李云开,冯吉,宋鹏,周博,王天志,薛松.低碳环保型滴灌技术体系构建与研究现状分析[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(6):83-92.
Li Yunkai,Feng Ji,Song Peng,Zhou Bo,Wang Tianzhi,Xue Song.Developing Situation and System Construction of Low-carbon Environment Friendly Drip Irrigation Technology[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(6):83-92.
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低碳环保型滴灌技术体系构建与研究现状分析   [下载全文]
Developing Situation and System Construction of Low-carbon Environment Friendly Drip Irrigation Technology   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2015-12-15  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.06.011
中文关键词:  滴灌  低碳  环保  技术体系
基金项目:水利部公益性行业科研专项(201401078)、国家自然科学基金项目(51321001、51339007、51179190)和水利部“948”计划项目(201433)
作者单位
李云开 中国农业大学 
冯吉 中国农业大学 
宋鹏 中国农业大学 
周博 中国农业大学 
王天志 中国农业大学 
薛松 中国农业大学 
中文摘要:大力发展滴灌技术已成为缓解我国水资源短缺问题的重要途径之一,但是其迅猛发展的背后带来的一系列问题值得反思。在详细阐述我国滴灌技术应用现状与国家对发展滴灌技术提供的政策支持的基础上,重点反思了新疆滴灌技术应用获得巨大成功背后所带来的环境问题。由此,提出应构建低碳环保型滴灌技术体系,其基本内涵为构建以低能耗、低污染、低排放、高效能、高效益为目标的“三低、两高”低碳环保型滴灌技术。在此基础上详细阐述了实现“降耗”、“减污”、“减排”、“提效”、“增益”的关键技术。最后,提出了低碳环保型滴灌技术未来研究重点及急需解决的关键问题。
Li Yunkai  Feng Ji  Song Peng  Zhou Bo  Wang Tianzhi  Xue Song
China Agricultural University,China Agricultural University,China Agricultural University,China Agricultural University,China Agricultural University and China Agricultural University
Key Words:drip irrigation  low-carbon  environment protection  technology system
Abstract:It is one of the important ways of solving water shortage to develop the drip irrigation technology. However, a series of problems brought by the rapid development need rethink profoundly. Based on the description of the drip irrigation technology application status and policy support to develop the drip irrigation, the environmental problems brought by the great success of drip irrigation technology used in Xinjiang Province were described in detail. A low-carbon environment friendly drip irrigation technology system is necessary, whose basic connotation is to realize the goal of “three lows and two highs”, including “low-energy”, “low-pollution”, “low-emission”, “high-effect” and “high-benefit”. At the same time, the key technologies were stated in detail. The technology of “consumption reduction” contains self-pressure drip irrigation technology and construction technology for low-pressure or micro-pressure drip irrigation system. The technology of “pollution abatement” contains security drip irrigation with poor quality water and drip irrigation with biodegradable mask or under mulch. The technology of “emission reduction” contains emission reduction of farmland greenhouse gas in drip irrigation and drip irrigation with clean energy to get water. The technology of “effect-raising” contains treatment technology of water quality, sedimentation and filtration technology, and product development of long-lasting anti-clogging drip irrigation emitters. The technology of “high-gain” contains irrigation with integration of water and fertilizer and so on. Eventually, the future research priorities and the key issues need to be resolved about low-carbon environment friendly drip irrigation technology were proposed.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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