刘中正,侯加林,辛杰,邵园园,邵江华,王勇.智能化设施育苗机设计与试验[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(s1):136-142.
Liu Zhongzheng,Hou Jialin,Xin Jie,Shao Yuanyuan,Shao Jianghua,Wang Yong.Design and Experiment of Intelligent Facilities Seedling Machine[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(s1):136-142.
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智能化设施育苗机设计与试验   [下载全文]
Design and Experiment of Intelligent Facilities Seedling Machine   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2016-07-20  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.S0.021
中文关键词:  设施农业  育苗机  设计  性能试验
基金项目:山东省农机化装备研发创新项目(2016YH004)和山东省现代农业产业技术体系项目(SDAIT-05-11)
作者单位
刘中正 山东农业大学
山东省园艺机械与装备重点实验室 
侯加林 山东农业大学
山东省园艺机械与装备重点实验室 
辛杰 山东农业大学
山东省园艺机械与装备重点实验室 
邵园园 山东农业大学
山东省园艺机械与装备重点实验室 
邵江华 山东华兴机械股份有限公司 
王勇 山东华兴机械股份有限公司 
中文摘要:在分析现代工厂化育苗技术的基础上,提出并设计了智能化设施育苗机。整机采用PLC技术、传感器技术、异步电动机变频调速等控制技术,能够实现精量播种作业。以白菜种子为试验对象,选取吸孔直径、真空度、种箱移动速度作为试验因素,进行吸种性能的正交试验,经试验得出最优因素参数组合为真空度7kPa、吸孔直径0.8mm、种箱移动速度0.03m/s,最优因素参数组合下单粒率93.82%、空穴率3.71%、重播率2.47%;在吸种性能最优因素参数组合下,对不同的播种效率做进一步播种性能试验,当播种效率为400 盘/h,单粒率达到92.63%,可以满足蔬菜精量播种农艺要求。
Liu Zhongzheng  Hou Jialin  Xin Jie  Shao Yuanyuan  Shao Jianghua  Wang Yong
Shandong Agricultural University;Shandong Province Key Laboratory of Horticultural Machinery and Equipment,Shandong Agricultural University;Shandong Province Key Laboratory of Horticultural Machinery and Equipment,Shandong Agricultural University;Shandong Province Key Laboratory of Horticultural Machinery and Equipment,Shandong Agricultural University;Shandong Province Key Laboratory of Horticultural Machinery and Equipment,Shandong Huaxing Machinery Co., Ltd. and Shandong Huaxing Machinery Co., Ltd.
Key Words:facilities agriculture  seedling machine  design  performance test
Abstract:An intelligent facilities seedling machine was put forward and designed with the analysis of modern factory seedling technology. PLC programmable control was adopted in this machine. Human machine interface, sensor technology and frequency control of asynchronous motors were integrated into the control system to realize the accurate seeding operation. Selecting suction hole diameter, vacuum degree, seed box moving speed as experiment factors, an orthogonal experiment on suction performance was carried out with cabbage seeds as test object. The experiment result showed that the optimal parameter combination of factors were vacuum pressure of 7kPa, suction hole diameter of 0.8mm, seed box moving speed of 0.03m/s, and under the optimal parameter combination of factors, the single seeding rate was 93.82%, miss seeding rate was 3.71%, and reseeding rate was 2.47%. Furthermore, under the above conditions, a seeding performance test was carried out. The test showed that the single seeding rate can reach 92.63% with seeding efficiency of 400 tray per hour, which can meet the requirements of precision seeding agronomic for vegetables.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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