杨然兵,范玉滨,尚书旗,刘立辉,崔功佩.4HBL-2型花生联合收获机复收装置设计与试验[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(9):115-120.
Yang Ranbing,Fan Yubin,Shang Shuqi,Liu Lihui,Cui Gongpei.Design and Experiment of Twice-receiving Device on 4HBL-2 Peanut Combine[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(9):115-120.
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4HBL-2型花生联合收获机复收装置设计与试验   [下载全文]
Design and Experiment of Twice-receiving Device on 4HBL-2 Peanut Combine   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2015-12-28  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.09.017
中文关键词:  花生联合收获机  复收装置  设计  试验
基金项目:山东省农机装备研发创新计划项目(2015TS202-1)和山东省协同创新中心资金项目(6682215005)
作者单位
杨然兵 青岛农业大学 
范玉滨 青岛农业大学 
尚书旗 青岛农业大学 
刘立辉 青岛农业大学 
崔功佩 青岛农业大学 
中文摘要:针对4HBL-2型花生联合收获机果土分离及输送中花生果实的漏果、掉果问题,设计了花生联合收获机复收装置。在花生联合收获时,对土壤中遗漏的果实和夹持输送过程中掉落的果实进行复收、清选、集果等作业。并对复收装置进行了设计与试验研究,确定了该装置的最优结构参数和工作参数:复收装置安装角度为20°,复收链输送速度1.2m/s,复收链杆条间隙10mm。在机组前进速度为0.6m/s时,实现收获花生平均净果率为90.16%,平均漏果率为0.12%,提高了花生的收获质量,减少了花生二次复收的劳动强度和作业成本。
Yang Ranbing  Fan Yubin  Shang Shuqi  Liu Lihui  Cui Gongpei
Qingdao Agricultural University,Qingdao Agricultural University,Qingdao Agricultural University,Qingdao Agricultural University and Qingdao Agricultural University
Key Words:peanut combine  twice-receiving device  design  experiment
Abstract:In order to solve the existing problems of the leakage and dropping of fruit in the process of peanut harvest using machine, this paper designed the twice receiving device on 4HBL-2 peanut combine. The device is mainly composed of twice receiving shovel, conveying device, fixed frame and transmission chain, etc. It can finish the process of twice receiving, cleaning and gripping fruit when harvesting. Besides, this paper designed and did analysis on twice receiving device and determined the optimal structural parameters and working parameters: the twice receiving installation angle was 20°, the twice receiving chain conveyor speed was 12m/s, the bar was 10mm. When the unit speed was 0.6m/s, the peanuts average net fruit rate was 90.16%, the average leakage rate was 0.12%, improving the quality of peanut harvester, reducing the labor intensity of the peanut twice receiving and operating costs. This equipment will give theory and technical support for the design of twice receiving multi function peanut combine. Others, the technical level of peanut combine in China has been greatly improved, and has developed many machines, such as: 4HB-2A, 4HBL-2 and 4HL-2, etc. Those machines can complete the work of mining, picking, soil clearing, fruit picking, cleaning, and collecting, etc. But the problems of leakage off of peanut fruit in the process of peanut harvesting, there is an average of 5%~8% of the losing. Besides, the cost of twice receiving of artificial is high and there is no research of twice receiving on peanut combine in China or at abroad. The main reasons of the existing peanut combine on leakage and off are: first, because of the high maturity of peanuts, the peanut roots and fruit node relay cant meet the requirements of harvesting; second, some peanuts in the process of soil clearing fell off on the ground. So the research of this twice receiving device of peanut combine has important significance.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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