郝兴玉,贺刚,董佳佳,王强,高磊,孙文婷.基于ARIZ算法的方草捆收集车改进设计与试验[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(s1):254-260.
Hao Xingyu,He Gang,Dong Jiajia,Wang Qiang,Gao Lei,Sun Wenting.Improved Design and Test on Collecting Wagon of Rectangular Bale Based on ARIZ Algorithm[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(s1):254-260.
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基于ARIZ算法的方草捆收集车改进设计与试验   [下载全文]
Improved Design and Test on Collecting Wagon of Rectangular Bale Based on ARIZ Algorithm   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2016-07-20  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.S0.039
中文关键词:  方草捆收集车  ARIZ  TRIZ  技术矛盾  物-场分析
基金项目:内蒙古自治区科技重大专项
作者单位
郝兴玉 中国农业机械化科学研究院呼和浩特分院 
贺刚 中国农业机械化科学研究院呼和浩特分院 
董佳佳 中国农业机械化科学研究院呼和浩特分院 
王强 中国农业机械化科学研究院呼和浩特分院 
高磊 中国农业机械化科学研究院呼和浩特分院 
孙文婷 中国农业机械化科学研究院呼和浩特分院 
中文摘要:针对方草捆收集车作业时草捆在喂入过程中发生歪斜严重影响其稳定性的问题,应用ARIZ算法对技术系统进行了优化设计,并完成了试验验证。根据分析造成草捆歪斜的主要原因,确定问题发生的技术系统,建立系统组件功能模型,并针对技术系统存在的问题,应用矛盾分析、物-场分析等方法进行了系统性分析,通过应用创新原理、分离原理、知识库查询及标准解等工具形成了一系列创新设计方案,通过使用Pro/Innovator软件对新产生的方案进行了综合评价,并从中得到最优方案。对改进后的方草捆收集车进行了试验,结果表明:改进后的草捆收集车收集效率高,稳定性好。
Hao Xingyu  He Gang  Dong Jiajia  Wang Qiang  Gao Lei  Sun Wenting
Huhhot Branch of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences,Huhhot Branch of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences,Huhhot Branch of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences,Huhhot Branch of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences,Huhhot Branch of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences and Huhhot Branch of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences
Key Words:collecting wagon of rectangular bale  ARIZ  TRIZ  technical contradiction  object-field analysis
Abstract:Harvest bales in the field, including process of collecting, transportation, loading and stacking bale all need to consume a lot of time and labor, thus to improve the bale harvest efficient, it was needed to design collecting wagon of rectangular bale. Its structure was mainly composed of traction device, feeding device, bale thruster, unloading device, collection tank and the electro hydraulic control system. Collecting wagon of rectangular bale was hooked up to the rear side of compression chamber of rectangular bale baler, bales were arranged to collect according to certain rules, and finally unloaded the bale group on the ground. When collection jobs of collecting wagon of rectangular bale were affected by terrain condition, bale shape, bale density and other factors, sometimes tilt of bale would happen in the process of feeding, which seriously affected the work efficiency and stability. According to problems that working stability was seriously impacted by bale tilt in the feeding process of collecting wagon of rectangular bale, ARIZ was used to analyze feeding device of critical component of collecting wagon of rectangular bale, and determine the cause of the problem. Through analyzing the system components function, it indicated that the main reason leading to bale tilt was insufficient feeding device to bale guidance function. Aiming at the problems existing in the technical system, technical contradictions, object-field analysis and other methods were used to do systematic analysis; totally 40 innovative principles, separation principle, knowledge base query and 76 standard solutions of the TRIZ were applied, and a series of innovative design was formed. By using Pro/Innovator software, the work efficiency, equipment reliability, production costs and complexity of equipment were comprehensively evaluated for the new solutions to get the optimal solution. Finally, through test of the improved machine, results showed that the improved machine had advantages of high collecting efficiency and good working stability. Bale group neat rate was 100%, and the main performance indicators all met the requirements of relevant standards. Therefore, the results can provide reference for the relevant field of ARIZ innovative design products.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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