as the Deform-X flexure hinge, the bending deflection angle of the Deform-X flexure hinge was about three times of that of the X-shaped flexible hinge under the same torque. Bending failure analysis of X-shaped flexure hinge and Deform-X flexure hinge was carried out, and the results showed that the available using range of Deform-X flexure hinge was wider than that of X-shaped flexure hinge. The four-bar mechanism model based on Deform-X flexure hinge was manufactured. The test and simulation analysis showed that the Deform-X flexure hinge can realize the expected deformation. In addition, the four-bar mechanism model based on X-shaped flexure hinge was established in ABAQUS. Through the comparative simulation analysis, in the case of the same size, the bend deformation performance of four-bar mechanism based on Deform-X flexure hinge was better than that of four-bar mechanism based on X-shaped flexure hinge. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 22

Main heading: Hinges

Controlled terms: Bars (metal)? - ?Bending (deformation)? - ?Bending (forming)? - ?Deformation? - ?Failure analysis? - ?Mechanisms? - ?Stiffness

Uncontrolled terms: Comparative simulation? - ?Differential methods? - ?Equivalent stiffness? - ?Flexure hinge? - ?Four-bar mechanisms? - ?Simulation analysis? - ?Theoretical calculations? - ?Torsional coupling

Classification code: 535.1.2 Rolling Mill Practice

Rolling Mill Practice

? - ?535.2 Metal Forming

Metal Forming

? - ?601.3 Mechanisms

Mechanisms

? - ?951 Materials Science

Materials Science

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.049

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

40. Critical Hydraulic Characteristics of Yellow Soil Detachment under Different Antecedent Soil Moisture Contents and Slope Gradients

Accession number: 20173003971121

Authors: Wang, Chenfeng (1); Wang, Bin (1, 2); Wang, Yujie (1, 2); Wang, Yunqi (1, 2); Hu, Bo (1); Li, Shirong (3)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing; 100083, China; (2) Chongqing Jinyun Forest Ecological Station, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing; 100083, China; (3) Beijing Soil and Water Conservation Center, Beijing; 100036, China

Corresponding author: Wang, Bin(wangbin1836@gmail.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 224-232

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Critical hydraulic characteristics of soil detachability are essential factors for soil erosion predicting. There is still insufficient knowledge on key factors and governing mechanism of soil detachability, especially for various near-surface soil water conditions. The typical eroded yellow soil area in the upper and middle Yangtze River was taken as the research area. In order to illustrate the response of critical condition of soil detachment under different subsurface soil water conditions, scour flume was used to measure hydrodynamics parameters. Five antecedent soil moisture contents (5%~23%) and five slope gradients (1.0°~10.0°) were designed. Results showed that critical flow velocity, flow depth and flow pattern of soil detachment all showed power function decreasing trends with the increase of slope gradient and antecedent soil moisture content. When the slope gradient was smaller than 5.0°, critical hydrodynamics parameters of soil detachment were influenced by coupling effects of slope gradient and antecedent soil moisture content; otherwise, it would be mainly influenced by slope gradient. It was also proposed that the simplified power function equation could be used accurately when slope gradient was larger than 5.0°. Most of the flow patterns belonged to laminar flow and subcritical flow. The slope gradient and antecedent soil moisture content played an important role in the overland flow Darcy-Weisbach friction factor. When Reynolds number and critical discharge per unit width were increased, the Darcy-Weisbach friction factor was decreased as power function. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 37

Main heading: Soils

Controlled terms: Buoyancy? - ?Flow of fluids? - ?Flow patterns? - ?Fluid dynamics? - ?Friction? - ?Hydrodynamics? - ?Laminar flow? - ?Moisture? - ?Moisture determination? - ?Reynolds number ? - ?Soil moisture

Uncontrolled terms: Antecedent soil moisture? - ?Hydraulic characteristic? - ?Slope gradients? - ?Soil detachment? - ?Yellow soil

Classification code: 483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

? - ?631.1 Fluid Flow, General

Fluid Flow, General

? - ?931.1 Mechanics

Mechanics

? - ?931.2 Physical Properties of Gases, Liquids and Solids

Physical Properties of Gases, Liquids and Solids

? - ?944.2 Moisture Measurements

Moisture Measurements

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.029

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

41. Atomizing Characteristics of Twin-fluid Impact Nozzle Based on PDPA

Accession number: 20173003971140

Authors: Chen, Bo (1); Gao, Dianrong (1); Yang, Chao (1, 2); Wu, Shaofeng (1); Wang, Mingzhe (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Mechanical Engineering, Qinhuangdao; 066004, China; (2) Qinhuangdao Capital Starlight Environmental Technology Co., Ltd., Qinhuangdao; 066004, China

Corresponding author: Gao, Dianrong(gaodr@ysu.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 362-369

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: In order to improve the atomizing performance and decrease the consumption, the effect of air flow and water flow on the atomizing characteristics of twin-fluid impact nozzle was researched, the twin-fluid atomizing flow field was tested under different working conditions by an open atomizing test bench which was based on phase Doppler particle analyzer (PDPA). The atomizing characteristics which included spray cone angle, atomizing range, droplets diameter distribution, droplets velocity distribution and droplets numbers distribution were analyzed systematically according to the test results. It could be concluded from the test results, with the increase of air flow and decrease of water flow, the spray cone angle was increased remarkably, the droplets Sauter mean diameter (SMD), droplets velocity and droplets numbers were decreased, but the atomizing range showed an increasing trend with the increase of air flow and water flow. The distributions of droplets SMD, droplets velocity and droplets numbers were increased along the axial direction. Moreover, the distribution of droplets SMD was increased while the droplets velocity and droplets numbers were increased firstly and then decreased along the radial direction. Furthermore, the turbulence and hedging in the region between the nozzle exit and vibrating head were affected obviously by the air flow and water flow, and then the atomizing characteristics was markedly influenced. The air flow and water flow were decreased by 15.79% and 12.50%, respectively, after optimization when they were 0.8 m3/h and 35 L/h, meanwhile, the SMD was decreased by 21.50%, the atomizing range was increased by 10.26%, the droplets velocity and droplets numbers were increased by 39.08% and 61.54%, and it can be concluded that the atomizing performance was improved and the consumption of the nozzle was decreased. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 21

Main heading: Spray nozzles

Controlled terms: Air? - ?Drops? - ?Flow of water? - ?Hydraulics? - ?Nozzles? - ?Rocket nozzles? - ?Two phase flow? - ?Velocity? - ?Velocity distribution

Uncontrolled terms: Atomizing characteristics? - ?Atomizing nozzle? - ?Diameter distributions? - ?Phase Doppler particle analyzer? - ?Radial direction? - ?Sauter mean diameter (SMD)? - ?Spray cone angle? - ?Twin-fluid

Classification code: 631.1 Fluid Flow, General

Fluid Flow, General

? - ?631.1.1 Liquid Dynamics

Liquid Dynamics

? - ?632.1 Hydraulics

Hydraulics

? - ?804 Chemical Products Generally

Chemical Products Generally

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 1.03e+01%, Percentage 1.25e+01%, Percentage 1.58e+01%, Percentage 2.15e+01%, Percentage 3.91e+01%, Percentage 6.15e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.048

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

42. Design and Field Test of Integrated Virtual Test System for Tractor Electrical Performance

Accession number: 20173003971104

Authors: Zhang, Xiaolong (1); Jing, Mei (1); Liu, Pengfei (1); Yao, Qiang (2)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Engineering, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei; 230036, China; (2) Technical Center of Anhui Jianghuai Automotive Group Co., Ltd., Hefei; 230601, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 97-102

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The power consumption of tractor’s electrical components has a great effect on its economic performance, which was awfully neglected in the past. By matching the electrical components properly, and keeping its work condition in the economic zone of engine, the engine’s combustion efficiency can be improved greatly. The integrated virtual testing system for tractor electrical performance was designed, which aimed to meet the research requirements on the tractor power consumption test, electrical components match, etc. Firstly, the hardware selection was determined based on the requirement analysis of tractor electrical performance test. Then, the test system based on NI cRIO controller was designed, which can complete the synchronous acquisition of battery and generator terminal voltage and current, engine speed and tractor velocity, temperature, and so on. Consequently, the virtual software design of the test system was described in detail, including FPGA software, real-time software and PC data acquisition and analysis software. Finally, the field tests were conducted, which included the engine start test, the power consumption tests for each electrical component, and the electrical balance test for the whole tractor electrical circuit when the engine was started. According to the current accuracy comparison tests and tractor field tests, both the current samples accuracy and the system work function and reliability were validated. The research result provides an effective means to comprehensively evaluate and analyze the tractor electrical performance. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Automobile testing

Controlled terms: Electric machine control? - ?Electric power utilization? - ?Engines? - ?Software design? - ?Software testing? - ?Testing? - ?Tractors (truck)? - ?Virtual reality

Uncontrolled terms: Accuracy comparisons? - ?Combustion efficiencies? - ?Electrical components? - ?Electrical performance? - ?Synchronous acquisition? - ?Test systems? - ?Virtual instrument? - ?Virtual testing system

Classification code: 662 Automobiles and Smaller Vehicles

Automobiles and Smaller Vehicles

? - ?663.1 Heavy Duty Motor Vehicles

Heavy Duty Motor Vehicles

? - ?706.1 Electric Power Systems

Electric Power Systems

? - ?723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?731.2 Control System Applications

Control System Applications

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.012

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

43. Design and Experiment of Rebound Dipper Hill-drop Precision Direct Seed-metering Device for Rice

Accession number: 20173003971100

Authors: Tian, Liquan (1); Tang, Han (1); Wang, Jinwu (1); Li, Shuwei (1); Zhou, Wenqi (1); Yan, Dongwei (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China

Corresponding author: Wang, Jinwu(jinwuw@163.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 65-72

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Aiming at the need of precision rice hill-direct-seeding, the precision hill-direct-seeding seed-metering device for rice was designed with the rebound dipper, the work principle of seed-metering device was stated and the movement track of rice seed was analyzed in the process of seeder’s dropping by means of the Matlab software, the evaluation test of the seed-metering device was conducted by using three kinds of rice, which were Longdao 6, Longqingdao 2 and Longqingdao 3, and rotational quadratic orthogonal experiments was carried out to further analyze the effects of qualified rate, reseeding rate and missing rate on seeding performance, including rotation speed of spinning disk and height of hopper. The JPS-12 detecting and experimental set of seed-metering device was selected to test sowing performances. Experimental data was analyzed by Design-Expert software so as to establish the mathematical model between the experimental factors and indexes. The result showed that the best operational parameter combination was that as the rotation speed of spinning disk was 29.34 r/min and height of seed hopper was 60 mm, the qualified rate and reseeding rate of Longdao 6 were 87.23% and 9.56%, the qualified rate and reseeding rate of Longqingdao 2 were 90.86% and 6.97%, the qualified rate and reseeding rate of the Longqingdao 3 were 89.12% and 7.46%, The sowing performance can meet the requirement of precision rice hill-direct-seeding. The research provided a theoretical reference for the improvement design of precision hill-direct-seeding seed-metering device for rice. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 22

Main heading: Pneumatic materials handling equipment

Controlled terms: Design? - ?Experiments? - ?Hoppers? - ?MATLAB? - ?Software testing

Uncontrolled terms: Direct-seeding? - ?Experimental factors? - ?Operational parameters? - ?Orthogonal experiment? - ?Rebound dipper? - ?Rice? - ?Seed metering devices? - ?Seeding performance

Classification code: 691.1 Materials Handling Equipment

Materials Handling Equipment

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?901.3 Engineering Research

Engineering Research

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 6.97e+00%, Percentage 7.46e+00%, Percentage 8.72e+01%, Percentage 8.91e+01%, Percentage 9.09e+01%, Percentage 9.56e+00%, Rotational_Speed 2.93e+01RPM, Size 6.00e-02m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.008

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

44. Tensile Strength Prediction for Plant Fiber Mulch Based on PSO-SVR

Accession number: 20173003971107

Authors: Liu, Huanyu (1); Chen, Haitao (1); Min, Shiyao (1); Zhang, Ying (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China

Corresponding author: Chen, Haitao(htchen@neau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 118-124

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Straw fiber is a kind of huge renewable biological macromolecule material, and using crop straw as the raw material to manufacture plant fiber mulch is an ideal way of promoting comprehensive utilization of straw resource. Tensile strength of plant fiber mulch is a measure of damage caused by external stress. In order to accurately and effectively predict the tensile strength, reduce production cost and improve the utilization rate of raw materials, based on pilot-production line of plant fiber mulch, particle swarm optimization (PSO) used to optimize support vector machine regression (SVR) combined with the orthogonal test method (L25(56)) was proposed, namely, the PSO-SVR. The production processes variables were chosen, and the PSO-SVR model was established in Matlab 2011b. The input parameters affecting plant fiber mulch tensile strength through mechanism analysis were beating degree, dosage of wet strength agent, regulator, basis weight and mixture ratio; the evaluation index was tensice strength. The results were compared in terms of prediction accuracy with three prediction models respectively based on support vector machine regression (SVR), back propagation neural network regression (BP) and radial basis function neural network regression (RBF). The results obtained by using the PSO-SVR model showed that the mean square error was 0.117 N2, the coefficient of determination was 0.915 and the root mean square error was 0.342 N. The punishment factor and kernel parameter of SVR can select by PSO automatically. Compared with other intelligent algorithms, such as SVR, BP and RBF, PSO-SVR algorithm possessed superior applicability and stability. Therefore, this method can better reflect the actual tensile strength of plant fiber film, which can be used as a theoretical basis for the intelligent controlling under different process conditions. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 28

Main heading: Tensile strength

Controlled terms: Backpropagation? - ?Biological materials? - ?Fibers? - ?Forecasting? - ?Mean square error? - ?Neural networks? - ?Optimization? - ?Particle swarm optimization (PSO)? - ?Radial basis function networks? - ?Regression analysis ? - ?Support vector machines? - ?Textile fibers

Uncontrolled terms: Orthogonal test design? - ?Particle swarm algorithm? - ?Plant fibers? - ?Prediction model? - ?Support vector machines regression

Classification code: 461.2 Biological Materials and Tissue Engineering

Biological Materials and Tissue Engineering

? - ?723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications

? - ?723.4 Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence

? - ?921.5 Optimization Techniques

Optimization Techniques

? - ?922.2 Mathematical Statistics

Mathematical Statistics

Numerical data indexing: Force 3.42e-01N

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.015

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

45. Molding Fuel and Combustion Characteristics of Biochar and Lignin

Accession number: 20173003971128

Authors: Qin, Liyuan (1); Zhang, Shihui (1); Gao, Zhongzhi (1); Jiang, Enchen (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China

Corresponding author: Jiang, Enchen(ecjiang@sina.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 276-283

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: With the increasing depletion of fossil energy, people pay more and more attention to renewable energy. Biomass energy is considered to be the most potential energy, which is a research hotpoint for its cleanness, efficiency and safety. The development and utilization of biomass energy plays an important role in achieving sustainable development, improving the living environment and reducing carbon dioxide. Owing to the flourishing pore structure, biochar as a main product of biomass conversion has been widely used in the fields of adsorption separation, catalytic carrier and fuel and so on. The biochar prepared from Camellia oleifera shell pyrolysis and adhesive as raw materials was molded by using universal testing machine. By analyzing the compressive strength, relax density and specific energy consumption of molding fuel, the effects of different adhesives on physical quality of molding fuel were made sure. The influence of molding pressure, temperature, moisture content and lignin content was studied with lignin as molding fuel adhesive. The results showed that the fuel quality was the best at molding pressure of 6 kN, molding temperature of 80~100, moisture content of 20% and lignin content of 8%~9%. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to study the microstructure of the fuel. The results showed that lignin can promote the formation of carbon powder particles, the structure of the fuel is complete and the surface is smooth. The combustion characteristics and kinetics of the fuel were studied by thermogravimetric analysis. The results showed that the combustion process included four periods: the dehydration stage of the raw material, the precipitation and combustion of volatile components, the combustion stage of the fixed carbon and the burnout stage, and the ignition temperature and burnout temperature was 356.9 and 553.3, respectively. The volatile combustion was a first order reaction, and the fixed carbon combustion was a two stage reaction. The significance of the research was to provide theoretical basis for the preparation of biomass carbon fuel which was easy to transport and storage. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 24

Main heading: Fuel storage

Controlled terms: Bioconversion? - ?Biomass? - ?Carbon dioxide? - ?Combustion? - ?Compressive strength? - ?Energy utilization? - ?Fuels? - ?Ignition? - ?Lignin? - ?Materials testing ? - ?Moisture? - ?Moisture determination? - ?Molding? - ?Scanning electron microscopy? - ?Sustainable development? - ?Thermogravimetric analysis

Uncontrolled terms: Bio chars? - ?Camellia oleifera? - ?Combustion characteristics? - ?Combustion kinetics? - ?Development and utilizations? - ?Ignition temperatures? - ?Specific energy consumption? - ?Universal testing machines

Classification code: 521.1 Fuel Combustion

Fuel Combustion

? - ?525.3 Energy Utilization

Energy Utilization

? - ?694.4 Storage

Storage

? - ?801 Chemistry

Chemistry

? - ?801.2 Biochemistry

Biochemistry

? - ?804.2 Inorganic Compounds

Inorganic Compounds

? - ?811.3 Cellulose, Lignin and Derivatives

Cellulose, Lignin and Derivatives

? - ?944.2 Moisture Measurements

Moisture Measurements

? - ?951 Materials Science

Materials Science

Numerical data indexing: Force 6.00e+03N, Percentage 2.00e+01%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.036

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

46. Experiment on Dynamic Spray Deposition Uniformity for PWM Variable Spray of Single Nozzle

Accession number: 20173003971097

Authors: Jiang, Huanyu (1); Zhang, Lijun (1); Liu, Guangyuan (1); Shi, Weinan (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou; 310058, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 41-46

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The spray deposition uniformity is an important measure index to evaluate spray quality. Through improving the spray deposition uniformity, the pesticides can be saved under the premise of high pesticide effect. Aiming at studying the uniformity characteristics of dynamic spray deposition for PWM variable spray system, the carmine solution was used as spray reagent and matrix tray with holes was put on the conveyor to collect droplets, and then the spray deposition concentrations of each hole were calculated by the method of concentration-absorbance measurement. The impacts of spray pressure, frequency and duty cycle of PWM signal on spray deposition uniformity for single nozzle were tested from three aspects of whole area, forward moving and spray bar direction. The research results suggested that for single nozzle, the frequency of PWM signal had bigger impact on spray deposition uniformity in forward moving direction than that in spray bar direction and there was no need to set too large value of frequency unless it was required to guarantee the continuity of spray. Moreover, before the duty cycle of PWM signal reached a certain value that the flow rate of spray became stable, the duty cycle only influenced the spray deposition uniformity in forward moving direction significantly for single nozzle, and when the duty cycle was bigger than the value, it can influence the spray deposition uniformity in both the forward moving and spray bar directions for single nozzle. The results also indicated that the spray pressure had opposite effect on spray deposition uniformity in forward moving and spray bar directions for single nozzle. These results could provide references for setting operating parameters of spray work and studying the uniformity characteristics of dynamic spray deposition for multi nozzles. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 19

Main heading: Spray nozzles

Controlled terms: Deposition? - ?Deposits? - ?Hole concentration? - ?Machinery? - ?Nozzles? - ?Pesticide effects? - ?Pesticides? - ?Pulse width modulation

Uncontrolled terms: Absorbance measurements? - ?Characteristics of dynamics? - ?Moving direction? - ?Operating parameters? - ?Plant protection? - ?Research results? - ?Spray deposition? - ?Variable spray

Classification code: 631.1 Fluid Flow, General

Fluid Flow, General

? - ?701.1 Electricity: Basic Concepts and Phenomena

Electricity: Basic Concepts and Phenomena

? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations

Chemical Operations

? - ?803 Chemical Agents and Basic Industrial Chemicals

Chemical Agents and Basic Industrial Chemicals

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.005

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

47. Dynamic Planning for Variant Design Process Based on Design Structure Matrix

Accession number: 20173003970890

Authors: Gao, Qi (1, 2); Wang, Hao (1, 2); Wu, Yingjie (3)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Mechanical Engineering, Shandong University, Ji’nan; 250061, China; (2) Key Laboratory of High Efficiency and Clean Mechanical Manufacture, Ministry of Education, Ji’nan; 250061, China; (3) Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding (Group) Co., Ltd., Shanghai; 200129, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 390-398

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Existing models of variant design process were mostly built at part level, and activity relationship definition was coarsely grained. Design process planning had to traverse all of the possible design activities, which resulted in low design efficiency and bad dynamic adaptation. A dynamic planning method for variant design process based on design structure matrix (DSM) was presented. Firstly, the variant design activity hierarchy model was built, including product level, feature level and parameter level. According to the hierarchy model, the product design activities can be divided into six types. The constraint relationships and their priority values between design activities at each level were defined. Then, the concept of virtual activity was proposed considering that traditional DSM cannot deal with the dynamics of design process. By packaging and decomposition operations of virtual activities, dynamic planning of the design process under complex coupling condition was achieved based on DSM. The design process planning and execution were alternated with each other. With the selection of dynamic design activities, the design process planning was adjusted continuously so as to ensure optimal execution sequence of the design activities. Finally, the method presented was applied to develop the bearing design wizard. Compared with traditional methods, the method presented was easier to adapt to dynamic design process, and it improved process planning efficiency and shortened design time. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Structural design

Controlled terms: Efficiency? - ?Process planning? - ?Product design

Uncontrolled terms: Design constraints? - ?Design process managements? - ?Design Structure Matrices? - ?Dynamic planning? - ?Variant design

Classification code: 408.1 Structural Design, General

Structural Design, General

? - ?913.1 Production Engineering

Production Engineering

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.052

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

48. Intelligent Control and Optimization Experiment of Machine-harvested Cotton Processing

Accession number: 20173003971101

Authors: Zhang, Chengliang (1); Li, Lei (2); Dong, Quancheng (1); Feng, Xianying (3); Wang, Haopeng (3, 4)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ji’nan, Ji’nan; 250022, China; (2) School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Qilu University of Technology, Ji’nan; 250353, China; (3) Key Laboratory of High Efficiency and Clean Mechanical Manufacture, Ministry of Education, Shandong University, Ji’nan; 250061, China; (4) Shandong Police College, Ji’nan; 250014, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 73-81

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: The machine-harvested cotton was processed through multistage seed cotton cleaning and lint cleaning, and cotton fiber was damaged inevitably. With the balance of appearance quality and inherent quality, the research method and testing program for process optimization control of machine-harvested cotton processing technology were proposed. According to the latest cotton quality inspection standard, nine parameters optimization targets such as trash area, trash count, reflectance, yellowness, upper half mean length, length uniformity, short fiber index, micronaire and strength were determined, and global optimization goal for the maximum transaction price of lint processing products was established. Seven rotational speed variables of cleaning machines, including inclined seed cotton cleaners I and II, recovery seed cotton cleaner, upper cotton gin, stripper and stick cleaner, saw lint cleaners I and II were selected as optimized control variables, which had significant effect on cotton cleaning. Architecture model based on monitoring layer, control layer and equipment layer was adopted, and upgrading key equipment automation was completed. The data model between control targets and control variables was built by using central composite design of response surface methodology. Taking global optimization control goal as fitness evaluation function, genetic algorithm was proposed to calculate the multivariate data model solution. Seven rotational speeds were 495 r/min, 484 r/min, 727 r/min, 472 r/min, 1 131 r/min, 822 r/min, 763 r/min, respectively. The test results showed that the change rate of trash area for processed lint products was reduced by 7 percentage points, the change rate of upper half mean length was increased by 2 percentage points, and product quality was more stable. The suggested method guaranteed fiber quality effectively with reduction of impurity content. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 18

Main heading: Quality control

Controlled terms: Cleaning? - ?Cotton? - ?Genetic algorithms? - ?Global optimization? - ?Harvesting? - ?Intelligent control? - ?Optimization? - ?Processing? - ?Software testing? - ?Surface properties ? - ?Testing

Uncontrolled terms: Appearance qualities? - ?Architecture-model- based? - ?Central composite designs? - ?Control and optimization? - ?Optimization control? - ?Parameter optimization? - ?Parameters optimization? - ?Response surface methodology

Classification code: 723.4.1 Expert Systems

Expert Systems

? - ?723.5 Computer Applications

Computer Applications

? - ?802.3 Chemical Operations

Chemical Operations

? - ?821.3 Agricultural Methods

Agricultural Methods

? - ?821.4 Agricultural Products

Agricultural Products

? - ?913.3 Quality Assurance and Control

Quality Assurance and Control

? - ?913.4 Manufacturing

Manufacturing

? - ?921.5 Optimization Techniques

Optimization Techniques

? - ?951 Materials Science

Materials Science

Numerical data indexing: Rotational_Speed 1.13e+03RPM, Rotational_Speed 4.72e+02RPM, Rotational_Speed 4.84e+02RPM, Rotational_Speed 4.95e+02RPM, Rotational_Speed 7.27e+02RPM, Rotational_Speed 7.63e+02RPM, Rotational_Speed 8.22e+02RPM

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.009

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

49. Delineation Method of Permanent Basic Farmland on County Scale

Accession number: 20173003971109

Authors: Ren, Yanmin (1, 2); Sun, Jiulin (3); Liu, Yu (2); Pan, Yuchun (2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng; 475001, China; (2) Beijing Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture, Beijing; 100097, China; (3) Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing; 100101, China

Corresponding author: Liu, Yu(liuyu@nercita.org.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 135-141

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: It is meaningful to research the delineation method of permanent basic farmland on the county scale. The comprehensive model was presented to evaluate the farmland and delineate the border of permanent basic farmland. The hierarchy of the model was firstly introduced accounting for these factors such as natural resources, infrastructure development, social-economic condition and location condition. Then, as a case study, the model was used in Dingzhou City of Hebei Province and the comprehensive scores for the patches were produced. The farmland patches in Dingzhou City might be divided into four regions: priority protection region (PPR), key protection region (KPR), suitable control region (SCR) and further regulation region (FRR). The area of PPR was 28 389.22 hm2with scores higher than 76.00. Besides, PPR was distributed mainly in surrounding area of the city and major towns and it was the important grain production base. The area of KPR was 39 084.13 hm2with scores between 68.91 and 76.00. Besides, KPR was mainly distributed in Pangcun Town, Daluzhuang Town and Yangjiazhuang Town and it was the important construction area of permanent basic farmland. The area of SCR was 16 831.95 hm2with scores between 60.00 and 68.91. Besides, SCR was distributed separately and the diversified land consolidation projects were needed to be implemented. The area of FRR was 5 126.82 hm2with scores lower than 60.00. FRR was mainly distributed in west district, north district and Xizong Town and it was not suitable for delineating permanent basic farmland. These results would provide the scientific basis for delineation of permanent basic farmland and the relative basic farmland plans in Dingzhou City. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 24

Main heading: Farms

Uncontrolled terms: County? - ?Delineation? - ?Dingzhou City? - ?Evaluation? - ?Permanent basic farmland

Classification code: 821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.017

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

50. Variation Analysis and Simulation of Soil Bulk Density within Different Soil Depths along South to North Transect of Loess Plateau

Accession number: 20173003971118

Authors: Yi, Xiaobo (1); Shao, Ming’an (1, 2); Zhao, Chunlei (1); Zhang, Chencheng (1, 2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China; (2) State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Northwest A&F University, Yangling; Shaanxi; 712100, China

Corresponding author: Shao, Ming’an(shaoma@igsnrr.ac.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 198-205

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: To provide soil hydraulic parameters for simulating soil hydrological processes, classical statistics were used to characterize the spatial distribution of soil bulk density (BD) within different soil depths (0~10 cm, 10~20 cm and 20~40 cm) along south to north transect of the Loess Plateau. Furthermore, the multiple stepwise regressions, pedotransfer functions and the first order autoregressive state-space models were applied to simulate the distribution of BD. The magnitude of BD variability in the 0~20 cm soil layer was moderate according to the coefficient of variations, while the BD variability in the 20~40 cm soil layer was weak. The key factors affecting the spatial distribution of BD differed in different soil depths. Soil organic carbon, clay and sand contents were the key factors in the 0~10 cm soil layer; soil organic carbon content, clay and sand contents and precipitation were the key factors in the 10~20 cm soil layer; while in the 20~40 cm soil layer, clay and sand contents, precipitation and land use were the key factors to affect the spatial distribution of BD along south to north transect. State-space models were consistently more effective than multiple stepwise regression functions and pedotransfer functions for estimating spatial distribution of BD. State-space model that included clay and sand contents, precipitation and land use factors showed the best simulation result, and the combination of such variables explained 92.3% of the total variation of BD. State-space models were recommended for studying spatial relations between soil bulk density and other variables on the Loess Plateau. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 28

Main heading: Soil surveys

Controlled terms: Hydraulic conductivity? - ?Land use? - ?Landforms? - ?Organic carbon? - ?Sand? - ?Sediments? - ?Soils? - ?Spatial distribution? - ?State space methods

Uncontrolled terms: Bulk density? - ?First order autoregressive? - ?Multiple stepwise regression? - ?Pedo-transfer functions? - ?Simulation? - ?Soil hydraulic parameters? - ?Soil organic carbon content? - ?Spatial variations

Classification code: 403 Urban and Regional Planning and Development

Urban and Regional Planning and Development

? - ?481.1 Geology

Geology

? - ?483 Soil Mechanics and Foundations

Soil Mechanics and Foundations

? - ?483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

? - ?632.1 Hydraulics

Hydraulics

? - ?804.1 Organic Compounds

Organic Compounds

? - ?921 Mathematics

Mathematics

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 9.23e+01%, Size 0.00e+00m to 1.00e-01m, Size 0.00e+00m to 2.00e-01m, Size 1.00e-01m to 2.00e-01m, Size 2.00e-01m to 4.00e-01m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.026

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

51. Experiment on Lunar Rover’s Trafficability on Slope Terrain Based on Similarity Theory

Accession number: 20173003970892

Authors: Wang, Ying (1); Huang, Han (1); Li, Jianqiao (1); Chen, Baichao (2); Zou, Meng (1)

Author affiliation: (1) Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering, Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun; 130025, China; (2) China Academy of Space Technology, Beijing; 100194, China

Corresponding author: Li, Jianqiao(jqli@jlu.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 406-412

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Dimensional analysis on parameters of wheel-soil interaction system was performed, and the parameters’ scales were also acquired when the density and cohesion of simulant regolith were kept consistent, respectively. The lightweight model method was adopted to eliminate the influence of low gravity environment, and a 1/2 scale lunar rover model was designed. The slope angle and wheel velocity were taken as the experimental factors, the wheel sinkage and slip ratio were taken as the experimental index, test on lunar rover’s slope trafficability was carried out, and the experimental factors’ influences on the wheel sinkage and slip ratio were analyzed. Variation laws of the driving torque, drawbar pull and traction coefficient with the slip ratio under different slope conditions were analyzed. Results indicated that the influence of slope angle on trafficability was more obvious than that of wheel velocity. With the increase of slip ratio, the driving torque and drawbar pull presented increasing trend, and the maximum values of the driving torque and drawbar pull were up to 3.6 N·m and 10.5 N, respectively. The traction coefficient was increased first and then decreased with the increase of slip ratio, and it was up to its maximum value of 0.18 when the slip ratio was 21.6%. In order to ensure that the lunar rover had safe and reliable trafficability, the exploring slope angle within 20° was reasonable. The research result would provide a reference for the evaluation of lunar rover’s slope trafficability under low gravity environment. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 25

Main heading: Moon

Controlled terms: Traction (friction)? - ?Vehicles? - ?Wheels

Uncontrolled terms: Experimental factors? - ?Low gravity environment? - ?Lunar rovers? - ?Similarity theory? - ?Slope terrain? - ?Traction coefficient? - ?Trafficability? - ?Wheel-soil interactions

Classification code: 601.2 Machine Components

Machine Components

? - ?657.2 Extraterrestrial Physics and Stellar Phenomena

Extraterrestrial Physics and Stellar Phenomena

? - ?931.1 Mechanics

Mechanics

Numerical data indexing: Force 1.05e+01N, Percentage 2.16e+01%, Torque 3.60e+00N*m

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.054

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

52. Design and Experiment of Bidirectional Profiling Press Device for Hilly Area

Accession number: 20173003971102

Authors: Zhao, Shuhong (1); Liu, Hongjun (1); Tan, Hewen (1); Yang, Yueqian (1); Zhang, Xianmin (1)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin; 150030, China

Corresponding author: Yang, Yueqian(yangyueqian@126.com)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 82-89

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: According to the deficiencies in uneven soil compaction and insufficient intensity in hilly region, the bidirectional profiling and strength adjustable press device was designed based on the hilly agricultural mechanical characteristics, which mainly consisted of profiling adjusting mechanism, strength adjusting mechanism and press wheel. The interaction model of soil and press wheel was established. Force analysis of press wheel was carried out to determine working process of press wheel. Force analysis of press device was carried out to determine the reasonable range of spring deformation (suppression of strength). The contrast test was done to verify the device performance of profiling, and the orthogonal tests were done to verify the hilly terrain repression wheel, soil interaction models along the correctness of draft force (activity-based costing) and ratio of root to shoot (crop growth state), and the factors affecting the changing rule of performance test. The effects of device under type of press wheel, intensity of the suppression and forward velocity were studied. In order to achieve the purpose of balancing the various indicators, the best combination was determined by using comprehensive weighted scoring method. The results of orthogonal tests of L9(34) showed that the primary sequence of factors was as following: press wheel, suppress strength and forward velocity, and the optimal combination was: rubber press wheel, spring deformation amount of 20 mm and forward velocity of 1 m/s. Under the conditions, the rate of draft force was 22.3 N, and the ratio of root to cap was 0.271. The result of contrast test showed that profiling press device was good in ensuring the uniformity of soil compaction. The result provided valuable information for the design of press wheel of planter. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 20

Main heading: Presses (machine tools)

Controlled terms: Compaction? - ?Cost accounting? - ?Deformation? - ?Design? - ?Experiments? - ?Mechanisms? - ?Soil mechanics? - ?Soils? - ?Wheels

Uncontrolled terms: Activity based costing? - ?Adjusting mechanism? - ?Device performance? - ?Hilly areas? - ?Mechanical characteristics? - ?Optimal combination? - ?Primary sequences? - ?Profiling

Classification code: 483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics

Soils and Soil Mechanics

? - ?601.2 Machine Components

Machine Components

? - ?601.3 Mechanisms

Mechanisms

? - ?603.1 Machine Tools, General

Machine Tools, General

? - ?901.3 Engineering Research

Engineering Research

? - ?911.1 Cost Accounting

Cost Accounting

Numerical data indexing: Force 2.23e+01N, Size 2.00e-02m, Velocity 1.00e+00m/s

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.010

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

53. Proteomics and Bioinformatics Analyses of Differentially Expressed Proteins in Yak and Beef Cattle Muscle

Accession number: 20173003971133

Authors: Zuo, Huixin (1); Han, Ling (1); Yu, Qunli (1); Niu, Kelan (1); Zhao, Suonan (2); Kong, Xiangying (2)

Author affiliation: (1) College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou; 730070, China; (2) Institute of Animal and Veterinary Science of Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Haibei; 810200, China

Corresponding author: Yu, Qunli(Yuqunli@gsau.edu.cn)

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 313-320

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: Yak (Bos grunniens) lives at plateau area of more than 3 500 altitude meter, in this case, yak still maintains normal physiological activity. Besides, yak meat is rich in protein and low in fat, which does not contain anabolic steroids. Proteomics research with bioinformatics approach combined with the established two dimensional electrophoresis (2DE) platforms was studied by comparing yak with beef cattle muscle. Aiming to illustrate the causes and pathway of different meat qualities in yak and beef cattle, establish the optimal 2DE system and analyze protein bioinformatics pathways, different lysis buffer components, isoelectric focusing procedures and staining methods were studied by using longissimus dorsi muscle of yak. Proteomic profiling by 2DE and mass spectrometry identified 19 proteins that were differentially expressed in longissimus dorsi muscle of yak and beef cattle. Then the identified proteins were analyzed by gene ontology (GO) annotations and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway. Results showed that the optimal protein extraction methods were lysis buffer component II, progressive fast boosting program and improved coomassie blue staining method. And protein spots in yak and beef cattle were 553 and 479, respectively. Totally 19 protein spots exhibiting a teo fold or more intensity difference in the meantime associated with 5% statistical significance (P<0.05) were considered differentially abundant. The differentially abundant proteins between yak and beef cattle could be divided into three main functional categories: metabolism proteins, structure proteins and stress proteins. The method of GO annotation provided three detailed and structured terms that included cellular component, molecular function and biological process. The differentially expressed proteins in yak and beef cattle muscle were concentrated in cellular processes, carbohydrate metabolism, genetic information processing and energy metabolism pathways by KEGG pathway analysis. In conclusion, the research result demonstrated the functions of identified proteins and provided a more detailed molecular view of the processes behind meat quality in yak and beef cattle. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 23

Main heading: Proteins

Controlled terms: Beef? - ?Bioinformatics? - ?Electrophoresis? - ?Genes? - ?Mass spectrometry? - ?Meats? - ?Metabolism? - ?Molecular biology? - ?Muscle? - ?Physiology

Uncontrolled terms: Beef cattle? - ?Bioinformatics analysis? - ?Carbohydrate metabolism? - ?Differential proteomics? - ?Muscle tissues? - ?Statistical significance? - ?Two dimensional electrophoresis? - ?Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE)

Classification code: 461 Bioengineering and Biology

Bioengineering and Biology

? - ?801 Chemistry

Chemistry

? - ?804.1 Organic Compounds

Organic Compounds

? - ?822.3 Food Products

Food Products

Numerical data indexing: Percentage 5.00e+00%

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.041

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village

      

54. Globally Stable, Fast Convergent and Load-independent Pressure Observer for Pneumatic Servo Systems

Accession number: 20173003970891

Authors: Qian, Pengfei (1); Ren, Xudong (1); Zhang, Lianren (2); Tao, Guoliang (3)

Author affiliation: (1) School of Mechanical Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang; 212013, China; (2) Wuxi Pneumatic Technical Research Institute Co., Ltd., Wuxi; 214072, China; (3) State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power Transmission and Control, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou; 310027, China

Source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery

Abbreviated source title: Nongye Jixie Xuebao

Volume: 48

Issue: 4

Issue date: April 25, 2017

Publication year: 2017

Pages: 399-405

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 10001298

CODEN: NUYCA3

Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery

Abstract: High-accuracy servo control of pneumatic systems requires nonlinear model-based control techniques based on full-state knowledge of the system. For the consideration of cost or light-weight design, non-linear pressure observers in place of pressure sensors were constructed to acquire the pressure states in the chambers of the pneumatic cylinder. Firstly, the global stability of the proposed pressure observer was demonstrated based on Lyapunov-stability theory. Secondly, the pressure observer’s polytropic exponent was analyzed and determined experimentally. Moreover, to check the fast convergence of the proposed pressure observer, a set of experiments for tracking a 0.5 Hz sinusoidal trajectory were performed under condition that the initial states of both chambers should be pressurized and the initial values of the observed pressures were intentionally set different from the actual values. Furthermore, to verify the load-independent of the presented pressure observer, the valve-controlled pneumatic cylinder system acted upon by a variable-stiffness loading force was adopted to carry out pneumatic servo control. A three-way on-off solenoid value was configured as two-way valve. Thus, four two-way on-off solenoid valves controlled with pulse width modulation (PWM) in lieu of one or two proportional valves were employed to govern the pneumatic cylinder for achieving the pneumatic servo control. Finally, extensive experiments validated the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed pressure observer for high-accuracy pneumatic servo control of the valve-controlled pneumatic cylinder system. ? 2017, Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery. All right reserved.

Number of references: 19

Main heading: Pneumatic control equipment

Controlled terms: Cylinders (shapes)? - ?Pneumatic drives? - ?Pneumatic equipment? - ?Pneumatic servomechanisms? - ?Pneumatics? - ?Product design? - ?Pulse width modulation? - ?Servomechanisms? - ?Solenoid valves? - ?Solenoids

Uncontrolled terms: Fast convergence? - ?Global stability? - ?Load independent? - ?Pneumatic servo systems? - ?Pressure observers

Classification code: 619 Pipes, Tanks and Accessories; Plant Engineering Generally

Pipes, Tanks and Accessories; Plant Engineering Generally

? - ?632.3 Pneumatics

Pneumatics

? - ?632.4 Pneumatic Equipment and Machinery

Pneumatic Equipment and Machinery

? - ?704.1 Electric Components

Electric Components

? - ?705 Electric Generators and Motors

Electric Generators and Motors

? - ?913.1 Production Engineering

Production Engineering

Numerical data indexing: Frequency 5.00e-01Hz

DOI: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.04.053

Compendex references: YES

Database: Compendex

Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Data Provider: Engineering Village