汤玲迪,袁寿其,汤跃.卷盘式喷灌机研究进展与发展趋势分析[J].农业机械学报,2018,49(10):1-15.
TANG Lingdi,YUAN Shouqi,TANG Yu.Analysis on Research Progress and Development Trend of Hose Reel Irrigator[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2018,49(10):1-15.
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卷盘式喷灌机研究进展与发展趋势分析   [下载全文]
Analysis on Research Progress and Development Trend of Hose Reel Irrigator   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2018-06-20  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2018.10.001
中文关键词:  卷盘式喷灌机  动力与传动  速度感知与控制  水涡轮驱动  光伏电驱动  智慧灌溉架构
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0400202、2016YFC0400104)和江苏省自然科学基金青年基金项目(BK20180876)
作者单位
汤玲迪 江苏大学 
袁寿其 江苏大学 
汤跃 江苏大学 
中文摘要:为促进我国卷盘式喷灌机快速发展,提高对卷盘式喷灌机关键技术的整体认识和比较国内外差距,本文概述了国内外的发展历程和卷盘式喷灌机的主要类型和机型,从内外特性指标两方面,阐述了影响卷盘式喷灌机的关键因素及研究现状,总结出喷头车行走速度的均匀性、行走速度与喷头旋转扇形角及速度的匹配关系、喷头车运行稳定性、喷头进口压力的稳定性、喷头的姿态和地形等是影响喷灌均匀性指标的关键因素,各组成部分的能量转换效率和优化匹配是影响整机能耗的关键因素。分析了卷盘式喷灌机驱动动力、传动系统、速度控制、关键环节能量转换和喷头车稳定性等关键技术的研究进展和存在的问题。提出了我国卷盘式喷灌机需要重点研究的应用基础和关键技术问题,展望了卷盘式喷灌机多功能和智能化的发展趋势。
TANG Lingdi  YUAN Shouqi  TANG Yu
Jiangsu University,Jiangsu University and Jiangsu University
Key Words:hose reel irrigator  power and transmission  speed perception and control  water turbine driven  photovoltaic electrical driven  intelligent irrigation architecture
Abstract:In order to accommodate the rapid development of hose reel irrigators in China, enhance the overall awareness of key techniques for the hose reel irrigator and find the gap with the rest of the world, the development history in the world and the main types of hose reel irrigators were reviewed. Key influential factors and research status of the hose reel irrigator were described. The matching relationship among the uniformity of the traveling speed of the sprinkler cart, the traveling speed of the sprinkler cart, the rotating fan angle of the spray nozzle, and the rotating speed of the spray nozzle were concluded. And it was summarized that the running stability of the sprinkler cart, the stability of the nozzle inlet pressure, the attitude and topography of the nozzle were critical factors affecting the irrigation uniformity. Energy conversion efficiency and optimized matching of each component were the key factors affecting the energy consumption of the whole machine. From the scientific and technical point of view, the research progress and existing problems of key technologies such as drive power, transmission system, speed control, energy conversion of the key link and the sprayer cart stability were analyzed, the application basis and key techniques for the development of the hose reel irrigator in China were presented. The development trend of multifunctional and intelligentized hose reel irrigator was expected, and the idea of intelligent irrigation of hose reel irrigator based on Internet of things was proposed.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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