李友丽,李银坤,郭文忠,赵倩,贾冬冬,聂铭君.有机栽培水肥一体化系统设计与试验[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(s1):273-279.
Li Youli,Li Yinkun,Guo Wenzhong,Zhao Qian,Jia Dongdong,Nie Mingjun.Design and Test of Integrated Water and Fertilizer System in Organic Cultivation[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(s1):273-279.
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有机栽培水肥一体化系统设计与试验   [下载全文]
Design and Test of Integrated Water and Fertilizer System in Organic Cultivation   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2016-07-20  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.S0.042
中文关键词:  水肥一体化  发酵系统  灌溉系统  有机液肥  有机栽培
基金项目:“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2014BAD05B02)、国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(41501312)、北京市农林科学院科技创新能力建设专项(KJCX20140415)和北京市优秀人才项目(2015000057592G267)
作者单位
李友丽 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 
李银坤 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 
郭文忠 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 
赵倩 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 
贾冬冬 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 
聂铭君 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 
中文摘要:A water and fertilizer integrated system for organic cultivation was designed. The system integrated functions of preparing and compounding organic liquid as well as automatical irrigation. Through different subroutines of the system, the aerobic fermentation of organic materials, liquid filtration, compounding and dilution of stock solution, and decision and execution of irrigation strategy can be conducted. Thus, the integration of preparation and management of nutrient solution in organic cultivation, as well as high efficiency and fine management in water and fertilizer could be achieved. In order to verify the reliability and applicability of the system, coconut chaff was selected as organic matrix and non soil and organic cultivation experiment of cucumber was carried out in the solar greenhouse. The results showed that the system was operated stably in preparation of organic liquid and management of water and fertilizer was good in cucumber cultivation. The mechanization and automation of organic fertilizer and water management was implemented. The yield of cucumber was up to 48165kg/hm2, the content of total soluble sugar, vitamin C and titratable acidity were 2.7%, 99.2mg/kg and 008%, respectively. The development and application of this system would break through the bottleneck that existed in water and fertilizer management in organic cultivation, and it had important realistic significances.
Li Youli  Li Yinkun  Guo Wenzhong  Zhao Qian  Jia Dongdong  Nie Mingjun
Beijing Research Centre of Intelligent Equipment for Agriculture,Beijing Research Centre of Intelligent Equipment for Agriculture,Beijing Research Centre of Intelligent Equipment for Agriculture,Beijing Research Centre of Intelligent Equipment for Agriculture,Beijing Research Centre of Intelligent Equipment for Agriculture and Beijing Research Centre of Intelligent Equipment for Agriculture
Key Words:integration of water and fertilizer  fermentation system  irrigation system  organic nutrient solution  organic cultivation
Abstract:

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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