唐秀美,郝星耀,潘瑜春,郜允兵.基于生态需求评价的北京市生态区位划分研究[J].农业机械学报,2016,47(1):170-176.
Tang Xiumei,Hao Xingyao,Pan Yuchun,Gao Yunbing.Ecological Regionalization Based on Ecological Demanding Evaluation in Beijing City[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2016,47(1):170-176.
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基于生态需求评价的北京市生态区位划分研究   [下载全文]
Ecological Regionalization Based on Ecological Demanding Evaluation in Beijing City   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2015-07-14  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2016.01.022
中文关键词:  北京市  生态需求  生态分区  评价  生态系统服务价值
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41301093、41201173)
作者单位
唐秀美 北京农业信息技术研究中心
国家农业信息化工程技术研究中心 
郝星耀 北京农业信息技术研究中心
国家农业信息化工程技术研究中心 
潘瑜春 北京农业信息技术研究中心
国家农业信息化工程技术研究中心 
郜允兵 北京农业信息技术研究中心
国家农业信息化工程技术研究中心 
中文摘要:从生态需求角度从发,选择生态经济协调度、生态稀缺程度、人文发展水平作为评价指标,在对分指标进行评价的基础上,采用多指标条件判定法进行北京市生态需求程度评价,并据此划分了3个生态分区。结果显示,北京人均生态系统服务价值差距较大,从中心城区到远郊区,生态资源愈来愈稀缺;生态经济协调度中,轻度协调的区域大多位于北京北部的生态涵养区,而首都核心功能区和城市发展新区的经济协调程度多属于轻度冲突;人文发展水平从中心城区到远郊区逐渐降低;生态需求程度从中心城区到远郊区逐步降低。根据生态分区的生态需求不同,针对不同区位的特点提出了生态环境建设的建议,研究可以为区域土地资源合理规划布局与调整、生态用地配置和生态环境保护提供参考和依据。
Tang Xiumei  Hao Xingyao  Pan Yuchun  Gao Yunbing
Beijing Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture;National Engineering Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture,Beijing Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture;National Engineering Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture,Beijing Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture;National Engineering Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture and Beijing Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture;National Engineering Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture
Key Words:Beijing City  ecological demanding  eco-region  evaluation  ecosystem services value
Abstract:Understanding of ecological demanding condition is conducive to analyze the supply and demanding relationship of ecosystem services and optimize land resource layout and ecological land configuration. The research was carried out from the perspective of ecosystem services demanding. Three factors were selected as evaluation indicators, including ecology economy harmony, ecological scarcity and human development. Based on the evaluation of these three separated indicators, the overall ecological demanding in Beijing City was evaluated by multi condition evaluation method, and the Beijing City was divided in to three eco regions. The results of each indicator show that there are significant differences in ecosystem services value per capita between different districts of Beijing City. Moreover, the ecological resources become increasingly scarce from central districts to suburban districts. In the aspect of ecology economy harmony, most mild coordinated regions distribute in the ecological conservation areas which locate in the north of Beijing City, the capital core functional areas and new urban development areas are mostly on the mild conflicting level. Human development and ecological demanding gradually reduces from the downtown to the outer suburbs. The overall evaluation result presents that the ecological demanding gradually reduces from city center to outer suburbs. More specifically, the Dongcheng District, Xicheng District, Chaoyang District and Fengtai District are at high levels, Yanqing District, Miyun District and Pinggu District are at low levels, and other districts are at moderate levels. According to the characteristics of different eco regions, the suggestions about ecological environment construction were proposed. The study of this paper can provide references for the planning and adjustment of regional land resource, deployment of ecological land and environmental protection.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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