郭 枭,张远巍,冯志诚,王 飞,田 瑞.线聚焦型太阳能二氧化碳发生器性能研究[J].农业机械学报,2018,49(9):285-294.
GUO Xiao,ZHANG Yuanwei,FENG Zhicheng,WANG Fei,TIAN Rui.Performance of Trough Solar-concentrating Carbon Dioxide Generator[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2018,49(9):285-294.
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线聚焦型太阳能二氧化碳发生器性能研究   [下载全文]
Performance of Trough Solar-concentrating Carbon Dioxide Generator   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2018-03-16  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2018.09.033
中文关键词:  二氧化碳发生器  线聚焦  太阳能  集热性能  产气能力
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51263013)、内蒙古自治区科技创新引导项目(2017)和内蒙古工业大学科学研究基金项目(X201708)
作者单位
郭 枭 内蒙古工业大学
内蒙古可再生能源重点实验室 
张远巍 内蒙古工业大学 
冯志诚 内蒙古工业大学 
王 飞 内蒙古工业大学 
田 瑞 内蒙古工业大学
内蒙古可再生能源重点实验室 
中文摘要:研究了一种线聚焦型太阳能二氧化碳发生器。分别在跟踪及非跟踪工况下,在呼和浩特地区测试并分析了系统的集热与产气性能。确定了系统的最佳运行方式,提出了气损率和产气能力2个系统性能评价指标。测试结果表明,跟踪较非跟踪工况,反应器内腔空晒最高温度、闷晒最高水温、最高集热效率分别提升16.30%、12.44%、94.50%;系统最佳运行工况确定为跟踪式。在产气原料分解温度范围内,系统集热效率为31.80%;测试阶段系统气损率为4.50%;当太阳直接辐照度在650~850W/m2范围内变化时,系统产气能力随太阳直接辐照度呈正相关变化。基于系统产气能力的变化规律,可计算不同规模线聚焦型太阳能二氧化碳发生器的具体结构参数。
GUO Xiao  ZHANG Yuanwei  FENG Zhicheng  WANG Fei  TIAN Rui
Inner Mongolia University of Technology;Inner Mongolia Renewable Energy Key Laboratory,Inner Mongolia University of Technology,Inner Mongolia University of Technology,Inner Mongolia University of Technology and Inner Mongolia University of Technology;Inner Mongolia Renewable Energy Key Laboratory
Key Words:carbon dioxide generator  line focus  solar energy  performance of heat collection  gas production capacity
Abstract:A new type of trough solar concentrating carbon dioxide generator was designed. The heat collection and gas production performance of the generator was tested under the tracking and non tracking conditions in Huhhot, and the changing rules of the reactor cavity stagnation temperature, integral water temperature and heat collecting efficiency with the irradiance at the daylight opening were analyzed, the optimal operation mode of the system was determined and two system performance evaluation indexes of gas loss rate and gas production capacity were proposed. The test results showed that the determination coefficient of the fitting formulas were both greater than 0.998 after the calibration with two thermocouples, and the fitting function had high accuracy. During the test, the fitting curve equation was used to correct each test temperature value. The No.1 thermocouple tested the generator cavity temperature, which was installed in the center of the cavity. The No.2 thermocouple was installed close to the outer wall to test the temperature of the outer wall of the generator. Under the two conditions, the change rules of the system performance parameters were similar, but there were also features in common. The temperature of each test point and gas production capacity had positive correlation with the irradiance. The heat generation efficiency of the system was mainly affected by the initial temperature of the heat storage medium, and the higher the initial temperature of the heat storage medium was, the lower the heat collecting efficiency of the system would be. When the temperature of the heat storage medium approached the limit temperature, the higher solar irradiance was needed to supply the system heat loss and then continue to enhance its heat storage. Under tracking and non tracking conditions, the maximum stagnation temperatures of the reactor were 107℃ and 92℃, respectively. Compared with the non tracking conditions, the maximum stagnation temperatures of the reactor cavity was increased by 1630% under tracking conditions. Under the conditions of tracking and non tracking, the maximum integral water temperatures of the reactor were up to 94℃ and 83.6℃ and the highest heat concentration efficiency were 38.90% and 20.00%, respectively. Compared with the non tracking conditions, the maximum water temperature in the reactor cavity was increased by 12.44% and the maximum heat concentration efficiency of the system was increased by 94.50% under tracking condition. During the test period, the minimum water temperature in the reactor cavity was 62.4℃, which was higher than the complete decomposition temperature of the reaction raw materials. Integral temperature of reactor was less influenced by ambient temperature. The best operation condition of the system was determined to be tracking model. The heat collecting efficiency of the system was 31.80% within the gas generation temperature range, and the gas loss rate was 450% during the whole gas production process. When the solar direct irradiance was ranged from 650W/m2 to 850W/m2, the gas generation capacity of the system showed a positive correlation with the solar direct irradiance lower than 700W/m2, the gas production capacity gradually tended to be steady, and the gas loss approached the limit value, and the decomposition speed tended to be stable. The relationship between gas production capacity and solar direct irradiance was obtained. Based on the gas production capacity, the determination method of specific structural parameters of line focus solar carbon dioxide generator under the best mode of operation can be determined. The research result was of great significance for promoting the standardized application of the line focus solar carbon dioxide generator.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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