史艳玲,罗智斌,甘云华,李华,杨泽亮.小尺度荷电喷雾系统雾化区场强分布特性分析[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(5):343-351.
Shi Yanling,Luo Zhibin,Gan Yunhua,Li Hua,Yang Zeliang.Analysis on Electric Field Strength Distribution in Spraying Region of Small-scale Electro spraying System[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(5):343-351.
摘要点击次数: 934
全文下载次数: 443
小尺度荷电喷雾系统雾化区场强分布特性分析   [下载全文]
Analysis on Electric Field Strength Distribution in Spraying Region of Small-scale Electro spraying System   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2016-01-08  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.05.047
中文关键词:  微尺度燃烧  锥-射流  场强分布  荷电喷雾  组合电场
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51376066)、内燃机燃烧学国家重点实验室开放基金项目 (K2016-01)、广东省教育部产学研结合项目(2012B091000156)和中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(201522083)
作者单位
史艳玲 华南农业大学 
罗智斌 华南理工大学
广东省能源高效清洁利用重点实验室 
甘云华 华南理工大学
广东省能源高效清洁利用重点实验室 
李华 华南理工大学
广东省能源高效清洁利用重点实验室 
杨泽亮 华南理工大学
广东省能源高效清洁利用重点实验室 
中文摘要:荷电喷雾燃烧技术对于促进微小尺度条件下液体燃料稳定与充分燃烧具有重要意义。基于喷嘴内径为0.9mm的新型结构小尺度荷电喷雾燃烧器,开展了单电场及组合电场作用下乙醇燃料的荷电喷雾实验,测量了稳定“锥-射流”雾化模式下雾化区的雾化角。实验结果发现在相同乙醇流量下,采用组合电场燃烧器时的雾化角大于采用单电场时的雾化角,表明环形电极的引入可提高乙醇的雾化效果。荷电喷雾空间电场是由高压组合电极和空间电荷共同作用产生的,电极参数和空间电荷对空间电场分布均有重要影响。根据均匀带电细圆环电势和场强公式,将有限长薄圆柱面视为均匀带电细圆环的集合,利用叠加定理和椭圆积分的方法,计算出组合电极诱导电场在雾化区的场强分布。空间电荷作用产生的电场由喷嘴形成的雾锥区形状和带电量决定。计算结果表明,环形电极在雾化区产生的场强是轴对称的极不均匀的场强。当喷嘴电压处于一定值时,增大极距和环形电极的电压,组合电极的诱导电场强度大小有明显增强的作用,场强角度有明显变化。空间电荷产生的场强也是轴对称的极不均匀的电场强度,与电极诱导电场相比其作用不容忽视,尤其靠近金属网附近,空间电荷产生的电场起主导作用。组合电极条件下的荷电喷雾空间电场强度比喷嘴单电极作用下的荷电喷雾空间场强有明显的增强。选择1mm的极距和环形电极的电压有利于荷电喷雾系统形成稳定的“锥-射流”雾化模式。
Shi Yanling  Luo Zhibin  Gan Yunhua  Li Hua  Yang Zeliang
South China Agricultural University,South China University of Technology;Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Efficient and Clean Energy Utilization,South China University of Technology;Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Efficient and Clean Energy Utilization,South China University of Technology;Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Efficient and Clean Energy Utilization and South China University of Technology;Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Efficient and Clean Energy Utilization
Key Words:micro scale combustion  cone jet  distribution of electric field strength  electro spraying  combined electric field
Abstract:Electro-spraying is an effective technique to enhance combustion of liquid fuel in micro/small scale. A new combustor using a stainless steel capillary tube with inner diameter of 0.9mm was designed. Electro spraying experiments using ethanol as fuel were carried out under single electric field and combined electric field, and the spraying angels in the spraying region were measured under stable cone jet mode. The experimental results found that the spraying angel under the combined electric field was bigger than that under single electric field at the same flow rate of 1.6mL/h. It can be inferred that the ring electrode can enhance the spraying process of ethanol. The space electric field during the electro spraying process was established by the combination of the combined electrodes and space charges. Both the electrode parameters and space charges play great roles in the electric field distribution. According to the uniformly charged ring electric potential and field strength formula, the limited long and thin cylinder was regarded as a set of uniformly charged ring. Based on superposition theorem, the distribution of electric field strength in the spraying region was calculated using ellipse integral method and the relationship between Cartesian coordinates and polar coordinates. The electric field established by the space charges depends on the form of spraying region and the quantity of electric charge. The results show that the electric field strength was an axial symmetry and extremely nonuniform when using the ring electrode only. When keeping the voltage of nozzle as a constant, the electric field strength in the spraying region varies greatly along with increasing the electrode spacing and voltage of ring electrode. The electric field strength from the space charges was also an axial symmetry and extremely nonuiform, which cannot be ignored. Especially near to the steel mesh, the space charge dominated the whole electric field. The electric field strength under combined electrodes was enhanced greatly when comparing with that under single electrode. The selection of suitable electrode spacing and voltage is very important for the form of stable cone jet mode. The present study can supply some guidelines for the design and operation of small scale combustor.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

   下载PDF阅读器