王允圃,黄燕燕,戴磊磊,Ruan Roger,刘玉环,王小亮.废植物油脂与废聚乙烯塑料共裂解制备燃油研究[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(1):177-181.
Wang Yunpu,Huang Yanyan,Dai Leilei,Ruan Roger,Liu Yuhuan,Wang Xiaoliang.Preparation of Fuel from Co-pyrolysis of Waste Vegetable Oil and Waste Polyethylene Plastics[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(1):177-181.
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废植物油脂与废聚乙烯塑料共裂解制备燃油研究   [下载全文]
Preparation of Fuel from Co-pyrolysis of Waste Vegetable Oil and Waste Polyethylene Plastics   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2015-07-13  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.01.023
中文关键词:  废植物油脂  废聚乙烯塑料  共裂解  燃油  多晶泡沫陶瓷催化剂
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(21266022、21466022)、国家国际科技合作专项(2015DFA60170)、国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划)项目(2012AA101800-03、2012AA021205-6、2014AA022002)和江西省科技重大专项(2012ABG04103)
作者单位
王允圃 南昌大学 
黄燕燕 南昌大学 
戴磊磊 南昌大学 
Ruan Roger 明尼苏达大学 
刘玉环 南昌大学 
王小亮 南昌大学 
中文摘要:研究在高压反应釜中,利用ZrO2/Al2O3/TiO2多晶泡沫陶瓷催化剂,催化废植物油脂与废聚乙烯塑料共裂解制备燃油。考察了温度、时间、催化剂添加比例、物料质量比等因素对废植物油脂与废聚乙烯塑料共裂解制备燃油的影响。得到适宜的制备条件为反应温度430℃、反应时间40min、催化剂质量分数15%、物料质量比1∶1,在此条件下,液体产物产率为65.9%。GC-MS分析表明,裂解液体中饱和烃类产物峰面积比例接近100%,其中97.85%为直链烷烃,并初步推断了废植物油脂与废聚乙烯塑料共裂解机理。产物的部分燃料油性能测定结果表明,裂解燃油热值明显高于生物柴油与0号柴油,密度和运动黏度符合0号柴油的标准,冷凝点和冷滤点均优于生物柴油,低温流动性好。
Wang Yunpu  Huang Yanyan  Dai Leilei  Ruan Roger  Liu Yuhuan  Wang Xiaoliang
Nanchang University,Nanchang University,Nanchang University,University of Minnesota,Nanchang University and Nanchang University
Key Words:waste vegetable oil  waste polyethylene plastics  co-pyrolysis  fuel  polycrystalline ceramic foam catalyst
Abstract:The production of high quality renewable hydrocarbon fuels through catalytic pyrolysis of waste vegetable oil and polyethylene with the ZrO2/Al2O3/TiO2 polycrystalline ceramic foam as catalyst in the high-pressure reaction kettle was carried out. The effects of reaction temperature, time, catalyst amount and material feeding ratio were investigated on the production of renewable hydrocarbon fuels through catalytic pyrolysis of waste vegetable oil and polyethylene. The optimal condition was achieved that the reaction temperature was 430℃, the reaction time was 40min, the dosage of the catalyst was 15%, the quality ratio of waste vegetable oil and waste polyethylene plastic was 1∶1, and liquid product yield was 65.9%. The GC-MS analysis indicated saturated hydrocarbon percentage of TIC peak areas in pyrolysis liquid product was close to 100%, 97.85% of which were straight-chain alkanes. The pyrolysis gas and liquid products were precisely analyzed to deduce co-pyrolysis with ZrO2/Al2O3/TiO2 polycrystalline ceramic foam catalyst mechanism. Pyrolysis oil properties were determined. Compared with biodiesel and 0# diesel, pyrolysis oil heat value was higher, and the density and viscosity were similar to 0# diesel. Freezing point and cold filter plugging point were better than those of biodiesel. The low temperature fluidity was good. It proved the feasibility to derive renewable hydrocarbon fuel from co pyrolysis of waste vegetable oil and waste polyethylene plastics with ZrO2/Al2O3/TiO2 polycrystalline ceramic foam catalyst.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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