王锦江,陈志,董祥,严荷荣,张铁,尹素珍.制种玉米去雄机轮式抽雄部件设计与试验[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(3):75-81.
Wang Jinjiang,Chen Zhi,Dong Xiang,Yan Herong,Zhang Tie,Yin Suzhen.Design and Experiment for Roller Type Tassel-removal Component in Seed Corn Detasseling Machine[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(3):75-81.
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制种玉米去雄机轮式抽雄部件设计与试验   [下载全文]
Design and Experiment for Roller Type Tassel-removal Component in Seed Corn Detasseling Machine   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2015-11-19  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.03.011
中文关键词:  玉米去雄机  抽雄部件  性能测试
基金项目:国家国际科技合作专项(2013DFA31560)和科研院所技术开发研究专项(2013EG119159)
作者单位
王锦江 中国农业机械化科学研究院 
陈志 中国机械工业集团有限公司 
董祥 中国农业机械化科学研究院 
严荷荣 中国农业机械化科学研究院 
张铁 中国农业机械化科学研究院 
尹素珍 中国农业机械化科学研究院 
中文摘要:为改善制种玉米去雄机作业效果,设计了一种轮式抽雄部件及其性能测试装置。以植株喂入速度、充气压力、滚轮中心距、滚轮转速、滚轮倾角为影响因素,去雄率和叶片损失率为评价指标,对轮式抽雄部件进行了单因素和多因素正交试验研究。试验结果表明:滚轮中心距和倾角对去雄率的影响比较显著,各因素对叶片损失率影响显著性的顺序依次为滚轮中心距、充气压力、滚轮倾角和滚轮转速,设计的轮式抽雄部件最优参数组合为:滚轮中心距254mm,充气压力50kPa,滚轮倾角30°,滚轮转速450r/min。此方案下,喂入速度5km/h时,去雄率为97.8%,叶片损失率为24.4%;喂入速度为3~6km/h时,去雄率均值为97.8%,叶片损失率均值为27.4%,符合农艺要求。
Wang Jinjiang  Chen Zhi  Dong Xiang  Yan Herong  Zhang Tie  Yin Suzhen
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences,China National Machinery Industry Corporation,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences
Key Words:corn detasseling machine  tassel-removal component  performance testing
Abstract:In order to improve the performance of a seed corn detasseling machine, a roller type tassel removal component and a performance testing apparatus for the same were provided. One factor and multi-factor orthogonal experiments were carried out with plant feeding speed, air-charged pressure, central distances between the rollers, roller revolving speed, and roller’s inclination angle as factors and with the tassel removal rate, and the leaf loss rate as evaluation indicators. The experiments show that central distances between the rollers and the roller’s inclination angle have significant influences on the tassel removal rate and the influences on the leaf loss rate of the respective factors decrease in the order as below, central distances between the rollers, air charged pressure, roller’s inclination angle, and roller revolving speed. The following parameter combination demonstrates the optimal performance of the roller type tassel-removal component. The central distance between the rollers is 254mm, the air charged pressure is 50kPa, the roller’s inclination angle is 30°, and the roller revolving speed is 450r/min. Under the above settings, when the plant feeding speed is set as 5km/h, the tassel removal rate is up to 97.8%, and the leaf loss rate is up to 24.4%; and when the plant feeding speed is set as 3~6km/h, the average tassel removal rate is up to 97.8% and the average leaf loss rate is up to 27.4% which meet the agronomic requirements.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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