韩玉冰,傅泽田,张小栓,王靖杰,胡金有.基于WSN的观赏鱼养殖水质环境监测系统研究[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(s1):392-400.
Han Yubing,Fu Zetian,Zhang Xiaoshuan,Wang Jingjie,Hu Jinyou.Monitoring System of Ornamental Fish Culturing Water Quality Based on Wireless Sensor Network[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(s1):392-400.
摘要点击次数: 557
全文下载次数: 273
基于WSN的观赏鱼养殖水质环境监测系统研究   [下载全文]
Monitoring System of Ornamental Fish Culturing Water Quality Based on Wireless Sensor Network   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2016-07-20  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.S0.060
中文关键词:  无线传感器网络  水质参数  观赏鱼  监测系统
基金项目:农业部公益性行业专项(201203017)和北京市农业科技项目(20150152)
作者单位
韩玉冰 中国农业大学 
傅泽田 中国农业大学
食品质量与安全北京实验室 
张小栓 中国农业大学
食品质量与安全北京实验室 
王靖杰 中国农业大学 
胡金有 中国农业大学 
中文摘要:提出了一种基于无线传感器网络(WSN)的观赏鱼养殖水质监测系统。该系统可以实时监测养殖水质环境参数,同时在水溶氧量不高的情况下可以开启增氧机进行增氧,保证观赏鱼养殖水质处于最佳状态。数据采集节点可以采集养殖水域的温度、pH值及水溶氧量等数据,并可通过900MHz协议无线通信方式上传至中继节点、USB网关节点、GPRS网关节点等。USB网关节点接到数据后通过USB接口上传至计算机;GPRS网关节点接收到数据后将数据上传至远程服务器,用户可以通过手机访问远程服务器查看水质数据;中继节点可以保证大范围数据采集链路的完整性和畅通性。在测试阶段,测试结果表明丢包率与发射功率呈反比关系,与传输距离呈正比关系。同时,高发射功率意味着高能量消耗,所以可根据不同的通信距离选择合适的发射功率,增加该网络的稳定性及低功耗特性;本系统各传感器误差均满足观赏鱼养殖水质监测参数误差要求,可对大范围观赏鱼养殖水域提供可靠地水质参数实时监测。
Han Yubing  Fu Zetian  Zhang Xiaoshuan  Wang Jingjie  Hu Jinyou
China Agricultural University,China Agricultural University;Beijing Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety,China Agricultural University;Beijing Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety,China Agricultural University and China Agricultural University
Key Words:wireless sensor network  water quality parameter  ornamental fish  monitoring system
Abstract:Currently, the monitoring system of ornamental fish culturing water quality has the problems such as high cost, poor flexibility and wiring difficulty. In order to solve these problems, a monitoring system was provided based on wireless sensor network. Real time monitoring of water quality parameter was realized. When the dissolved oxygen was low, it can increase the oxygen content in time and ensure that the water quality was stayed at the best condition. The data acquisition node of this system can collect information of water quality and send the processed data information to USB gateway node and the GPRS gateway node by using wireless communication. The USB gateway node sent the data to computer by USB interface and the GPRS gateway node uploaded the data to data server, so that users can check the water quality data by visiting remote server on mobile phones. The research language of nodes was C language, which can realize collecting, processing and wireless sending of water quality parameter data. VB 60 was applied to develop upper computer software while the mobile phone application was developed by Android system. In the test phase, the communication performance of node was good and the key factor to increase reliability of the system was to choose proper radio frequency power according to communication distance. As the deviation of the sensor was negligible in the test, this system can meet the demand of monitoring of ornamental fish culturing water quality, which made it possible to provide reliable real time monitoring of water quality parameter in large scales.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

   下载PDF阅读器