2022年Ei收录数据
  2021年Ei收录数据
  2019年Ei收录数据
  2020年Ei收录数据
  2018年Ei收录数据
  2017年Ei收录数据
  2016年Ei收录数据
  2015年Ei收录数据
  2014年Ei收录数据
  2013年Ei收录数据
  2012年Ei收录数据
  2010年Ei收录数据
  2011年Ei收录数据
  2008年EI收录数据
  2009年Ei收录数据

  

2012年第43卷第9期共收录42篇
1. Accession number: 20124515645266
  Title:Design of general sensor installation bracket on tractor tire center position
  Authors:Zhang, Xiaolong1 ; Li, Liang2 ; Chen, Bin1 ; Cao, Chengmao1  
  Author affiliation:1  School of Engineering, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, China
                 2  State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  Corresponding author:Cao, C. (caochengmao@sina.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:190-196
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:For effective completion of tractor dynamics test and developing its control units, the technology requirements for general sensor installation bracket on tire center position was firstly determined, then the detailed structure was optimized and processed. The designed mass of bracket was 1.815 kg and its axial length could be adjusted. The designed structure ensured that the principal plane of bracket was parallel to the tire rotary plane and its rotation center was aligned with the tire rotation center. The finite-element simulation analysis showed that the max deformation of the bracket was less than 0.2 mm when loaded with vertical and rotation inertial forces at speed of 90 km/h on the worst H level road, so it could not add systematical error on the measurement data. A roadway test system was developed and the reliability of the bracket was verified by the systematical roadway tests. This research provided a general and effective means to study the measurement problem on the rotation tire center, such as tractor assistant driving navigation system for mechanized working in small or medium scale farmland, tractor tire dynamics test, and so on.
  Number of references:12
  Main heading:Automobile testing
  Controlled terms:Finite element method  -  Highway planning  -  Navigation systems  -  Rotation  -  Sensors  -  Testing  -  Tires  -  Tractors (agricultural)  -  Tractors (truck)
  Uncontrolled terms:At-speed  -  Axial length  -  Control unit  -  Finite element simulations  -  Inertial forces  -  Measurement data  -  Measurement problems  -  Principal planes  -  Roadway test  -  Rotation centers   -  Sensor installation  -  Systematical error  -  Test systems  -  Tire dynamics
  Classification code:818.5 Rubber Products  -  801 Chemistry  -  663.1 Heavy Duty Motor Vehicles  -  663 Buses, Tractors and Trucks  -  921.6 Numerical Methods  -  662 Automobiles and Smaller Vehicles  -  434.4 Waterway Navigation  -  423.2 Non Mechanical Properties of Building Materials: Test Methods  -  406.1 Highway Systems  -  601.1 Mechanical Devices
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.035
  Database:Compendex

2. Accession number: 20124515645268
  Title:Static characteristic of dielectric elastomer cylindrical actuator
  Authors:Luo, Huaan1, 2 ; Wang, Huaming1 ; You, Youpeng1 
  Author affiliation:1  College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
                 2  School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing College of Information Technology, Nanjing 210046, China
  Corresponding author:Luo, H. (luohuaan@163.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:202-208
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:Dielectric elastomer actuators are operated in static domain. Aiming at the influence of the material property of dielectric elastomer and the structure of cylindrical actuator on the static characteristic, the main influencing factors on axial force of dielectric elastomer cylindrical actuator were studied. Adopting hyperelastic Yeoh model and simulation software ABAQUS, the axial force change of cylindrical actuator was analyzed under the condition of dielectric elastomer side lateral contraction, circumferential relaxation after convolution and compression between film layers. Compared with the actual actuator dimension, it is found that the circumferential relaxation after convolution is the most influential factor with respect to the axial force of cylindrical actuator, and the error is up to 25.9%. The two latter influence factors were taken into account and the error is less than 5% between the calculated result and the experiment. Finally, the quasi-static stiffness of cylindrical actuators was further studied, and the conclusion was gotten through the experiments that the film layer slippage can not be negligible when cylindrical actuator experiences large displacement.
  Number of references:10
  Main heading:Actuators
  Controlled terms:ABAQUS  -  Axial flow  -  Computer simulation  -  Computer software  -  Convolution  -  Elastomers  -  Electroactive polymer actuators  -  Experiments  -  Plastics  -  Stiffness
  Uncontrolled terms:Axial forces  -  Cylindrical actuators  -  Dielectric elastomer actuators  -  Dielectric elastomers  -  Film layers  -  Hyper elastic  -  Influencing factor  -  Influential factors  -  Large displacements  -  Lateral contraction   -  Material property  -  Quasi-static  -  Static characteristic  -  Static domain  -  Yeoh model
  Classification code:951 Materials Science  -  901.3 Engineering Research  -  818.2 Elastomers  -  817.1 Polymer Products  -  732.1 Control Equipment  -  723.5 Computer Applications  -  723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications  -  716.1 Information Theory and Signal Processing  -  631.1 Fluid Flow, General  -  422 Strength of Building Materials; Test Equipment and Methods  -  421 Strength of Building Materials; Mechanical Properties
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.037
  Database:Compendex

3. Accession number: 20124515645250
  Title:Wireless hot-film wind speed profiler
  Authors:Chen, Zhi1 ; Guo, Wang1 ; Xuan, Chuanzhong1 ; Zhang, Yong1 ; Wu, Pei1 
  Author affiliation:1  College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Huhhot 010018, China
  Corresponding author:Chen, Z. (sgchenzhi@imau.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:99-102 110
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:A wireless hot-film wind speed profiler as well as its data acquisition and processing system were developed in order to avoid large measuring errors and inconvenience of moving by using conventional pressure differential wind profiler. The tested system was calibrated in soil-erosion wind tunnel. The system can implement multi-points data acquisition and wireless transmission, with the advantages of simple construction, reliable performance, easy carry and installation, anti-contamination and wide range of speed measurement. The experimental result showed that for the calibrated wireless hot-film wind speed profiler, the calibrated error is less than 0.3798 m/s, and the measured wind velocity profiler is in exponential distribution, which is in accordance with the characteristic of wind speed perpendicular distribution at near soil surface.
  Number of references:10
  Main heading:Wind effects
  Controlled terms:Calibration  -  Erosion  -  Wind tunnels
  Uncontrolled terms:Anti-contamination  -  Exponential distributions  -  ITS data  -  Measuring errors  -  Multi-points  -  Pressure differential  -  Reliable performance  -  Soil surfaces  -  Speed measurement  -  Wind erosions   -  Wind profiler  -  Wind speed  -  Wind velocities  -  Wireless transmissions
  Classification code:943 Mechanical and Miscellaneous Measuring Instruments  -  942 Electric and Electronic Measuring Instruments  -  941 Acoustical and Optical Measuring Instruments  -  944 Moisture, Pressure and Temperature, and Radiation Measuring Instruments  -  651.2 Wind Tunnels  -  443.1 Atmospheric Properties  -  407 Maritime and Port Structures; Rivers and Other Waterways  -  483 Soil Mechanics and Foundations
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.019
  Database:Compendex

4. Accession number: 20124515645237
  Title:Combined operation of automobile gas heater and LNG engine
  Authors:Li, Na1, 2 ; Tong, Dehui3 ; Li, Guoxiang1  
  Author affiliation:1  School of Energy and Power Engineering, Shandong University, Ji'nan 250061, China
                 2  School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Jinan, Ji'nan 250022, China
                 3  Weichai Power Co. Ltd., Weifang 261001, China
  Corresponding author:Li, G. (liguox@sdu.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:27-30
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:The research of combined operation system of automobile gas heater and LNG engine can solve the problem of starting difficulty of the heavy truck using LNG. The stability of the combined operation and the effect of the combined operation on the cold starting performance of the LNG engine were studied through the combined operation tests. The experimental results showed that the automobile gas heater started smoothly and burned stably, and the cold starting performance of the LNG engine was improved significantly through the heating of the cooling liquid by the automobile gas heater. Therefore, adopting combined operation can improve the starting performance of the LNG engine in cold area effectively.
  Number of references:9
  Main heading:Automobile engines
  Controlled terms:Automobiles  -  Engines  -  Gas heating  -  Trucks
  Uncontrolled terms:Cold area  -  Combined operations  -  Cooling liquid  -  Gas heaters  -  Heavy truck  -  Starting performance
  Classification code:522 Gas Fuels  -  612 Engines  -  661.1 Automotive Engines  -  662.1 Automobiles  -  663.1 Heavy Duty Motor Vehicles
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.006
  Database:Compendex

5. Accession number: 20124515645262
  Title:Design and experiment of elevated substrate culture strawberry picking robot
  Authors:Zhang, Kailiang1 ; Yang, Li1 ; Wang, Liangju1 ; Zhang, Lixia2 ; Zhang, Tiezhong1  
  Author affiliation:1  College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
                  2  Department of Law, Xingtai Open University, Xingtai 054000, China
  Corresponding author:Zhang, T. (zhangtz56@hotmail.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:165-172
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:A strawberry-picking robot was developed, consisting of a crawler walking mechanism, a machine vision based precision motion positioning mechanism, and an end-effector cutting and gripping strawberry peduncles synchronously, for application to an elevated substrate culture. And the robot was controlled by a layering control system whose kernel was ARM9. The field test in greenhouse indicated that the robot could recognize, locate and pick ripe strawberries in elevated substrate culture with the success rate of 88%, without damaging the fruits, and the execution time of a single pick cycle was 18.54 s.
  Number of references:14
  Main heading:Computer vision
  Controlled terms:Fruits  -  Machine design  -  Robots  -  Substrates
  Uncontrolled terms:Execution time  -  Field test  -  Picking robot  -  Precision motion  -  Strawberry  -  Walking mechanism
  Classification code:461 Bioengineering and Biology  -  601 Mechanical Design  -  723.5 Computer Applications  -  731.5 Robotics  -  801 Chemistry  -  821.4 Agricultural Products
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.031
  Database:Compendex

6. Accession number: 20124515645236
  Title:Optimization of orifices on electro-hydraulic control camless valve actuator
  Authors:Gu, Yanhua1 ; Hu, Naishuo1 ; Gao, Fengjun2 ; Li, Hua2 ; Wang, Youkun2 ; Guo, Yingnan2  
  Author affiliation:1  College of Mechanical Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
                 2   State Key Laboratory of Automotive Simulation and Control, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
  Corresponding author:Guo, Y. (guoyn@jlu.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:21-26
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:The optimized design of orifices in the electro-hydraulic control valve actuator will affect the response and the impact of valve in the camless engine, and thus affect all aspects performance of engine. The mathematical model of the orifices in the valve actuator was designed, and the effects of the orifice's diameter to the velocity during opening and landing were analyzed. The model of the camless electro-hydraulic valve actuator was built by using AMESim, the analysis of the influence to the diameter and related position of the valve orifices was done, the results showed that the orifice diameter decreased or the related position of damping chamber orifice increased resulted in the delay of opening time, and the orifice diameter decreased or the related position of main line orifice decreased resulted in the delay of closing time. The parameters of orifices diameter and position were optimized, and the demand of the valve was met by the optimized parameters through the experiments.
  Number of references:10
  Main heading:Orifices
  Controlled terms:Actuators  -  Mathematical models  -  Optimization
  Uncontrolled terms:Camless engine  -  Electro-hydraulic control  -  Electro-hydraulic control valves  -  Electro-hydraulic valves  -  Optimized designs  -  Optimized parameter  -  Orifice diameters  -  Valve actuators
  Classification code:619.1 Pipe, Piping and Pipelines  -  632 Hydraulics, Pneumatics and Related Equipment, and Fluidics  -  921 Mathematics  -  921.5 Optimization Techniques
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.005
  Database:Compendex

7. Accession number: 20124515645234
  Title:Simultaneous removal of diesel NOx and soot over La2Cu1-xFexO4 perovskite-type catalysts
  Authors:Chen, Zhaohui1, 2 ; Li, Zhijun1 ; Gao, Libo1 ; Jiao, Penghao1 ; Zhang, Wenfei1 ; Liu, Lei1 
  Author affiliation:1  State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
                 2  City College, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650051, China
  Corresponding author:Chen, Z. (chenzhaohuiok@sina.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:11-15
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:A series of La2Cu1-xFexO4 catalysts were prepared by sol-gel, the samples were characterized by XRD, NO-TPD and H2-TPR, temperature-programmed test was used to evaluate the activity of the catalyst. It is found that La2Cu0.7Fe0.3O4 has a good PM-NO removal activities. So CDPF was prepared by La2Cu0.7Fe0.3O4 for the steady-state condition of the engine bench research, and by adjusting ECU to control fuel injection. When the crank angle between main injection and post injection was 70°CA, there was so much HC emission to significantly increase the conversion rate of NOx.
  Number of references:15
  Main heading:Catalyst activity
  Controlled terms:Catalysts  -  Neutron emission  -  Perovskite  -  Sol-gels  -  Thermodynamic properties
  Uncontrolled terms:Bench tests  -  Conversion rates  -  Crank angle  -  Diesel  -  Engine bench  -  HC emissions  -  Perovskite type oxides  -  Perovskite-type catalyst  -  Post injection  -  Removal activity   -  Simultaneous removal  -  Steady-state condition  -  XRD
  Classification code:641.1 Thermodynamics  -  803 Chemical Agents and Basic Industrial Chemicals  -  804 Chemical Products Generally  -  804.2 Inorganic Compounds  -  932.1 High Energy Physics
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.003
  Database:Compendex

8. Accession number: 20124515645256
  Title:Combined system of solar energy vegetable growth and distribution center
  Authors:Ning, Jinghong1 ; Liu, Shengchun1 ; Yan, Lei1 
  Author affiliation:1  Tianjin Key Laboratory of Refrigeration Technology, Tianjin University of Commerce, Tianjin 300134, China
  Corresponding author:Ning, J. (ningjinghong@126.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:131-135
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:A combined system driven by solar energy and used in vegetable growth and distribution center was designed. This combined system used solar energy as the assistant heat source, water and CO2 as the working fluid. It can provide fit temperature environmental space needed by many different locations such as vegetable growth, pick, wash, pre-cooling, cooling storage (or quick freeze and frozen storage). By calculation and analysis to the combined system driven by solar energy and used in four representative areas selected in China, and the comparison between the combined system driven by solar energy with that driven by full-electricity, the results were obtained. They show that the performances of the combined system driven by solar energy in different areas have obvious differences. In Guangzhou area, the combined system driven by solar energy saved about 69.6% of electricity and the running cost in a year due to the higher environmental temperature. In Lanzhou area, the combined system driven by solar energy economized about 60% of the electricity and running cost in a year owing to the higher solar radiation intension, and in Urumchi area, the combined system driven by solar energy can also reduce about 49.2% of electricity and running cost in a year. However, even though the lower environmental temperature and solar radiation intension in Beijing area, still the electricity and running cost consumption of the combined system driven by solar energy reduced by 7.8% all year round too.
  Number of references:12
  Main heading:Thermal processing (foods)
  Controlled terms:Carbon dioxide  -  Cost reduction  -  Electricity  -  Solar energy  -  Solar radiation  -  Sun  -  Vegetables  -  Warehouses
  Uncontrolled terms:Beijing area  -  Combined system  -  Distribution centers  -  Environmental space  -  Environmental temperature  -  Frozen storage  -  Guangzhou  -  Heat sources  -  Pre-cooling  -  Running cost   -  Working fluid
  Classification code:822.2 Food Processing Operations  -  821.4 Agricultural Products  -  804.2 Inorganic Compounds  -  911.2 Industrial Economics  -  701.1 Electricity: Basic Concepts and Phenomena  -  657.1 Solar Energy and Phenomena  -  402.1 Industrial and Agricultural Buildings  -  657.2 Extraterrestrial Physics and Stellar Phenomena
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.025
  Database:Compendex

9. Accession number: 20124515645232
  Title:Efficiency model of gasoline engine used by hybrid electrical vehicle
  Authors:Liang, Jinguang1 ; Hong, Taowen1 ; Song, Chuanxue1  
  Author affiliation:1  State Key Laboratory of Automotive Simulation and Control, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
  Corresponding author:Song, C. (songchx@126.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:1-5 10
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:The accuracy of HEV (hybrid electrical vehicle) engine control cannot be guaranteed because of the uncertain fuel consumption characteristic is a difficult problem. It can be resolved by the efficiency model of engine used by HEV. The theory that using the air exchange equivalent loss and the air exchange experience equivalent loss as the general efficiency model of naturally aspirated port fuel injection gasoline engine used by HEV was presented in order to determine the dynamically varied high efficient working region by theoretical analysis and by a lot of experimental investigation to a LJ491QE1 gasoline engine and a DA4G18-AA gasoline engine. The air exchange experience equivalent loss which only used two parameters of an intake pressure and an exhaust pressure could determine the dynamically varied high efficient working region of the engines and it has better responsiveness than the air exchange equivalent loss.
  Number of references:12
  Main heading:Engines
  Controlled terms:Air  -  Control  -  Efficiency  -  Electric vehicles  -  Gasoline  -  Hybrid vehicles
  Uncontrolled terms:Air exchanges  -  Efficiency models  -  Engine control  -  Exhaust pressure  -  Experimental investigations  -  Gasoline engines  -  Hybrid electrical vehicle  -  Intake pressure  -  Naturally aspirated  -  Port fuel injections   -  Two parameter
  Classification code:913.1 Production Engineering  -  804 Chemical Products Generally  -  732 Control Devices  -  731 Automatic Control Principles and Applications  -  612 Engines  -  523 Liquid Fuels  -  432 Highway Transportation
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.001
  Database:Compendex

10. Accession number: 20124515645239
  Title:Numerical simulation on radial hydraulic forces for screw-type centrifugal pump with splitter blade
  Authors:Yuan, Shouqi1 ; Zhou, Jianjia1 ; Yuan, Jianping1 ; Zhang, Jinfeng1 ; Xu, Yuping1 
  Author affiliation:1  Research Center of Fluid Machinery Engineering and Technology, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
  Corresponding author:Yuan, S. (shouqiy@ujs.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:37-42
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:In order to solve the overlarge radial hydraulic forces on the impeller of screw-type centrifugal pump with single blade, splitter blade was added. Based on Navier-Stokes equations and k-Ε turbulent model, three-dimensional unsteady flow field of the pump was simulated numerically to the screw-type centrifugal pump with and without splitter blade. Pressure fluctuations in the outlet of pump, radial hydraulic forces on the impeller and volute were obtained at different flow rates. The analysis results indicated that the pressure wave in the outlet of pump, radial hydraulic forces wave on the impeller and volute were always periodic in the two models, impeller blade passing frequency was the dominant frequency. Compared with the result without splitter blade at different flow rates, the period decreased to a half, the amplitudes of pressure fluctuations in the outlet of pump was smaller, the radial hydraulic forces on the impeller decreased a lot, the distribution of radial hydraulic forces on the impeller vector coordinates were more symmetry, and almost ellipses, the radial hydraulic forces on volute increased a little, but the amplitudes of which was decreased, and the high-frequency components were also fewer. The analysis results indicate that the adding of splitter blade in impeller of screw-type centrifugal pump with single blade can not only decrease the radial hydraulic forces on the impeller, but also decrease oscillations in volute as well.
  Number of references:13
  Main heading:Impellers
  Controlled terms:Centrifugal pumps  -  Computer simulation  -  Flow rate  -  Navier Stokes equations  -  Screws  -  Three dimensional  -  Well pumps
  Uncontrolled terms:Dominant frequency  -  High frequency components  -  Hydraulic force  -  Impeller blades  -  Pressure fluctuation  -  Pressure waves  -  Single blades  -  Splitter blade  -  Three-dimensional unsteady flow  -  Turbulent models
  Classification code:601.2 Machine Components  -  605 Small Tools and Hardware  -  618.2 Pumps  -  631 Fluid Flow  -  631.1 Fluid Flow, General  -  723.5 Computer Applications
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.008
  Database:Compendex

11. Accession number: 20124515645269
  Title:Structural design and flexibility analysis of new compliant revolute pair with macro-scale deformation
  Authors:Yang, Qizhi1 ; Zhu, Xiaobing1 ; Ma, Lüzhong1 ; Huang, Guoquan1 ; Zhuang, Jiaqi1 ; Zi, Pengfei1 
  Author affiliation:1  School of Mechanical Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
  Corresponding author:Yang, Q. (yqz_ujs@126.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:209-212
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:The disadvantage of current compliant pairs used in micro-displacement fields are that they produce micro-deformation rather than macro-scale deformation. In order to solve this problem, a new compliant revolute pair was proposed based on the theory of elastic deformation which can provide macro-scale deformation according to its own elastic deformation. The model of flexibility matrix was established, and rotation error was calculated with Matlab software and analyzed in Ansys. The results showed that the relative rotational stiffness error was 5.6% and relative rotation error was 3.4% according to the two methods. Finally, a test of the compliant revolute pair was carried out to justify the two above-mentioned results. It showed the flexibility analysis is reasonable.
  Number of references:9
  Main heading:Structural design
  Controlled terms:Elastic deformation  -  MATLAB
  Uncontrolled terms:Compliant  -  Flexibility matrices  -  Macro scale  -  Revolute pair  -  Simulation  -  Test
  Classification code:408.1 Structural Design, General  -  421 Strength of Building Materials; Mechanical Properties  -  818 Rubber and Elastomers  -  921 Mathematics
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.038
  Database:Compendex

12. Accession number: 20124515645255
  Title:Design and application of agricultural products' original habitat anti-counterfeiting identification packaging system
  Authors:Zhou, Chao1 ; Sun, Chuanheng1 ; Zhao, Li1 ; Li, Wenyong1 ; Du, Xiaowei1 ; Yang, Xinting1  
  Author affiliation:1  National Engineering Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture, Beijing 100097, China
  Corresponding author:Yang, X. (yangxt@nercita.org.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:125-130 172
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:Aiming at the fact of low efficiency packaging to the agricultural products and the poor standardized identification, a kind of agricultural products original habitat anti-counterfeiting identification packaging system was put forward. It integrated the functions of case sealing, identification and dynamic anti-counterfeiting identification. It solved the problem of the present equipments that sealing and labeling must be done separately. It integrated static identification and data inauthenticity. The practice indicates that the system can improve the packaging efficiency and the identification authenticity.
  Number of references:19
  Main heading:Agricultural products
  Controlled terms:Ecosystems  -  Packaging machines
  Uncontrolled terms:Anti-counterfeiting  -  Design and application  -  Dynamic identification  -  Packaging system  -  Password authentication
  Classification code:454.3 Ecology and Ecosystems  -  694.3 Packaging Equipment  -  821.4 Agricultural Products
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.024
  Database:Compendex

13. Accession number: 20124515645258
  Title:Effect of postharvest dehydration on dielectric properties of grape during cold storage
  Authors:Liu, Yaping1, 2 ; Liu, Xinghua1  
  Author affiliation:1  College of Food Science and Engineering, Northwest A and F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
                 2  College of Food Science and Engineering, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, China
  Corresponding author:Liu, X. (liuxh2830@163.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:143-149
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:With the aim to investigate the effect of postharvest dehydration on dielectric properties of grape during cold storage, the dielectric parameters of the Red Globe grape were measured at 0.1 kHz, 1 kHz, 10 kHz, 100 kHz and 1 MHz by using LCR electronic measure instrument, and the results were compared with those of un-dehydrated grape under the same condition. For the un-dehydrated and dehydrated grapes, both of them have the same trends at same storage day: the impedance, reactance, inductance and resistance were all gradually decreased while the susceptance increased with the increase of the frequency; and the loss tangent, dielectric constant and impendence phase angle firstly decreased with the frequency increasing from 0.1 kHz to 100 kHz, and then increased at 1 MHz. Compared with the un-dehydrated grape, the dehydrated one has higher impedance, reactance, inductance, resistance and lower dielectric constant, impendence phase angle during 45 days storage. All the test results show that postharvest dehydration is a more effective way in keeping the quality of grape during cold storage.
  Number of references:24
  Main heading:Fruits
  Controlled terms:Cold storage  -  Dehydration  -  Dielectric properties  -  Inductance  -  Wood preservation
  Uncontrolled terms:Dielectric parameters  -  Frequency  -  Grape  -  Loss tangent  -  Phase angles  -  Postharvest
  Classification code:694.4 Storage  -  701 Electricity and Magnetism  -  701.1 Electricity: Basic Concepts and Phenomena  -  802.2 Chemical Reactions  -  803 Chemical Agents and Basic Industrial Chemicals  -  821.4 Agricultural Products
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.027
  Database:Compendex

14. Accession number: 20124515645270
  Title:Tooth contact analysis of epicycloid hypoid gear considering assembly misalignment
  Authors:Wang, Feng1 ; Fang, Zongde1 ; Li, Shengjin1 ; Su, Jinzhan1 
  Author affiliation:1  School of Mechatronics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
  Corresponding author:Fang, Z. (fauto@nwpu.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:213-218
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:Based on two-part cutter head, the mathematical model of epicycloid hypoid gear pair was built through face-hobbing cutting method and generating principle. The relationship between assembly misalignment and meshing behavior was described by the results of tooth contact analysis. In the situation of transmission performance requirements, the parameters of wheel blank and processing parameters were designed. Based on a pair of epicycloid hypoid gears, the influence of each assembly misalignment on the meshing and transmission performance was analyzed.
  Number of references:12
  Main heading:Alignment
  Controlled terms:Gear cutting  -  Mathematical models
  Uncontrolled terms:Face hobbing  -  Hypoid gears  -  Meshing performance  -  Processing parameters  -  Tooth contact analysis  -  Transmission performance
  Classification code:601.1 Mechanical Devices  -  604.1 Metal Cutting  -  921 Mathematics
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.039
  Database:Compendex

15. Accession number: 20124515645244
  Title:Optimization design of bucket roots type line for Pelton turbines
  Authors:Fu, Jie1 ; Song, Wenwu1 ; Wang, Huiyan1 
 
  Author affiliation:1  School of Energy and Environment, Xihua University, Chengdu 610039, China
  Corresponding author:Song, W. (wenwus@163.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:62-65
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:With multiple nozzles and high head Pelton turbines, the increasing of nozzles will lead to mutual interference of flows in the runner, which reduces the efficiency of Pelton turbine. The working pressure at the root of bucket will increase obviously, and the safety factor of the hydropower station will be reduced. UG software was used to establish the model of runner bucket. By using CFD technique, the internal flow of a Pelton turbine with six nozzles was numerically simulated. ANSYS software was used to analyze the stress on the bucket. The runner bucket and profile line at the root were optimized. The problem of mutual interference among jets and internal flows was solved after the increasing of nozzles. The intensity and hydraulic performance of Pelton turbines were guaranteed. The designed unit has the characteristics of stable operation and high efficiency.
  Number of references:11
  Main heading:Turbines
  Controlled terms:Computer simulation  -  Hydraulic motors  -  Nozzles  -  Optimization  -  Safety factor
  Uncontrolled terms:3D models  -  ANSYS software  -  Bucket  -  CFD technique  -  Hydraulic performance  -  Hydropower stations  -  Internal flows  -  Mutual interference  -  Optimization design  -  Stable operation   -  Stress calculations  -  Working pressures
  Classification code:612.3 Gas Turbines and Engines  -  631.1 Fluid Flow, General  -  632.2 Hydraulic Equipment and Machinery  -  662.1 Automobiles  -  723.5 Computer Applications  -  921.5 Optimization Techniques
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.013
  Database:Compendex

16. Accession number: 20124515645243
  Title:Flow field in diffuser of tubular pump measurements by 3D-LDV
  Authors:Jin, Yan1 ; Liu, Chao1 ; Zhou, Jiren1 
  Author affiliation:1  College of Hydraulic Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
  Corresponding author:Jin, Y. (jinyan_yz@163.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:57-61 77
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:Diffuser can improve the performance of tubular pump to a certain extent. Three dimensional laser Doppler velocimetry (3D-LDV) technique was used to measure the flow field in guide vane of tubular pump, and the velocity distribution inside the diffuser was obtained. The circumferential velocity gradually decreased from inlet to outlet, the axial velocity distributed like U-shaped, the velocity close to the wall was low, and the velocity of middle area was relatively high, the radial velocity distribution velocity was also relatively high speed. The flow field between experimental and numerical results agreed well with each other. It showed that the distribution of circumferential velocity and axial velocity were similar, but the radial velocity deviation between the LDV results and the CFD ones was big.
  Number of references:12
  Main heading:Velocity distribution
  Controlled terms:Diffusers (optical)  -  Flow fields  -  Pumps  -  Three dimensional computer graphics  -  Velocity
  Uncontrolled terms:3D-LDV  -  Axial velocity  -  Circumferential velocity  -  Guide vane  -  Internal flows  -  Laser Doppler Velocimetry  -  Numerical results  -  Radial velocity  -  U-shaped
  Classification code:618.2 Pumps  -  631.1 Fluid Flow, General  -  723.5 Computer Applications  -  741.3 Optical Devices and Systems  -  931.1 Mechanics  -  931.3 Atomic and Molecular Physics
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.012
  Database:Compendex

17.  Accession number: 20124515645242
  Title:Numerical calculation on flow field in centrifugal pump based on fluid-structure interaction theorem
  Authors:Jiang, Wei1 ; Guo, Tao1 ; Li, Guojun1 ; Liu, Sanhua2 
  Author affiliation:1  School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xian Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China
                 2  Foshan Pump Factory, Foshan 528200, China
  Corresponding author:Li, G. (liguojun@mail.xjtu.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:53-56 42
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:The stress and deformation of centrifugal pump impeller have certain impacts on the velocity and pressure fields. A solution for the flow field of centrifugal combined with structure response of impeller was implemented by using two-way coupling method to investigate the effect of FSI of impeller on flow field. By using this method, various flow rate conditions were calculated. The results showed that the stress of the impeller was markedly uneven and the local stress concentration appeared in each operation condition. The back cover board of impeller outlet had large deformation deviating from the design value, which affected the impeller velocity, made the shunt parts in the volute to move export, led to severe unsymmetry phenomena and instability of pressure in impeller outlet. Pressure of every monitoring point changed obviously.
  Number of references:11
  Main heading:Impellers
  Controlled terms:Centrifugal pumps  -  Centrifugation  -  Deformation  -  Flow fields  -  Flow measurement  -  Fluid structure interaction  -  Stress concentration  -  Stresses
  Uncontrolled terms:Centrifugal pump impellers  -  Cover board  -  Design value  -  Flow rate conditions  -  Impeller outlet  -  Large deformations  -  Local stress concentration  -  Monitoring points  -  Numerical calculation  -  Operation conditions   -  Pressure field  -  Stress and deformation  -  Structure response  -  Two-way coupling  -  Unsymmetry
  Classification code:421 Strength of Building Materials; Mechanical Properties  -  422 Strength of Building Materials; Test Equipment and Methods  -  601.2 Machine Components  -  618.2 Pumps  -  631.1 Fluid Flow, General  -  802.3 Chemical Operations
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.011
  Database:Compendex

18. Accession number: 20124515645235
  Title:Thermo-gravimetric properties of diesel particulate matter treated by non-thermal electro-discharge
  Authors:Xing, Shikai1, 2 ; Zhong, Lei1 ; Ma, Chaochen1  
  Author affiliation:1  School of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
                 2  School of Vocational and Technical, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
  Corresponding author:Ma, C. (mcc1900@bit.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:16-20
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:The thermo-gravimetric properties of PM treated by non-thermal electro-discharge were studied by the experimental method. A non-thermal electro-discharge reactor was designed to trap PM based on the electrostatic theory, and a test rig for comparison and analysis was built. The content of soluble organic and solid carbon particles in PM was compared and analyzed by thermo gravimetric technology. The test and the analysis result concluded that non-thermal electro-discharge reaction can make soluble organic fraction produce incompleteness chemistry reaction. Voltage change of non-thermal electro-discharge is the key factor to affect the PM composition. Collection efficiency of PM for non-thermal electro-discharge reactor increased and the content of soluble organic fraction in PM decreased along with the voltage increase of non-thermal electro-discharge.
  Number of references:11
  Main heading:Chemical analysis
  Controlled terms:Organic carbon
  Uncontrolled terms:Collection efficiency  -  Diesel  -  Diesel particulate matters  -  Electrodischarges  -  Electrostatic theories  -  Experimental methods  -  Key factors  -  Nonthermal  -  Particulate Matter  -  PM-composition   -  Solid carbon  -  Soluble organic fraction  -  Test rigs  -  Thermo-gravimetric properties  -  Voltage change
  Classification code:801 Chemistry  -  804 Chemical Products Generally  -  804.1 Organic Compounds
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.004
  Database:Compendex

19. Accession number: 20124515645264
  Title:Recognition method of plant leaves based on Fisher projection-supervised LLE algorithm
  Authors:Yan, Qing1, 2 ; Liang, Dong2 ; Zhang, Jingjing1 
  Author affiliation:1  School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Anhui University, Hefei 230039, China
                 2  School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Anhui University, Hefei 230039, China
  Corresponding author:Liang, D. (dliang@ahu.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:179-183
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:A new supervised weighted LLE method based on the Fisher projection was proposed. This method utilized the Fisher projection distance to replace the sample's geodesic distance, and the importance score of each sample was obtained based on this distance, then the importance scores were added into the cost function of LLE. This method can overcome the disadvantage of traditional LLE, an unsupervised learning algorithm which cannot solve the classification problem very well, and can exploit the category information better and reduce the influence of noise points at the same time. The experimental results based on the real-world plant leaf databases show its mean accuracy of recognition is up to 92.36%.
  Number of references:17
  Main heading:Plants (botany)
  Controlled terms:Feature extraction  -  Learning algorithms
  Uncontrolled terms:Fisher projection  -  Manifold learning  -  Plant leaves  -  Recognition  -  Supervised locally linear embedding
  Classification code:461.9 Biology  -  716 Telecommunication; Radar, Radio and Television  -  723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.033
  Database:Compendex

20. Accession number: 20124515645251
  Title:Effect of condensing temperature on properties of bio-oil
  Authors:Chang, Sheng1 ; Zhao, Zengli1 ; Jiang, Hongming1, 2 ; Zheng, Anqing1 ; Li, Xiaoming1, 2 
  Author affiliation:1  Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
                  2  Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
  Corresponding author:Zhao, Z. (zhaozl@ms.giec.ac.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:103-110
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:Fast pyrolysis experiments of pine and corncob were conducted in the fluidized bed reactor with a feed rate of 1 kg/h, and bio-oils with different properties were obtained by spray condensation. Effect of condensing temperature on properties of bio-oils was investigated. The results of experiments showed that yields of bio-oils from pine and corncob were reduced by 23.1% and 20.8% respectively, and water contents were also decreased by 11% and 18% respectively, while viscosities went up by 181 cSt and 10 cSt respectively, and heat values also increased by 6.23 MJ/kg and 5.04 MJ/kg respectively when condensing temperature rose from 25°C to 75°C. The chemical compositions and structures of bio-oil were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). From the GC/MS spectra it was observed that the contents of anhydrosugar significantly increased in bio-oil from pine, while the contents of most light components decreased with the rise of condensing temperature. In bio-oil from corncob contents of anhydrosugars and phenols were both slightly enhanced, while contents of organic acids, aldehydes and ketones were reduced in bio-oil from corncob. The 13C spectra revealed that the content of alkyl carbon decreased, while the content of aromatic carbon increased in bio-oils with the rise of condensing temperature, and thus aromaticity of bio-oil was raised.
  Number of references:21
  Main heading:Chromatographic analysis
  Controlled terms:Aldehydes  -  Biomass  -  Carbon  -  Chemical reactors  -  Condensation  -  Experiments  -  Fluid catalytic cracking  -  Fluidized bed furnaces  -  Ketones  -  Nuclear magnetic resonance   -  Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy  -  Organic acids  -  Phenols
  Uncontrolled terms:Alkyl carbon  -  Anhydrosugars  -  Aromatic carbon  -  Aromaticities  -  Bio oil  -  Bio-oils  -  Chemical compositions  -  Condensation temperature  -  Condensing temperature  -  Fast pyrolysis   -  Feed-rates  -  Fluidized bed reactors  -  Gas chromatography/Mass spectrometry  -  GC/MS  -  Heat value
  Classification code:901.3 Engineering Research  -  804.1 Organic Compounds  -  804 Chemical Products Generally  -  932.2 Nuclear Physics  -  802 Chemical Apparatus and Plants; Unit Operations; Unit Processes  -  642.2 Industrial Furnaces and Components  -  525.1 Energy Resources and Renewable Energy Issues  -  801 Chemistry
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.020
  Database:Compendex

21. Accession number: 20124515645249
  Title:Use efficiency of different winter wheat cultivars response to different nutrient inputs
  Authors:Zan, Yaling1 ; Wang, Zhaohui1 ; Zhou, Ling1 ; Dai, Jian1 
  Author affiliation:1  College of Resources and Environmental Science, Northwest A and F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
  Corresponding author:Wang, Z. (w-zhaohui@263.net
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:91-98
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:Six main winter wheat cultivars planted in Shaanxi Province were used as test crops to study their differences in yield and nutrient use efficiency at different nutrient inputs by a two-year field experiment in Northwest China. The obtained results showed that winter wheat yield and biomass increased significantly with the increase of nutrient inputs, and the high-yielding varieties were more sensitive to the nutrient inputs than the low-yielding varieties. Analyzing yield components revealed that, in the low nutrient inputs condition, the yield depended on panicles per unit area and grain number per spike, but panicles per unit area dominated the yield in high nutrient inputs condition. In the low nutrient inputs condition, nitrogen recovery efficiency, agronomic use efficiency and partial factor productivity of the high-yielding varieties were 6.3%-61.6%, 52.1%-122% and 9.8%-25% respectively, higher than those of the low-yielding varieties. Phosphorus recovery efficiency, agronomic use efficiency and partial factor productivity of the high-yielding varieties were 31.2%-33.3%, 58.9%-126.3%, 7.0%-24.9% respectively, higher than those of the low-yielding varieties. Nitrogen and phosphorous partial productivity significantly decreased with the increase of nutrient inputs, and the low-yielding varieties were more sensitive to fertilization input than the high-yielding varieties.
  Number of references:21
  Main heading:Nutrients
  Controlled terms:Agronomy  -  Crops  -  Efficiency  -  Nitrogen  -  Phosphorus  -  Productivity
  Uncontrolled terms:Field experiment  -  Grain numbers  -  Nitrogen efficiency  -  Nitrogen recovery  -  NorthWest China  -  Nutrient-use efficiencies  -  Partial factor productivity  -  Per unit  -  Phosphorus recovery  -  Use efficiency   -  Winter wheat  -  Yield components  -  Yield difference
  Classification code:804 Chemical Products Generally  -  821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control  -  913.1 Production Engineering
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.018
  Database:Compendex

22.  Accession number: 20124515645248
  Title:Field simulated experiment on erosion processes of different farm roads under a heavy rain in red soil region
  Authors:Zheng, Haijin1, 2 ; Yang, Jie2 ; Zhang, Hongjiang1 ; Wang, Bangwen2 ; Xiao, Shengsheng2 ; Duan, Jian2 
  Author affiliation:1  College of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
                 2  Jiangxi Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Nanchang 330029, China
  Corresponding author:Yang, J. (zljyj@126.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:85-90 98
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:Totally 4 farm roads, i.e. the bare unpaved road, the stone covered road, the stone and grass covered road and the grass covered road, were selected on the representative area named Jiangxi Eco-science Park of Soil and Water Conservation. Twelve rainfall simulation experiments with an intensity of 3.0 mm/min were carried out on the selected roads. The results indicated that runoff from the farm roads was recorded less than 2 min. The runoff rate increased quickly and reached steady level in the first 2-6 min. The runoff coefficient was above 65%. The erosion rate was high at the beginning of the rainfall and then decreased due to the loss of fine soil surface particles and porosity changes. At later period, the erosion rate of the bare unpaved road increased to some extent due to the appearance of rill and micro-gully. Compared with the bare unpaved road, the stone covered road, the stone and grass covered road and the grass covered road can all change the runoff hydraulic characteristics, so to protect the farm roads and decrease sediment yield. The lowest benefit of sediment reduction was up to about 40% among them, and the grassed road had the best benefit of soil and water conservation.
  Number of references:27
  Main heading:Soils
  Controlled terms:Erosion  -  Rain  -  Runoff  -  Rural roads  -  Sedimentology  -  Sediments  -  Water conservation
  Uncontrolled terms:Erosion process  -  Erosion rates  -  Heavy rains  -  Hydraulic characteristic  -  Jiangxi  -  Porosity changes  -  Rainfall simulations  -  Red soils  -  Runoff coefficients  -  Runoff rates   -  Sediment reduction  -  Sediment yields  -  Simulated experiments  -  Soil and water conservation  -  Soil surfaces  -  Southern China  -  Unpaved roads
  Classification code:821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control  -  483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics  -  483 Soil Mechanics and Foundations  -  481.1 Geology  -  444.1 Surface Water  -  444 Water Resources  -  443.3 Precipitation
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.017
  Database:Compendex

23. Accession number: 20124515645267
  Title:Measurement of pesticide concentration on the leaf based on Vis/NIR spectroscopy
  Authors:Qiu, Baijing1 ; Yin, Lei1 
  Author affiliation:1  Key Lab. of Modern Agricultural Equipment and Technology, Ministry of Education and Jiangsu Province, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
  Corresponding author:Qiu, B. (qbj@ujs.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:197-201 208
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:A method based on Vis/NIR spectral analysis technology was applied to the rapid measurement of pesticide contentration on the leaf. Near infrared spectral data of pesticide concentration on the leaf was acquired by adopting diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Normalization of standard deviation, moving average smoothing with the segment size 3 and the first derivative combination was the optimal combination pretreatment method. From the seven schemes in contrast, the optimal hands for 350-1900 nm were obtained. Partial least squares method was used to develop the quantitative analysis model for pesticide concentration with diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The correlation coefficient between the prediction values and the truth values in the prediction set was 0.994, the root mean square error of cross-validation of the prediction set was 0.039. The result indicated that it is feasible to measure pesticide concentration on the leaf based on the near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, and the accurate actual pesticide concentration on the leaf can be obtained after spraying pesticides.
  Number of references:24
  Main heading:Pesticides
  Controlled terms:Forecasting  -  Infrared devices  -  Mean square error  -  Near infrared spectroscopy  -  Optimization  -  Spectrum analysis
  Uncontrolled terms:Correlation coefficient  -  Cross validation  -  Diffuse reflectance  -  Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy  -  First derivative  -  Leaf surfaces  -  Moving averages  -  Near Infrared  -  Near infrared spectra  -  Optimal combination   -  Partial least square (PLS)  -  Partial least-squares method  -  Pretreatment methods  -  Quantitative analysis model  -  Rapid measurement  -  Root mean square errors  -  Standard deviation  -  Truth values  -  Vis/NIR spectroscopy
  Classification code:944 Moisture, Pressure and Temperature, and Radiation Measuring Instruments  -  943 Mechanical and Miscellaneous Measuring Instruments  -  942 Electric and Electronic Measuring Instruments  -  941 Acoustical and Optical Measuring Instruments  -  921.5 Optimization Techniques  -  921 Mathematics  -  803 Chemical Agents and Basic Industrial Chemicals  -  741.3 Optical Devices and Systems  -  731.1 Control Systems
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.036
  Database:Compendex

24. Accession number: 20124515645238
  Title:Effect of back door opening of bus engine cabin on underhood heat dissipation
  Authors:Wang, Jing1, 2 ; Zhang, Chengchun1 ; Zhang, Chunyan1 ; Ren, Luquan1 
  Author affiliation:1  Key Laboratory of Bionics Engineering, Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
                 2  Teaching Center of Basic Course, Faculty of Agriculture, Jilin University, Changchun 130062, China
  Corresponding author:Zhang, C. (jluzcc@jlu.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:31-36
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:The changes of flow field and temperature field of underhood before and after the closure of the back door opening of a bus engine cabin were studied by the numerical simulations and experiments. The results indicated that after the closure of the back door opening, there are no notable changes of the flow field inside the engine cabin. In addition, the closure does not lead to the decrease of the cooling capacity of the cooling system. However, the temperatures near the former opening of the back door and the clutch increased slightly. Nevertheless, the closure of the opening of the back door cannot cause adverse impact to the performance of the bus.
  Number of references:8
  Main heading:Buses
  Controlled terms:Computer simulation  -  Cooling systems  -  Flow fields
  Uncontrolled terms:Cooling Capacity  -  Thermal fluids  -  Under-hood
  Classification code:631.1 Fluid Flow, General  -  641.2 Heat Transfer  -  663.1 Heavy Duty Motor Vehicles  -  723.5 Computer Applications
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.007
  Database:Compendex

25. Accession number: 20124515645271
  Title:Tooth contact analysis algorithm based on predetermined position for prolate epicycloid bevel gears
  Authors:Nie, Shaowu1 ; Deng, Xiaozhong2 ; Zhang, Hua2 ; Li, Tianxing1 ; Deng, Jing1 
  Author affiliation:1  School of Mechatronic Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
                   2  School of Mechatronics Engineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471003, China
  Corresponding author:Deng, X. (dxz01@163.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:219-225
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:In order to obtain tooth contact quality and adjust the contact area, the tooth contact analysis based on predetermined position was studied based on generation method with tilt of prolate epicycloid bevel gears. The cutting movement was analyzed, and the cutting mathematical model with tilt was established according to the relative position and motion among cutter, cradle and workpiece, and the theoretical tooth surface equation was derived. The tooth testing model with axis position variable was established, the simplified tooth contact analysis algorithm was derived, the solved method about contact ellipse was given, and the solved process about tooth contact analysis based on predetermined position was provided. Finally, a pair of prolate epicycloid bevel gears was analyzed on different predetermined position, and the result shows that the simulation results are in accordance with the testing results, and the effectiveness of tooth contact analysis algorithm is verified.
  Number of references:14
  Main heading:Bevel gears
  Controlled terms:Algorithms  -  Gear cutting  -  Mathematical models
  Uncontrolled terms:Contact areas  -  Contact ellipse  -  Contact quality  -  Cutting movement  -  Generation method  -  Position variables  -  Relative positions  -  Testing models  -  Testing results  -  Tooth contact analysis   -  Tooth surface  -  Work pieces
  Classification code:601.2 Machine Components  -  604.1 Metal Cutting  -  921 Mathematics
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.040
  Database:Compendex

26.  Accession number: 20124515645272
  Title:Interface information model of modular design
  Authors:Wang, Rijun1 ; Zhang, Jinsheng2 ; Zhang, Mingqin1 ; Tang, Aijun1 
  Author affiliation:1  School of Electromechanical Engineering, Shandong Jianzhu University, Ji'nan 250101, China
                 2  School of Mechanical Engineering, Shandong University, Ji'nan 250061, China
  Corresponding author:Wang, R. (wangrj2011@163.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:226-229
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:An interface information model for the combination and matching judgment of modules was established, which included six parameters: coding, module attached, type, geometry, critical geometric parameters and function flow direction of interface. Among these six parameters, the type of interface included dynamic interface and static interface, and the functional flow direction included function input and function output. The first two parameters were mainly used for the identification and retrieval of interface, and the other four were used to determine the relationship between modules, including connection and interchangeable. An example was used to illustrate the validity and rationality of the established model.
  Number of references:9
  Main heading:Information theory
  Controlled terms:Agricultural engineering  -  Mechanical engineering
  Uncontrolled terms:Dynamic interface  -  Flow direction  -  Functional flow  -  Geometric parameter  -  Interface information  -  Interface model  -  Match  -  Mechanical design  -  Modular designs  -  Two parameter
  Classification code:608 Mechanical Engineering, General  -  716.1 Information Theory and Signal Processing  -  821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.041
  Database:Compendex

27.  Accession number: 20124515645260
  Title:Selection of wavelength regions to determine flavonoids content in ginkgo leaves by FT-NIR spectroscopy
  Authors:Zou, Xiaobo1 ; Huang, Xiaowei1 ; Shi, Jiyong1 ; Chen, Zhengwei1 ; Zhang, Detao1 
  Author affiliation:1  College of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
  Corresponding author:Zou, X. (zou_xiaobo@ujs.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:155-159
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:In order to improve the detecting accuracy rating and stability of total flavonoids content in ginkgo leaves by near infrared spectroscopy technique, a precision model was established by selecting efficient spectral regions combined with different partial least squares (PLS) selecting wavelength regions methods. Three improved partial least squares (PLS) methods, including interval partial least squares (iPLS) selecting wavelength regions method, backward interval partial least squares (biPLS) selecting wavelength regions method and synergy interval partial least squares (siPLS) selecting wavelength regions method were used to find the most informative ranges and build models with better predictive flavonoids content in ginkgo leaves at first. And then the models were compared with PLS model which was developed on the whole wavelength range 4000-8000 cm-1. Results showed that the models built by the three improved PLS methods had higher predictive ability than that of PLS method. The optimal model was the one that obtained by siPLS selecting wavelength regions method and it separated the whole spectra into 21 intervals and combined two intervals including interval 7 and interval 12, the RMSECV and RMSEP were 2.9500 and 3.000, calibration and the prediction correlation coefficient were 0.9384 and 0.9437. The conclusion is siPLS method can accurately and rapidly predict flavonoids content in ginkgo leaves.
  Number of references:16
  Main heading:Wavelength
  Controlled terms:Flavonoids  -  Near infrared spectroscopy  -  Principal component analysis
  Uncontrolled terms:Content determination  -  Correlation coefficient  -  FT-NIR spectroscopy  -  Ginkgo leaves  -  Interval partial least squares  -  Interval partial least-squares (iPLS)  -  Near infrared spectra  -  Optimal model  -  Partial least square (PLS)  -  PLS models   -  Precision model  -  Predictive abilities  -  Spectral region  -  Wavelength ranges  -  Wavelength regions
  Classification code:711 Electromagnetic Waves  -  801 Chemistry  -  804.1 Organic Compounds  -  922.2 Mathematical Statistics
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.029
  Database:Compendex

28.  Accession number: 20124515645254
  Title:Performance analysis of variable-pitch vertical axis wind turbine based on various UDF methods
  Authors:Zhang, Lixun1 ; Liu, Xiaohong1 ; Zhang, Song1 ; Liang, Yingbin1 ; Yang, Yong2 
  Author affiliation:1  Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
                   2  Harbin Reha Technology Development Co. Ltd., Harbin 150001, China
  Corresponding author:Zhang, L. (lixunzhang2002@yahoo.com.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:120-124
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:In order to improve the performance of vertical axis wind turbine, the variable pitch vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) was studied. The optimum pitch angles at different azimuth angles were calculated by the blade element theory to maximize the drive moment of blade at any position. After doing dynamic regional UDF (user-defined function) approach on sliding mesh, dynamic mesh and a combination of both, the diverse numerical simulation methods of active control for variable pitch vertical axis wind turbine were built. Finally, the total torque generated as well as the power coefficient were obtained. The reliability of numerical simulation was verified by comparative analysis between the experimental and simulation results about VAWT. The results indicated that the power coefficient of vertical axis wind turbine was improved by the method of variable pitch, especially in the case of low tip speed ratios (TSR), where the capability of self-starting was improved greatly. Compared with the fixed-pitch vertical axis wind turbine, the power was increased by about 90% at the tip speed ratio of 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5.
  Number of references:9
  Main heading:Wind turbines
  Controlled terms:Computer simulation  -  Reliability analysis
  Uncontrolled terms:Active control  -  Azimuth angles  -  Blade-element theory  -  Comparative analysis  -  Dynamic mesh  -  Numerical simulation method  -  Performance analysis  -  Pitch angle  -  Power coefficients  -  Self-starting   -  Sliding mesh  -  Tip speed ratio  -  Total torque  -  UDF  -  User Defined Functions  -  Variable pitch  -  VAWT  -  Vertical axis wind turbines
  Classification code:615.8 Wind Power (Before 1993, use code 611 )  -  723.5 Computer Applications  -  913 Production Planning and Control; Manufacturing
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.023
  Database:Compendex
 
29.  Accession number: 20124515645259
  Title:Automatic determination of acid value and peroxide value of edible oils by near-infrared spectroscopy
  Authors:Yu, Xiuzhu1 ; Zhang, Jingya1 ; Li, Qinghua1 ; Xu, Chunjin1 ; Gao, Jinming2  
  Author affiliation:1  College of Food Science and Engineering, Northwest A and F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
                 2  College of Science, Northwest A and F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
  Corresponding author:Gao, J. (jinminggao@nwsuaf.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:150-154 159
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:For automatic determination of acid value and peroxide value of edible oils, using edible oils as raw materials, calibrations were developed and validated for determination of acid value and peroxide value by near-infrared spectrometer with continuous samples injection cell. The correlation coefficient R and the root mean square errors of prediction (RMSEP) of the calibration for acid value were 0.9873 and 0.114 mg/g in range of 5500-4600 cm-1 with baseline correction point at 6524 cm-1 and 4823 cm-1 and standard normal variant (SNV). The R and RMSEP for peroxide value of calibration were 0.9958 and 0.90 mmol/kg in range of 6050-4450 cm-1 with first derivative and Norris filter. The results of blind samples validation were good, the calibrations were workable, throughput of 90 samples can be achieved per hour.
  Number of references:15
  Main heading:Oils and fats
  Controlled terms:Calibration  -  Mean square error
  Uncontrolled terms:Acid value  -  Automatic determination  -  Baseline correction  -  Correlation coefficient  -  First derivative  -  Injection cells  -  Near infrared spectrometer  -  Normal variants  -  Peroxide value  -  Root mean square errors
  Classification code:731.1 Control Systems  -  804.1 Organic Compounds  -  941 Acoustical and Optical Measuring Instruments  -  942 Electric and Electronic Measuring Instruments  -  943 Mechanical and Miscellaneous Measuring Instruments  -  944 Moisture, Pressure and Temperature, and Radiation Measuring Instruments
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.028
  Database:Compendex

30.  Accession number: 20124515645241
  Title:Numerical simulation of cavitation for 3-D ALE15 hydrofoil
  Authors:Tan, Lei1 ; Cao, Shuliang2 ; Wang, Yuming1 ; Zhu, Baoshan2 
  Author affiliation:1  State Key Laboratory of Tribology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
                 2 State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  Corresponding author:Cao, S. (caoshl@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:49-52 48
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:The phase transformation in cavitation flow field was calculated by the full cavitation model considering the pressure and velocity turbulent fluctuation of the fluid, as well as the influence of noncondensable gas based on the homogeneous flow assumption. The turbulence viscosity coefficient was modified by the density function. A computation model and calculation method was proposed for the steady cavitation. The steady cavitation flow field of ALE15 hydrofoil was numerical simulated for the cavitation numbers of 2.3 by using the computation model and calculation method according to the conditions in the experiment. The calculated velocity distributions on different profiles agreed well with the experiment data, which validated the reliability of this computation model and calculation method. The velocity far away from the hydrofoil section was close to the velocity in the main flow region, and gradually decreased along the flow direction for the reason that the cavity acted as an obstacle. There is a large vortex zone in the cavity rear, and the velocity near the hydrofoil section is negative, both caused by the re-entrant jet.
  Number of references:17
  Main heading:Computer simulation
  Controlled terms:Cavitation  -  Experiments  -  Flow fields  -  Hydrofoils  -  Numerical methods  -  Turbulence models  -  Velocity  -  Velocity distribution
  Uncontrolled terms:Cavitation flow  -  Cavitation model  -  Cavitation number  -  Computation model  -  Experiment data  -  Flow direction  -  Flow regions  -  Homogeneous flow  -  Non-condensable gas  -  Re-entrant jet   -  Turbulent fluctuation  -  Viscosity coefficient  -  Vortex zones
  Classification code:931.3 Atomic and Molecular Physics  -  931.1 Mechanics  -  921.6 Numerical Methods  -  901.3 Engineering Research  -  723.5 Computer Applications  -  631.1.1 Liquid Dynamics  -  631.1 Fluid Flow, General
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.010
  Database:Compendex

31. Accession number: 20124515645233
  Title:Spray characteristics of biodiesel under high injection pressure
  Authors:Zhao, Luming1 ; He, Xu1 ; Zheng, Liang2 ; Wang, Jianxin2 ; Liu, Fushui1 
  Author affiliation:1  School of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
                  2  State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  Corresponding author:He, X. (hhexxu@bit.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:6-10
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:The spray characteristics of biodiesel and diesel were studied in a constant volume combustion bomb by using high speed photography under high injection pressure. The effects of background pressure, background temperature, and injection pressure on the spray characteristics were studied by means of CFD code. The results indicated that the penetration of biodiesel decreased with the increase of backpressure; penetration of biodiesel increased with the increase of injection pressure; with the increase of background temperature, penetration of biodiesel began to fluctuate due to the high evaporation rate.
  Number of references:10
  Main heading:Biodiesel
  Controlled terms:High speed photography
  Uncontrolled terms:Back pressures  -  Background pressure  -  Background temperature  -  CFD codes  -  Constant volume combustion bomb  -  High evaporation rate  -  High injection  -  Injection pressures  -  Spray  -  Spray characteristics
  Classification code:523 Liquid Fuels  -  742.1 Photography
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.002
  Database:Compendex

32.  Accession number: 20124515645273
  Title:Ultrasonic probe position and orientation planning for curved components with variable thickness based on ultrasonic beam analysis
  Authors:Zhang, Yang1 ; Zhou, Xiaojun1 ; Yang, Chenlong1 ; Li, Xiongbing1, 2 ; Chen, Rujiang1 ; Niu, Yanmu1 
  Author affiliation:1  Department of Mechanical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
                 2  CAD/CAM Institute, Central South University, Changsha 410075, China
  Corresponding author:Zhou, X. (emeesky@163.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:230-234 225
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:In traditional through transmission ultrasonic detection for curved components with variable thickness, the amplitude of receiving pressure was unsteady and the signal to noise ratio was always low. In order to solve this problem, an acoustic modeling method, called multi-Gaussian beam superposition technique was introduced into the curved component ultrasonic detection system. A receiving pressure model was established to analyze the effect on receiving pressure under different parameters. Analysis and the experiment results showed that the receiving pressure is very sensitive to the probe position and orientation. The angle existed between ultrasonic beam propagating path and probe position and orientation planning by conventional path generation method shouldn't be ignored. Taking bi-cubic B-spline surface workpiece for example, a new probe position and orientation planning method was proposed based on tracking ultrasonic beam propagation. The triggering probe position and orientation was planned firstly by regular method, then the receiving probe position and orientation was decided by tracking beam propagation form the trigger probe. Compared with the conventional method, practical application showed that the receiving signal is better and the detection results are more accurate by the proposed method.
  Number of references:15
  Main heading:Probes
  Controlled terms:Gaussian beams  -  Nanocomposites  -  Thickness control  -  Ultrasonic testing  -  Ultrasonic waves
  Uncontrolled terms:Curved components  -  Multi-Gaussian beam superposition  -  Probe position  -  Ultrasonic beams  -  Ultrasonic detection  -  Variable thickness
  Classification code:943 Mechanical and Miscellaneous Measuring Instruments  -  942 Electric and Electronic Measuring Instruments  -  941 Acoustical and Optical Measuring Instruments  -  933 Solid State Physics  -  944 Moisture, Pressure and Temperature, and Radiation Measuring Instruments  -  761 Nanotechnology  -  753.1 Ultrasonic Waves  -  731.3 Specific Variables Control  -  711 Electromagnetic Waves  -  753.3 Ultrasonic Applications
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.042
  Database:Compendex

33.  Accession number: 20124515645261
  Title:Identification of varieties of pear using near infrared spectra based on DPLS and LS-SVM model
  Authors:Liu, Xuemei1 ; Zhang, Hailiang1 
  Author affiliation:1  School of Civil Engineering, East China Jiaotong University, Nanchang 330013, China
  Corresponding author:Liu, X. (lyumu@163.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:160-164
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:In order to realize the rapid identification of different varieties of pears, principal component analysis (PCA) on the spectral data clustering analysis was used on three different varieties of pears to find the characteristic differences. The principal component analysis showed that the main composition PC1 and PC2 for all the modeling samples score diagrams had very good clustering effect to the different types of pears. Load diagram that got by using principal component analysis can obtain the variety sensitive characteristic wavelengths from pears, and with the characteristic band spectrum as input to build partial least-squares discriminant (DPLS) and least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) models. Seventy pears of three varieties with 210 in total were used to build DPLS and LS-SVM models respectively. The unknown 24 samples were predicted by the models, the recognition accuracy rate of the LS-SVM model reached to 100%. The calibration and verification results of the DPLS model and the actual classification variables of the correlation coefficient was greater than 0.980. Cross validation root mean square error (RMSECV) and root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) were less than 0.100. The varieties recognition rate was 100%. The proposed rapid identification method has good classification effects.
  Number of references:15
  Main heading:Fruits
  Controlled terms:Clustering algorithms  -  Mean square error  -  Near infrared spectroscopy  -  Principal component analysis  -  Support vector machines
  Uncontrolled terms:Band spectrum  -  Calibration and verification  -  Characteristic difference  -  Classification variable  -  Clustering effect  -  Correlation coefficient  -  Cross validation  -  DPLS  -  Least squares support vector machines  -  Load diagram   -  LS-SVM  -  Near Infrared  -  Near infrared spectra  -  Partial least squares  -  Pear  -  Rapid identification  -  Recognition accuracy  -  Recognition rates  -  Root mean square errors  -  Root-mean-square error of predictions   -  Spectral data
  Classification code:721 Computer Circuits and Logic Elements  -  723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications  -  801 Chemistry  -  821.4 Agricultural Products  -  922.2 Mathematical Statistics
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.030
  Database:Compendex

34. Accession number: 20124515645252
  Title:Kinetics hydrolysis of cellulose of wheat straw pretreated with propionic acid
  Authors:Tian, Long1, 2 ; Ma, Xiaojian1 
  Author affiliation:1  School of Life Science and Technology, Nanyang Normal University, Nanyang 473061, China
                 2  College of Chemical Engineering and Energy, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
  Corresponding author:Tian, L. (858687144@163.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:111-115
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:The cellulose from wheat straw was pretreated with propionic acid, and the content of glucose at different reaction temperatures was determined. Based on the Saeman model, the kinetics data of cellulose hydrolysis and glucose degradation were calculated. The activation energy was 6.5086×104 J/mol and 5.6223×104 J/mol, respectively. The analysis results indicated that cellulose has a faster hydrolysis rate, and the glucose formed is easy to degrade. The optimum reaction conditions are 80°C and 176 min, and the content of glucose reached 8.89 g/L. The adequacy of the model for predicting is verified effectively by the validation.
  Number of references:13
  Main heading:Cellulose
  Controlled terms:Activation energy  -  Glucose  -  Hydrolysis  -  Kinetics  -  Saturated fatty acids
  Uncontrolled terms:Cellulose hydrolysis  -  Glucose degradation  -  Hydrolysis kinetics  -  Hydrolysis rate  -  Optimum reaction conditions  -  Propionic acids  -  Reaction temperature  -  Saeman model  -  Wheat straws
  Classification code:802.2 Chemical Reactions  -  804.1 Organic Compounds  -  815.1.1 Organic Polymers  -  931 Classical Physics; Quantum Theory; Relativity  -  931.3 Atomic and Molecular Physics
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.021
  Database:Compendex
 
35.  Accession number: 20124515645257
  Title:Effect of high hydrostatic pressure and heat treatment on PPO inactivation and kinetic analysis
  Authors:Yi, Jianyong1 ; Jiang, Bin1 ; Dong, Peng1 ; Wang, Rongrong1 ; Hu, Xiaosong1 ; Zhang, Yan1  
  Author affiliation:1  College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
  Corresponding author:Zhang, Y. (zhangyan-348@hotmail.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:136-142
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:The effect of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) treatment and heat treatment on the stability of Agaricus bisporus mushroom polyphenoloxidase (PPO) was studied. Residual activities of the PPO were investigated after HHP treatment at 100-1600 MPa for 0.2-25 min and heat treatment at 55-80°C for 0.2-20 min. The HHP and heat inactivation kinetic of mushroom PPO were analyzed by first-order and biphasic model. The results showed that the effect of inactivation was improved with the pressure and temperature increasing, as well as the treatment time increasing. The residual activities were all higher than 88% when treated at pressure lower than 600 MPa, indicated that treatment at pressure lower than 600 MPa had limited influence on the activity of PPO. After HHP treatment at 800, 1000, 1200, 1400 and 1600 MPa for 25 min, the residual activity reduced to 66.42%, 52.83, 27.20%, 2.20% and 0.01%, respectively. The first-order model was used to analyze the survival curves of heat treatment. All of the coefficients of determination (R2) were higher than 0.960, which proved that the first-order model fit the microbial inactivation kinetics curve well. However, as R2 were all higher than 0.982, the biphasic model was proved to be more suitable than the first-order model to describe the kinetics of PPO inactivation treated by HHP.
  Number of references:20
  Main heading:Kinetics
  Controlled terms:Enzyme kinetics  -  Heat treatment  -  Hydrostatic pressure
  Uncontrolled terms:Agaricus bisporus  -  Biphasic models  -  First-order  -  First-order models  -  Heat inactivation kinetics  -  High hydrostatic pressure  -  Inactivation  -  Kinetic analysis  -  Microbial inactivation  -  Mushroom   -  Mushroom PPO  -  Polyphenol oxidase  -  Pressure and temperature  -  Residual activity  -  Survival curves  -  Treatment time
  Classification code:537.1 Heat Treatment Processes  -  631.1.1 Liquid Dynamics  -  802.2 Chemical Reactions  -  931 Classical Physics; Quantum Theory; Relativity
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.026
  Database:Compendex

36.  Accession number: 20124515645246
  Title:Effects of water deficit on soil moisture and temperature regimes in subsurface drip irrigated summer corn field
  Authors:Zou, Hui1 ; Huang, Xingfa2 ; Gong, Shihong3 
  Author affiliation:1  College of Geoscience and Surveying Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
                 2  College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
                 3  Department of Irrigation and Drainage, China Institute of Water Resource and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100048, China
  Corresponding author:Huang, X. (huangxingfa@cau.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:72-77
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:In order to study the effects of regulated water deficit irrigation on soil moisture and temperature regimes in summer corn field of North China under subsurface drip irrigation, soil moisture and temperature, as well as canopy temperature, plant height, leaf area index, yield of summer corn in the whole growth stage were analyzed on the basis of a field experiment in Beijing. The results showed that the treatments, except for severe water deficit treatment, kept soil moistures in 20-60 cm soil layer within a high and stable range; soil moistures for the well-watered control were higher than that for other water deficit treatments in 60-100 cm soil layer; in all different soil layers, soil moistures had little differences for low and moderate water deficit treatments. Influenced by the degree of crop cover and water deficit, differences of soil temperatures and canopy temperatures among treatments were remarkable in the jointing stage; in upper soil layers (30-50 cm), soil temperatures for the well-watered control were lower than those for other water deficit treatments before the jointing stage, but the differences among treatments were reduced after that; in deeper soil layers (80 cm), the higher the deficit degree was, the higher the soil temperature would be. Finally, low water deficit treatment had higher corn yields, and moderate water deficit treatment greatly raised irrigation water use efficiency.
  Number of references:9
  Main heading:Soil moisture
  Controlled terms:Subirrigation  -  Temperature  -  Water supply
  Uncontrolled terms:Deficit irrigation  -  Subsurface drip irrigation  -  Summer corn  -  Temperature regimes  -  Water use efficiency
  Classification code:446.1 Water Supply Systems  -  483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics  -  641.1 Thermodynamics  -  821.3 Agricultural Methods
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.015
  Database:Compendex

37.  Accession number: 20124515645247
  Title:Yield and root growth of mature Korla fragrant pear tree under deficit irrigation
  Authors:Wu, Yang1 ; Wang, Wei2 ; Huang, Xingfa1 ; Ren, Dexin3 ; Su, Liuyun4 ; Liu, Zhenghua3 
  Author affiliation:1  College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
                 2  College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
                3 Institute of Agricultural Sciences of Bayingolin Mongol AutonomousPrefecture, Korla 841000, China
                4  Forestry Technology Promotion Center of Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture, Korla 841000, China
  Corresponding author:Wang, W. (weiwang@cau.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:78-84
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:The experiment included four levels of the soil water deficit (threshold of soil water potential before irrigation) applied in the middle period of fragrant pear growth: slight (-100 kPa), moderate (-200 kPa), severe (-300 kPa) water stress and the control (-50 kPa). The irrigation system was surface drip irrigation. The results indicated that the water stress irrigation significantly reduced the summer pruning weight, improved the yield. Under full irrigation, the root length density (RLD) decreased with the increment of distance from the tree row, and root development in the wetted zone of drip irrigated pear tree was enhanced. The RLD at 0.5 m from the tree row decreased with the depth; however, the RLD in the range from 1 m to 1.5 m from the tree row increased with the depth; in the non-irrigated zone at 2 m from the tree row, the differences of RLD among the depths were not obvious. The RLD in the wetted and non-irrigated zone adjusted significantly due to the water stress in the wetted zone, as compared to the control. Increase of RLD due to the moderate soil water deficit showed some positive effects to the yield improvement.
  Number of references:27
  Main heading:Plants (botany)
  Controlled terms:Forestry  -  Fruits  -  Irrigation  -  Soil moisture  -  Wetting
  Uncontrolled terms:Deficit irrigation  -  Drip irrigation  -  Fruit growth  -  Root length density  -  Water stress
  Classification code:461.9 Biology  -  483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics  -  821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control  -  931.2 Physical Properties of Gases, Liquids and Solids
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.016
  Database:Compendex

38. Accession number: 20124515645265
  Title:Recognition of weed during cotton emergence based on principal component analysis and support vector machine
  Authors:Li, Hui1 ; Qi, Lijun1 ; Zhang, Jianhua1 ; Ji, Ronghua2 
  Author affiliation:1  College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
                 2  College of Information and Electrical Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
  Corresponding author:Qi, L. (qilijun@cau.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:184-189 196
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:A method of recognition weeds during cotton emergence based on principal component analysis (PCA) and support vector machine (SVM) was developed. For the effective classification of the variety of weeds in cotton field, the dimension of feature variable space was reduced by extracting color, shape, texture characteristics and principal component analysis. The experiment of classification for 120 samples of cottons and weeds showed that it was able to reduce training time and increase classification accuracy effectively by the first three principal components obtained by PCA dimensionality reduction. It was found by comparison that the best classification and recognition result was obtained by using the combination of the first three principal components and RBF kernel function SVM. The training time is 91 ms and the average correct classification rate is 98.33%.
  Number of references:21
  Main heading:Support vector machines
  Controlled terms:Cotton  -  Image processing  -  Principal component analysis
  Uncontrolled terms:Classification accuracy  -  Classification and recognition  -  Classification rates  -  Dimensionality reduction  -  Feature variable  -  Principal Components  -  RBF kernel function  -  Texture characteristics  -  Training time  -  Weed recognition
  Classification code:723 Computer Software, Data Handling and Applications  -  741 Light, Optics and Optical Devices  -  819.1 Natural Fibers  -  922.2 Mathematical Statistics
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.034
  Database:Compendex

39. Accession number: 20124515645253
  Title:Optimization of plant fiber tableware dry-hot molding process using response surface methodology
  Authors:Liu, Tianshu1 ; Li, Shujun1 ; Jing, Quanrong1 
  Author affiliation:1  Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences, Beijing 100083, China
  Corresponding author:Li, S. (lisj@caams.org.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:116-119 84
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:The plant fiber tableware dry-hot forming process was optimized by response surface methodology. Three independent variables, such as molding pressure, molding temperature and molding time have significant effects on the appearance quality of tableware. A three-factor quadratic regression rotation combination design was employed to study the response, and the interaction of the factors on the appearance quality was also investigated. By analyzing the response surface, a polynomial regression equation was obtained and the optimal conditions of dry-hot forming process were gained, they are: molding temperature of 181°C, molding pressure of 18 MPa, and pressure duration time of 9 s.
  Number of references:10
  Main heading:Molding
  Controlled terms:Optimization  -  Surface properties  -  Textile fibers
  Uncontrolled terms:Appearance  -  Combination design  -  Duration time  -  Forming process  -  Independent variables  -  Molding pressure  -  Molding process  -  Molding temperature  -  Molding time  -  Optimal conditions   -  Plant fibers  -  Polynomial regression equations  -  Quadratic regression  -  Response surface  -  Response surface methodology
  Classification code:535.2 Metal Forming  -  819.2 Synthetic Fibers  -  921.5 Optimization Techniques  -  951 Materials Science
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.022
  Database:Compendex

40.  Accession number: 20124515645263
  Title:Synchronization sliding mode control for agricultural parallel robot
  Authors:Gao, Guoqin1 ; Wang, Wei1 ; Ding, Qinqin1 
  Author affiliation:1  School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
  Corresponding author:Gao, G. (gqgao@ujs.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:173-178 196
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:The coordination and coupling among agricultural parallel robot's chains relative to the end actuator became a difficult problem in parallel robot motion control. Aiming at this, a control method that combined synchronization control with sliding mode control was proposed. The simulation results show that the control method has good tracking performance, high speed responsibility, small system error and strong robustness. It satisfied the requirements of the parallel robot control.
  Number of references:14
  Main heading:Robots
  Controlled terms:Agriculture  -  Sliding mode control  -  Synchronization
  Uncontrolled terms:Control methods  -  Parallel robots  -  Small systems  -  Synchronization control  -  Tracking performance
  Classification code:731 Automatic Control Principles and Applications  -  821 Agricultural Equipment and Methods; Vegetation and Pest Control
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.032
  Database:Compendex

41.  Accession number: 20124515645245
  Title:Soil evaporation of summer maize under different furrow irrigations
  Authors:Wang, Shunsheng1, 2 ; Fei, Liangjun1 ; Gao, Chuanchang2 ; Sun, Jingsheng3 
  Author affiliation:1  Institute of Water Resources, Xi'an University of Technology, Xi'an 710048, China
                 2  Institute of Water Conservancy, North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou 450011, China
                 3  Farmland Irrigation Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xinxiang 453003, China
  Corresponding author:Fei, L. (Feiliangjun2008@163.com
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:66-71
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:Different moisture treatments (80%, 70% and 60% of field water holding)of summer maize soil evaporation were studied by using the conventional furrow irrigation and alternative furrow irrigation. The results showed that conventional furrow irrigation evaporation and whole growth period evaporation were greater than the alternative furrow irrigation. Within a short period after irrigation the surface soil with high moisture content, soil evaporation is larger; under the condition of meeting crop transpiration water consumption, alternative furrow irrigation reduced irrigation wetted area and thus reduced the invalid evaporation. With different furrow irrigation ways, soil evaporation and soil surface water content presented pulse fluctuations, while the deep soil moisture fluctuation is weaker; surface soil moisture content and leaf area index of soil evaporation effect are obvious, the two and the relative soil evaporation have a good relationship with exponential function. Moisture control is suitable, with alternative furrow irrigation, evaporation and transpiration water consumption decreased significantly and it is a suitable irrigation way for summer maize.
  Number of references:17
  Main heading:Transpiration
  Controlled terms:Evaporation  -  Irrigation  -  Moisture control  -  Moisture determination  -  Phase transitions  -  Soil moisture  -  Water content  -  Water supply
  Uncontrolled terms:Crop transpirations  -  Deep soil moisture  -  Furrow irrigation  -  Growth period  -  Leaf Area Index  -  Short periods  -  Soil evaporations  -  Soil surfaces  -  Summer maize  -  Surface soil   -  Surface soil moisture  -  Water consumption  -  Water holding  -  Wetted area
  Classification code:821.3 Agricultural Methods  -  802.3 Chemical Operations  -  801.4 Physical Chemistry  -  944.2 Moisture Measurements  -  643 Space Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning  -  446.1 Water Supply Systems  -  444 Water Resources  -  483.1 Soils and Soil Mechanics
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.014
  Database:Compendex

42.  Accession number: 20124515645240
  Title:Aerodynamic optimization design of centrifugal fan impeller based on three-dimensional inverse design method
  Authors:Yang, Wei1 ; Wang, Hong2 ; Wu, Yulin3 
  Author affiliation:1  College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
                 2  Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
                 3  Department of Thermal Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  Corresponding author:Yang, W. (wyang@cau.edu.cn
  Source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery
  Abbreviated source title:Nongye Jixie Xuebao
  Volume:43
  Issue:9
  Issue date:September 2012
  Publication year:2012
  Pages:43-48
  Language:Chinese
  ISSN:10001298
  CODEN:NUYCA3
  Document type:Journal article (JA)
  Publisher:Chinese Society of Agricultural Machinery, No. 1 Beishatan Deshengmen Wai, Beijing, 100083, China
  Abstract:An optimization design method based on three-dimensional inverse design method and CFD was developed by combining design of experimental method, response surface method and simulated annealing optimization calculation. The shape parameters of meridional channel and blade were taken as optimization design parameters, and the impeller efficiency was setting as the optimization object. The shape parameters of the blade were expressed by velocity circulation distribution parameters through three-dimensional inverse design method. The optimization method was applied to a centrifugal fan impeller with the efficiency improved by 3.3%. The effects of the meridional channel shape parameters, circulation parameters and their interaction effects on the impeller efficiency were analyzed according to the constructed response surface between the design parameters and the impeller efficiency. It is shown that the lean angle of the blade leading edge on meridional channel played an important role on the impeller efficiency. Compared with the hub, the shape curve and the circulation distribution shape on the shroud have more influences on the efficiency.
  Number of references:13
  Main heading:Three dimensional
  Controlled terms:Centrifugation  -  Computational fluid dynamics  -  Design  -  Efficiency  -  Impellers  -  Shape optimization  -  Simulated annealing  -  Surface properties
  Uncontrolled terms:Aerodynamic optimization design  -  Centrifugal fans  -  Circulation distribution  -  Design parameters  -  Experimental methods  -  Interaction effect  -  Inverse design methods  -  Inverse designs  -  Leading edge  -  Lean angle   -  Meridional channel  -  Optimization design  -  Optimization method  -  Response surface  -  Response surface method  -  Shape parameters  -  Simulated annealing optimization
  Classification code:951 Materials Science  -  921 Mathematics  -  913.1 Production Engineering  -  902.1 Engineering Graphics  -  802.3 Chemical Operations  -  601.2 Machine Components  -  408 Structural Design
  DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2012.09.009
  Database:Compendex