王振华,裴磊,郑旭荣,李文昊.盐碱地滴灌春小麦光合特性与耐盐指标研究[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(4):65-72,104.
Wang Zhenhua,Pei Lei,Zheng Xurong,Li Wenhao.Photosynthetic Characteristics and Salt-tolerance Indexes of Spring Wheat with Drip Irrigation in Saline-alkali Soils[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(4):65-72,104.
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盐碱地滴灌春小麦光合特性与耐盐指标研究   [下载全文]
Photosynthetic Characteristics and Salt-tolerance Indexes of Spring Wheat with Drip Irrigation in Saline-alkali Soils   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2015-11-10  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.04.010
中文关键词:  春小麦  滴灌  土壤盐分  光合特性  耐盐指标
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51169022)、“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2015BAD20B03)、石河子大学高层次人才专项(RCZX201433)和兵团中青年科技创新领军人才计划项目(2015BC001)
作者单位
王振华 石河子大学 
裴磊 石河子大学 
郑旭荣 石河子大学 
李文昊 石河子大学 
中文摘要:通过盆栽试验,在非盐化土、轻度盐化土、中度盐化土、强度盐化土、盐土等5种不同的土壤盐分含量(分别为CK: 2.0g/kg、T1:5.0g/kg、T2:9.0g/kg、T3:16.5g/kg、T4:24.5g/kg)处理条件下,使用美国产CI—340型手持式光合仪于春小麦拔节期(5月20日)、抽穗期(5月28日)和乳熟期(6月11日)测定了光合有效辐射、气温、大气CO2浓度等环境因子指标,以及净光合速率、蒸腾速率、气孔导度、胞间CO2浓度等光合生理特性指标的变化,根据记录数据计算叶片光合作用的气孔限制值和非气孔限制值,同时观测了春小麦产量和土壤盐分数据,通过线性回归分析计算耐盐指标。结果表明,不同盐分处理下春小麦叶片净光合速率、蒸腾速率、气孔导度、胞间CO2浓度日变化规律相近,光合作用“午休”现象明显。气孔与非气孔因素同时存在限制春小麦叶片光合作用,净光合速率的下降在低盐分土壤处理下主要由气孔因素引起,而在高盐分土壤处理下主要由非气孔因素引起。春小麦在0~40cm土层耐盐临界值为6.46g/kg,耐盐极限值为30.72g/kg;减产10%的耐盐阈值为9.63g/kg。初步认为滴灌春小麦适宜种植于非盐化土以及轻度盐化土。
Wang Zhenhua  Pei Lei  Zheng Xurong  Li Wenhao
Shihezi University,Shihezi University,Shihezi University and Shihezi University
Key Words:spring wheat  drip irrigation  soil salinity  photosynthetic characteristics  salt-tolerance indexes
Abstract:Influence of soil salinity on crops is a very complicated process. Planting crops on saline-alkali lands have become one of important restricts in sustainable agricultural development. Xinjiang, locating in the arid region of Northwest China, is encountering serious soil salinization. Wheat is the most commonly grown cereal crop in Xinjiang. Wheat cultivation in saline-alkali lands based on drip irrigation has become the key of agricultural development in Xinjiang. However, the changes of photosynthetic characteristics of wheat under drip irrigation with soil salt content are still not clear, and the salt-tolerance indexes such as salt-tolerance critical value and salt-tolerance limit are unknown in this region. Therefore, it is necessary to explore effects of soil salt content on photosynthetic characteristics and yield component of spring wheat under drip irrigation, comprehend the photosynthesis restriction mechanism of spring wheat as well as the correlation between its yield and soil salt content, and determine salt-tolerance indexes. The pot experiment was carried out in the test site of Key Laboratory of Modern Water-saving Irrigation Corp of Shihezi University from March to October, 2015. Five treatments were set, including growing wheat in non-saline soil, mild saline soil, moderate saline soil, strong saline soil and saline soil, respectively, and each treatment had three replicates. Soil salt contents of the five treatments were 2.0g/kg (CK), 5.0g/kg (T1), 9.0g/kg (T2), 16.5g/kg (T3) and 24.5g/kg (T4). Each plot adopted the same irrigation and fertilization management independently. Dripper flow for drip irrigation was controlled at about 1.8L/h. The irrigation amount for each time was 44mm and totally 11 irrigations were given during the growth period. Photosynthetic characteristics of spring wheat at elongation stage (May 20th), heading stage (May 28th) and milk-ripe stage (June 11th) were tested by using the CI—340 portable photosynthesis system (USA). Test items included environmental indexes (photosynthetically active radiation, air temperature and CO2 concentration in air) and photosynthetic physiological indexes (net photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance and intercellular CO2 concentration). Stomatal limitation and non-stomatal limitation values of leaf photosynthesis were calculated according to the recorded data. Meanwhile, changes of spring wheat yield and soil salt content were observed. Salt-tolerance indexes were calculated through linear regression analysis. Results showed that soil salt content significantly affected photosynthetic physiological indexes of spring wheat under drip irrigation. Coexistence of stomatal and non-stomatal factors inhibited leaf photosynthesis of spring wheat. Reduction of net photosynthetic rate under low soil salt content was mainly caused by stomatal factors, while its reduction under high soil salt content was mainly caused by non-stomatal factors. Salt-tolerance critical value and salt-tolerance limit of spring wheat (0~40cm) in Xinjiang under drip irrigation were 6.46g/kg and 30.72g/kg, respectively. When soil salt content was controlled lower than 9.63g/kg, the relative yield of spring wheat under drip irrigation could be generally higher than 90%. It was concluded that spring wheat was suitable to be grown with drip irrigation in non-saline and mild saline soils. The results could provide theoretical supports for field management and high-efficient production of spring wheat using drip irrigation in saline-alkali soils in Xinjiang.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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