杨丽,颜丙新,张东兴,张天亮,王云霞,崔涛.玉米精密播种技术研究进展[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(11):38-48.
Yang Li,Yan Bingxin,Zhang Dongxing,Zhang Tianliang,Wang Yunxia,Cui Tao.Research Progress on Precision Planting Technology of Maize[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(11):38-48.
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玉米精密播种技术研究进展   [下载全文]
Research Progress on Precision Planting Technology of Maize   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2016-10-09  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.11.006
中文关键词:  玉米  精密播种  智能化  研究进展
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51575515)、国家玉米产业技术体系项目(CARS-02)和农业部土壤-机器-植物系统技术重点实验室项目
作者单位
杨丽 中国农业大学 
颜丙新 中国农业大学 
张东兴 中国农业大学 
张天亮 中国农业大学 
王云霞 中国农业大学 
崔涛 中国农业大学 
中文摘要:简述了玉米精密播种技术在农业生产中的重要意义,指出采用精密播种技术是规模化生产实现节本增效的重要手段。从精密播种的不同功能实现角度,将玉米精密播种技术归纳为播种粒距均匀性控制技术和播深一致性控制技术两方面。详细阐述了保证播种粒距均匀的玉米单粒精密排种技术、种子平稳运移技术、种子精确定位技术和排种器驱动技术;分析了保证播深一致的必要性,阐述了播深一致性控制技术的研究历程。结合玉米精密播种技术国际研究动态,综述了玉米精密播种技术在智能化方面的最新研究进展,并结合我国生产现状指出了未来玉米精密播种技术的发展方向。
Yang Li  Yan Bingxin  Zhang Dongxing  Zhang Tianliang  Wang Yunxia  Cui Tao
China Agricultural University,China Agricultural University,China Agricultural University,China Agricultural University,China Agricultural University and China Agricultural University
Key Words:maize  precision planting  intelligentization  research progress
Abstract:Maize could be used as food, animal feed, as well as industrial materials, so it has become to be the most important crop all over the world. The potential yield of maize is more than 27 mt/hm2, but the statistical data from FAO shows that farmer’s actual average yield is only one fourth of that. Precision planting is one of an effective method to increase maize yield,so as to decrease this gap. Precision planting technology has a critical effect on agricultural production and is the key to decrease cost and increase benefit for scaled farmer’s production, international machinery companies are paying more and more attention and investing a lot on invention or innovation of precision planters,so new precision planting technologies and devices, such as high speed metering systems, down force depth control units, are developing very fast, and they are widely accepted and used by individual farmers in the world. According to the various functions realized by precision planting, precision planting technologies were classified into the following categories: control technology of seed spacing uniformity, control technology of sowing depth uniformity, and intelligent integration of precision planting. On the seed spacing uniformity, technologies of single seed sowing, seed delivery and seed monitoring were elaborated. The significance of sowing depth uniformity was analyzed, and its development process was generalized. In terms of the application in intelligence, a comprehensive review of the existing research advances was presented. Finally, the development direction of precision planting technology was pointed out based on the current situation of China.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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