赖喜锐,周肇秋,刘华财,黄艳琴,阴秀丽,吴创之.生物质灰烧结熔融规律实验研究[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(3):158-166.
Lai Xirui,Zhou Zhaoqiu,Liu Huacai,Huang Yanqin,Yin Xiuli,Wu Chuangzhi.Experiment Study of Biomass Ash Sintering and Melting[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(3):158-166.
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生物质灰烧结熔融规律实验研究   [下载全文]
Experiment Study of Biomass Ash Sintering and Melting   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2015-09-29  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.03.023
中文关键词:  生物质灰  烧结  熔融  线性拟合
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51176194)和广东省战略新兴产业项目(2012A032300019)
作者单位
赖喜锐 中国科学院广州能源研究所
中国科学院大学 
周肇秋 中国科学院广州能源研究所 
刘华财 中国科学院广州能源研究所 
黄艳琴 中国科学院广州能源研究所 
阴秀丽 中国科学院广州能源研究所 
吴创之 中国科学院广州能源研究所 
中文摘要:根据稻秆、玉米芯、棕榈壳、麦秆酶解残渣灰样烧结熔融实验,分析了生物质烧结熔融温度的变化规律。结果表明:灰分在受热烧结熔融过程中发生元素迁移和化学反应,KCl在800℃以上明显挥发,部分K、Na元素与灰中的SiO2、Al2O3反应形成不易挥发的长石系化合物;灰分中某种元素对烧结温度影响取决于其氧化物熔点、相关化学反〖JP2〗应和共熔体的性质,其中Al、Ca、K、Na、S元素使烧结温度降低,Mg、Fe、P元素使烧结温度升高;Si元素含量变化对灰渣烧结熔融温度影响较小。对于以SiO2为主要成分的生物质灰,可以按照烧结温度约等于0.9倍软化温度估算。拟合得到由灰样中主要组分估算烧结温度的公式,适用烧结温度范围为950~1200℃,R2为0.967,偏差为25.6℃。
Lai Xirui  Zhou Zhaoqiu  Liu Huacai  Huang Yanqin  Yin Xiuli  Wu Chuangzhi
Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Key Words:biomass ash  sintering  melting  linear regression
Abstract:Release and reactions of elements in biomass ash of rice straw, corn cob, palm kernel shell and wheat straw enzymatic hydrolysis residue were investigated by experiments of biomass ash sintering and melting. The ash was considered to be sintering as the Mohs’ scale of hardness was up to 3, which would block the burner or gasifier. The ash in this paper was prepared at 600℃, and put into the tubular furnace of 700~1200℃ in order to evaluate the temperature of sintering and melting. The ash was put into the tubular furnace at the sintering temperature for 5~30min, which showed the process of sintering. According to the analysis of ash by XRF and XRD, volatilization of KCl became obvious after 800℃. Parts of K and Na stayed in the ash, forming alkali feldspars in the reactions with SiO2 and Al2O3. Volatilization of alkali metals would cause an increase of melting temperature in TG-DSC and fusion test, which is different from the character of coal ash. The method of evaluating the coal ash sintering temperature is unreliable for the ash of biomass. Different elements in the ash have different characteristics of melting and reactions, which decides the sintering temperature. The sintering temperature decreases with more Al, Ca, K, Na, S or less Mg, Fe, P, while the influence of Si is weak. As the main composition of biomass ash is SiO2, the sintering temperature can be estimated to be 0.9 times of sintering temperature. Using the data of four kinds of biomass ash in the experiment, the linear regression fits for the sintering temperature against the mass percentage of ash components was obtained with R2 of 0.967 and error of 25.6℃ for the sintering temperature range of 950~1200℃.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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