苑严伟,白慧娟,方宪法,王德成,周利明,牛 康.玉米播种与测控技术研究进展[J].农业机械学报,2018,49(9):1-18.
YUAN Yanwei,BAI Huijuan,FANG Xianfa,WANG Decheng,ZHOU Liming,NIU Kang.Research Progress on Maize Seeding and Its Measurement and Control Technology[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2018,49(9):1-18.
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玉米播种与测控技术研究进展   [下载全文]
Research Progress on Maize Seeding and Its Measurement and Control Technology   [Download Pdf][in English]
投稿时间:2018-07-20  
DOI:10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2018.09.001
中文关键词:  玉米  播种  测控  播种深度
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFD0200600-2016YFD0200607)
作者单位
苑严伟 中国农业机械化科学研究院 
白慧娟 中国农业大学 
方宪法 中国农业机械化科学研究院
中国农业大学 
王德成 中国农业大学 
周利明 中国农业机械化科学研究院 
牛 康 中国农业机械化科学研究院 
中文摘要:目前,我国玉米播种作业处于机械化水平较高、智能化水平较低的状态,主要表现为“播种机是播种的主体,而人是播种质量监控的主体”。要改变这一模式,必须在播种作业中充分采用智能化技术,最大程度代替人的作用。玉米播种包括排种、投种、着床3个过程,本文围绕这一过程,阐述了玉米播种与测控技术的工作原理、技术特点及发展动态。在分析归纳各项播种技术优缺点的基础上,对比国内外玉米精密播种技术的发展现状、差距,并结合精准农业背景下对玉米播种技术提出的要求,展望了我国玉米播种技术的发展趋势。
YUAN Yanwei  BAI Huijuan  FANG Xianfa  WANG Decheng  ZHOU Liming  NIU Kang
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences,China Agricultural University,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences;China Agricultural University;China Agricultural University,China Agricultural University,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences
Key Words:maize  seeding  measurement and control  seeding depth
Abstract:Maize can be used as food, animal feed and industrial raw material. The increase in maize yield is of great value to support growing population in the world. At present, it is widely planted around the world, and maize planters are generally adopted in the seeding process. Because cultivatable field is limited, increasing the yield per area is the only way to increase the whole yield. Precision seeding is an effective method to increase the yield. However, the precision that mechanization contributes to the seeding has been maximized. In order to further improve the seeding precision, intelligent technology has gradually been used on maize planters. For domestic planters, it is relatively high on the mechanization level, but it is low on the intelligent level. Maize planters play important role in the seeding process, however, people still have to play a part in monitoring the state of planters. It is not only labor intensive, but also lacking of precision. Therefore, intelligent technologies must be fully used to replace the human labor. The seeding process can be classified into metering process, transporting process and landing process. From this perspective, the working principle, technical feature and developing situation of seeding technology and its measurement and control technology applied to maize planters were described. On the basics of analyzing and generalizing all advantages and disadvantages of seeding technology, the developing trends of seeding technologies were prospected, and the new demands about maize seeding technologies in the background of precision agriculture were predicted.

Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agriculture Machinery (CSAM), in charged of China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), sponsored by CSAM and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Science(CAAMS), started publication in 1957. It is the earliest interdisciplinary journal in Chinese which combines agricultural and engineering. It always closely grasps the development direction of agriculture engineering disciplines and the published papers represent the highest academic level of agriculture engineering in China. Currently, nearly 8,000 papers have been already published. There are around 3,000 papers contributed to the journal each year, but only around 600 of them will be accepted. Transactions of CSAM focuses on a wide range of agricultural machinery, irrigation, electronics, robotics, agro-products engineering, biological energy, agricultural structures and environment and more. Subjects in Transactions of the CSAM have been embodied by many internationally well-known index systems, such as: EI Compendex, CA, CSA, etc.

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