代小蓉,Ji-Qin Ni,潘乔纳,汪开英,Albert J Heber.华东地区典型保育猪舍温湿度和空气质量监测[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(7):315-322.
Dai Xiaorong,Ji-Qin Ni,Pan Qiaona,Wang Kaiying,Albert J Heber.Monitoring of Tempreature, Humidity and Air Quality inside Pig Weaner House in Eastern China[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(7):315-322.
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华东地区典型保育猪舍温湿度和空气质量监测   [下载全文]
Monitoring of Tempreature, Humidity and Air Quality inside Pig Weaner House in Eastern China   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2015-11-24  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.07.043
中文关键词:  保育猪舍  猪舍环境  空气质量  在线连续监测
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(30972127)和浙江省科技厅国际科技合作项目(2009C14018)
作者单位
代小蓉 浙江大学
中国科学院宁波城市环境观测研究站 
Ji-Qin Ni 普渡大学 
潘乔纳 浙江大学 
汪开英 浙江大学 
Albert J Heber 普渡大学 
中文摘要:为探究畜禽舍温湿度与空气质量情况,获得较可靠的监测数据,并为畜禽舍环境改善提供依据,以华东地区某典型规模猪场的两间自然通风保育猪舍为对象,应用多点连续监测方法对猪舍内的温湿度以及主要污染气体(二氧化碳(CO2)、氨气(NH3)、硫化氢(H2S)和甲烷(CH4))的质量浓度进行了为期1年的监测。监测结果显示,该保育猪舍内温度、相对湿度以及CO2、NH3、H2S、CH4质量浓度的小时平均值范围分别为0.9~42.0℃、31.1%~97.7%、423~3 534mg/m3、0.11~49.7mg/m3、0.9~41.7μg/m3和0.1~17.7mg/m3;对应的(年平均值±方差)分别为(25.6±8.6)℃、 (71.4±11.7)%、(1 982±744)mg/m3、(10.9±8.4)mg/m3、(82±52)μg/m3和(2.9±1.9)mg/m3。研究结果还揭示了这些指标每日和四季的变化规律以及舍内环境状况。全年的最低和最高小时平均温度和相对湿度,以及小时平均最高CO2和NH3质量浓度超出了国家标准中规定的规模猪场环境参数的临界值。但舍内的H2S和CH4质量浓度很低,不会对猪的健康生长以及猪舍的安全造成危害。
Dai Xiaorong  Ji-Qin Ni  Pan Qiaona  Wang Kaiying  Albert J Heber
Zhejiang University;Ningbo Urban Environment Observation and Research Station, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Purdue University,Zhejiang University,Zhejiang University and Purdue University
Key Words:pig weaner house  pig house environment  air quality  online continuous monitoring
Abstract:To provide reliable data on the indoor environment in livestock buildings, continuous measurements were conducted in two commercial naturally ventilated pig weaner barns in eastern China. The barn floors were partially slatted and pig manure was removed daily. Indoor temperature and relative humidity (T and RH), and concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2), ammonia (NH3), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), and methane (CH4) were continuously measured with multi points monitoring for one year. Hourly means of barn T and RH were ranged from 0.9℃ to 42.0℃ and 31.1% to 97.7%, respectively. Hourly mean CO2, NH3, H2S, and CH4 concentrations were ranged from 423mg/m3 to 3534mg/m3, 0.11mg/m3 to 49.7mg/m3, 0.9μg/m3 to 41.7μg/m3, and 0.1mg/m3 to 17.7mg/m3, respectively. The yearly average barn T and RH were (25.6±8.6)℃ (yearly mean ± standard deviation) and (71.4±11.7)%, respectively. The yearly average CO2, NH3, H2S, and CH4 concentrations were (1.982±744)mg/m3, (10.9±8.4)mg/m3, (8.2±5.2)μg/m3, and (2.9±1.9)mg/m3, respectively. Diurnal and seasonal variations of T, RH, and gas concentrations were clearly shown. The minimum and maximum hourly mean T and RH, and the maximum hourly mean CO2 and NH3 concentrations exceeded the relevant China National Standards for commercial pig weaner barns. However, the maximum H2S and CH4 concentrations were at safe levels for animal health and barn safety. The long term high frequency monitoring system has been approved as an appropriate technique for assessing air quality and environmental condition in animal building, the results also indicated that piggery housing system design and ventilation system optimizing still need further exploration in eastern China.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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