朱相源,江伟,李国君,孙光普.导叶式离心泵内部流动特性数值模拟[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(6):34-41,46.
Zhu Xiangyuan,Jiang Wei,Li Guojun,Sun Guangpu.Numerical Analysis of Hydraulic Performance in Centrifugal Pump with Vane Diffuser[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(6):34-41,46.
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导叶式离心泵内部流动特性数值模拟   [下载全文]
Numerical Analysis of Hydraulic Performance in Centrifugal Pump with Vane Diffuser   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2015-11-27  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.06.005
中文关键词:  离心泵  导叶  动静干涉  数值模拟
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51076126)
作者单位
朱相源 西安交通大学 
江伟 西安交通大学 
李国君 西安交通大学 
孙光普 西安交通大学 
中文摘要:采用SST k—ω湍流模型对导叶式单级离心泵内部流场与压力场进行非稳态数值模拟,并进行试验验证。根据数值计算结果分析导叶、蜗壳内非定常压力回收与总压损失、压力脉动等特性。结果表明,数值模拟性能预测结果与试验结果较吻合;由于动静干涉作用影响,导叶与蜗壳内总压损失、静压回收呈现周期性波动,且导叶内总压损失与静压回收都大于蜗壳;导叶内大量漩涡主要由导叶叶片前缘漩涡诱导产生,且逐渐向出口延伸,而蜗壳内漩涡主要由导叶叶片尾缘诱导产生。叶轮中最大压力脉动强度集中于叶轮出口处,导叶与蜗壳中压力脉动强度最大区域分别集中于导叶前缘附近、蜗壳出口。
Zhu Xiangyuan  Jiang Wei  Li Guojun  Sun Guangpu
Xi’an Jiaotong University,Xi’an Jiaotong University,Xi’an Jiaotong University and Xi’an Jiaotong University
Key Words:centrifugal pump  guide vane  rotor-stator interaction  numerical simulation
Abstract:The unsteady numerical method was applied to simulate the flow field and pressure field in the single-stage centrifugal pump with vane diffuser by using SST k—ω turbulent model. The static pressure recovery, energy loss and pressure fluctuation in the diffuser and volute were analyzed and the results showed that the performance using the numerical method was in good agreement with data obtained from experimental investigation. The total pressure loss and static pressure recovery in the diffuser and volute presented periodic fluctuation due to interaction between impeller and diffuser, and they were much bigger than those in volute. The pressure loss in vane diffuser was increased as the increase of flow rate. The static pressure recovery was got small as the flow rate came large. Pressure loss and pressure recovery in volute presented the same trend. The difference between the maximum and minimum pressure losses was increased as the increase of operating flow rate, as well as the pressure recovery. The pressure pulsation intensity distributed on impeller was got stronge as the increase of operating flow rate. The pressure pulsation intensity distributed on guide blade was increased at low flow rate and reached the maximum value, and then it was decreased as the increase of flow rate. The large number of vorticity in the diffuser moved to exit was induced by the vane leading edge, but it was provoked by the vane trialing in volute. The maximum pressure fluctuation intensity coefficient (Csdv) in impeller was concentrated at the impeller exit, and it was concentrated on the vane leading edge and the volute exit in the diffuser and volute, respectively.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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