江新兰,杨邦杰,高万林,晏清洪.基于两线解码技术的水肥一体化云灌溉系统研究[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(s1):267-272.
Jiang Xinlan,Yang Bangjie,Gao Wanlin,Yan Qinghong.Cloud Computing Irrigation System of Water and Fertilizer Based on Dual-line Decoding Technology[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(s1):267-272.
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基于两线解码技术的水肥一体化云灌溉系统研究   [下载全文]
Cloud Computing Irrigation System of Water and Fertilizer Based on Dual-line Decoding Technology   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2016-07-20  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.S0.041
中文关键词:  水肥一体化  两线解码  云计算  物联网  设施农业
基金项目:“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAD35B0202)和中央分成水资源费项目(1261530110047)
作者单位
江新兰 中国农业大学 
杨邦杰 中国农业大学 
高万林 中国农业大学 
晏清洪 中国水利水电科学研究院水利研究所 
中文摘要:针对传统设施农业水肥利用效率低、信息采集量少、数据挖掘利用弱等问题,设计了基于两线解码技术和云计算的设施农业水肥一体化智能云灌溉系统,包括智能云灌溉控制系统、全自动水肥一体机和高效节水灌溉系统3部分。该系统通过两线解码技术,利用各种传感器实时采集各单个设施农业作物生长环境的参数信息,并将各类采集数据及时传输和存储于数据管理云平台,根据设施农业种植区采取的环境信息和作物的需水需肥规律,利用云集群的计算和分析能力,科学确定设施农业中不同环境条件下作物生长的水肥需求和灌溉施肥制度,实现水肥一体化的智能控制。通过2个设施农业种植基地的应用实例表明,相比传统灌溉方式,水分和肥料的利用率分别提高了25%~40%和15%~35%,并且大幅度减少了劳动时间和劳动力。
Jiang Xinlan  Yang Bangjie  Gao Wanlin  Yan Qinghong
China Agricultural University,China Agricultural University,China Agricultural University and Department of Irrigation and Drainage, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
Key Words:integrated management of water and fertilizer  dual-line decoding  cloud computing  internet of things  protected agriculture
Abstract:In order to solve the problem in traditional protected agriculture, namely the inefficient use of water and fertilizer, less information collection, weak capability of data mining and implementation, an intelligent cloud irrigation system was proposed based on the technology of dual line decoding and cloud computing to integratively manage water and fertilizer for protected agriculture, which was composed of intelligent cloud irrigation control system, automatic machine of integration of water and fertilizer, water saving irrigation system with high efficient. The system via dual line decoding technology, and a variety of sensors were used to collect the parameters of crop growth environment for each individual protected agriculture in real time. Then all kinds of collected data were timely transmitted and stored in cloud data management platform. Thereafter, the ability of calculation and analysis from cloud calculated cluster was used, water and fertilizer needs, irrigation and fertilization system in protected agriculture under different environmental conditions for crop growth were scientifically determined to achieve intelligent control of water and fertilizer integration. The system was of great importance in guiding protected agriculture to achieve high yield, high quality, ecology and safety in production. Two application examples in planting bases of protected agriculture showed that compared with the traditional irrigation methods, the intelligent cloud irrigation system based on the technology of dual line decoding and cloud computing to manage integrated water and fertilizer for protected agriculture can improve the water use efficiency by 25%~40% and fertilizer use efficiency by 15%~35%, which shortened labor time and decreased labor force sharply.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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